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  • 1. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Computer Training Guide For Beginners Microsoft XP ©Seunsmith Networks Innovation 2011 1
  • 2. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersThis Computer Training Guide was written and complied by SEUN-SMITHRICHARD ELIJAH.And this copyright remains the property of Seunsmith NetworksInnovation.Any alteration, editing, amending is prohibited without the permission ofthe Author. SEUNSMITH NETWORKS INNOVATION In partnership with Charisma ICT College 33, Olanrewaju Ariyibi Crescent, Opposite Odo-Eran (Governor Road) Near Hotel Bus-Stop, KM 2 Lasu-Isheri Exp. Way, Lagos +234(0)8031941024, +2348056769445, +2348095828440 www.charisamictcollege.com2
  • 3. Computer Training Guide For Beginners PROFILEMy name is Seunsmith Richard Elijah, the CEO/Coordinator of Seunsmith NetworksInnovation, is an online business expert, trainer on computer related to desktoppublishing, computer networking. He is also a websites trainer, designer anddeveloper. It is my pleasures to congratulate you for being part of our potentialfriends, clients, who have purchased our training guide.Welcome to our Networks Innovation Center, in partnership with Charisma ICTCollege. We engage in so many online businesses, coaching and training ondifferent level. Our aims and missions are to create and build successful individuals,who will be financially independent and completely free from poor salary.As we can see in our world today, there were lots of chaos and deception aroundthe globe: imagine the scandal of our government, yet nothing is been done to puta halt to all their clandestine.That is why we need to stand and fend for our need, with lots of initiativesprogrammes and activities we can participate on. The step we take after readingthis newsletter will really determine how far our conviction will take us in life.Remember, any decision we take now, will affect the reality of where we are goingin life. Don’t be deceived by unseen mirage, let take a bold step today and secureour future.Our beautiful future begins now, don’t delay another second. This information isdesigned just for us at this time to recreate and build magnificent life we desire. 3
  • 4. Computer Training Guide For Beginners ACKNOWLEDGEMENTGlory be to Almighty God for His power of impaction and out pouring unction formaking this Computer Training Guide possible and reality.Appreciation also goes to the Seunsmith Networks Innovation and Charisma ICTCollege, for their supports.To my beloved friends from Tanzania Miss. Ngasa Glory Sammy, thank you somuch, for your financial support, loves and cares. I love you so much.To my siblings Temitope Timothy Adeyelu and Bunmi Teniola Adeyelu, they are mybeautiful family; they really contribute immeasurable effort to my dream. I amgrateful to God for having them in my world.Many thanks to my beloved Parent, Chief Olanrewaju & Yeye Titilayo RoselineAriyibi who have play important roles in my journey.4
  • 5. Computer Training Guide For Beginners DEDICATIONI dedicate this to Almighty God: whose Power and Mighty Spirit has worked itsaccomplishment in this book.I also dedicate this to My Beloved Angel, Glory Ngasa Sammy from Tanzania,whose support has no equal.Also to my Late Father, Evan. Samuel Adeyelu, A.k.a. S G 5
  • 6. Computer Training Guide For Beginners TABLE OF CONTENTSSection One:Topic One: Generation of Computers: …..................................... 10 • First Generation: ….......................................... 11 • Second Generation: ….................................... 12 • Third Generation: …....................................... 12 • fourth Generation: …....................................... 13 • Fifth Generation: ….................................... …..14Topic Two: What is Compute: ….................................................15 • Definition of Computer: …............................... .15 • Types of Computer: ….................................... .16 • Digital Computer: …...................................... .16 • Analogue Computer: …................................. 16 • Hybrid Computer: …...................................... 17 • Mainframe Computer: …................................ .17 • Super Computer: ….........................................18 • Mini Computer: …...........................................18 • Micro Computer: ….........................................19 • Desktop Computer: …......................................19 • Laptop Computer: ….......................................20 • Palmtop Computer: ….....................................20Topic Three: Computer Terminologies: ….......................................21 • Central Processing Unit: …................................21 • Visual Display Unit (Monitor): ….........................21 • Keyboard: …................................................. 21 • Mouse: …......................................................23 • Printer: ….................................................... ..23 • Speaker: …................................................ ..24 • Modem: …................................................ ..24Topic Four: Getting Started: …................................................... 25 • My Document: …....................................... 26 • My Computer: …....................................... 27 • My Network Places: …................................ 29Topic Five: All Programs: …....................................................... 33 • Notepad: ….............................................. 33 • Wordpad: …............................................. 34 • Paint: …....................................................... 35Topic Six: Application, Folder and File: ….................................. 38 • Description Of Application: …....................... .. 38 • Description of Folder: …................................. 38 • Description of File: ….................................... 38Topic Seven: Shut Down: …............................................ …........ 396
