Ashford pol 310 all discussion questions

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  • 1. ASHFORD POL 310 All Discussion Questions PLEASE DOWNLOAD HEREEnvironmental Values & Policy. Identify an environmental amenity from thefollowing list:a. Clean airb. Earth’s climatec. Ocean healthd. Wilderness arease. Endangered speciesf. Clean drinking waterg. Old growth forestsLook at Figure 1.1 in Chapter One of Environmental Policies. Identify the differentvalues associated with that amenity. Then, identify a policy tension between theamenity that you choose and a threat to that amenity. For example, clean air isthreatened by economic interests that pollute the air (e.g., industries that do notuse “green” technology when emitting pollution, automobiles, large-scale confinedfeeding animal operations, etc.); wilderness areas are threatened by gas and oilinterests, pressures to build roads in roadless areas, etc. Also, discuss the waysthat different worldviews (e.g., biocentricism, anthropocentrism) play into thecontroversy surrounding the issue. In your opinion, have lawmakers adequatelyprotected the value of the environmental amenity? Why or why not? Whichworldview is present in your response to part E of this question?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Do you agree with your classmates’ assessments regarding whether lawmakershave adequately protected the value of the environmental amenity identified intheir postings? Why or why not?Common Pool Resources – Privatization or Collective Action. Identify twocommon pool resources from the list below, one that seems to be best managedby privatization and another that seems to be best managed through collectiveaction.
  • 2. a. International fisheriesb. Aquifersc. Forestsd. Atmospheree. Oilf. Herds of elephantsg. Ocean floor mineral deposits in international watersWhy does privatization work better for one, while collective action works better forthe other?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Do you agree with your classmates’ assessments regarding whether privatizationor collective action is the best choice for the common pool resources that theyidentified? Why or why not?Climate Change. Choose one of the following scientific organizations and reviewthe research on climate change. Cite three specific facts that you learn aboutclimate change. Does this information agree with what your local news station ornewspaper is saying? Why or why not? Explain?To what degree do you believe that individual activities – say, choosing to walk towork instead of driving – can have a measurable impact on a changing climate?Why? How do you think that scientific, political, ethical, social, and/or culturalperspectives have shaped your beliefs on this matter? Use the following requiredlinks:National Aeronautics and Space Administration – Climate Change: How Do WeKnow?National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – AboutIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – ReportsYour initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ response relating to whether anindividual’s activities can have a measurable impact on a changing climate with
  • 3. your own beliefs. How are the forces that have shaped your classmates’ beliefsdifferent from your own? How are they the same?Air Quality. Research and report (describe) what efforts are in place to manageair quality in your town and state. Remember to consider emissions testingregulations, air quality index use, and other components of air qualitymanagement. Which institutions, laws and regulations exist to manage air qualityin your town and state? These may be local, state, or federal laws, regulationsand institutions.Consider the things you do in your everyday life that might contribute to air qualityproblems. How did you first become aware that your activities might contribute toair quality problems? Did you (or have you) done anything to alter your activities,so that your contribution to air quality problems is minimized?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ responses relating to the things they doin their everyday lives that might contribute to air quality problems with your ownactivities related to this matter. Are they the same? Are they different? Whichlaws, regulations, or institutions have influenced your activities differently thanyour classmates and their activities? Which laws, regulations, or institutions haveinfluenced your activities in a similar manner?Clean Water. From a policy-making perspective, compare the challengesassociated with addressing water quantity versus water quality issues. Which isthe more challenging problem to address by policy process? Discuss thelimitations of the Clean Water Act in addressing both water quantity and waterquality. Besides the Clean Water Act, which other policy mechanisms orregulatory measures can be implemented to address water quality and waterquantity challenges? Do you think that policymaking can legitimately differ basedupon social, cultural, or geographical perspectives, or do you think that there isone “right way” to approach environmental problems through policy andregulation?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ response relating to which policymechanisms or regulatory measures can be implemented to address waterquality and water quantity challenges with your own assessment of this issue. Doyou think similarities or differences reflect similar or different perspectives from asocial, cultural, or geographical perspective?Energy. Identify three different renewable energy sources. Compare thosesources from a policy and regulatory perspective to determine which of those
  • 4. sources will become the most significant source for renewable energy in 50years. Explain why your choice will be the most significant renewable energysource. How do specific demands for energy (e.g., transportation, heating,electricity) affect your choice? From a policy and regulatory perspective, what doyou think has to happen in order to make your choice a reality in 50 years?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ response relating to which renewableenergy source they believe will be the most significant source for renewableenergy in 50 years with your own thoughts on this issue. Have you focused on thesame or different energy demands when formulating your responses? How doeschoice of focus for energy demands affect the answer to this question?Land Management Policies and Habitat. Consider land management agencies,and their associated statutes and policies in the USA. How do land managementagencies, and their associated statutes and policies protect habitat, even ifhabitat protection is not their primary concern? Specifically compare the NationalPark Service, the U.S. Forest Service, and the Bureau of Land Managementwhen answering this question.Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ response relating to land managementagencies’ roles in protecting habitat with your own. What points did youclassmates raise that you did not consider? What points did you consider that arenot reflected in your classmates’ postings?Biodiversity, Extinction, and Making Choices in Policy. Some people arguethat since extinctions have always taken place, they should be considered anatural process and that the current extinction rates are not a matter of concern.Others point out that the preservation of biodiversity is essential to thecontinuation of life on Earth and that human actions have greatly accelerated theextinction rate. Should the policy process take into consideration all competingpositions – even when those positions would result in opposite policy outcomes –when creating policy? Why or why not? If positions that resulted in opposite policyoutcomes were reflected in our laws and policies, would those policies and lawsbe effective? Whyorwhynot?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Do you agree with your classmates’ assessment of the effectiveness of laws andpolicies that reflect opposite positions on the matter? Whyorwhynot?
  • 5. Hazardous Waste and International Environmental Policy. Consider theproblem of the exportation of hazardous waste, such as e-waste, from wealthycountries to poor countries. How can domestic policy address this issue, whendomestic policy applies to domestic issues, rather than being capable ofgoverning other lands? What are the limitations of domestic policymaking as theyrelate to global environmental problems, and in particular, the problem ofexporting hazardous waste? What can individual people do to influencepolicymaking in this context?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ response relating to what individualpeople can do to influence policymaking in the global or international context withyour own.Hazardous Waste and International Environmental Policy. Consider theproblem of the exportation of hazardous waste, such as e-waste, from wealthycountries to poor countries. How can domestic policy address this issue, whendomestic policy applies to domestic issues, rather than being capable ofgoverning other lands? What are the limitations of domestic policymaking as theyrelate to global environmental problems, and in particular, the problem ofexporting hazardous waste? What can individual people do to influencepolicymaking in this context?Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims withexamples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properlycite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Compare and contrast your classmates’ response relating to what individualpeople can do to influence policymaking in the global or international context withyour own.