National Federation of State                                   High School Associations                             NFHS S...
National Federation of State   High School AssociationsNFHS Softball    2009Rules Changes                        Take Part...
Softballs – Dynamic Stiffness                  (1-3-3) ƒ Ball specifications changed to included   dynamic stiffness measu...
National Federation of State High School Associations                      Take Part. Get Set For Life.™                  ...
Bunt Attempt Definition                                      (2-8-2)                ƒ Changed to require batter to        ...
6
Pitching Windup Revolutions                                     (6-1-4d)                ƒ Pitcher may not exceed 1½       ...
Pitching Windup Revolutions              (6-1-4d)ƒ Rule changed to provide better  balance between offense and  defenseƒ I...
Pitcher Time Limit Penalty                                (6-2-3 Penalty)                ƒ When pitcher exceeds 20-second ...
Pitcher Time Limit Penalty          (6-2-3 Penalty)ƒ Change makes time-limit penalties  consistent for batter (strike) and...
11
National Federation of State        High School Associations    NFHS Softball         2009Major Editorial Changes         ...
American Flag on Glove/Mitt                                      (1-4-2)                ƒ More and more American flags are...
14
Cather’s Helmet Eye Shield              (1-7-1)ƒ Attached eye shields MUST:  • Be constructed of rigid material  • Permit ...
16
Uniform Style Exceptions                                      (3-2-1)                ƒ Permits the state association to   ...
18
Exposed Undergarments                                    (3-2-7)               ƒ Clarified that all exposed               ...
20
Timeframe to Deliver Next Pitch             (6-2-3; 7-3-1)  ƒ Clarified that the time frame to    deliver the next pitch b...
Timeframe to Deliver Next Pitch             (6-2-3; 7-3-1)  ƒ The count would not begin until the    play at the plate was...
23
Pitcher Committed to Delivery           (7-3-1 Penalty) ƒ Penalty clarified to state that a   pitcher is “committed to del...
National Federation of State     High School Associations  NFHS Softball       2009Points of Emphasis                     ...
Pitchingƒ Second consecutive year as POEƒ Improvements have been madeƒ Still room for more improvementƒ Rule in place for ...
Leapƒ Leap = Both feet are airborne by the  pitcher prior to the releaseƒ Pivot foot must stay in contact with  the ground...
28
Crow Hopƒ Crow Hop = A replant of the pivot  foot prior to releasing the ballƒ This is done by:  • Sliding the foot in fro...
Crow Hopƒ Pitcher must have:  • Pivot foot partially on top of the    plate  • Both feet within 24-inch length of    plate...
Crow Hopƒ Umpires can determine a replant by  looking at the location of the pivot  foot when the hands separate to  start...
24-Inch Plate Violationƒ Both feet must start within or  partially within the 24” width of the  pitching plateƒ The stride...
33
Obstruction/Interferenceƒ Improvements made in this area  due to clear definitions and rules  changesƒ Umpires must contin...
Obstructionƒ Requires a clear defensive  infractionƒ Two conditions must exists for  obstruction to occur:  • Defensive pl...
Obstructionƒ Both situations must be presentƒ If a fielder is blocking a base without  the ball and the runner has not bee...
Obstructionƒ If the fielder’s location limits the  runner’s access to the base or path  AND the fielder does NOT yet have ...
38
39
Interference                ƒ Base runner has responsibility to                  avoid contact with a fielder             ...
Interference                ƒ Responsibility changes after initial                  play opportunity has passed –         ...
42
Umpiring –Obstruction/Interferenceƒ Umpires must maintain proper  positioning and stay attuned for  potential obstruction ...
Umpiring –Obstruction/Interferenceƒ Defense must be aware they have  committed an infractionƒ So they don’t commit the sam...
DP/FLEXƒ POE is refresher for coaches and  umpires to better understand and  utilize DP/FLEX ruleƒ Originally adopted in 2...
DP/FLEX – For Coachesƒ Basic rules to remember:1.Decide the ten players you want as  starters  • List those who will bat i...
DP/FLEX – For Coaches3. When making lineup changes: • The DP cannot play defense only;   the FLEX cannot play offense only...