  • 7. Computer Training Guide For Beginners MODULESThis training Guide comprises Two main section follow by an Appendix:1. Understanding a Computer – In which you will learn the basic structure of a computer, how it works, and how to set it up to suit your needs.2. Word processing using Microsoft Office Package – In which you will learn how to use Microsoft word, excel, power point, access and publisher. 7
  • 8. Computer Training Guide For Beginners INTRODUCTIONWorld is growing, moving with high speed and sophisticated computer!Computer has remained the efficient instrument and one of the reliable resources tospeed and organized human task. In today world computer has been rated as oneof the creative force around the world. Computer has been able to manage humanskills and ability within and outside his sphere of contact.Computer has really translated and expands lots of Local Business into InternationalIcon-Business. Computer has also play major and large roles in the communities.As we know, technology is growing beyond the limit with relentless to foster more inhelping and assisting human communications around the globe. Today, almosteverything has been computerized to suit the needs and give free access to otherresources around us. Perhaps, the necessity of technology accomplishment hasprogrammed absolute freedom to human intelligence.Today, Seunsmith Networks Innovation in its quest, want to build new platform formore opportunities and initiatives to help its society and human developmentcapacity to achieve more freedom and stress-free environment.8
  • 9. Computer Training Guide For Beginners SECTION ONEObjectives:On completing this section, you will be able to:  Understand the meaning of a computer  Classification of a Computers  Computer Terminologies  Start Button  All Programmes  Turn off a computerTopics: 1. Generation of Computers 2. Meaning of Computer (Definition) 3. Type of Computer 4. Computer terminology 5. Getting Started 6. All Programmes 7 Application, Folders and Files . 8. Shutdown 9
  • 10. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Topic One GENERATIONS OF COMPUTERSThe first generation computers used vacuum tubes. They were very large in size andprogramming on them was very difficult. Some of the computers of this generationare as follows:-· MARK – I : This was the first electronic computer developed by Howard Aiken. It was about 15metres long and the wires connecting the various parts of the machine were about 800 Km long. The main advantage of this computer was that it was fully automatic and much more reliable than other electronic computers.· ENIAC : This was the first fully electronic digital computer developed by J.Presper Eckert and John Mauchly. The full form of ENIAC is Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer. It contained approximately 17,500 vacuum tubes, occupied 680sq.ft area and weighted more than 27000Kg. Since ENIAC was initially not a stored program machine, it had to be programmed by manual rewiring for each task. Picture 1.110
  • 11. Computer Training Guide For Beginners· EDVAC : EDVAC was also developed by the makers of ENIAC. It was a stored program machine unlike its predecessor. The full form of EDVAC is Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer. Picture 1.2• UNIVAC I : UNIVAC was the first commercially available electronic computer developed by J.Presper Eckert and John Mauchly. It was also the first computer to handle both numeric and text data. The full form of UNIVAC is Universal Automatic Computer Picture 1.3 11
  • 12. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersLimitations of first-generation computers · The major limitations of first generation computers were : · The operating speed was very low. · Power consumption was very high. · They required large space for installation. · The Programming capability was quite low. · Quit larger, they generate lot of heat require special housing. · The Medium internal store.Second Generation Computers (1956-1963)The invention of Transistors marked the start of the second generation. Thesetransistors took place of the vacuum tubes used in the first generation computers.First large scale machines were made using these technologies to meet therequirements of atomic energy laboratories. One of the other benefits to theprogramming group was that the second generation replaced Machine languagewith the assembly language. Even though complex in itself Assembly language wasmuch easier than the binary code.These generations are categorized by their technology as follows: • ICT(ICL) 1300, • IBM 1401Limitations of second-generation computers were :  They used transistors as their main component.  They were smaller, faster and more efficient than first-generation computers.  They also contained all the components we associate with modern-day computers like printer, memory, disk storage, operating system.  They are cheaper than the first generation computers.  Maintenance requirement is still high.  Very costly.Third Generation Computers (1964-1971)Although transistors were great deal of improvement over the vacuum tubes, theygenerated heat and damaged the sensitive areas of the computer. The Integrate12
