VET guidance in TurkeyHistory Legalframework/LegislationActivities Providers Examples of goodpracticesPost- Primary VocationalGuidancePost-Primary GuidanceStudents start to create theirideals and begin universitypreparation process from thefirst year in primary education.The students who havecompleted basic education nowreach occupational group andthe stage of school choice. Thedecision at this stage is veryimportant.Parents,teachers and studentsget together and they shouldevaluate student’s ideals andabilities in the most appropriateway. In the light of theOn 5/6/1986 withthe law number3308 it was calledas “apprenticeshipand vocationaltraining law” butwith the date29/6/2001 and lawnumber 22 it hasbeen changed as“VocationalEducation Law”On 17.4.2001published on theofficial journalwith the number24376, it is addedas MINISTRY OFNATIONALWhile making a choice ofprofessionChoice of profession is to becapable of containing theappropriate skills to do the bestand having the ability to expresshimself at the highest levelwhich is believed. For a correctselection of a profession itshould match the characteristicsof the profession with apersonal touch. To do this, theperson should be aware of self-recognition,and have enoughknowledge about professionaloccupations.VOCATIONALEDUCATIONCENTERIt aims to providethe youngbetween 14 and18 years oldtrying to build hisfuture working ina workplace withvocationaltraining throughtheapprenticeshipsystem. Thestudents socialhttp://mbs.meb.gov.tr/National vocationalinformation center of Nationaleducation ministry where youcan find all the relevantinformation of Vocationaleducation.Every students and counselingteachers are registered on thisweb link and have a passwordand user name and have to doit online.Also in every nationaleducation directorate there isa counseling service for thestudents and they can getbenefit from these centers forfree.
observations made at theprimary education level,itprovides additional advantagesif a student studies a field onwhich he is interested andtalented. For example; thestudents who want to beteachers and have appropriatefeatures in this field should bedirected to teachers college,which will increase bothstudents’achievement andprovides additional points foruniversity entrance exam. Astudent who graduates fromteachers college has anadvantage of solving lessquestions rather than a studentwho graduates from generalhigh school for the samepurpose, so the studentgraduating from teachers collegeis in more advantageoussituation.If judged in these aspects, aspost–primary educationinstitutions are being detected,their talents,personality andinterests should be evaluated inEDUCATIONGUIDANCE ANDCOUNSELINGSERVICESREGULATION.Stages1.Self-knowledge2.Recognition of Professions3.Determination ofCharacteristics and Expectationsof the person with the overlapof spots Crafts1.Self-knowledgeIn vocational orientation,theperson should recognizehimself ,characteristics,interestsand expextiations at first.Ingeneral, we can group individualcharacteristics as:a) Physical Features: Featuressuch as gender, age, height,weight, health status,appearance, and tone of voice.b)Skills:-Psychological and AcademicSkills: The overall success of thecourse,the general capabilities,the degree of social maturity,security S.S.K.Premiums arepaid by the State.According to LawNo. 3303 Law onVocationalTraining, youngpeople under theage of 19 benefitfrom studentsrights undergoingPractical Trainingat VocationalTraining Centersonce a week ( IfLarge Businessescreate thenecessaryconditions, theycan providetraining in placesthey organize )and in workplacesin other days
terms of correct recognition atthis stage by thestudent,family,schoolmanagement and teachers andthe family should get theadequate and accurateinformation about the highereducation institutions. (Fromhigh school directors, guidancecounsellor, primary schooladministrators and teachers) aproper guidance provided formsthe basis of achievement in theacademic process.High School Choice affects OSS(Student Selection Exam)The students have several highschool types to choose. Of these,a student should determine theappropriate one for himselfaccording to the realistic criteria.Public high schools, science highschools, social sciences, highschools, Anatolian high schools,work style and duration ofstrength and ,motivationlevelare special abilities.-Special qualitiesin general areaccurate and fast detection,manual dexterity andmechanical space capabilities,design strength of space set –upconnection, abilities in the fieldof fine arts.When choosing a profession;c) Interests: The liking degree ofan occupation or Professionalactivity is called vocationalinterest. The rate of beingsuccessful in a profession isdirectly proportional to theinterest of the profession.d) Family’s cultural, social andeconomic opportunities and theexpectations arising from all theenvironmental factors2.Recognition of ProfessionsSecondly in vocationalorientation, one shouldprovided that theysign a contract toreceiveJourneymanCertificate bygainingknowledge andskills in one of thebranches of theprofession incontextFIELDORIENTATIONSTUDIESIn accordancewith theprovisions of theAct ( a )described above ,with the aim ofdetermining thearea to tend forcurrently the 9th
