The Italian Peninsula extends into the Mediterranean Sea.
Rome is in central Italy on the western side .
Rome extended into the Black Sea.
Rome also extended into Gaul or present-day France.
Rome invaded England when Caesar was ruling.
In the summer, Rome’s weather was hot and dry.
In the winter, Rome’s weather was mild.
Rome’s rainy season was March and April.
One of Rome’s resources was water from the Tiber River.
They farmed grains for food.
They used rocks to pave roads.
They used animals for transportation, clothing and food.
The Romans believed in many gods.
Romans adopted Greek and Etruscan gods.
The 4 most important gods were Jupiter,Juno, Mars, and Minerva.
Roman people viewed their emperors as gods.
Jews asked God for a messiah.
Jesus was the messiah that God sent.(messiah means Christ)
Jesus was nailed onto a wooden cross until he was died
Many people say that after he died people saw him tell people to spread his ideas.
Roman Gods and Goddess
The main god is Jupiter.
The main goddess is Minerva.
The Romans worshipped their gods in temples.
More Info on Christianity
A group of Jews or Pharisees believed in resurrection or a person who dies will raise and live with God forever.
Rome conquered Jerusalem in the providence of Galilee.
Jesus shocked his disciples or followers when he said he was going to be killed soon.
Arts and Engineering
Romans sculpted sculptures of their gods and goddesses and ancestors.
Romans built buildings using using a method with arches.
Romans came up with a system or an aqueduct to carry water across land.
Science and Medicine
Hypatia, a popular teacher, taught philosophy, astronomy, mathematics,and religion.
Hypatia was killed by a Christian mob because a rumor said she spoken ill of Christians.
Galen, a roman doctor,was the first to discover there was blood in the veins and arteries, mot air.
Literature and Language
Roman writers followed Greek models.
They wrote poetries, comedies, and tragedies.
Latin was the official language of Rome.
Law and Government
The U.S.A. admires the roman government.
The Romans wrote the Twelve Tablets or laws.
As the empire grew the laws grew too.
Augustus, the first emperor of Rome, name was Octavian.
Trajan was concerned for his people, which made him the most respected emperors.
Another emperor was Nero. He was a mean and selfish person.
Hadrian would listen to his concerned citizens.
The senate was in control over state finaces and passing laws.
There was 300 senators.
Those 300 senators served for a life time.
Senators were the oldest an richest patrician and wealthy plebeians.
The magistrate is the main office of Rome.
Two consuls serve as the top magistrate for one-year term.
If consuls go off to war, they will choose a person to serve as a dictator until the consul returns.
Two assemblies made up the third branch of the Roman Republic.
The assemblies could veto or get rid of laws.
One assembly, the plebeians were in charge .
The Romans traded across the Mediterranean region.
They traded grains, cloth, silk, and more.
To help trade, the Romans built paved roads to go across Europe.
The Romans had gold and silver coins.
The coins had picture of buildings, emperors, gods, and political messages.
The coins were excepted across the empire which made trading easier.
Romans loved to watch gladiators fight in the Coliseum.
Romans also watched violent chariot races in the Circus Maximus.
The gladiators fought until one was died.
While Rome was expanding, many slaves were brought in to the empire.
Many farmers quitted farming to find a better job, but no job was wanted.
When the farmers went back to farming, the job was taken by a slave.
Role of Men
Men were the head of the house.
The father had absolute power.
The father could put his children into slavery.
Role of Women
Women could own personal property.
Women had to bear and raise their children.
Wealthy women could influence political affairs.
Wealthy children went to school. Girls left at the age of 13 and boys left at the age of 16.
Roman families worshipped their ancestors. They had portraits of them in homes.
Every roman family had a clan or a group of families descended from one ancestor.
The Class Structure
The patricians are the upper class of Rome.
The plebeians make up the lower class of Rome.
Slaves made up two thirds of Rome’s population.
The most important thing I learned about Rome was the government. First, the emperors played an important part on the Roman Empire. The emperors made sure the everybody was in their place and doing their jobs. Next, the Roman Senate played a role in the government. The senate carried out laws to the people.