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Fictions Intro
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Fictions Intro


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  • 1. Fictions Examining how cultural products & practices communicate as fictions
  • 2.
    • Not so much fictional as in untruthful – more like the term MYTH; a way of explaining, simplifying and organising our perceptions of the world, making our shared understanding seem natural or taken for granted (ideology)
  • 3. Roland Barthes: Mythologies
    • Analyses assumptions and things that go without saying in society and culture
    • i.e. In a wrestling match he sees representations and themes of good V evil, Justice, Heroic acts all tied together under the grand narrative or fiction of ancient and popular mythologies or shared stories
  • 4. We do the same…
    • Assess and analyse a variety of fictions & narratives (books, films, fairytales, plays, video games, and factual events like news, current affairs etc)
    • Try to understand the role they play in defining our culture
    • Look at how fictions are embedded in culture
    • What do the stories tell and what are they for?
  • 5. Two cultural roles played by fictions
    • Fictions communicate cultural norms and values to us. In this sense fictions are a significant part of the enculturation process; they help to define, reproduce and sometimes challenge culture
    • Can you think of any examples that might tie into the above?
    • Read the Christmas story and answer the questions on your blog
  • 6.
    • 2. Fictions provide us with structural devices that enable us to enact our culture. E.g. I may go on holiday and take pictures or send postcards back. This is providing a structural framework for me to be in my own story and to tell it to others
    • Can you think of a time when you have ‘inhabited’ your own story?
    • Write your own short xmas story on your blog
  • 7. Your Christmas story
    • Is it a work of fiction (as in made up)?
    • Is it a traditional narrative?
    • How is Myth at work in your story?
    • Think semiotically; myth comes via connotations in the text working in a negotiated manner.
  • 8.
    • If Myth in your and all story delivers familiar meanings and prompts responses we can see it as procedure by which we understand ourselves and society…
    • ‘Myth as complex set of images & associated beliefs which society constructs as its system of meaning’
    • Fiction then carries or delivers this system of meaning, actively, passively, consciously and unconsciously