teachers’ schools, vocationalschools, private schools teachingin a foreign language are certaintypes of high schools to bechosen. A student to choose oneof these schools should researchthe training curriculum andguidance programmes to highereducation programmes. Atpresent, the choice of highschool directly affects theuniversity system preferences.The students’ high schoolpreferences depending on thefield where he graduateddetermines the wight ofSecondary EducationAchievement Score. In case theapplicants chooses a type out ofthe related field SecondarySchool Achievement WeightedScore is multiplied by thecoefficient . This leads to aserious loss of points.High School Choicerecognize professionalenvironment sectors, areas andprofessions and learn about thefeatures of professional staff3.Determination ofCharacteristics andExpectations of the person withthe overlap of spots CraftsIn the final stage of occupationselection is comparingoccupations that appeal to theindividualspersonalcharacteristics andqualities.At this stage, you can provideinformation from guidancecounsellor, teachers,parents,employees in theprofession that you areinterested in.The most important point in thechoice of professionisoverlapping features and thefeatures requiredby theclass students ofsecondaryeducationinstitutionsstarting on 10thGrade andmaking arecommendationfor orientationadvice, Annex 2Pre-RegistrationForm will be filledas a result ofevaluation carriedout by classadvisor, schoolguidancecounselor, andIntroduction andOrientationCourse teacherson Annex 1 FieldOrientationRecommendationForm according
For Eighth grade student whowill graduate from high school tothe high is important to choosethe target desired professionbecause high school preferencewhen selecting has direct impacton the state of universityeducation in the future.What the students want to doafter high school (such as goingto work or academic educationwith a university exam) is alsoimportant in the choice of highschool.Post-Primary Education OptionsAfter eighth grade educationwhen determiningeduationpreferences ,ones owncharacteristics,occupations,education, vocational guidanceshould be taken intoconsiderationand they should befamiliar with vocationalguidance in order to chooseconsciously preference.profession. Decision belongs tothe person in choosing aprofession,but in order todecide accurate and unbiasedon this issue It will be helpful toget help from experts andenvironment.CHOOSING STUDENTS TOSECONDARY EDUCATIONINSTITUTIONS1.Central Examination- Student Selection andPlacement ExaminationinSecondary EducationInstitutions- Military High School2. Writtenexamination,interview andcapability examination-Military High Schools-Police college-Anatolia High School of Fineto thepreferences ofstudents and theirparents2- In determiningthe fieldorientationrecommendation;a) the surveyresults onvocationalguidance appliedunder theprovisions of theRegulation ( d )by the 9th gradeclass advisor andthe schoolguidancecounselor,b) The averagesuccess in theend of 9th grade,
Vocational GuidanceChoice of profession, examiningindividually suitableprofessionsis most likely to enterthe tendency oftheseoccupations.The person shouldtake into account physicalcharacteristics, interests,abilities, and the economicopportunities when making achoice of profession. To spend ahealthy selection process, it willbe helpful to you to get to knowthe concepts ofprofession,business andcareer.Occupation is a set ofskills and business is the stagethat can be applied these skills.aperson may have a professionbut may not work.Arts-Anatolian Tourism VocationalHigh schools3. FIRST GRADE SCHOOLDIPLOMA• Industrial VocationalHigh Schools• Girls Vocational HighSchools4. NORMAL RECORD• Public High Schools5 . WORKING FOR STUDENTS• Vocational TrainingCentreWHAT IS OKS / SBS ?It is a student selection andplacement exam conducted bythe Turkish Ministry ofc) Primary Schooldiploma grade,ç) PrimaryOrientationProposal Form,d) Compliance ofHealth status forthe field s/hewants to studywill beconsidered.Taking intoaccount thestudentspreferences,results of routingadvice related tofield / fields wheres/he continue hisor her educationsuccessfully willbe shown inAppendix 23) Students will
