Innovating for the future


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Innovating for the future

  1. 1. Innovating for the Future Dr Abdul Rahim FIMarEST FRINA 9-10 March 2011 Marine Propulsion Conference 2011 Japan’s National Initiative to Meet the Global Emission Challenge
  2. 2. Policy of ClassNK’s R&D Activities <ul><li>Joint R&D Projects with industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Japan’s 22 National Projects) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-coordinated R&D Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of ship safety </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of the maritime industry </li></ul>Practical R&D Promotion Division for further promotion of R&D activities (Established on 1 April 2009)
  3. 3. Japan’s 22 National Projects <ul><li>Project Period: 2009 ~ 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Target: Development of greenship technologies </li></ul><ul><li> with 30% reduction in CO2 emission </li></ul><ul><li> compared to existing ships </li></ul>Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism initiated 22 National R&D Projects for Reduction of CO2 from Ships ClassNK participates in 19 projects as part of R&D activities contributing 2.2 billion Yen (Approx. $25 million) $1.00=Yen90
  4. 4.        Maritime GHG Reduction Projects Japanese Government / Industry / NPO Joint Research Program
  5. 5. Project Categories Category No. of Projects # of NK Projects ① Development of Optimum Hull Form 4 2 ② Reduction of Hull Friction 3 3 ③ Improvement of Propulsive Efficiency 3 3 ④ Improvement of Engine Efficiency & Waste Heat Recovery 4 4 ⑤ Improvement of Operational    Efficiency 5 5 ⑥ Hybrid Electric Power / Use of Natural    Energy 3 2 Total 22 19
  6. 6. <ul><li>1. Micro-bubble Lubrication System </li></ul><ul><li>2. Low Resistance Coating </li></ul><ul><li>3. Improving Propulsive Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>4. Waste Heat Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>5. Hybrid Turbo Charger </li></ul><ul><li>6. Renewable Energy (Solar, Wind) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Large Capacity Battery / </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Panel Hybrid System </li></ul><ul><li>8. Operational Measures </li></ul>Today’s Highlights
  7. 7. Reduction of Hull Friction Air lubrication system Bubbles generated by blower reduce the frictional resistance between the vessel’s bottom and the sea water. Estimated CO2 Reduction : 10% Already installed on heavy lift vessels YAMATAI built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Will also undergo verification tests on a bulk carrier. <ul><ul><li>C/O MHI </li></ul></ul>M/V Yamatai, M/V Yamato Length overall: 162.0m Beam: 38.0m Max. draught: 6.34m Gross ton: 14,538GT Deadweight: 19,500 DWT
  8. 8. Hull Friction (Extremely Low Resistance Paint)
  9. 9. Improving Propulsive efficiency MT-FAST MTI / Tsuneishi Holdings Hub Vortex Free Cap (HVFC) MHI PBCF (Propeller Boss Cap Fins) Mitsui OSK Techno-Trade Contra Rotating Propeller Surf-Bulb (Rudder Bulb System)
  10. 10. Hyd. Pump Reduction Gear Hyd. Motor THS イメージ <ul><li>Hyd. Pump fitted on T/C </li></ul><ul><li>Hyd. Motor fitted on crank shaft </li></ul><ul><li>Hyd. Control System </li></ul>Reduction Gear Waste Heat Recovery T/C Hyd. Pump Crankshaft Hyd. Pump (diverted from aircraft hyd. Pump) Compact Turbo Hydraulic System   (THS) by MES M/E
  11. 11. High Revolution Hyd. Pump (diverted from aircraft hyd. Pump) Reduction Gear Hyd. Motor T/C 単体性能: 90% 以上 単体性能: 90% 以上 Waste Heat Recovery Compact Design MES has made test models successfully and Verification Test is ongoing. Control Panel Turbo Hydraulic System (THS) by MES
  12. 12. Generator Compressor Turbine Coupling Source : MHI Giho VOL.44 NO.1: 2007 blade M/E Hybrid Turbo Charger Compact high revolution permanent magnet generator (T/C with built-in Generator) MHI / MET83MAG
  13. 13. Hybrid Turbocharger MET83MAG G G MSB ← AC 450V 60Hz G Engine Efficiency & Waste Heat Recovery can supply electric power on Capesize Bulk Carrier without running diesel generators during normal sea-going Onboard test slated for 2011 Generator Converter Inverter ← DC 700V ← AC
