Rome began to look for ways to limit Carthage’s expansion because Carthage’s power had grown. Control over the Western Mediterranean erupted into the first Punic War in 264 B.C.. To defend the Carthage Rome used planks with a spike on the end to invade Carthage’s boats.
A Carthaginian leader named Hannibal lead an attack on Rome. The Carthaginian army lost many soldiers crossing the Alps, but he gained those who disliked Rome. In 218 B.C. Hannibal attacked Saguntum. After an 8 month siege the city had fallen. When Rome heard of this they declared war on Carthage. This started the second Punic War.
Hannibal marched up and down the Italian peninsula for 15 years. Hannibal never attacked Rome its self. Capturing the city seemed to impossible. Scipio was elected to be the new Roman leader. He studied the way of Hannibal and brought the region under Roman control in 207 B.C.. Then he gained permission from the Roman senate to go to Carthage. The Carthaginian leaders called Hannibal back. Hannibal felt that him coming back would lead to the end of the Punic War, but still he returned.
Carthage began to trade and increase their wealth . Them doing this angered the Romans. Carthage was being attacked by the Numidians so they would start another war. When Carthage finally took action and fought, Rome declared war. The third Punic War end when Rome set Carthage on fire and salted its lands.
Augustus was a good empire. He restored the temples, prevented Civil War, and he never called himself king.
Nero was a bad empire. He killed all of his family members. He locked up people so they could listen to him play and sing the lyre. He also used money from the treasury to build him self a golden palace.
Trajan was a good empire. He was concerned for the people, he founded for the poor, he restored roads, and he built bridges.
Hadrian was a good empire. He encouraged Greek couture, he helped rebuild a temple, helped reform the legal system, and he built a wall to protect Rome.
From every thing that I have learned from this unit on Rome, the things I found the most important are included in the G.R.A.P.E.S . What I choose is important because some lead to the down fall of Rome while others helped Rome reach the Pax-Romana. I included some key empires, achievements, and the Punic Wars. I also included some of Rome’s religion, social structure, and their economy. All in all, these are the most important things I found in this unit on Rome.