DP/FLEX – For Coaches• The FLEX may replace the DP any  time, any number of times• When any of the first nine leaves the  ...
DP/FLEX – For Coaches          ƒ Coaching Strategies – how to            utilize the DP/FLEX rule based on            the ...
DP/FLEX – For UmpiresMaintaining your lineup card:1. DP/FLEX option may be used   provided it is made known prior to start...
DP/FLEX – For Umpires4. Legal substitute may replace DP   at any time or FLEX may bat for   DP – DP has left game5. DP may...
DP/FLEX – For Umpires7. Illegal substitution if FLEX goes in to   bat for anyone but the DP8. Team may go from 10 to 9 pla...
National Federation of State     High School Associations  DP/FLEX RULESAMPLE EXERCISES                          Take Part...
Sample Lineup CardAll sampleswill use thislineup cardand progressthrough aseries ofsubstitutions                       54
Sample Exercise #1ƒ“Jones" (DP) bats and gets on base safelyƒThe offensive coach asks for time for a changeƒ“Green will ru...
Sample Exercise #1                Green                (FLEX)                running for                Jones (DP)This sli...
Sample Exercise #1Note –ƒJones has left the game                           57
Sample Exercise #2ƒTwo innings later, Green singles to leftƒThe offensive coach asks for time to make a changeƒ"Smith runn...
Sample Exercise #2                Smith (sub)                running for                Green (FLEX)                 Green...
Sample Exercise #2Note –ƒSmith enters the game for the first time and is the new DPƒGreen (FLEX) has NOT left the game – b...
Sample Exercise #3ƒIn the 4th inning, the offensive coach asks for time to make another changeƒ“Jones to re-enter and bat ...
Sample Exercise #3                Jones (DP)                re-enters                for SmithThis slide contains several ...
Sample Exercise #3Note –ƒJones has used her re-entryƒSmith has left the game and has a re-entry remaining                 ...
Sample Exercise #4ƒIn the next half inning, the defensive coach asks for time to make another changeƒ“Jones (DP) will play...
Sample Exercise #4                Jones (DP)                to play                defense in                center field ...
Sample Exercise #4Note –ƒJones the DP is now playing offense and defenseƒThomas still bats in the 3rd position in the line...
Sample Exercise #5ƒAn inning later, the defensive coach asks for time to make another changeƒ“Jones will move to right fie...
Sample Exercise #5                Jones (DP) to                play defense in                right field for             ...
Sample Exercise #5Note –ƒJones (DP) is still playing offense and defenseƒGreen (FLEX) has left the game since she is not p...
National Federation of State  High School AssociationsQUESTIONS?                       Take Part. Get Set For Life.™      ...
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Softball ppt 2009_ii

  1. 1. National Federation of State High School Associations NFHS Softball 2009 Rules Changes Major Editorial Changes Points of Emphasis Take Part. Get Set For Life.™Please thoroughly review the notes section of the presentation. Many slidesadditional information that will assist in presenting the material.At the January Interpreter’s Meeting, this presentation will included video.Instructions will be given at that time to those in attendance, and through an emailafter the meeting for those not in attendance, regarding where to find and how tointegrate the video segments. 1
  2. 2. National Federation of State High School AssociationsNFHS Softball 2009Rules Changes Take Part. Get Set For Life.™ 2
  3. 3. Softballs – Dynamic Stiffness (1-3-3) ƒ Ball specifications changed to included dynamic stiffness measurement ƒ Dynamic stiffness measurement more closely resembles the bat-ball collision occurring on the field ƒ Rule becomes effective January 1, 2010 ƒ Measurement must not exceed 7,500 pounds/inch ƒ Compliance through NFHS Authenticating Mark Program 3
  4. 4. National Federation of State High School Associations Take Part. Get Set For Life.™ 4
