Turning one products useful parts into another product
What is recycling?
In the Western world, approximately 50 percent of the trash in landfills could be recycled
Recycling one glass bottle saves enough energy to light a 100-watt bulb for four hours
Americans use 4 million plastic bottles every hour
Around 200 B.C. the Chinese used fishing nets to create the world’s very first piece of recycled paper
75% of a tree harvested for paper does not end up as a paper product
Glass never wears out- it can be recycled forever
There are four main reasons we use packaging:
To preserve food
To contain objects so they can be transported safely
To describe and identify the contents so that customers know what they are buying
To protect the contents so that when they arrive, they are not damaged
What is Packaging?
Buy packaging that can be recycled
Look for packaging made from recycled material
Buy products that are packaged in a way that best suits how they are going to be used so that you don’t use more packaging then necessary
Ways you can reduce packaging
Glass Plastics Metal Paper Aluminum What can be recycled?
Plastic bottles are picked up from curbside recycling bins The bottles are taken away to be sorted and crushed into big blocks The bottles are then taken to a factory where they are crushed into small flakes The flakes are washed and dried and then melted and made into new bottles How is plastic recycled?
Glass is collected from curbsides or drop-off points Glass is transported to recycling plant where metal caps and plastic sleeves are removed The glass is then crushed into small pieces and transported to the glass factory At the glass factory it is mixed with sand, limestone and soda ash and melted in a large furnace The hot glass is molded into new bottles How is glass recycled?
The process of recycling paper
Usedpapers are picked up from curbside bins and taken to the paper factory
At the paper mill conveyer belts feed the paper into giant pulpers
Water and chemicals are mixed with the paper to remove ink and contaminants and turn the old paper into pulp
The pulp is then placed between two wire meshes and left to dry where it becomes new paper
The dried paper is polished and rolled into jumbo reels
Aluminum cans are picked up from cash-can centers or curbside bins
Cans are sorted and squashed together in large bales
The bales are shredded into small pieces and cleaned and are then melted down into large blocks of aluminum
The large blocks are rolled like pastry into very thin sheets
New cans are then made out of these thin sheets
Aluminum can recycling
What is the problem with most school lunches? Most of our trash comes from food packaging Many lunch items come in single-serving disposable containers A lot of kids bring lunch in disposable bags
Disposable lunch Sandwiches sealed in bags Disposable juice boxes, milk cartons, and water bottles Paper napkins Paper or plastic bag to hold lunch Pre-packaged yogurts, granola bars, and fruits Reusable lunch Sandwiches and fruits packaged in reusable containers Cloth napkins Reusable drink containers Reusable lunch boxes Waste Free lunch
Worms break-down stuff like dead plants and decaying animals and create valuable nutrients for fertile soil If we didn’t have worms, every plant and animal that fell on the ground would remain as trash Worms break-down all of this refuge that becomes rich soil for new seedlings Worms are nature’s recyclers
Worms can eat our food waste and turn it into nutrient rich soil
What can you do in your home and at school to reduce unnecessary waste?