Writing within an Agile Development Environment


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Writing within an Agile Development Environment

  1. Writing within an Agile Development Environment Gavin Austin, Staff Technical Writer, salesforce.com
  2. Safe Harbor “ Safe harbor” statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This presentation and the oral remarks that accompany it contain forward-looking statements the achievement of which involves risks, uncertainties and assumptions. If any such risks or uncertainties materialize or if any of the assumptions proves incorrect, our results could differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements we make.  All statements other than statements of historical fact could be deemed forward-looking, including any statements concerning new, planned or upgraded services or technology developments, any projections of subscriber growth, earnings, revenues or other financial items and any statements regarding strategies or plans of management for future operations, statements of belief and statements about future customer contracts or future customer use of our services. The risks and uncertainties referred to above include - but are not limited to - interruptions or delays in our service or our Web hosting; our ability to complete and successfully release new and improved versions of our on-demand platform and development environment; our new business model; problems integrating, launching or operating services based on newly acquired businesses or technologies, breach of our security measures; possible fluctuations in our operating results and rate of growth; the emerging market in which we operate; our relatively limited operating history; our ability to hire, retain and motivate our employees and manage our growth; competition; our ability to continue to release and gain customer acceptance of new and improved versions of our CRM service; unanticipated changes in our effective tax rate; fluctuations in the number of shares outstanding; the price of such shares; foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. Further information on these and other factors that could affect our financial results is included in the reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K and in other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time, including our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2008 and our Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2008. These documents are available on the SEC Filings section of the Investor Information section of our website at www.salesforce.com/investor. Any unreleased services or features referenced in this or other press releases or public statements are not currently available and may not be delivered on time or at all.  Customers who purchase our services should make purchase decisions based upon features that are currently available.  Salesforce.com, inc. assumes no obligation and does not intend to update these forward-looking statements, except as required by law.
  3. Overview <ul><li>What is agile? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did salesforce.com transition to agile? </li></ul><ul><li>The challenges of writing within an agile environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for writing within an agile environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The benefits of writing in an agile environment. </li></ul>
  4. What is agile?
  5. What agile is not… <ul><li>Phased Development Process (waterfall) </li></ul>Great if you know exactly what you want and won’t change your mind. Plan Design Build Test Documentation, Signoffs, Handoff Documentation, Signoffs, Handoff Documentation, Signoffs, Handoff Done
  6. Changes with a phased process Change interrupts the flow. Plan Design Build Test Documentation, Signoffs, Handoff Documentation, Signoffs, Handoff Documentation, Signoffs, Handoff Change!
  7. Agile development <ul><li>Incremental releases </li></ul><ul><li>Expects change </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul>Sprint 2-4 weeks Sprint 2-4 weeks Sprint 2-4 weeks
  8. Agile is a great buzzword! <ul><li>Who doesn’t want to be agile? </li></ul><ul><li>No thanks, I’d rather be inflexible and slow. </li></ul>
  9. Agile <ul><li>Is a flexible framework of common values. </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular are Scrum, XP, and Lean. </li></ul><ul><li>A common-sense approach. </li></ul>
  10. Agile does not mean… <ul><li>“Cowboy” coding </li></ul><ul><li>No planning </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality </li></ul><ul><li>Compressing the schedule </li></ul>
  11. Scrum 101 Sprint 2-4 weeks Sprint Plan Commitment Potentially shippable Backlog Daily Stand-up Retrospective
  13. Why did salesforce.com transition to ADM (agile)?
  14. <ul><li>2000 </li></ul><ul><li>3 employees R&D </li></ul><ul><li>4 product releases </li></ul><ul><li>Releases on time </li></ul><ul><li>2005 & 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>200+ employees R&D </li></ul><ul><li>1 product release a year </li></ul><ul><li>Releases not on time </li></ul>
  15. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Features Delivered per Team Days between Major Releases
  16. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Features Delivered per Team ADM (agile) results Days between Major Releases
  17. ADM has delivered total visibility, total transparency and unbelievable productivity… a complete win! ” Steve Fisher Sr. Vice President, Platform Division Salesforce.com “
  18. The challenges of writing within an agile environment
  19. Originally, the methodology did not include documentation, but many organizations have figured out how to use it… ” Alyssa Fox & Meredith Kramer Mobile and Agile: The Floating Writer’s Survival Kit © 2008 WinWriters, Inc. “
  20. Heartburn Terminology! Estimates! Tracking tools! Meetings, meetings, meetings! Multiple teams! No specs! Context switching! Done! Team loyalties! No time! Fiction!
  21. Unhappy Writers
  22. Strategies for writing within an agile environment
  23. From salesforce.com’s experience… <ul><li>Daily </li></ul><ul><li>Ask </li></ul><ul><li>Email team </li></ul><ul><li>Write fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Revise fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Skip meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Doc office hours </li></ul><ul><li>Team </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer </li></ul><ul><li>Be wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Speak up </li></ul><ul><li>Quid pro quo </li></ul><ul><li>Self organizing </li></ul><ul><li>Shared service </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate beyond </li></ul><ul><li>Last line of defense </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Templates </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking tool </li></ul><ul><li>Pad estimates </li></ul><ul><li>Clear definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Hire more writers </li></ul><ul><li>Extend doc deadlines </li></ul>
  24. The benefits of writing in an agile environment <ul><li>Doc has more impact </li></ul><ul><li>Doc is more visible </li></ul><ul><li>Learn what to expect </li></ul><ul><li>Retrospectives fix problems </li></ul><ul><li>Self determining </li></ul><ul><li>More personable </li></ul><ul><li>Team spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Features less complex </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to document </li></ul><ul><li>Clearer communication </li></ul><ul><li>Know who does what </li></ul><ul><li>Know who to ask </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>No surprises </li></ul>
  25. Happy Writers
  26. Questions? Gavin Austin [email_address] Email me:
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