FAITH INTEGRATION IN BUSINESS A Review of Development Models
FAITH INTEGRATION IN BUSINESS• What draws most people in the FAW (Faith at Work) movement is the desire to lead an integrated life, where faith principles and workplace perspectives and practices are aligned. They do not want to leave their souls in the parking lot.• They desire to find noble meaning in their temporal work, and ways of transforming their workplaces into environments where ethics and fairness prevail.
FAITH INTEGRATION IN BUSINESS• Authentic faith integration at work is a complex process of discovery and development. We discover a deeper understanding of our faith, and develop a greater appreciation for the application of that understanding to the challenges of the workplace.• This process results, over time, in wisdom – a combination of insight and intervention, knowing and doing, appreciation and action.
FAITH INTEGRATION IN BUSINESS• This slide set essay explores a variety of different faith development and growth models and applies them the arena of faith integration in business.• These models will help us envision various ways faith is understood and expressed at work.
Slide Set Outline• The Faith Integration Cycle. This discussion traces faith integration from the earliest emergent stage to the most developed embodiment stage.• Faith Integration Growth Quadrants. This discussion traces faith integration from a faith-isolated stage (where faith and work are seen as different worlds of concern) to faith-integrated.• Faith Integration Building Levels. This discussion traces faith integration from its concrete expression in action (practice) to its underlying beliefs (presuppositions).• Faith Integration Work Quadrants. This discussion traces faith integration attitudes about work from secular to sacred expressions.• Four Stages of Christian Growth. This discussion traces faith integration development from simplicity to humility.
The FI Cycle Emerging Embodying Examining Expanding Embracing Engaging
The FI Cycle• In the Emerging Stage business people begin to be aware that there could be connections between their faith and their business lives. This awareness may come from observing others at work, or from an inner longing or conviction. There is an openness to the possibility of FI.
The FI Cycle • In the Examining Stage business people begin to consider concrete situations where their faith beliefs might apply to particular business situations. There is an openness to the ways that faith convictions and business choices could interact.
The FI Cycle • In the Embracing Stage business people have made a commitment to consciously consider a variety of business decisions from a faith- informed perspective. This stage may occur in degrees and may be focused on more “black and white” issues than on those that present themselves in shades of grey.
The FI Cycle • In the Engaging Stage business people have fully embraced FI in many business decisions and seek to fully integrate their personal faith convictions and their business choices. In this stage believers may also seek to engage others in conversations about faith and business connections.
The FI Cycle• In the Expanding Stage business people are seeking to both deepen the understanding of their own faith to widen the scope of their application of that faith to business. This may involve increased interest in the community/ecological impacts of their business.
The FI Cycle• In the Embodying Stage FI has become such a fundamental, natural part of part of a business person’s way of life that it infuses their character and relationships seamlessly. ALL of life becomes an expression of their faith.
The FI Cycle• Some questions: • Is one stage “better” than another, or simply different? • Do some workplaces lend themselves to “more complete” movement through the FI Cycle than others? • What help or support can people find to help their progression through the FI cycle?
The FI Growth Quadrants FAITH FAITH UNDERSTANDING DEEP INFORMED INTEGRATED SHALLOW FAITH FAITH ISOLATED INTERESTED NARROW WIDE APPLICATION
The FI Growth Quadrants• The FAITH ISOLATED quadrant is a dualist position. The business person views their world as a scared- secular split.• Faith is essentially private and personal and has little to do with workplace practices other than perhaps influencing one’s personal ethics to a limited degree - business is “played” by a different set of rules (like poker).• Often this person’s “faith” is experiential (feeling- based) and eclectic (a composite of various beliefs).
The FI Growth Quadrants• The FAITH INFORMED quadrant is characterized by a more deeply developed faith – often by virtue of a particular faith tradition’s texts and teachings.• The application of faith beliefs to business is limited, but the beliefs that are considered relevant are based on a clear understanding of those beliefs and a deep conviction about how they provide clear boundaries for right and wrong.
The FI Growth Quadrants• The FAITH INTERESTED quadrant is characterized by a desire to more fully apply one’s faith understandings to a greater variety of business issues – for example, concerns about the environment, or social activism.• This business person’s “faith” is more practical (practice the Golden Rule) than philosophical, and is often attached to causes (feed the hungry) or crises (help rebuild Haiti).