  5. 5. Bunt Attempt Definition (2-8-2) ƒ Changed to require batter to withdraw bat in order to take pitch ƒ Holding bat in the strike zone without withdrawal will be considered a bunt attempt ƒ Makes bunt attempts easier for umpire to determine ƒ Creates better balance between offense and defense2.8.2 SITUATION: F1 pitches the ball; B1 squares to bunt and (a) leaves the bat inthe strike zone without making any movement towards the ball; (b) makes a forwardmovement with the bat towards the ball; or (c) withdraws the bat prior to the ballentering the plate area. RULING: In (a) and (b), a strike is called on the batter.Holding the bat in the strike zone or making any movement of the bat toward theball is considered a bunt attempt. In (c), a ball is awarded to the batter; the bat waswithdrawn from the plate area. (2-2-1; 2-56-1) 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Pitching Windup Revolutions (6-1-4d) ƒ Pitcher may not exceed 1½ clockwise revolutions in windmill windup ƒ Clockwise as viewed by first base umpire ƒ Previous rule interpretation of anything less than 2 revolutions was an advantage for pitcher6.1.4 SITUATION: F1 steps on to the pitchers plate, brings her hands together andafter pausing one second, removes the ball from her glove with her throwing handand swings her arm backward to approximately shoulder height. She continuesforward in a windmill delivery, releasing the ball the second time it passes the hip.RULING: Legal. The starting point is where F1s arm started forward (behind her,shoulder height). Even though the ball passed her hip twice, F1s arm did notexceed one and a half clockwise revolutions. (6-1-4d) 7
  8. 8. Pitching Windup Revolutions (6-1-4d)ƒ Rule changed to provide better balance between offense and defenseƒ Illegal pitches easier to identify and enforce by umpires 8
  9. 9. Pitcher Time Limit Penalty (6-2-3 Penalty) ƒ When pitcher exceeds 20-second time limit to release next pitch ƒ Ball is awarded to batter ƒ Previous rule of illegal pitch was severe as runners were also advanced6.2.3 SITUATION: With R1 on third base, F2 returns the ball to F1 following a pitch.B2 steps out of the box to take a signal from the third-base coach, then returns toher position in the batter’s box within 10 seconds of F1 receiving the ball. F1 fails tomake the next pitch within 20 seconds of receiving the ball. RULING: A ball shall becalled on B2 and R1 remains at third base. COMMENT: The 20-second count forthe pitcher begins when she receives the ball from the catcher to prepare for thenext pitch, not when the batter steps into the box. (7-3-1) 9
  10. 10. Pitcher Time Limit Penalty (6-2-3 Penalty)ƒ Change makes time-limit penalties consistent for batter (strike) and pitcher (ball)ƒ Pitcher may NOT intentionally violate time limit four times to issue an intentional walk to the batterƒ Umpire shall issue a warning to pitcher and coach – subsequent violation results in ejection of both 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. National Federation of State High School Associations NFHS Softball 2009Major Editorial Changes Take Part. Get Set For Life.™ 12
  13. 13. American Flag on Glove/Mitt (1-4-2) ƒ More and more American flags are attached to gloves/mitts ƒ Without the new provision, the flag would make the glove/mitt exceed the number of permissible colors ƒ Now consistent with other apparel and equipment guidelines*1.4.2 SITUATION A: (F.P.) Members of Team A take their positions in the field andall are wearing gloves with (a) 2 inch by 3 inch American flags; or (b) red, white andblue fingers. RULING: Legal in (a). Illegal gloves in (b). Gloves/mitts may be amaximum of two colors. The illegal gloves are removed from the game and theumpire issues a warning to the head coach. The next player not properly equippedwill result in the player and the head coach being restricted to the dugout/bench forthe duration of the game. (3-5-1; 3-6-1) 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Cather’s Helmet Eye Shield (1-7-1)ƒ Attached eye shields MUST: • Be constructed of rigid material • Permit 100-percent allowable light transmission – NOT TINTEDƒ Does not affect required face mask/guardƒ Now consistent with batting helmets 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Uniform Style Exceptions (3-2-1) ƒ Permits the state association to make an exception to the uniform color/style rule for religious reasons ƒ Schools wanting to request an exception for a student-athlete’s uniform should contact the state high school association*3.2.1 SITUATION: In (a), a player asks to wear a jacket over her uniform whilerunning the bases; (b) the player-coach is wearing a jacket while in the coach’s box;or (c) eight members of a team are wearing red shorts and the ninth player iswearing a red skirt for religious reasons. RULING: Legal in (a) and (b). In (c), thestate association may on an individual basis permit a player to participate whilewearing a different style uniform for religious reasons. 