What it is: Tools that can help ELLs visually organize and process information in core content areas, such as: KWL, H-Chart, T-Chart, Vocabulary Chart, Venn Diagram, Character Grids and Charts, Story Maps, and Comparison Charts, Graphs and Grids.
Example: Use Venn diagrams or Compare/Contrast Charts to compare different versions of the same story or book, the past to the present, different types of animals, habitats, or objects in the solar system.
What it is: Colorful charts, drawings, and other graphic information that help ELLs visually see tangible objects/realia in order to understand and internalize subject matter better.
Example: Use visuals and graphics for math. When teaching fractions, make large colorful charts showing fractional parts of wholes with bold labels, show fractional parts of wholes on the document camera with plastic pieces, demonstrate cutting up an apple into fractional parts, and have kids make fractional pizzas with same size parts with construction paper.
What it is: Strategy that encourages students to interact and rely on others to help complete tasks. Students get to hear and practice academic English content, not just social/communicative language. This provides rich language learning opportunities as well as learning content/concepts.
Example: Use in the study of different countries and cultures, research reports, presentations, math story problems, many reading activities such as retelling a story or book in parts or choral reading.
6. Guided Language Acquisition and Design (GLAD) and English Language Development (ELD) Strategies
What they are: GLAD and ELD were created specifically for ELLs and embed many other proven strategies. They are known for their vision and understanding of the stages of language acquisition and celebrating attempts and successes along the way.