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  • 1. MoEYS Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, Cambodia HIV/AIDS in the Education Sector in Cambodia The 7th Meeting of WGEFA, UNESCO Paris, 19-21 July 2006 Presentation by H.E. Im Sethy Secretary of State and Vice Chair of the National EFA Commission
  • 2. Why is HIV/AIDS Education Important in Cambodia?
    • Tragic history : The country can’t loose another generation.
    • Highest prevalent rate (1.9%) of the region,
    • 50% of pop. is less than 20 years old and have new risks and temptations,
    • 30% of the population (>15-year old) is illiterate and not always have access to information on HIV/AIDS
    • Over 10,000 Street Children in Phnom Penh,
    • 58% of girls drop out of school after grade 5 (57% for boys)
  • 3. Estimated number of people aged 15-49 living with HIV/AIDS, 1990-2003, Cambodia:
  • 4. HIV/AIDS is a priority for the Royal Government of Cambodia:
    • The Government needs to continue to rebuilt the society and ensuring proper education and health services,
    • Cambodian youth is increasingly exposed to HIV/AIDS and to new social temptation and risks.
    • In this context, MoEYS is implementing a National programme to deliver HIV/AIDS education in public school as well as reaching out to the most vulnerable children who do not yet have access to education.
  • 5. What are the Legal Instruments?
    • The National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2006-2010:
      • To reduce new infections of HIV/AIDS;
      • To provide care and support to people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS;
      • To alleviate the socio-economic & human impact of AIDS on the individual, family, community & society.
    • The National Law on HIV/AIDS mentions that MoEYS is responsible for:
      • Integrating HIV/AIDS education in school curriculum;
      • Focusing on In and Out-of-School Youth;
      • Training Teachers;
      • Cooperating with the civil society and NGOs.
  • 6. Why is it important for MoEYS to fight HIV/AIDS ?
    • At least 3 reasons:
    • MoEYS is responsible for the Cambodian youth (in and out of school) ,
    • MoEYS is responsible for protecting its labor force from HIV/AIDS (over 100,000 staff),
    • MoEYS needs to develop new teaching methodologies and address new sensitive topics such as reproductive health and drug abuses.
  • 7. What will happen if HIV/AIDS infections increase ?
    • The enrolment will fall ,
    • Skilled teachers could die ,
    • Drop outs will increase,
    • The quality of education will decrease,
    • The financial resources allocated to education could be reduced to cover health.
  • 8. How is the MoEYS organized to fight HIV/AIDS?
    • The Interdepartmental Committee for HIV/AIDS (ICHA) was created in 1999 and is chaired by a Secretary of State,
    • ICHA is composed of 15 MoEYS Departments ,
    • ICHA has a Strategic Plan and Annual Work Plans , supported by bilateral and multilateral donors,
    • ICHA 2006 annual budget is over USD 1,3 million .
    • DFID is providing a budget of USD 5 million
  • 9. ICHA ‘s Top Priorities:
    • Develop HIV/AIDS policies and systems,
    • Develop HIV/AIDS curriculum and textbooks,
    • Train teachers (Pre and In-Service),
    • National preventive education program for (approx. 6 million Cambodian youth),
    • Raise awareness of the MoEYS staff ,
    • Reduce stigma and discrimination,
    • Progressively address sensitive topics and issues (Reproductive health, Drugs, Street Children).
  • 10. The Ministry’s main achievements:
    • HIV/AIDS is integrated in the Curriculum in grade 6,7,8 and 9,
    • A Life Skills Policy is implemented,
    • HIV/AIDS is part of the National Examination Plans,
    • HIV/AIDS textbooks and IEC are produced ,
    • Pre and In-Service Teacher Trainings are progressively implemented across the country.
    • A Donor Coordination mechanism is established.
  • 11. Integrating HIV/AIDS in the Education Reform Program:
    • Educational Plans (EFA, ESP and a related ESSP) have included measures to address a number of cross-cutting issues, including ICT and HIV/AIDS
    • Develop an effective partnership and to decentralize the planning and management of HIV/AIDS awareness programs
    • Need to put in place sustainable financing systems for HIV/AIDS awareness program delivery
  • 12. Longer Term HIV/AIDS Planning in Education:
    • Knowledge about HIV/AIDS is not a sufficient condition for HIV/AIDS related behavior change
    • Adopt a long term and inter-generational view of HIV/AIDS prevention, involving grandparents, parents, young people and students
    • Continue to concentrate our efforts on rebuilding the society and ensuring proper education and health services to our population
  • 13. Conclusion:
    • Inclusive and universal schooling is designed to optimize the effectiveness and coverage of specific HIV/AIDS education programs
    • Improve opportunities to attend school as a key strategy in reducing the vulnerability of Cambodia’s young people to HIV/AIDS
  • 14. Welcome information on MoEYS website: Thank You.