LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN EARLY LIFE Born in Bonn, Germany in 1770 Raised by father, Johann Abused as a childPerformed recitals pretending to be younger than he was
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN EDUCATION/YOUNG ADULT LIFE Studied in Vienna in 1792 Taught by HaydnMother became ill and died; Beethoven returned home Began going deaf in his late 20s
STYLE PERIODS PT. 1 Beethoven composed in 3 “style periods”. #1- Through 1802, he conformed to the Classical style, influenced by Haydn and Mozart.(6 string quartets, 10 pf sonatas, 3 piano concerti, 2 symphonies)
STYLE PERIODS PT. 2 #2- From 1802-1814, artistic independence began to flourish.Music showed power, rhythmic drive, and extreme motivic development. Served as a bridge to Romantic period(Symphonies 3-8, piano concerti 4-5, violin concerto, quartets 7-11, etc.)
STYLE PERIODS PT. 3#3- From 1816 to death in 1827, grew very reflective and introspective. Lost most to all of his hearing, which made him keep to himself Wrote Baroque-inspired heavily-ornamented fugues, canons, and string quartets; lost most of his audience (5 piano sonatas, string quartets 12-16, 9th Symphony, Grosse Fuge, etc.)
SYMPHONIESBeethoven’s symphonies are amongst the most influential in history. Each of his symphonies did something revolutionary. Symphony no. 3: Eroica; dedicated to Napoleon Bonaparte Increased the length and power of the symphony
SYMPHONIES (CONT.)Symphony no. 6: Used a program to inform the audience of the “story” behind the music. Interpolated a movement before the last, making it a five-movement symphony.
SYMPHONIES (CONT.)Symphony no. 9: Reversed the order of the inner movements, making movement 3 the slowest instead of 2. Added chorus to the last movement.