  14. 14. <ul><li>PCC “AURIGA LEADER” </li></ul><ul><li>328 PV (Photo Voltaic) </li></ul><ul><li>cell panels (40kW) </li></ul>Renewable Energy - Solar Power <ul><ul><li>Source : NYK Website </li></ul></ul>DC/AC Engine Ship’s Load Switch board PV Cell G
  15. 15. Large Capacity Battery / Solar Panel Hybrid System <ul><li>Photo Voltaic Cell (Solar Battery) and Large Capacity Battery </li></ul>DC/AC Engine Ship’s Load Switch board PV Cell Battery G MOL : Lithium Ion Battery NYK : Nickel Hydrogen Battery (Gigacell / KHI)
  16. 16. MOL Hybrid Electric Power / Natural Energy Main Switchboard 200kW PV Cell Panel Power converter 200kW Charge controller Li-Ion Battery 3000kWHr DC-DC converter DC-AC inverter Diesel Generators Ship’s Service Load 640kW/800kVA Power management Optimize diesel generator operation Charge/discharge control
  17. 17. MOL : Hybrid Ship’s Power Supply System with P-V cell / Li-Ion battery Hybrid Electric Power / Natural Energy <ul><li>Development of power management control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charging and discharging control of Li-Ion battery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diesel generator loading control to reduce fuel consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Targets for zero emission during port operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Li-Ion battery to supply ship’s service loads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without running diesel generator </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Hybrid Electric Power / Natural Energy - High Charge/Discharge Efficiency - Maintenance-Free Sealed Structure - 50 % smaller & 30% lighter than lead or cadmium battery MV Auriga Leader NYK : Hybrid Ship’s Power Supply System with P-V cell / Gigacell (Nickel Hydrogen) battery Stack Single cell Partition Separator Single cell Bipolar-3D Structure Former Nickel-metal hydride battery Gigacell Battery(KHI) Separator Positive electrode Negative electrode Negative electrode Positive electrode
  19. 19. Operational Measures Efficiency Improvement by Operational Efforts <ul><li>Optimization of Operating plan for each ship or fleet </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Weather Routing </li></ul><ul><li>Just in Time arrival in Port </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of Hull </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of Engine </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>Operational Measures are feasible to existing ships Weather Info. provider Weather Info. Search Optimum Route Weather Routing
  20. 20. Optimum Weather Routing System Source : site of Voyage support system “Sea-Navi” Universal Shipbuilding Corporation site of FujiSankei Business i. Shore Planning of optimum route and speed considering: - Weather forecast / Weather monitoring - Ship’s individual propulsion characteristics / Performance monitoring (slamming, propeller lacing, etc. Shortening of optimum route searching time Fastest Economy
  21. 21. Development of Energy Saving Ship <ul><li>Development of Optimum Hull Form </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of Hull Friction </li></ul>Aims to reduce fuel oil consumption/CO2 emissions by 40~50% in the future Japanese shipyards are developing new ship designs for reducing fuel oil consumption/CO2 emission <ul><li>Improvement of Propulsive Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of Engine efficiency and waste heat recovery system </li></ul>Container Ship MHI   “ MALS14000 - CS” Reduce fuel oil consumption by 30% 200Ton/day ->   130Ton/day (completed the conceptual design) IHI MU   “ efuture 310 T” Reduce fuel oil consumption by 30% (completed the conceptual design) Tanker Bulk Carrier Mitsui  “ NeoSupramax 66BC” (launched onto the market) Reduce fuel oil consumption by 30% 35Ton/day ->   25Ton/day
  22. 22. Advanced Energy Efficient Designs Energy Saving & Environmental friendly eFuture 13000C Concept 13,000TEU Container 56,000 DWT Bulk Carrier 310,000 DWT Tanker