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Exposed Undergarments (3-2-7) ƒ Clarified that all exposed undergarments must be a solid color ƒ Permissible colors include: • Black • White • Gray • A school color*3.2.7 SITUATION B: Players of Team A are wearing solid red, lower-bodyundergarments. S1 for Team A is wearing a gray, lower-body undergarment. TeamAs coach claims the gray, lower-body undergarment may be worn because theiruniforms are gray. RULING: Gray may not be worn because all players must wearthe same solid color lower-body undergarments. The illegal lower-bodyundergarments shall be removed (or made legal). The umpire shall issue a warningto the head coach. The next player not properly equipped will result in the playerand the head coach being restricted to the dugout/bench for the duration of thegame. (3-5-1; 3-6-1) 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. Timeframe to Deliver Next Pitch (6-2-3; 7-3-1) ƒ Clarified that the time frame to deliver the next pitch begins when the ball is returned to the pitcher to prepare for the next pitch ƒ Alleviates any confusion when the ball is “returned” to the pitcher for a play at the plate after a wild pitch/passed ball 21
  22. 22. Timeframe to Deliver Next Pitch (6-2-3; 7-3-1) ƒ The count would not begin until the play at the plate was over and the pitcher was returning to the circle ƒ In this case, it is umpire judgment as to when she is “preparing for the next pitch” 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Pitcher Committed to Delivery (7-3-1 Penalty) ƒ Penalty clarified to state that a pitcher is “committed to delivering the pitch” when the hands have been brought together ƒ If the pitcher has brought the hands together, the batter leaves the box at the risk of having a strike called 24
  25. 25. National Federation of State High School Associations NFHS Softball 2009Points of Emphasis Take Part. Get Set For Life.™ 25
  26. 26. Pitchingƒ Second consecutive year as POEƒ Improvements have been madeƒ Still room for more improvementƒ Rule in place for a reasonƒ Dominant pitchers receive an unfair advantage if illegal pitches are not calledƒ Umpires refusing to enforce the rules do a disservice to the game 26
  27. 27. Leapƒ Leap = Both feet are airborne by the pitcher prior to the releaseƒ Pivot foot must stay in contact with the ground as it drags away from the plate until the lead foot touches the groundƒ If both feet are off the ground at the same time – an illegal pitch shall be called by the base umpire 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. Crow Hopƒ Crow Hop = A replant of the pivot foot prior to releasing the ballƒ This is done by: • Sliding the foot in front of the plate • Lifting the pivot foot and stepping forward • Jumping forward with the pivot foot off the plate prior to starting the pitch 29
  30. 30. Crow Hopƒ Pitcher must have: • Pivot foot partially on top of the plate • Both feet within 24-inch length of plate 30
  31. 31. Crow Hopƒ Umpires can determine a replant by looking at the location of the pivot foot when the hands separate to start the pitchƒ If the pivot foot is off and in front of the plate before the hands separate, a crow hop has occurred – an illegal pitch is called by the base umpire 31
  32. 32. 24-Inch Plate Violationƒ Both feet must start within or partially within the 24” width of the pitching plateƒ The stride and pivot foot must remain in or partially within the 24” width of the pitching plate throughout the windup and deliveryƒ Home plate umpire is responsible for this call 32
  33. 33. 33
  34. 34. Obstruction/Interferenceƒ Improvements made in this area due to clear definitions and rules changesƒ Umpires must continue to enforce the rules properly 34
  35. 35. Obstructionƒ Requires a clear defensive infractionƒ Two conditions must exists for obstruction to occur: • Defensive player is blocking runner’s access to a base or path without being in possession of the ball • Runner is impeded or hindered 35
