BLAZING AWAY!!!!
Natural Gas (2.1) <ul><li>What is the chemical name for natural gas? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the properties and formula...
Combustion (2.1) <ul><li>What is  combustion ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does a bunsen  burn  more fiercely with the air-hole ...
Alkanes (2.2) <ul><li>What are the names and uses of some common  alkane  mixtures? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a  hydrocarb...
Alkanes (2.2) <ul><li>Can you draw the structural formula for the first 10 alkanes? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the molecula...
Homologous Series (2.2) <ul><li>What is the rule for working out the number of hydrogen atoms in an alkane molecule? </li>...
Fossil Fuels (2.3) <ul><li>Can you explain how  coal  and  oil  were formed (where, what from, how long it took)? </li></u...
Fractional Distillation (2.3) <ul><li>How can  distillation  be used to separate the liquids in crude oil?   </li></ul><ul...
Fractional Distillation (2.3) <ul><li>How does the  size  of a molecule change as the boiling point of a fraction increase...
Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>How are  alkenes  similar to alkanes in their properties?   </li></ul><ul><li>Can you describe the  ...
Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>Why are alkenes also  hydrocarbons ?   </li></ul><ul><li>What is meant by a  double bond ?   </li></...
Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>What is the  word equation  for any alkene burning in oxygen?   </li></ul><ul><li>What is the  funct...
Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>Why does  methene  not exist?   </li></ul><ul><li>What is the  general formula  for the alkenes?   <...
Carbon (2.5) <ul><li>What are the symbol and properties of carbon?   </li></ul><ul><li>Where are natural  diamonds  formed...
Carbon (2.5) <ul><li>Can you draw a diagram of the experiment you would use to prove the  products  of combustion of carbo...
Carbon (2.5) <ul><li>What is the formula of  carbon monoxide , and how is it formed?   </li></ul><ul><li>Why is carbon mon...
Pollution (2.6) <ul><li>What are the main chemicals emitted from car exhausts? Which of these are considered to be  pollut...
Cracking (2.7/2.8) <ul><li>What does  cracking  mean in chemistry?   </li></ul><ul><li>Can you describe an  experiment  to...
Cracking (2.7/2.8) <ul><li>How do the  results  of the experiment show the products to be a  mixture  of alkanes and alken...
Cracking (2.7/2.8) <ul><li>Which fractions from  crude oil  are most in demand?   </li></ul><ul><li>How do oil refineries ...
Saturation (2.7) <ul><li>What do the words  saturated  and  unsaturated  mean? Give examples. </li></ul><ul><li>What is th...
Isomers (2.9) <ul><li>What are  isomers ?   </li></ul><ul><li>Can you draw some alkane isomers?   </li></ul><ul><li>What i...
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Unit 3 Learning Outcomes

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Unit 3 Learning Outcomes

  1. 1. BLAZING AWAY!!!!
  2. 2. Natural Gas (2.1) <ul><li>What is the chemical name for natural gas? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the properties and formula of methane ? </li></ul><ul><li>What gas in the air is used up when methane burns? </li></ul><ul><li>What 2 substances are formed when methane burns completely? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you test for these 2 substances? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Combustion (2.1) <ul><li>What is combustion ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does a bunsen burn more fiercely with the air-hole open? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is combustion said to be an exothermic reacion? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the products of combustion of methane prove about methane itself? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alkanes (2.2) <ul><li>What are the names and uses of some common alkane mixtures? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a hydrocarbon ? </li></ul><ul><li>What 2 substances are formed when a hydrocarbon burns completely? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the differences between a molecular formula and a structural formula? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Alkanes (2.2) <ul><li>Can you draw the structural formula for the first 10 alkanes? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the molecular formula for the first 10 alkanes? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name the first 10 alkanes? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the word equation for any alkane burning in oxygen? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Homologous Series (2.2) <ul><li>What is the rule for working out the number of hydrogen atoms in an alkane molecule? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a homologous series , and why are the alkanes an example of one? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the general formula for the alkanes? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are the products of combustion the same for every alkane? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fossil Fuels (2.3) <ul><li>Can you explain how coal and oil were formed (where, what from, how long it took)? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are coal, oil and gas referred to as fossil fuels ? </li></ul><ul><li>What is crude oil , and why does it have to be refined? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fractional Distillation (2.3) <ul><li>How can distillation be used to separate the liquids in crude oil? </li></ul><ul><li>What are fractions ? </li></ul><ul><li>As the boiling point of a fraction increases, what happens to the speed of evaporation , viscosity and flammability ? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fractional Distillation (2.3) <ul><li>How does the size of a molecule change as the boiling point of a fraction increases? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some of the fractions distilled from crude oil and what are they are used for ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the typical numbers of carbon atoms in each of the fractions? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>How are alkenes similar to alkanes in their properties? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you describe the chemical test for telling an alkane and an alkene apart? </li></ul><ul><li>How are alkenes made from alkanes? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the main type of substance made from alkenes ? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>Why are alkenes also hydrocarbons ? </li></ul><ul><li>What is meant by a double bond ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name and draw the structural formula of the first 10 alkenes? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you work out the molecular formula of the first 10 alkenes? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>What is the word equation for any alkene burning in oxygen? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the functional group in an alkene? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you work out the number of hydrogen atoms in an alkene molecule if you know the number of carbon atoms? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Alkenes (2.4) <ul><li>Why does methene not exist? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the general formula for the alkenes? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do alkenes give the same combustion products as alkanes? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Carbon (2.5) <ul><li>What are the symbol and properties of carbon? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are natural diamonds formed? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the properties of diamond? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name 3 different forms of carbon? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Carbon (2.5) <ul><li>Can you draw a diagram of the experiment you would use to prove the products of combustion of carbon or a hydrocarbon? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the word and formula equation for carbon burning in air? </li></ul><ul><li>What is carbon dioxide used for? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Carbon (2.5) <ul><li>What is the formula of carbon monoxide , and how is it formed? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is carbon monoxide dangerous? </li></ul><ul><li>What is formed when carbon monoxide burns in air? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Pollution (2.6) <ul><li>What are the main chemicals emitted from car exhausts? Which of these are considered to be pollutants ? </li></ul><ul><li>What can be done to reduce this pollution? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a catalyst ? </li></ul><ul><li>Which metals are used as catalysts in catalytic converters ? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cracking (2.7/2.8) <ul><li>What does cracking mean in chemistry? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you describe an experiment to demonstrate the cracking of an alkane? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of the steel wool in the cracking experiment? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Cracking (2.7/2.8) <ul><li>How do the results of the experiment show the products to be a mixture of alkanes and alkenes? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the important safety points in the cracking experiment? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Cracking (2.7/2.8) <ul><li>Which fractions from crude oil are most in demand? </li></ul><ul><li>How do oil refineries meet this demand? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a catalytic cracker ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are the products of cracking then passed through a fractionating column? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Saturation (2.7) <ul><li>What do the words saturated and unsaturated mean? Give examples. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the chemical test for unsaturation in hydrocarbons? </li></ul><ul><li>What is an addition reaction ? Give an example. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Isomers (2.9) <ul><li>What are isomers ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you draw some alkane isomers? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a cycloalkane ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name the first ten cycloalkanes, and give their molecular and structural formulae? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the general formula of cycloalkanes and why are they isomeric with the alkenes? </li></ul>
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