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1 2-1 american romanticism background

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  • 1. American Romanticism
  • 2. content Introduction Historical Background TechnologyReform and Humanitarianism Literature Characteristics Conclusion
  • 3. Development of American Romanticism England ( in the last years of the 18th century ) Continental Europe America ( early in the 19th century )
  • 4. The Rising Reasons of American Romanticism 1. Fast development of the new nation 2. Development of journalism 3. Foreign influence
  • 5. Historical Background The number of states doubled, the population raised to more than 31,000,000. The belief that all white men were literally equal An industrial and urban society. Technology developed and economy grew. Simplicity, utility and perfection. The risen level of education and literacy The published imaginative literature and the increasing national and international fame
  • 6. Technology A form of automation had come with the construction of a one-man flour mill in Virginia; American had invented the cotton gin, the sewing machine, and the telegraph; The principles of assembly-line mass production had been established; The fire and roar of newly perfected steam engines
  • 7. Reform and Humanitarianism Before 1860  In 1817 The United States had begun to The Society for the Prevention of change into an industrial and Pauperism was formed urban society.  In 1837 In the first half of the 19th The first college-level institution century for women 1 ) New York became the capital  By the 1850s 2 ) People worked in business The level of education and and factories literacy had risen significantly 3 ) The change of the pursuit 4 ) Transcendentalists Ralph Waldo Emerson , the most famous of the Transcendentalists
  • 8. Literature Characteristics Transcendentalism Imaginative literature Free expression of emotion Nationalism
  • 9. Transcendentalism A kind of feeling without or over reason Transcendentalists took ideas from: a. The romantic literatures of Europe b. Neo-Platonism c. German idealistic philosophy d. The revelations of Oriental mysticism
  • 10. Transcendentalism Writer (Nathaniel Hawthorne in the 1860s) Born: July 4,1804 Salem, Massachusetts United States Died: May 19, 1864 (aged 59) Plymouth, New Hampshire United States Main novels: The Scarlet Letter (1850) The Blithedale Romance (1852)
  • 11. Transcendentalism Writer (Walt Whitman, 1887) Born: May 31, 1819 West Hills, Town of Huntington, Long Island, New York, U.S. Died: March 26, 1892 (aged 72) Camden, New Jersey, U.S. Main novels: Franklin Evans (1842) Leaves of Grass (1855)
  • 12. Imaginative literature Permanent convention of American literature a. the desire for an escape from society b. a return to nature
  • 13. Imaginative literature Authors and their worksErnest HemingwayMark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn William Faulknerstocking Tales Cooper’ Leather
  • 14. Free expression of emotion The novel of terror became the profitable literary staple that it remains today. Authors: Poe Hawthorne Melville
  • 15. Nationalism Writers aimed to write works which were expressive and characteristic of their own nationality. Noah Webster An American Dictionary of the English Language ( 1828 )
  • 16. Conclusion Romantic period stretches from the end of the 18th century through the outbreak of the Civil War. Later American literature came to Transcendentalism Period which emphasized individualism, self-reliance, and rejection of tradition authority. The Civil War brought the Romantic Period to an end. The Age of Realism came into existence, which was against “the lie of romanticism and sentimentalism”. The period between 1910 and 1930 is referred to as the era of Modernism. During that period, a large number of artists and literary movements are totally different from those of the 19th- century’s, in style, form and content.
  • 17. 资料:张云、任丁、董芳、李琼通稿:黄欢欢图片:李琼、董芳技术:陈雨校对:陈雨、黄欢欢、董芳、张云