Education with a nationalexamination for the followingschools ;Science High Schools,High Schools of Social Sciences,Anatolian High schools,Anatolian Technical HighSchools,Anatolian Vocational HighSchools,Anatolian Teacher High Schools,Anatolian Imam and PreacherHigh Schools,Health Vocational High Schools,Justice Vocational High Schools,Anatolian Vocational HighSchool of Meteorology,Agricultural Vocational HighSchools,Land Registry and CadastreAnatolian Vocational Highbe able tochoose.the areasat their ownschool or othervocational andtechnicalsecondary schoolinstitutions4 – In the fieldplacementprogram,depending on thefeature of theprogramme;a) Interview and /or generalaptitude testresult (Food andBeverageServices, OfficeManagement andSecretarial,Accommodation
School,and for the determination ofthe candidate for Police CollegeSPORTS HIGH SCHOOLSThey aim to provide studentswith an education in accordancewith their interests and abilitiesin order for them to acquire thebasic knowledge and skills in thefield of physical education andsport and to be trained assuccessful athletes.They are 4-year High Schoolswith boarding, day-time, andcoed day after PrimaryEducationThese schools accept studentswho have completed primaryschool education that year inServices, MakingInstrument , etc.).b) In GeneralHigh Schoolprograms, thesuccess of thecourse in thesource of thesubjects inaccordance withthe provisions ofRegulation ( c )c) Thearrangement willbe made inaccordance with50% of theaverage of theyear-end successof the 9th grade,30% of primaryschool diplomagrade, and 20%
accordance with the ability test. of the evaluationgrade of Annex 1- Field OrientationRecommendationForm. Thestudents whowish to switch toprograms ofVocational highschool fromAnatolianVocational highschool programswill be includeddirectly in the fieldthey have alreadybeen registered,those who preferswitching todifferent area willbe directlyincluded inaccordance withthe year-endsuccess of the
9th grade andthe grade ofprimary school.However,Because thesesurveys onvocationalguidance are notapplied tostudents, theyear-end successof the 9th gradeand the grade ofprimary schoolwill be evaluatedequally.5-Those whowant to switch tovocational andtechnicaleducationinstitutions fromthe public highschools shall
comply with theprinciplesaccording to theprinciples andproceduresabove. Thestudents who areregistered in the9thgrade ofvocational andtechnicaleducationinstitutions andwant to switch topublic highschools shallcomply with theprinciples ofstudentenrollment-acceptanceHigh SchoolOptions for thosewho haven’t
passedEach studenttaking Selectionand PlacementExamination inSecondaryEducationInstitutions didnot succeed. Theeducation lives ofthose whohaven’t passedthe exam aregoing on. Tryother high schooloptions.SecondarySchools Selectionand PlacementExamination(OKS) wasperformed, theresults wereobtained, and thethe preferences
were completed.However, eachstudent taking theexaminationwasn’t happy.But, Everythinghasn’t beenfinished. Theeducation lives ofthose whohaven’t beensuccessful in theexam are goingon. You canchoose Publichigh schools,Vocational highschool,Vocational schoolfor girls, tradevocational , andprivate schools.Please note thatyour individualsuccess will
always lead tosuccess at theuniversityentrance exam,.General (flat,classic) highschool educationLet Vocationalhigh schools alsobe in yourpreferenceIf you want tohave a careerafter graduatingfrom secondaryschool, letvocational highschools be inyour preferences.One of the mostimportant issuesthat the educatorsdiscuss isVocational high
schools. Some ofthem see thatissue as a lack ofguidance , andsome see it as acoefficientproblem. But thereal problem isthat the studentsand their parentsdo not recognizevocational highschoolssufficiently. If youare interested inany departmentof vocationalschools, it will beuseful for you.The advantagesof vocationalschools are toadopt theprofession that heor she wants tohave in the futureat young age andwork in thisbusiness willingly,to be able to havea profession andto get a certificate
of opening abusiness licenseafter school, tohave a chance tohave anundergraduateand a graduateeducation in OSSwith or without anexamination, andfor the associatedegree studentsto passbachelors degreeby a verticaltransition.