  23. 23. 30% reduction of GHG by integrating the following technologies. <ul><li>21% reduction by Improvement on Propulsive Performance </li></ul>Twin-skeg hull form (rudder fin and bulb), Forward bridge, Front bonnet, Rudder bulb, Low friction coating and Tip rake propeller <ul><li>10% reduction by Improvement on propulsion plant efficiency </li></ul>Electronically controlled diesel engine, Variable nozzle area turbo charger and Waste heat recovery system <ul><li>1% reduction by application of natural energy </li></ul>Photovoltaic panel eFuture 13000C : 13,000TEU Container Carrier
  24. 24. 30% reduction of GHG by integrating the following technologies. <ul><li>Whale Back Bow </li></ul><ul><li>Electronically controlled diesel engine </li></ul><ul><li>Variable nozzle area turbo charger </li></ul><ul><li>Waste heat recovery system </li></ul><ul><li>Single-screw, twin-engine propulsion system </li></ul><ul><li>Contra-Rotating Propeller </li></ul>IHIMU estimates that the initial cost of these new systems will be recouped within 5 or 6 years eFuture 310T Tanker & 56B Bulk carrier
  25. 25. Through effective Technical & Operational measures, it is not a dream to achieve 50% fuel oil reduction / reduction in CO 2 emissions + Optimized Operation Energy Efficient Technologies can counter rising fuel oil costs and can reduce CO 2 emissions Possibility of reducing fuel oil consumption/CO 2 emissions High-performance hull form Air Lubrication System Electronically controlled main engine, heat recovery system New twin-engine, twin-screw propulsion system Overall CO 2 reduction ratio 35% Hull form & Propulsion system Engine plant Air Lubrication System
  26. 26. <ul><li>Development of engine assisted sailing ship </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 fuel consumption compared with engine driven ship </li></ul>  Tokyo University, NYK, MTI, MOL, Oshima Shipyard, Teijin, ClassNK Cape Size Bulk Carrier: 180,000DWT LxBxD: 300x50x16 Service Speed: 14kt Sail Area: 9,000m 2 (1,000 2 x 9) Another Joint Industry Project Wind Challenger OCT/2009 – MAR/2012 ( 2.5 years ) Purpose Participants Particular of Ship Duration
  27. 27. Wind Challenger Project Telescopic Reef Mechanism Wind Driven Bulk Carrier on Voyage Wind Driven Bulk Carrier in Port 9 CFRP hard wing sails which can rotate 360 degrees to meet wind direction
  28. 28. Probability of CO2 reduction
  29. 29. Probability of CO2 reduction
  30. 30. What ClassNK does <ul><li>ClassNK actively contributes to the development of EEDI and EEOI </li></ul><ul><li>Verification of EEDI for new ships </li></ul><ul><li>(In cooperation with Japanese Industry) </li></ul><ul><li>EEOI Calculation & Analysis Software for new and existing ships </li></ul>
  31. 31. EEDI Verification on Newbuildings In 2009 ClassNK conducted EEDI verification trials for two actual ships in close coordination with Japanese shipping industry. (MEPC60/4/5) “ MUSANAH” Kind of ship : LPG Carrier Gross tonnage: 47,985 GT Deadweight: 55,028 tons MCR of M/E: 13,700kW x 104rpm “ SHIN KORYU” Kind of ship: Bulk Carrier Gross tonnage: 106,367 GT Deadweight: 207,991 tons MCR of M/E : 16,610kW x 81rpm
  32. 32. ClassNK EEOI Software ClassNK is now developing EEOI calculation and analysis system “ PrimeShip-GREEN/EEOI ”. Official release is scheduled for April 2011 ClassNK will provide EEOI appraisal service using this system Data Transmission ClassNK User of Ship Company EEOI Calculation Service Data Storage EEOI Onboard EEOI Web
  33. 33. PrimeShip-GREEN/EEOI EEOI Calculation System PrimeShip-GREEN/EEOI Basic Functions of System    <ul><li>Trend Graph of EEOI, CO 2 emission, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>EEOI Target Setting </li></ul><ul><li>EEOI Comparison in Fleet </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking </li></ul>
  34. 34. Conclusion <ul><li>ClassNK actively participates in developing Green technologies to reduce GHG at IMO and elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s 22 National Projects for reducing GHG emission from ships are surely and steadily progressing 30% reduction in CO2 emission Existing Ship </li></ul><ul><li>ClassNK participates in 19 of the 22 projects offering approx. Yen 2.2 billion ($25 million) </li></ul><ul><li>ClassNK provides clients with rational rules and guidelines on the new Green-Ship Technologies reflecting the outcomes of joint R&D </li></ul>
  35. 35. Thank you !
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