A BIBLICAL PORTRAIT OF “SAINT”1. The word in the Bible for "saint" or "saints" is the word (hagios) also translated "sanctified" or "holy ones." The root word hazo, means "to venerate."Hagios means to be separated from sin and therefore consecrated to God. Hagios is used of God (Lk 1:49; Acts 3:14; Mt 1:18, etc.). It is a word used of men and things (1 Tim 1:9; 1 Pet 2:5,9, etc.)
When Paul uses the word "saint" in the singular,he refers to a state into whichGod calls men with His grace: Phil 4:21 Give my greetings to every holy one (hagion) in Christ Jesus.
In its plural form, Paul uses it torefer to all believers-- not only to persons ofexceptional holiness, nor to thosehaving died characterized by anexceptional life of saintliness. Eph 2:19 So then you are no longer strangers and sojourners, but you are fellow citizens with the holy ones (hagios) and members of the household of God Rom 12:13; Rom 16:15; 1 Cor 16:1
1 Cor 16:15Paul calls all his fellow believers "saints,"and not just the notably holy ones.
Paul also uses the termfor both those who are living and for those who are dead.
This practice of Paul corresponds to one of the earliest creedal statements of Christian faith: The Apostles Creed: "I believe in the communion of saints." Communion of saints refers to the bond of unity among all believers, both living and dead, who are or have been committed followers of Jesus Christ.In the eyes of God, in eternity, the distinction between His People who are "living" or who are "dead" is not at all important.
On the Church, No. 49, Vatican II Atthe present time some of (Jesus)disciples are pilgrims on earth.Others have died and are beingpurified, while still others are inglory beholding "clearly Godhimself, three in one, as He is."
Catechism of the CatholicChurch, Section 1474he life of each of Gods childrenis joined in Christ and throughChrist in a wonderful way to thelife of all the other Christianbrethren in the supernaturalunity of the Mystical Body ofChrist, as in a single mysticalperson
In Christian theology, the Christian Church,or Church Universal, is traditionally dividedinto:the Church Militant (Ecclesia Militans),comprising Christians on earth who are living;Christian militia, who struggle against sin, thedevil and "..the rulers of the darkness of thisworld, against spiritual wickedness in highplaces" (Ephesians 6:12).the Church Triumphant (Ecclesia Triumphans),comprising those who are in Heaven, andthe Church Suffering, a.k.a. ChurchPadecent or Church Penitent (Ecclesia Penitens)or Church Expectant(Ecclesia Expectans),comprising those Christians presentlyin Purgatory. This latter term is only applicabletoRoman Catholic theology.
The Canon of HolinessOur words "holy" and "holiness" come from the Hebrew (qadosh and qodesh) the Greek (hagios, hagiosyne) and the Latin (sanctitas, sacer, sanctus).Essentially holy means what is divine and pertains to God.
It is His most intimate essence inwhich He radically transcends all that is created; totally Other.Holiness extends to whatever is in relationship with the divine; it includes the idea of separation and opposition to what is profane and common;it expresses the idea of belonging to or being possessed by God.
As Paul writes, in each individual, sanctification takes place through faithand baptism.Rom 15:16 ... to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in performingthe priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering up of theGentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the holy Spirit.1 Cor 6:11 That is what some of you used to be; but now you have hadyourselves washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name ofthe Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.Paul continues ... sanctification through faith and baptism makes onebelong to God.Rom 6:19,22 I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness ofyour nature. For just as you presented the parts of your bodies as slavesto impurity and to lawlessness for lawlessness, so now present them asslaves to righteousness for sanctification. ... But now that you have beenfreed from sin and have become slaves of God, the benefit that you haveleads to sanctification, and its end is eternal life.
THE ROLE OF THE SAINTSThe saints are presented to believers as rolemodels whose lives are worthy to be imitated.Heb 6:12 ... so that you may not become sluggish, butimitators of those who, through faith and patience, areinheriting the promises.Heb 12:1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by sogreat a cloud of witnesses, let us rid ourselves of everyburden and sin that clings to us and persevere inrunning the race that lies before us1 Cor 11:1 Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ.Phil 3:17 Join with others in being imitators of me,brothers, and observe those who thus conductthemselves according to the model you have in us.
ouncil of Vatican II, On the Church,No. 50,For when we look at the lives ofthose who have faithfully followedChrist, we are inspired with a newreason for seeking the city which isto come (Heb 13:14; 11:10). At thesame time we are shown a mostsafe path by which ... we will be ableto arrive at perfect union withChrist, that is holiness.
In the lives of those who shared in ourhumanity and yet were transformed intoespecially successfully images of Christ(2 Cor 3:18), God vividly manifests to menhis presence and his face. He speaks tous in them, and gives us a sign of hiskingdom, to which we are powerfullydrawn, surrounded as we are by so manywitnesses (Heb 12:1), and having such anargument for the truth of the gospel.
century has officially applied the standard ofholiness of life to certain individuals who livedexemplary Christian lives and through alengthy process of prayer and study havedeclared that the individual is in heaven.Contrary to the belief of some, the Churchdoes not "create" saints, but simply appliesthe standard of gospel holiness to those Godpermits the Church to know are in heaven withHim. One principle way for God to affirm thepresence of an individual in heaven with Himis through the performance of miraclesthrough the intercession of that person