FOSS has changed the economics of the Information Technology (IT) industry in that it encouraged greater competition in the sector and helped develop a software industry that produced or serviced code and programmes. The open nature of the code is particularly beneficial for use in scholastics institutions and higher education as it allowed future programmers to learn from existing code. This will become part of a policy prerogative for bridging the digital divide. This is a particularly important feature for developing countries in that it moved them away from the threat of technological dependency. The open and collaborative development process that produced FOSS is generally efficient, and produced good programmes. In addition it provided an often-requested level of transparency: something governments needed and often requested from their technology suppliers
Often the decision on software is presented as a &quot;build vs. buy&quot; decision where you look for software that meets your needs and then buy it or you don't find software that meets your needs and then you have to build it from scratch. There is another option that is increasingly attractive. This is the &quot;modify&quot; option. You can start with software that meets some of your needs or which has a useful basic architecture and then modify it to meet all of your needs. This option is difficult with commercial proprietary software which requires that the vendor be agreeable to make the changes. (Often local vendors are not skilled or not permitted to make changes.) However, with open source software, you have access to the underlying instructions &quot;source code&quot; to the software so it becomes a much more feasible project to make the changes yourself or to hire someone to make the changes. Another advantage of this option is that the investment you make in changes to the software accrue to the benefit of you and others who use the software, rather than being locked up in a proprietary system
(FOSS) Presenter: Saleema A. Gulzar MScN, BScN, BA, RN Assistant Professor AKU-SONAM Acknowledgement: Dodo Khan Abdul Muqeet (eHealth)
Proprietary software is computer software licensed under exclusive legal right of its owner. The purchaser, or licensee, is given the right to use the software under certain conditions, but restricted from other uses, such as modification, further distribution, or reverse engineering.
1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free software'.
1991 – Linus Torvalds distributed a Unix-like kernel and encouraged everyone to help improve it. The kernel was later named “Linux” and then integrated with GNU into an operating system called “GNU/Linux”.
1994 – Apache, the now popular web server system, was born.
Software can be re-distributed freely without violating copyrights
“ SOFTWARE INCAPABLE OF CREATING MONOPOLIES”
“ SOFTWARE THAT PROMOTES SHARING”
“ SOFTWARE THAT MAINTAINS YOUR FREEDOM”
FOSS defined F ree and O pen S ource S oftware Free Software Open Source Software Software considered to be alternative to a proprietary one For example: Mozilla Firefox as alternative to Internet Explorer; OpenOffice to Microsoft Office; GIMP to Photoshop. “ Proprietary” denotes a software user's lack of freedom to study, modify and redistribute the software
The rights attached to the program must apply to all to whom the program is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.
License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
The rights attached to the program must not depend on the program's being part of a particular software distribution.
License Must Not Restrict Other Software
The license must not place restrictions on other software that is distributed along with the licensed software. For example, the license must not insist that all other programs distributed on the same medium must be open-source software.
License Must Be Technology-Neutral
No provision of the license may be predicated on any individual technology or style of interface
Some FOSS Equivalents to Proprietary Softwares Category Proprietary FOSS Office Microsoft Office, iWork OpenOffice, KOffice, Abiword, Gnumeric, Lotus Symphony Desktop Publishing Adobe PageMaker Scribus Image Manipulation/Graphics Production Adobe Photoshop GIMP, Inkscape Email Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express Thunderbird Web Browser Internet Explorer Firefox Voice Over IP Skype Ekiga Database Microsoft Access, SQL Server OpenOffice Base, PostgreSQL, MySQL Media Player Microsoft Media Player, Power DVD Totem, VLC, Mplayer Chat Yahoo Messenger Pidgin, Empathy Video Editing Adobe Premier, Final Cut Cinelerra, Kino
Availability of the source code means that you can modify and enhance the software to more closely fit your own needs.
No restrictions on use
No restrictions on how the software is used and no invoices for each user license.
No charge for the software itself. If other libraries share their efforts, each user’s cost is reduced. Pay only for needed support or any additional products & services if required. Even then huge savings than commercial SW.
With open source code, users keep-up innovating, improving which means often much faster development cycle when compared to proprietary software.