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Open Innovation in Action                Lessons learned about social collaboration                      from 30 years of ...
Who am I?Monday, March 25, 2013
Monday, March 25, 2013
I’m an open source developerMonday, March 25, 2013
I’m an open source developer                         (And an entrepreneur, too...)Monday, March 25, 2013
Today’s thesis                         Many of the aspects of what we call                         social technologies and...
A short history of                  Free & Open Source SoftwareMonday, March 25, 2013
FOSS 0.1                         1983-1990Monday, March 25, 2013
Photo credit: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Vicapowell39Monday, March 25, 2013
Richard Stallman,          Founder of the Free          Software Movement        Photo credit: http://commons.wikimedia.or...
• The free software movement was started                         in 1983 by Richard Stallman                   • Most of t...
Early successes                   • The GNU “operating system” (minus the                         kernel) was already disp...
Challenges                   • Economic and moral questioning:                    • Is it ok to make money with free      ...
FOSS 0.9                         1991-1998Monday, March 25, 2013
• Larger scale projects start to appear,                         attracting tens, then hundreds of                        ...
Successes                   • Linux (1991)                   • The Debian (1993) and Red Hat (1994)                       ...
FOSS 1.0                         1998-2007Monday, March 25, 2013
• Open source becomes the preferred term                         for most free software based businesses                  ...
The 4 engines of collaboration                   • Real-time shared vision                   • Real-time status updates   ...
“Every successful open source project I know uses                         PRIM. Every closed source project I know,       ...
P = Portal (often, a Wiki)Monday, March 25, 2013
R = RepositoryMonday, March 25, 2013
I = Issue (or Bug)TrackerMonday, March 25, 2013
M = Mailing List (+ foruM)Monday, March 25, 2013
Software Forges, a more                     integrated approach                   • Sourceforge, launched in 1999 by VA   ...
Works for non open                     source software too...Monday, March 25, 2013
FOSS 2.0                         2008-nowMonday, March 25, 2013
Web 2.0                   • Wikipedia (2001)                   • Tim O’Reilly’s Architecture of Participation             ...
• Git, and a bunch of other Distributed                         Source Control Management Systems                         ...
Monday, March 25, 2013
Linus Torvalds, Git             creator (2005)Monday, March 25, 2013
Linus Torvalds, Git             creator (2005)                         BTW, he invented Linux too...Monday, March 25, 2013
• A new breed of SaaS offerings for                         developpers, such as GitHub (2008) or                         ...
GitHub, like SourceForge, but more socialMonday, March 25, 2013
StackOverflow, a knowledge base based on a reputation systemMonday, March 25, 2013
Additional tools with a                       social impact                   • Continuous integration (with a            ...
Continuous integrationMonday, March 25, 2013
Code review on GitHubMonday, March 25, 2013
Open Source as a                            model for                         Open InnovationMonday, March 25, 2013
Monday, March 25, 2013
Governance models                          for OSS projects                   • Vendor-led                    • May includ...
How to create a thriving                open source community?                         (May apply to your social business ...
• Put people first (“community over code”)                         •   Welcome newcomers, give credits                     ...
Open by default?Monday, March 25, 2013
(...)               (...)                   Source: http://circulaire.legifrance.gouv.fr/pdf/2012/09/cir_35837.pdfMonday, ...
Source: https://www.gov.uk/service-manual/making-software/open-source.htmlMonday, March 25, 2013
Contact:                         sf@fermigier.com                               Web:                         www.fermigier...
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Open Innovation in Action

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Transcript of "Open Innovation in Action"

  1. 1. Open Innovation in Action Lessons learned about social collaboration from 30 years of open source Stefane Fermigier, Abilian, March 2012Monday, March 25, 2013
  2. 2. Who am I?Monday, March 25, 2013
  3. 3. Monday, March 25, 2013
  4. 4. I’m an open source developerMonday, March 25, 2013
  5. 5. I’m an open source developer (And an entrepreneur, too...)Monday, March 25, 2013
  6. 6. Today’s thesis Many of the aspects of what we call social technologies and social business were pioneered at one point by the open source development communities. It’s also true for Open Innovation.Monday, March 25, 2013
  7. 7. A short history of Free & Open Source SoftwareMonday, March 25, 2013
  8. 8. FOSS 0.1 1983-1990Monday, March 25, 2013
  9. 9. Photo credit: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Vicapowell39Monday, March 25, 2013
  10. 10. Richard Stallman, Founder of the Free Software Movement Photo credit: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Vicapowell39Monday, March 25, 2013
  11. 11. • The free software movement was started in 1983 by Richard Stallman • Most of the open source software produced at the time was developed by very small teams (2-3 persons), using local development tools • Software were distributed using tapes, then FTP • Marketing was mostly through word-of- mouthMonday, March 25, 2013