  • 13. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersCircuit(IC) was invented in 1958 by Jack Kirby. It combined electronic componentsonto a small silicon disc, made from quartz. More advancement made possible thefittings of even more components on a small chip or a semi conductor. Also in thirdgeneration computers, the operating systems allowed the machines to run manydifferent applications. These applications were monitored and coordinated by thecomputers memory.These generations are categorized by their technology as follows: • IBM-360 series, • ICL – 1900, • ICL – 2903, • PDP – 11/45Limitations of third-generation computers were : · They used Integrated Circuits, popularly known as chips. · These computers were smaller than the second-generation computers. · Capacities of main memory were greatly enlarged. · They used an operating system that allowed machines to run manydifferent programs simultaneously. · Power requirement became less. · Maintenance of IC required sophisticated technology.Fourth Generation (1971-Present)Fourth Generation computers are the modern day computers. The Size started to godown with the improvement in the integrated circuits. Very Large Scale(VLSI) andUltra Large scale(ULSI) ensured that millions of components could be fit into a smallchip. It reduced the size and price of the computers at the same time increasingpower, efficiency and reliability. "The Intel 4004 chip, developed in 1971, took theintegrated circuit one step further by locating all the components of a computer(central processing unit, memory, and input and output controls) on a minusculechip."Due to the reduction of cost and the availability of the computers power at a smallplace allowed everyday user to benefit. First came the minicomputers, whichoffered users different applications, most famous of these the word processors andspreadsheets, which could be used by non-technical users. Video game systems likeAtari 2600 generated the interest of general populace in the computers. 13
  • 14. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersIn 1981, IBM introduced personal computers for home and office use. "The numberof personal computers in use more than doubled from 2 million in 1981 to 5.5 millionin 1982. Ten years later, 65 million PCs were being used." Computer size keptgetting reduced during the years. It went down from Desktop to laptops to Palmtops.Macintosh introduced Graphic User Interface in which the users didn’t have to typeinstructions but could use Mouse for the purpose.The continued improvement allowed the networking of computers for the sharing ofdata. Local Area Networks(LAN) and Wide Area Network(WAN), were potentialbenefits, in that they could be implemented in corporations and everybody couldshare data over it. Soon the internet and World Wide Web appeared on thecomputer scene and formatted the Hi-Tech revolution of 90s.Limitations of fourth-generation computers were : · They used Large –scale Integrated Circuits and Very Large –scaleIntegrated Circuits (VLSIC). · They have very high computing power and extremely large memories than earlier computers. · Storage devices have greatly improved and cost is less. · Computers can be linked together to share memory space, software, information and communicate with each other. · Manufacture of LSI chips required sophisticated technology.Fifth Generation (Present and Beyond) Fifth generations computers are only in the minds of advance research scientists andbeing tested out in the laboratories. These computers will be under ArtificialIntelligence(AI), They will be able to take commands in a audio visual way andcarry out instructions. Many of the operations which requires low human intelligencewill be performed by these computers.Parallel Processing is coming and showing the possibility that the power of manyCPUs can be used side by side, and computers will be more powerful than thoseunder central processing. Advances in Super Conductor technology will greatlyimprove the speed of information traffic. Future looks bright for the computers.14
  • 15. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Topic Two WHAT IS A COMPUTER Computer can be defined as wholly electronic device or machine which processdata supplied through any available input device such as keyboard etc intoinformation, which can be stored in the CPU memory, and also retrieve it with outputdevices such as, printer, disk i.e. CD/DVD recordable, thumb drive (Flash drive).On the other hand, it can also be defined as an electronic device that has thecapability to accept data, store them execute a series of commands (Program),execute mathematical, logical operations on data given by the user and giveinformation in the forms of an output. The output may be made obtainable either onthe computer monitor or can be printed on a paper.Thus, computer is an electronic programmable device; it receives input from theclient, stores and manipulates information. It provides output in a useful drawing. Itcan execute both mathematical and logical operations on the data given by theuser.Note:• Wholly Electronic Device:- This can described as machine or device which performs logical and other calculating function.• Process Data:- This process data supplied by the users, and data is a set of row unprocessed facts, figures and symbols. Computers process data to build information.• Input Devices:- This input device is used for performing input of texts and other function with the availability of keyboard. However, there are other devices that can also play the role such disk, flash etc.• Memory:- This is described as the brain box of the the system, where information are stored.• Output Device:- This output devices are tools used to retrieve information saved on the memory for other purpose. 15
  • 16. Computer Training Guide For Beginners TYPES OF COMPUTEThere are different types of computer nowadays. These computers perform theirvariety purpose. Here we shall be looking at the classification of these computers. 1. Digital Computer 2. Analogue Computer 3. Hybrid Computer 4. Mainframe Computer 5. Super Computer 6. Mini Computer 7 Micro Computer . a. Desktop Computer b. Laptop Computer c. Palmtop Computer Digital ComputerA distinctive feature of a digital computer is that it computers by counting andadding operations. Digital computers are much faster than analog computers. Picture 1.2.1 Analogue ComputerAn analog computer computes by measuring changes in a continuous physicalphenomenon such as electronic voltage, length, current, temperature, etc. The16
