Protestantism, Puritans, Separatism and Pilgrims
Puritans: a significant group of English Protestants in the 16th and17th centuries. A Puritan was any person seeking purity throughworship and doctrine. Puritans felt that the English Reformation had notgone far enough.Their features:• piety, simplicity of dress and modesty of life.• man exists for the glory of God;• first concern is to do Gods will and so to receive future happiness.Many of their beliefs were similar to those of Calvinists.
John Calvin(1509-1564):•French theologian and pastor•devoted to Protestant Reformation•developed Calvinism•his seminal work: The Institutes ofthe Christian Religion in 1536.
"Bloody Marys" reign During her five-year reign, she killed 280 protestants, because she had a different religious belief - Catholicism.Protestants left EnglandElizabeths reign returnedBy the end of Elizabethsreignreform Separate and set up Separatists Mary
Who are they? Pilgrims refers to the one hundred Puritans who boarded the‘Mayflower’ bound for the New World on September, 1620. They Settledin a rocky harbor called Plymouth, inpresent-day, in Massachusetts, UnitedStates.Why did they come to America?• to Escape religious persecution• to Seek religious freedom• to find a place fit for livingand preaching religion the Mayflower
He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin retained a lifelong commitment to the Puritan virtues. Franklin passed puritan virtues into the American culture permanently. He had a “passion for virtue.” These Puritan values included his devotion to egalitarianism, education, industry, thrift, honesty, temperance, charity and community spirit.