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  1. 1. GOVERNMEN T Sacred Heart College Social Studies 3 rd form
  2. 2. GovernmentA group of people who have theauthority to: Set goals and policies for the good of the country. Make laws and regulations defining how people are to go about achieving these goals. Enforce compliance with the laws and regulations.
  3. 3. Forms of Government
  4. 4. Democratic GovernmentSystem of government which allowscitizens to govern themselves by eitherparticipating in the decision-makingprocess directly or indirectly.  Directly means you can become a member of government.  Indirectly means that you choose your representatives through voting.
  5. 5. Characteristics of a Democracy Offer themselves as member of parliament. Vote in elections. Form competing political parties. Choose representatives from at least 2 competing parties. Criticize government policies. Have an input in government policies (consultations or media). Challenge decisions of government in free and just courts of law.
  6. 6. I wondered whysomebody didn’t do something for peace, then I realized that I am somebody.
  7. 7. Who votes?Citizens may vote:o Natives (Belizeans bybirth)o Naturalized Belizeans
  8. 8. A Citizen is a native ornaturalized member of a country, who owesallegiance and loyalty to that country and who isentitled to protection from the government of that country.
  9. 9. Who can become a Belizean Citizen Any person married to a Belizean Citizen. A person who has been a continuous resident for a period of five years (naturalized). A person who makes a substantial contribution to the economy or wellbeing of country. A person is also entitled to citizenship in a country if his/her parents are Belizeans by
  10. 10. Who cannot vote? Illegal immigrants Persons who are declared mentally incompetent to exercise judgement. Persons convicted and serving sentences during time of confinement.
  11. 11. Reasons/Factors that Determine the Way People Vote  Social class in society  Parental influence  Government’s performance/the opposition’s performance  Local issues in society  Issues & policy preferences of the various parties
  12. 12. Reasons/Factors that Determine the Way People Vote  Length of election and advertising used in campaigns  Campaigns and advertising (marketing)  Economic conditions of country  Preferences for candidates who share similar racial, religious ethnic background or gender and age.  The perception of honesty, morality and the ability to lead in particular candidates.
  13. 13. Why do individuals refuse tovote? Religion Belief that registered voters are also put in the jury pool. Feeling that voting makes no difference because officials forget people once they are elected. Disapproval of candidate their party has chosen.
  14. 14. ACTIVITY In a school, students have the opportunity to elect class monitors and prefects and student council representatives. Explain two other ways in which the
  15. 15. ASSIGNMENTSuggest to the leaders of political parties in your country, four ways bywhich they may get young people interested in national elections.
  16. 16. Other forms of Government Autocracy Monarchy Republic Oligarchy Aristocracy Anarchy
  17. 17. AUTHORITARIAN FORMS OF GOVERNMENT FORMS CHARACTERISTICS Oligarchy Rule by a small group or the elite. Rule by a group or an individual, known as a dictator, who exercises absolute authority.Dictatorship Dictator’s power is not limited by the laws. (Hitler and Mussolini) Dictator control the political party, army and police. A system of government which is formed by one political group.Totalitarianism It does not tolerate any opposition.
  18. 18. Difference between Authoritarian/Democratic forms of Government..Democratic government may: Form competing political parties Select their representatives from among competing political parties. Make an input in government’s policies. Criticize government’s policies. Challenge their decisions in courts of
  19. 19. Which of the following bestdescribes a constitution? A. A contract between government and electorate. B. A contract between government and the citizens. C. A contract between some citizens and government. D. A contract between some citizens and government.
  20. 20. Which of the following bestdescribes adult suffrage? A. The right of some 18 year old to vote in national elections. B. The right of only an18 year old to vote in national elections. C. The right of all persons 18 years and older to vote in national elections. D. The right of all persons 18 years and younger to vote in national elections.
  21. 21. Which of the following bestdescribes the electorate?I. All who are eligible to vote to elect a government.II. All who are eligible to vote to elect a Prime Minister.III. All who are eligible to vote to elect a leader of the opposition.IV. All who are eligible to vote to elect a parliament. A. i only B. i and ii only C. i and iv only D. i, ii, iii and iv
  22. 22. Franchise is the right to vote based onA. Adulthood onlyB. Adulthood and citizenshipC. Adulthood and party membershipD. Adulthood and property ownership
  23. 23. Suffrage is the rightA. Of all citizen to vote in a national election.B. Of only 18 year olds to vote in an election.C. Of adult citizens to vote in a national election.D. Of people under 18 to vote in an election.
  24. 24. Democracy is a systemof government in whichA. People govern themselves.B. An individual exercises absolute authority.C. A small group exercise absolute authority.D. The government is elected by a small group.
  25. 25. Which of the following arefeatures of a democracy?i. Competing political partiesii. A single political partyiii. Free and fair electionsiv. Regular elections A. i only B. i and ii only C. i and iv only D. i, ii, iii and iv
  26. 26. Power and Authority• Power ◦Ability to exercise one’s will over others ◦Sources of power in political systems include: Force: actual or threatened use of coercion to impose one’s political dissidents Influence: exercise of power through a process of persuasion Authority
  27. 27. Power and Authority• Types of Authority Authority: institutionalized power recognized by people over whom it is exercised Traditional Authority: legitimate power conferred by custom and accepted practice Charismatic Authority: power is made legitimate by leader’s exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers Legal-Rational Authority: power is made legitimate by law
  28. 28. Types of Leaders Democratic Leader  Is not arrogant or tyrannical.  Involves members in the decision making process.  Accepts suggestions from others in the group.  Utilizes talents and skills from all members in the group. Authoritarian Leader  Orders and Commands.  Does no share decision-making.  Everyone is required to follow his instructions.  He does as he sees fit.  He believes getting the task done is the major priority. Laissez-faire Leader  Does no show much concern for other members of the group.  Group members function separate from one another.  Little attention is paid to the goals of the group.  Leader involvement is minimal. Leader has little influence on the members.
  29. 29. Government types - Game