The FI Growth Quadrants• The FAITH INTEGRATED quadrant involves a more thoughtful understanding of one’s faith and its wide implications for the practice of business.• Such a business person has spent some time in growing in their knowledge about their faith. And have become convinced that there should be an end to the “Sunday-Monday” division.• Faith is seen a both a valid and needed compliment to business decisions at the individual AND institutional levels.
The FI BUILDING LEVELSPractices (doing) Perceptions (seeing) Perspectives (understanding) Principles (valuing) Presuppositions (believing)
The FI BUILDING LEVELS• PRACTICE – faith influences what I do and how I treat others• PERCEPTIONS – faith influences what I observe and how I see others• PERSPECTIVES – faith informs what I understand and how I think about others• PRINCIPLES – faith informs what I value and how I serve others• PRESUPPOSITIONS – faith informs what I believe and what I assume about others
The FI WORK QUADRANT BURDEN BLESSING WORK AS WORK ASIMPACT WORTH WORSHIP WORK AS WORK AS WRESTLING WALK SECULAR SACRED SOURCE
The FI WORK QUADRANT• The WORK AS WRESTLING perspective sees work as a necessary, economic burden – something we must do in order to provide for our needs. Work is seen as merely instrumental – a means to an end. We expect to endure work rather than embrace it.
The FI WORK QUADRANT• The WORK AS WORTH perspective sees work as a way to discover and reveal our abilities. It provides opportunities for personal growth as well as economic advancement. Work has instrumental meaning, but can be embraced for both its ability to provide identity and income.
The FI WORK QUADRANT• The WORK AS WALK perspective sees work as a crucible used by God to grow our faith and develop our character. Workplace burdens are seen as necessary means to both economic and eternal ends. Workplace performance becomes a journey to personal and spiritual development.
The FI WORK QUADRANT• The WORK AS WORSHIP perspective sees work as a way to honor God and to share His blessings with others. We see our work performance is a form of prayer, and our workplace service is a form of stewardship as we “tithe” our time, talents and treasure.
Four Stages of Christian Growth • Drawn from http://www.nathanco lquhoun.com/blog1/b HUMILITY log/index.php/2006/0 3/13/stages_of_faith[ m/24/2009 2:50:50 PM] PERPLEXITY • This [blog] is the creative outlet of Nathan Colquhoun, a church planter and COMPLEXITY media publisher in Sarnia, Ontario. Mostly youll be reading the struggles he has with culture, SIMPLICITY church, God and life and occasionally get updates on his creative endeavors.
Stage 1: Simplicity• Focus: Right or wrong? Being right, belonging to the right group.• Motive: Pleasing authority figures, being an "insider."• Beliefs: All truth is known or knowable. There are clear answers to every question. The right authority figures know the right answers.• Perception: Dualistic, in terms of right versus wrong, good versus bad.
Stage 1: Simplicity• Mottoes: Youre either for us or against us; its all or nothing.• Authorities: Godlike. Gods representatives, with divine right, they help you know.• Likes/Dislike: We like bold, clear, assertive, confident people who know the answers.• We dislike tentative, qualifying, timid, or unsure people who say "I dont know."
Stage 1: Simplicity• Life is: A war.• Strategy: Learn the answers, learn what to think. Learn to identify and avoid the enemy.• Strengths: Highly committed, willing to sacrifice and suffer for the cause.• Weakness: Also willing to kill or inflict suffering for the cause. Arrogant, simplistic, combative Judgmental, intolerant, Incapable or distinguishing major from minor issues, since every issue is part of the system that has embraced all (as universal, absolute, and inerrant) or nothing (as false, wrong, discredited.)
Stage 1: Simplicity• Identity: I find my identity in my leader or group.• Relationships: Dependent or codependent.• God is: The Ultimate Authority Figure and/or Ultimate friend.• Transition: As stage 1 people encounter diversity in their ranks, or are disillusioned because of fallen leaders or internal squabbles in the group from which they derive their identity, or are unsettles for by the multiplicity of viewpoints, they tend to swing from a desire for internal knowledge and certainty to a desire for external accomplishment and success, thus moving on to Stage 2. The world isnt simple anymore, so the task changes – to make life work in this complex environment.
Stage 2 – Complexity• Focus: Effective or ineffective? Accomplishing; learning technique, winning.• Motive: Reach goals, be effective.• Beliefs: Almost anything is doable. Different people have different methods, beliefs, approaches – the key is finding the best ones.
Stage 2 – Complexity• Perception: Pragmatic – looking for useful, practical.• Mottoes: There is more than one way to do things, - find what ever works best for you.• Authorities: Coaches, they help you grow.• Likes/Dislike: We like people that give clear instructions and let us know what they expect form us. We like people who motivate us and make us feel like doing things. We dislike people who are too dogmatic (Stage 1) or mystical (Stage 3.)
