Stoic: Someone unable to understand Gods being or meaning to him.
Transcript of "Reigion timeline presentation: Early Church"
The Early Church 100-790 CEBy: Sam Friess, Jack Wall, Tyler Martin, andConnor Ridley
Roman EmpireCreated by Octavius son of Julius Caesar in 27BCEHe changed his name to Augustus and theempire flourished until Constantine died in 337CE and it spiraled downConstantine was one of the last emperorsThe Roman Empire ended in 410 CE frominvasions, economic troubles, and pure chaos
Roman and Byzantine EmpiresConstantine made the empire from Paganism toChristianity in 313Constantine moved the capital city of Rome toConstantinople in Byzantium 324Roman empire split into two empires afterConstantine died: Roman and ByzantineWestern (Roman) had nothing so they fell frominstability in all areas
Roman and Byzantine EmpiresThe Byzantine empire became the new “Rome”for the next about 500 yearsByzantine Empire fell in 1416 from Ottomans
Justin MartyrAlso known as Saint Justin in C. 100 AD in FlaviaNeopolis, Palestine (Modern-day Nebula) and Died inC. 165 AD in RomeParents were paganFirst attended a Stoic Philosophy school.At first, he was drawn to Platonism until he met an oldman in Ephesus who told him about Christianity andhe converted.He then moved to Rome where he started his ownschoolOne of his most notable pupils was Tatian.
Death and MartyrdomAfter disputingwith the CynicphilosopherCrescens, hewasreprimanded byRomanauthorities andbeheaded.
Ignatius Of AntiochBorn C. 35 AD and Died C. 108 AD in RomeSaint Ignatius was the bishop of Antioch afterSaint Peter died in around 69 AD.Ignatius also called himself Theophorus whichmeans “God Bearer”One of the Apostolic FathersBelieved he was also an disciple of the ApostleJohn.
Letters and MartyrdomWrote Several letters or epistlesabout his travels to Rome and hisarrest.Wrote six letters to churches invarious regions and one to a fellowbishop.Wrote to the Ephesians,Magnesians, Trallians, Romans,Philidelphians, Smyrnaeans, andPolycarp the bishop of Smyrna.Was Martyred and sentenced to diein the coliseum by way of being
Augustine: ChildhoodAugustine was born in 354, in Roman Africa.His father was Pagan and his mother wasCatholic.Despite his origins he grew up among Latinpeople causing him to learn Latin.When he was 11 he went to a school where hebecame familiar with Latin literature and pagancultures, and beliefs.
PriesthoodIn 395 he was made Bishop of Hippo, andremained it until his death.Augustine worked tirelessly in trying to convincethe people of Hippo to convert to Christianity, justas he did.He left his monastery, but continued to lead amonastic life.
St. Benedict of Nursia: ChildhoodBorn in Nursia near Spoleto, Italy in 480 A.DHis family was of noble lineageHe had a sister named, Scholastica, who fromchildhood, vowed herself to GodShe influenced St. Benedict of Nursia to live avery religious life from a young ageAt the age of 14, he left Rome and lived in a cavenear Subiaco
Western MonasticismMonasticism is a religious way of lifecharacterized by the practice of renouncingworldly pursuits to fully devote ones self tospiritual workHe is considered the founder of westernmonasticismIn the Christian tradition, males pursuing amonastic life are usually called monks
Nicea IIThe Second Council of Nicaea is regarded as theSeventh Ecumenical Council by various WesternChristian groupsIt met in AD 787 in Nicea to restore the importance oficons, or holy images, which had been forgotten byLeo III who reigned over the Byzantine EmpireThe most common topic of discussion for the SecondCouncil of Nicea was about IconoclasmThe reason of the meetings of the Second Councilwas to discuss what should be done about thedestruction of icons
Iconoclastic ControversyIconoclasm is the destruction of religious icons for areligious motiveIt is a major component for political or religiouschangeIconoclasm in the Byzantine Empire began withEmperor Leo IIIApart from the obvious religious problems, it createdpolitical and economic divisions in the societyThe Second Council of Nicea was held in AD 787 toaddress the conflict of the growing iconoclasm thatwas prevalent in the Byzantine Empire
MOSAICSMosaics are small pieces or glass, stone, or tileto create many small pieces look like one largerimage.Catholic churches usually used stone or tileMosaics were floor mosaics, wall mosaics, orarch mosaics on the ceilings