  36. 36. Obstructionƒ Both situations must be presentƒ If a fielder is blocking a base without the ball and the runner has not been impeded in any way – NO obstruction • Impede = slowed down or path is alteredƒ If fielder obtains the ball before runner is hindered – NO obstruction 36
  37. 37. Obstructionƒ If the fielder’s location limits the runner’s access to the base or path AND the fielder does NOT yet have the ball – OBSTRUCTION 37
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. Interference ƒ Base runner has responsibility to avoid contact with a fielder attempting an initial play on a fair batted ball ƒ If contact occurs, interference is called, the ball is dead and the runner is out ƒ Other runners return to last base touched at time of interferenceRULE 2-47-3:ART. 3…Initial Play. A fielder is considered to be making an initial play on a fairbatted ball when she:a. Has a reasonable chance to gain control of a ground ball that no otherfielder (except the pitcher) has touched.b. Has a reasonable chance to catch the ball in flight after it touchesanother fielder.c. Fails to gain control of the batted ball and is within a step and a reach(in any direction) of the spot of the initial contact. 40
  41. 41. Interference ƒ Responsibility changes after initial play opportunity has passed – fielder no longer protected ƒ Once a fielder (except the pitcher) misplays the fair batted ball, and the ball is beyond a step and reach from that fielder and contact occurs – obstruction is called and a delayed dead ball is signaledRULE 2-47-3:ART. 3…Initial Play. A fielder is considered to be making an initial play on a fairbatted ball when she:a. Has a reasonable chance to gain control of a ground ball that no otherfielder (except the pitcher) has touched.b. Has a reasonable chance to catch the ball in flight after it touchesanother fielder.c. Fails to gain control of the batted ball and is within a step and a reach(in any direction) of the spot of the initial contact. 41
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. Umpiring –Obstruction/Interferenceƒ Umpires must maintain proper positioning and stay attuned for potential obstruction or interference violationsƒ Proper calls and signals are essentialƒ Even when the award may be the base already obtained by the obstructed runner 43
  44. 44. Umpiring –Obstruction/Interferenceƒ Defense must be aware they have committed an infractionƒ So they don’t commit the same infraction again – when the situation is more significant and the penalty more costly 44
  45. 45. DP/FLEXƒ POE is refresher for coaches and umpires to better understand and utilize DP/FLEX ruleƒ Originally adopted in 2004 because it gives coaches more flexibility and student-athletes more participation opportunities 45
  46. 46. DP/FLEX – For Coachesƒ Basic rules to remember:1.Decide the ten players you want as starters • List those who will bat is slots 1 thru 9 • List the remaining player – FLEX – on the 10th line2.Fill in the defensive positions and the player not initially playing defense as the DP 46
  47. 47. DP/FLEX – For Coaches3. When making lineup changes: • The DP cannot play defense only; the FLEX cannot play offense only • When the DP spot in the order comes up – the DP, FLEX or a legal substitute must bat or run bases • The DP may replace anyone on defense at any time, any number of times 47
  48. 48. DP/FLEX – For Coaches• The FLEX may replace the DP any time, any number of times• When any of the first nine leaves the batting order – they have left the game• When the FLEX doesn’t play defense – she has left the game 48
  49. 49. DP/FLEX – For Coaches ƒ Coaching Strategies – how to utilize the DP/FLEX rule based on the skills of your players ƒ Two strategies listed in POE portion of Rules Book ƒ Three additional strategies found on NFHS WebsiteTwo Strategies From Rules Book POE:1. Objective: to utilize a fast runner who is a weak hitter (FLEX) to run for thesolid hitting DP.Matchup: assuming your pitcher can hit for herself, pair up an solid hitter(DP) with a player of exceptional speed but who is a weak hitter (FLEX).Typical sequence: DP hits safely; FLEX enters to run for her; DP reentersand hits safely; FLEX enters to run for her; sub #1 hits for DP (since the DPalready used her one reentry), FLEX enters to run for sub #1; sub #1reenters and hits safely; FLEX enters to run for sub #1; sub #2 hits safely;FLEX enters to run for her; and so on.2. Objective: list a power hitter as the FLEX player when you have a platoonof players who will be the DP’s.Matchup: assuming your pitcher can hit for herself, pair up an average player(DP) with a good hitting, but slow runner (FLEX) who also plays defense.Also used for a good hitting pitcher (FLEX) who you do not want running thebases unnecessarily.Typical sequence: as the spot in the batting order comes up, enter the FLEXwho hits safely; reenter the DP to run; enter the FLEX who hits safely; sub #1enters to run (since the DP already used her one reentry); enter the FLEXwho hits safely; sub #1 reenters to run; FLEX hits safely; sub #2 enters torun; and so on. 49