  12. 12. Early successes • The GNU “operating system” (minus the kernel) was already displacing proprietary tools in the early 90s • The moral and legal frameworks upon which the free software (and later, the open source) movement is built • Didn’t mandate / prescribe any production model for free software, thoughMonday, March 25, 2013
  13. 13. Challenges • Economic and moral questioning: • Is it ok to make money with free software? • How to make the system sustainable? • How to scale development efforts to larger teams?Monday, March 25, 2013
  14. 14. FOSS 0.9 1991-1998Monday, March 25, 2013
  15. 15. • Larger scale projects start to appear, attracting tens, then hundreds of developers (and later, thousands) • Tools and practices are developed, most often on top of existing internet protocols to address the needs of distributed development at this scale : • Centralized source code management • Mailing lists or usenet forumsMonday, March 25, 2013
  16. 16. Successes • Linux (1991) • The Debian (1993) and Red Hat (1994) distributions • The Apache Web Server (1995)Monday, March 25, 2013
  17. 17. FOSS 1.0 1998-2007Monday, March 25, 2013
  18. 18. • Open source becomes the preferred term for most free software based businesses • The Web becomes pervasive • Several organizations created to foster governance of open source projects (Apache Foundation, Eclipse Foundation, OW2...) • Several successful IPOs on top of the Web 1.0 bubble (Red Hat,VA Linux), Netscape open sources the Mozilla browser...Monday, March 25, 2013
  19. 19. The 4 engines of collaboration • Real-time shared vision • Real-time status updates • Real-time help requests • Self-service archives Source: Bertrand Delacretaz, 2009Monday, March 25, 2013
  20. 20. “Every successful open source project I know uses PRIM. Every closed source project I know, doesnt. People wonder how open source projects manage to create high-quality products without managers or accountability. The answer: were accountable to our infrastructure. PRIM is the open source secret sauce.” Ted Husted http://jroller.com/TedHusted/entry/primMonday, March 25, 2013
  21. 21. P = Portal (often, a Wiki)Monday, March 25, 2013
  22. 22. R = RepositoryMonday, March 25, 2013
  23. 23. I = Issue (or Bug)TrackerMonday, March 25, 2013
  24. 24. M = Mailing List (+ foruM)Monday, March 25, 2013
  25. 25. Software Forges, a more integrated approach • Sourceforge, launched in 1999 by VA Linux, integrates all these tools in a consistent Web (1.0) portal • Makes it super easy for anyone (3.4 million users currently) to start a new open source project (324 000 as of today) • Several similar products launched afterwards (Collabnet, Trac, Redmine)Monday, March 25, 2013
  26. 26. Works for non open source software too...Monday, March 25, 2013
  27. 27. FOSS 2.0 2008-nowMonday, March 25, 2013
  28. 28. Web 2.0 • Wikipedia (2001) • Tim O’Reilly’s Architecture of Participation (2004) and Web 2.0 (also 2004) • Consumer Web 2.0, then Enterprise 2.0 replace older applicationsMonday, March 25, 2013
  29. 29. • Git, and a bunch of other Distributed Source Control Management Systems (DSCM), appear circa 2005 to address the need of very large distributed development teams (1000s of developers for Linux) • They allow for completely decentralized development, and make it much easier for developers to try out new ideas on their own, then “merge” the changes with the main development linesMonday, March 25, 2013
  30. 30. Monday, March 25, 2013
  31. 31. Linus Torvalds, Git creator (2005)Monday, March 25, 2013
  32. 32. Linus Torvalds, Git creator (2005) BTW, he invented Linux too...Monday, March 25, 2013
  33. 33. • A new breed of SaaS offerings for developpers, such as GitHub (2008) or StackOverflow (2008), appear, leveraging many of the characteristic features of W2.0 or E2.0 applications: • Activity streams • Social networking • Tagging / folksonomies • Votes, reputationMonday, March 25, 2013
  34. 34. GitHub, like SourceForge, but more socialMonday, March 25, 2013
  35. 35. StackOverflow, a knowledge base based on a reputation systemMonday, March 25, 2013
  36. 36. Additional tools with a social impact • Continuous integration (with a strong testing culture) allows distributed development to happen with confidence that developers don’t “break the build” • Code review applicationsMonday, March 25, 2013
  37. 37. Continuous integrationMonday, March 25, 2013
  38. 38. Code review on GitHubMonday, March 25, 2013
  39. 39. Open Source as a model for Open InnovationMonday, March 25, 2013
  40. 40. Monday, March 25, 2013
  41. 41. Governance models for OSS projects • Vendor-led • May include, to balance power with the users: a users club, a more or less independent and powerful board... • Community led • Either formal or informal • If formal, either though a generic community (FSF, ASF, Eclipse, OW2...) or ad-hocMonday, March 25, 2013
  42. 42. How to create a thriving open source community? (May apply to your social business initiative too...)Monday, March 25, 2013
  43. 43. • Put people first (“community over code”) • Welcome newcomers, give credits • Learn how to deal with poisonous people • Create an architecture of participation • Have a modular architecture for your product • Be clear about your vision (roadmap) and give regular status reports • Make it easy to contribute Read http://www.artofcommunityonline.org/ for detailsMonday, March 25, 2013
  44. 44. Open by default?Monday, March 25, 2013
  45. 45. (...) (...) Source: http://circulaire.legifrance.gouv.fr/pdf/2012/09/cir_35837.pdfMonday, March 25, 2013
  46. 46. Source: https://www.gov.uk/service-manual/making-software/open-source.htmlMonday, March 25, 2013
  47. 47. Contact: sf@fermigier.com Web: www.fermigier.com www.abilian.comMonday, March 25, 2013
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