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Lost languages

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  • 1. Preserving Languages in Memory Institutions throughout the world
    By Sarah, Rosemary, Laura, Kristin
    Lost Languages
  • 2. Hunter-gatherer lifestyle led to small communities
    Small communities grow
    Language develops
    War
    Smaller communities overtaken by larger
    Written languages vs oral langauges
    Loss of languages
    Globalization
    Ex: United States, Europe, Canada, Africa
    Introduction
  • 3. United States and the American Indian
    2/3 of native languages are gone
    192 remaining languages are considered “extinct” or “in danger”
    Oral tradition in language
  • 4. 1492 contact
    Disease, war, famine, control
    Civilization Fund Act 0f 1819, monies given to society to “educate” Native Americans
    Assimilation
    Indian Removal Act of 1830, move out West onto reservations
    Brief History
  • 5. Revitalization vs documentation
    Audio recordings
    School and community language programs
    Uniting elders and the youth of the community
    UNESCO 1987, 1989, 1996 Universal Declaration of Language Rights
    http://www.unesco.org/cpp/uk/declarations/linguistic.pdf
    Native American Languages Act 1992
    Language emersion camps
    Master-apprentice programs
    What can be done?
  • 6. Elders are distrustful
    Attempting to encourage youth to get involved
    Dominant United States culture
    Television in English
    No school programs in Native Languages
    Language of the Government Act, English as national language
    Problems
  • 7. Set up by Congress 1996
    1500 linear ft of paper archives, over 300, 000 images, 12,000 video images and audio clips
    mission statement seeks to preserve and exhibit Native culture specifically language
    3 buildings comprising the NMAI is the Cultural Resources Center (community outreach)
    2% of collection is modern
    Incorporate oral traditions and current cultural perspective
    http://www.nmai.si.edu/
    National Museum of the American Indian
  • 8. NMAI Programs
    Our Universes: Traditional Knowledge Shapes Our World Ongoing NMAI on the National Mall, Washington, DCOur Universes focuses on indigenous cosmologies—worldviews and philosophies related to the creation and order of the universe—and the spiritual relationship between humankind and the natural world. Organized around the solar year, the exhibition introduces visitors to indigenous peoples from across the Western Hemisphere who continue to express the wisdom of their ancestors in celebration, language, art, spirituality, and daily life.
    Return to a Native Place: Algonquian Peoples of the Chesapeake Ongoing NMAI on the National Mall, Washington, DCMeet the Native peoples of the Chesapeake Bay region–what is now Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, and Delaware–through photographs, maps, ceremonial and everyday objects, and interactives. This compact exhibition educates visitors on the continued Native presence in the region, and provides an overview of the history and events from the 1600s to the present that have impacted the lives of the Nanticoke, Powhatan, and Piscataway tribes. The exhibition was curated by Gabrielle Tayac, Ph.D. (Piscataway).
  • 9. Wampanoag Indians of Massachusetts
    lost for over 100 years
    until 1993 when Jessie Little Doe Baird started studying word stems
    passed onto daughter
    Native American Film and Video Festival, 30 year anniversary
    Incorporation of audio recordings, Tewa people of New Mexico
    http://culturalpropertylaw.wordpress.com/2009/04/16/endangered-languages-protecting-native-american-languages/
    Successes
  • 10. http://www.nmai.si.edu/
    http://culturalpropertylaw.wordpress.com/2009/04/16/endangered-languages-protecting-native-american-languages/
    http://0-www.jstor.org.www.whitelib.emporia.edu/stable/4168870?&Search=yes&term=languages&term=native&term=american&term=protecting&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3Dprotecting%2Bnative%2Bamerican%2Blanguages%26wc%3Don&item=2&ttl=2562&returnArticleService=showArticle
    Wikipedia.com
    Resources