Autism A developmental disability, generally evident before age 3 Affects: Verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction Affects a child’s performance Often referred to as a spectrum disorder one of 5 in the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders
History of Autism: 1943- was named by Leo Kenner (a childpsychiatrist at John Hopkins University MedicalSchool 1940’s-60’s it was thought that people with Autism were just socially withdrawn Today it is known as neurological and biochemical alterations in the brain. 1911-Eugen Bluer, a Swiss psychiatrist had first used the term autism, but it was not yet classified
Cause of Autism? The exact cause is unknown. Most evidence indicates that it comes from a biological origin. Lack of love and attention theory…true or false? It is a metabolic dysfunction of the brain. It has 1/4th of the signs of a neurological disorder Measles and mumps vaccine theory
Autism Statistics: Boys are affected 4 to 5 times more than girls 5 to 15 of every 10,000 people are diagnosed Rarely more than one person in a family is affected Center of Disease control estimated 2 out of 1,000 are diagnosed Autism society of America states 1 of every 150 births are diagnosed and 1 to 1.5 mil Americans have it with a growth of 17% since 1990
Symptoms of Autism andchallenges: Difficulty in communication Repetitive behaviors Lack of spoken language Grasping and touch Difficulty understand perspective Displays of affection and emotion are not typical and difficulty regulating emotions
How to accommodate anAutistic student: Keep to a repetitive and routine schedule. Use of direct instruction which is very structured with many varieties of stimuli Use of direct language. Autism students do not understand figurative language. Practicing communication strategies with a routine Warning and preparation when a change is coming Must feel safe and may require a private area at times Working with specialists to have a co-ordinated approach to
References A History of Autism. (n.d.). WEb MD. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/history-of- autism Nielson, L. B. (2009). Disabilities and Health Disorders. In Brief References of Student Dissabilities. (2nd ed.). (p. 65). Thousand Oaks , California: Corwin press. Richmond, M. L. Autism in the classroom. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from http:// www.superduperinc.com (n.d.). Teaching students with Autism. In Teaching Students with Autism. (p. 27). Victoria, BC: Ministry of Education special programs branch.