the french new wave [la nouvelle vague] The legacy of new wave cinema
What impact did the french new wave HAVE BEYOND 1965 ? <ul><li>In January 1999 Cahiers published ‘The New Wave: a legend in question’ – 17 articles reassessing the impact of the NEW WAVE </li></ul><ul><li>It asked filmmakers three questions </li></ul><ul><li>What did the phenomenon of the NEW WAVE represent in your life? </li></ul><ul><li>Was its influence positive or negative ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did the NEW WAVE help you in making films? </li></ul>
Whether they’re aware of it or not, all the film-makers who have come since have been influenced by the NEW WAVE……….the first films [of the NW directors] gave you the feeling that you could make a film yourself, anyhow, with anyone, no matter what the story was and that you didn’t need expensive materials, famous names or powerful lights. MARTIN SCORSESE Perhaps you won’t believe me if I tell you that the movement started in French cinema by the NW was followed day by day in Iran – under their influence my way of imagining or envisaging cinema changed. ABBAS KIAROSTAMI
WHAT DID IT DO? <ul><li>Modified film production </li></ul><ul><li>Effected distribution – created/ precursor to the art cinema </li></ul><ul><li>Invented ‘auteur’ cinema </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrated ‘national cinema’ – but helped in launching French cinema as international ‘art cinema’ </li></ul><ul><li>An alternative for and in Hollywood post 1960 – the rise of the indie </li></ul><ul><li>Increased support for domestic production across the whole of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Circulated critical ideas – in uncertain times </li></ul><ul><li>Invented Film Studies – thank you Cahiers du Cinema </li></ul>
As with most art-film movements, the innovations of the New Wavers trickled down to the American cinema . Beginning with the heavily evident stylistic similarities in Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde (1967) , the following generation of American young, studio-hired filmmakers known as New Hollywood (e.g. Altman , Coppola , De Palma , Polanski and Scorsese ) of the late 1960s and early 1970s all claim and display influence from the French tradition of the previous decade. Bob Rafelson, a member of the New Hollywood movement ( Five Easy Pieces ), claimed that the Marx Brothers and the French New Wave influenced his vision for the television series, The Monkees, which he created and oversaw. Rafelson, with Jack Nicholson, went on to direct the Monkees' feature film, the surrealistic Head which displays a strong New Wave influence. NEW WAVE AND HOLLYWOOD
Many contemporary filmmakers , including Quentin Tarantino and Wes Anderson , claim influence from the New Wave. Quentin Tarantino dedicated Reservoir Dogs to Jean-Luc Godard and named his production company A Band Apart, a play on words of the Godard film Bande à part. Wes Anderson's sardonic comedies are known to carry influence from the French New Wave; for example, the opening scenes of The Royal Tenenbaums closely mimic the style and cinematography used in the opening scene of Agne Vara’s Cleo from 5 to 7 . Additionally, the 2004 film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind was filmed using techniques borrowed from Godard
<ul><li>BRITISH NEW WAVE </li></ul><ul><li>TAIWAN NEW WAVE </li></ul><ul><li>NUBERU BANU (Japanese New Wave) </li></ul><ul><li>HONG KONG NEW WAVE </li></ul><ul><li>NO WAVE CINEMA </li></ul><ul><li>REMODERNIST FILM </li></ul><ul><li>CZECHOSLOVAK NEW WAVE </li></ul><ul><li>BRAZILIAN CINEMA NOVO </li></ul>Likewise, the influence of the movement was seen in a number of other national cinemas globally - beginning in the 1960s, and continuing to the present day.
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