  50. 50. DP/FLEX – For UmpiresMaintaining your lineup card:1. DP/FLEX option may be used provided it is made known prior to start of game2. DP’s name is on lineup as one of nine hitters in batting order3. Player for whom DP is batting (FLEX) placed in 10th position in lineup 50
  51. 51. DP/FLEX – For Umpires4. Legal substitute may replace DP at any time or FLEX may bat for DP – DP has left game5. DP may play defense at any position6. Legal substitute may replace FLEX at any time or DP may play defense for FLEX – FLEX has left game 51
  52. 52. DP/FLEX – For Umpires7. Illegal substitution if FLEX goes in to bat for anyone but the DP8. Team may go from 10 to 9 players any number of times or end the game with 10 or 9 players9. DP and FLEX may never be on offense at the same time – but may be on defense at the same time 52
  53. 53. National Federation of State High School Associations DP/FLEX RULESAMPLE EXERCISES Take Part. Get Set For Life.™ 53
  54. 54. Sample Lineup CardAll sampleswill use thislineup cardand progressthrough aseries ofsubstitutions 54
  55. 55. Sample Exercise #1ƒ“Jones" (DP) bats and gets on base safelyƒThe offensive coach asks for time for a changeƒ“Green will run for Jones" 55
  56. 56. Sample Exercise #1 Green (FLEX) running for Jones (DP)This slide contains several “layers” of the lineup card that can only be seen whenthe slide show is being viewed. 56
  57. 57. Sample Exercise #1Note –ƒJones has left the game 57
  58. 58. Sample Exercise #2ƒTwo innings later, Green singles to leftƒThe offensive coach asks for time to make a changeƒ"Smith running for Green and Green will still be playing right field” 58
  59. 59. Sample Exercise #2 Smith (sub) running for Green (FLEX) Green remains in game playing right field onlyThis slide contains several “layers” of the lineup card that can only be seen whenthe slide show is being viewed. 59
  60. 60. Sample Exercise #2Note –ƒSmith enters the game for the first time and is the new DPƒGreen (FLEX) has NOT left the game – back to defense only 60
  61. 61. Sample Exercise #3ƒIn the 4th inning, the offensive coach asks for time to make another changeƒ“Jones to re-enter and bat for Smith” 61
  62. 62. Sample Exercise #3 Jones (DP) re-enters for SmithThis slide contains several “layers” of the lineup card that can only be seen whenthe slide show is being viewed. 62
  63. 63. Sample Exercise #3Note –ƒJones has used her re-entryƒSmith has left the game and has a re-entry remaining 63
  64. 64. Sample Exercise #4ƒIn the next half inning, the defensive coach asks for time to make another changeƒ“Jones (DP) will play defense in center field for Thomas” 64
  65. 65. Sample Exercise #4 Jones (DP) to play defense in center field for ThomasThis slide contains several “layers” of the lineup card that can only be seen whenthe slide show is being viewed. 65
  66. 66. Sample Exercise #4Note –ƒJones the DP is now playing offense and defenseƒThomas still bats in the 3rd position in the lineup and is playing offense only 66
  67. 67. Sample Exercise #5ƒAn inning later, the defensive coach asks for time to make another changeƒ“Jones will move to right field and play defense for Green; Thomas will go back to center field” 67
  68. 68. Sample Exercise #5 Jones (DP) to play defense in right field for Green (FLEX) Thomas goes back to center fieldThis slide contains several “layers” of the lineup card that can only be seen whenthe slide show is being viewed. 68
  69. 69. Sample Exercise #5Note –ƒJones (DP) is still playing offense and defenseƒGreen (FLEX) has left the game since she is not playing defense (still has a re-entry remaining) 69
  70. 70. National Federation of State High School AssociationsQUESTIONS? Take Part. Get Set For Life.™ 70

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