Tools of data collection

50,379 views
49,384 views

Published on

the ppt is useful for candidates of paper 3 of SET/NET exams in India.

Published in: Education, Technology
7 Comments
22 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • please send me on wondiyezekarias@gmail.com
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • a.a fine to see this slides It is requested to mail this slide on my mail ID. muhammad.hanif05@yahoo.com
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Thanks not for Content but for Motivation
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • what is the difference between methods of collecting data and tools for data collection exercise?someone please help me..:(
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The story of computing is epic. It’s driven by the human passion for tinkering, inventing and solving difficult problems where accidents and luck can be as important as brilliant engineering. Explore the revolution that has changed our world...

    http://a-onetechnology.blogspot.in
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
50,379
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,790
Comments
7
Likes
22
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tools of data collection

  1. 1. sgisave@ymail.com 1 Tools of Data Collection By, S.G.Isave, Assistant Professor, Tilak College of Education, Pune - India
  2. 2. sgisave@ymail.com 2 Tools • Questionnaire • Interview schedule • observation
  3. 3. sgisave@ymail.com 3 Interview schedule
  4. 4. sgisave@ymail.com 4 Meaning of Interview schedule • One to one direct communication between researcher and subject for collection of data. • Series of a questions to be asked in an interview is called interview schedule.
  5. 5. sgisave@ymail.com 5 Types of Interview schedule • Structured (for research) • Semi-structured ( flexible but structured) • Non-directive ( free talk on issues) • Focused ( in depth talk on an issue ) (Media)
  6. 6. sgisave@ymail.com 6 How to conduct an Interview • Interview schedule should as per objectives. • Planning of time, duration, place, mode of recording. • Follow Formalities. • Respect not to answer right of subject. • Use of appropriate Language. • Positive body language. • Directing the interview. • Questioning – proper stress and tone, use of sub questions if required.
  7. 7. sgisave@ymail.com 7 Limitations • Hesitation to express • Vague • Time restrictions • Less time for thinking • Subjective • Researcher’s influence • Consciousness • Manipulated/polished/sophisticated/socially accepted responses may be preferred.
  8. 8. sgisave@ymail.com 8 Questionnaire
  9. 9. sgisave@ymail.com 9 Meaning • Series of questions in written form. • Indirect interview • Widely used tool
  10. 10. sgisave@ymail.com 10 When to use • Objective tool • Factual data required • Large sample • Minimum cost & time • Crossing Geographical limitations
  11. 11. sgisave@ymail.com 11 Types • Open • Close • Mixed • E-mail • Web based • Live • Distance
  12. 12. sgisave@ymail.com 12 Development of Questionnaire • Objectives • Content analysis • Combination of Types of questions. • Sequence of questions. • Statistical techniques. • Questions- clear, correct, to the point, appropriate nos.,
  13. 13. sgisave@ymail.com 13 Administration of Questionnaire • Appointment • Take in to confidence • Instructions and expectation • Tackling queries • Postage • Formalities
  14. 14. sgisave@ymail.com 14 Advantages of Questionnaire • Objectivity • Freedom to think • Flexibility of time • Free to answer.
  15. 15. sgisave@ymail.com 15 Limitations of Questionnaire • Difficult to analyze. • Environmental effects. • Collection is a challenge • Ambiguous
  16. 16. sgisave@ymail.com 16 Qualities of Good Questionnaire • EXTERNAL - • Instructions • Primary Information • Font style and Type • Grammar • Quality, colour and size of Paper. • Proper space for response. • Postage • INTERNAL - • Clarity and simplicity of questions • Validity and reliability • As per age of subjects. • Divisions as per Objectives. • Pilot study
  17. 17. sgisave@ymail.com 17 Interview schedule vs questionnaire • Live / Real time • Direct questionnaire • More subjective. • Useful for experts, Illiterate people, parents etc. • To know views. • More time per subject. • Variety of data from a person. • Informal way. • Not easy to analyze • Flexible • One to one interaction • Researcher note responses. • Own time of subject. • Indirect interview. • More objectives. • Useful for subjects, teacher, students etc. • To collect factual data • Min time more info. • Specific data from more subjects. • Formal way. • Comparatively easier to analyze. • Rigid • One to many reaction. • Subject notes responses.
  18. 18. sgisave@ymail.com 18 Observation
  19. 19. sgisave@ymail.com 19 Types of Observation • Overt – subject are aware • Covert - unaware • Participant • Non-participant
  20. 20. sgisave@ymail.com 20 Precautions in Observation • Appropriate tools • Field notes • Informal approach • Building rapport • What to observe • Use of audio visual devices
  21. 21. sgisave@ymail.com 21 Advantages • Natural response • Real collection of a data • All round data • Self experience • Understanding the subject. • Useful for sociological research. • Useful for linear research.
  22. 22. sgisave@ymail.com 22 Limitations • Subjectivity • Temporary form of data is acquired. • Difficult to analyze the data. • Time consumable. • Practical difficulties.
  23. 23. sgisave@ymail.com 23 Lets go beyond content…
  24. 24. sgisave@ymail.com 24 Ask yourself ….
  25. 25. sgisave@ymail.com 25 Can I qualify in first attempt? ……..Yes, Why not !
  26. 26. sgisave@ymail.com 26 If I do this • Believe yourself. • Understand the nature of the exam. • Collect all the units of syllabus. • Don’t be scared of passing percentage of the exam.
  27. 27. sgisave@ymail.com 27 If I do this.. • Prepare seriously. • Don’t just try for experience. • Prepare your own notes. • Practice to write answers. • Avoid Grammatical mistakes.
  28. 28. sgisave@ymail.com 28 If I do this • Solve old question paper with time management and get it checked from an expert. • Construct diagrams. • Update your knowledge with books, periodicals, internet etc. • Discuss with peer, teachers, successful candidates.
  29. 29. sgisave@ymail.com 29 • Be confident. • Be healthy, because learning is also physical activity. • Be careful about filling application form, attaching documents, admit cart,
  30. 30. sgisave@ymail.com 30 All the Best • If you try hard in proper direction, “You all will qualify in coming SET exam. in first attempt.”
  31. 31. sgisave@ymail.com 31 THANK YOU !

×