Stage 2 – Complexity• Life is: A complex game. You have to learn the rules.• Strategy: Learn the technique. Play the game. Find what people want and give it to them.• Strengths: Enthusiasm, idealism, action.• Weakness: Superficial, naïve.• Identity: I find my identity in the cause or achievement.• God is: The ultimate guide or coach.
Stage 2 – Complexity• Transition: Three problems push people out of Stage 2 (usually against their will). – First, the prevalence or Stage 1 people always claiming to have all the answers prohibit Stage 2 people from escaping questions about truth. – Second, the failure of "foolproof" techniques and projects leaves them disillusioned and perplexed – prime characteristics of Stage 3. – Third, Stage 2 people survive by fragmenting complex and apparently contradictory truth into categories (scientific truth, religious truth, social or relational truth, political truth). – Eventually, a desire for unity and integration causes them to be dissatisfied with their fragmented approach.
Stage 3 - Perplexity• Focus: Honest or dishonest? Authentic or inauthentic? Understanding, seeing through appearances and illusions to reality.• Motive: Being honest, authentic.• Beliefs: All is questionable. Nothing is really certain, except uncertainty. Everything is relative.
Stage 3 - Perplexity • Perception: Realistic. • Mottoes: Everyones opinion is equally valid and equally questionable. Who knows who really is right? • Authorities: Demonic. Theyre dishonest controllers, trying to impose easy answers on complex realities. • Likes/Dislike: We like questioners, free spirits, and nonconformists. We dislike people in Stages 1 and 2.
Stage 3 - Perplexity• Life is: A joke or a mystery or a search.• Strategy: Ask hard questions, be ruthlessly honest.• Strengths: Depth, honesty, often humor or artistic sensitivity.• Weakness: Cynical, uncommitted, withdrawn, depressed, or elitist.• Identity: I find my identity in solitude or a small circle of similarity alienated friends.• God is: Either a mythic authority figure Ive outgrown, an opiate of the masses, or a mystery I am seeking.
Stage 3 - Perplexity• Transition: One of the key struggles in Perplexity is that battle between arrogance ("Those simpletons in Stages 1 and 2 dont see how shallow and primitive they are! Ha! Theyve never even asked the questions we ask, much less found answers for them! Ha!") and humility.• There is much in this stage to humble a person. Notably, one has to get on with life, and life requires one to make commitments, and commitments grow out of values and beliefs, so one is not left with the option of staying in limbo. One has to make choices. One cannot blindly accept a group’s or authority figure’s agenda anymore, but one has to take responsibility for living life and proceed – chastened and more realistic, often disillusioned and less idealistic – in short, humbled.
Stage 4 - Humility• Focus: Wise or unwise? Fulfilling potential; making the most of life.• Motive: Make the best of opportunities, Serve, contribute, and make a difference.• Beliefs: There are a few basic absolute or universal truths, many relative matters, and much mystery. Nonetheless, there are enough basics to live by.
Stage 4 - Humility• Perception: Integrated, synthesizing and dualism, pragmatism, and relativism of earlier stages.• Mottoes: I will focus on a few ground essentials, in essentials, unity, in nonessentials, diversity, in all things, charity.• Authorities: They are people like you and me – imperfect, doing their best, sometimes admirable and dependable, sometimes untrustworthy and despicable, sometimes sincerely misguided.• Likes/Dislike: We like people who combine thoughtfulness with accomplishment.
Stage 4 - Humility• Life is: A mixture; what you make it; what it is.• Strategy: Learn all the answers you can (Stages 1 & 2), ask all the questions you can (Stage 3), and try to fulfill your potential, admitting how little you really know.• Strengths: May exhibit strengths of earlier stages, plus stability, endurance, wisdom and humility.• Weakness: May display weakness of earlier strengths.• Identity: I find my identity in my relationships to the whole, or to God.
Stage 4 - Humility• God is: Knowable in part, yet mysterious; present, yet transcendent; just, yet merciful (able to hold dynamic tensions about God).• Transition: That this is the last stage in our schema doesnt suggest that ones lives happily ever after! At this stage of integration, one now faces all the weaknesses of the previous stages. Whenever one enters a new context (a new career, a new religion, a new social network), he or she may well recapitulate the stages repeatedly. After all, humility, like maturity, is obviously not a destination but a rather a journey in itself.