CHAPTER TWELVE: Special Populations and Juvenile CorrectionsLearning Objectives1. Understand the issues presented by an aging correctional population and by long-termers in general.2. Have increased awareness of the complexities involved with the correctional management of inmates who are HIV-infected or have been diagnosed with AIDS.3. Recognize the challenges encountered by the incarcerated mentally ill.4. Review the extent of youth crime today.5. Understand how juvenile corrections developed in the United States.6. Better appreciate the rationale for treating juvenile offenders differently from adult offenders.7. Comprehend the factors considered in sanctioning juvenile offenders.8. Contemplate the future of juvenile corrections.Brief Chapter OutlineI. The Challenge of Special Populations in Corrections a. Elderly Prisoners b. Prisoners with HIV/AIDS c. Mentally Ill Prisoners d. Long-Term PrisonersII. Juvenile Corrections a. The Problem of Youth Crime b. The History of Juvenile Corrections in the United States c. Why Treat Juveniles and Adults Differently? d. The Problem of Serious Delinquency e. Sanctioning Juvenile Offenders f. The Special Problem of Gangs g. The Future of Juvenile Justice
Media Toolshttp://www.leg.state.fl.us/Publications/1999/House/reports/corrctns.pdfThis article discusses the difficulties associated with incarcerating elderly inmates. It goes intodetail about the effects of aging, the elderly inmate, the special needs of the elderly inmate, andproviding for the needs of elderly inmates in a time of budget problems.https://www.cwla.org/programs/juvenilejustice/jjtransfer.pdfThis PDF article discusses the shift in the policies that have taken place over the past 30 yearsconcerning juvenile offenders and their transfer or waiver into the adult criminal justice system.http://www.hivlawandpolicy.org/resourceCategories/view/18This website links students to the Center for HIV Law and Policy and in particular informationthat address HIV in correctional settings as it relates to testing, treatment access, and otherconcerns.PBS Frontline: When Kids Get LifeThis online documentary can be found athttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/video/flv/generic.html?s=frol02p7c&continuous=1It discusses the cases of five teenagers who have all been sentenced to life in prison for variouscrimes. This documentary evaluates and compares the policies in the United States dealing withjuvenile incarceration with the international community.PBS Frontline: The New AsylumsThis online documentary can be found athttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/video/flv/generic.html?s=frol02p73&continuous=1It discusses how the nation’s prison systems are now forced to deal with America’s severelymentally ill, who at one time were housed in psychiatric hospitals. It shows how crime andmental illness are interconnected and how prison administrators handle this special population ofinmates.Shawshank RedemptionThis film addresses the issue of incarceration. Particular attention is placed on one elderly inmatewho has been incarcerated most of his life and is facing release from prison. Once released he inincapable of adjusting to the outside world.GirlhoodThis documentary focuses on two teenage girls in Maryland who have entered the juvenilejustice system as a result of committing violent crimes. Students will see firsthand how juvenilesare detained and decisions are made about the juveniles. Students will also be exposed to theconcepts of aftercare in the juvenile justice system.