  • 17. Computer Training Guide For Beginnersdevices that measure such quantities are analog. The advantages of analogcomputer are that all the calculation takes place in parallel and hence these arefaster but their accuracy is poor. Picture 1.2.2 Hybrid ComputerThe hybrid computer uses both the analog and digital components. Thesecomputers use digital memory for the storage and analog devices for computationalpurpose. Picture 1.2.3 Mainframe Computer These computers have high storage capacity. They process large amount of dataat high speed. They are used in large companies, government departments, etc., astheir main computer server. These computers need low temperature and special dust 17
  • 18. Computer Training Guide For Beginnersfree rooms. Numerous computers are connected with this computer. All the data ofthese computers are stored in it. These are faster and more sufficient than Minis andhave a much large storage capacity. Examples are the IBM System /370 and IBM4300 Series. Picture 1.2.4 Super ComputerThe storage capacity of super computers is much more than micro, mini and mainframe computers. Super Computers are the fastest of all and can process hugeamount of data within a few seconds. They are used for handling complicatedapplications such designing the supersonic aircraft, weather forecast, etc. India hasdeveloped a super computer called PARAM. They are most powerful and mostefficient too. They are designed to process complex scientific applications. Theyhave the computing capacity of approximately 40000000 IBM PCs. Someexamples are CARY-2, ETA-10, CARY X-MP . Picture 1.2.5 Mini ComputerThese computers are more powerful than micro Computers and can support morethan one user at a time. They have larger storage capacity. These computers are18
  • 19. Computer Training Guide For Beginnersused for variety of application. This machine is another advancement over the PC-AT. Here you can have a maximum of a few hundreds of dumb terminals attached tothe same CPU. Processing speed is also many times faster. One example is the IBM9375. Microprocessor used is INTEL 80286 or 80386. Picture 1.2.6 Micro ComputerThere are different types of Micro Computer, such as1. Desktop Computer 2. Laptop Computer 3. Palmtop Desktop ComputerThese computers are popularly called PCs (Personal Computers). Compared toothers, this is the smallest type. Inside it there is a single microprocessor, whichfunctions like a CPU. These computers have low storage capacity therefore used aspersonal computers. It is a single user system. That is only one person can use it at atime. Picture 1.2.7 19
  • 20. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Desktop Computer Diagram Picture 1.2.8 Laptop ComputerLaptop Computer or Notebook Computer is smaller and lighter in weight thandesktop Computer. This type of computer is easy to carry and when used can set onthe lap. That is why it is called Laptop Computers. It runs on a battery. Picture1.2.9 Palmtop ComputerPalmtop is smaller than Laptop Computer. It is made in such a way that it can beused by placing it on the hand. Palmtop is so small in size that we can keep it in apocket. It runs on battery. Picture 1.2.1020
  • 21. Computer Training Guide For Beginners TOPIC Three COMPUTER TERMINOLOGYIn the past few years, computers have come down in price considerably and arenow very affordable. Most people prefer to buy a PC for the home, though if spaceis at a premium and portability is important then you might prefer to buy a notebook(often called a laptop) computer. Both a PC and a notebook perform the samefunctions and have more or less the same features. It’s just that the notebook is morecompact and is easily transportable for people on the move.1. CPU This is described as central processing unit. It’s usually in the form of a tower, often called the ‘box’ or flat box, usually in horizontal stand. This performs logical and arithmetical operations though in some office environments you’ll sometimes see the box lying horizontally on the desk with the monitor placed on top. Inside the box lies all the computing power, with its micro-circuitry and tiny chips which can store vast amounts of information. If you’re the type of person who likes pulling cars apart, then you’ll probably be interested in what’s inside the box.2. MONITOR The term "monitor" is often used synonymously with "computer screen" or "display." The monitor displays the computers user interface and open programs, allowing the user to interact with the computer, typically using the keyboard and mouse. Older computer monitors were built using cathode ray tubes (CRTs), which made them rather heavy and caused them to take up a lot of desk space. Most modern monitors are built using LCD technology and are commonly referred to as flat screen displays. These thin monitors take up much less space than the older CRT displays. This means people with LCD monitors have more desk space to clutter up with stacks of papers, pens, and other objects.3. KEYBOARD The keyboard is an input device designed to enter text, characters and other commands into the computer. The keyboard can be described as the primary device for inputting information such as texts: alphabets, numbers, symbols, and other signs, to the 21
  • 22. Computer Training Guide For Beginners computer. It operates by converting key presses to electronic signals in binary digital form. The typical computer keyboard has the standard character keys found on a typewriter together with a number of special keys described below: Keyboard Diagram Picture 1.3.1* Function keys: This contain F1 to F12 in numbers, positioned above the character keys, which can be programmed by the user or by the software being run, so that a single key depression sends a command or string of commands to the computer.* The CTRL and ALT keys: (the full name is Control and Alternate), which are always used in conjunction with other keys to issue commands to the computer.* The Backspace key, which delete the character to the immediate left of the cursor on the screen.* The four arrow keys, which move the cursor one character position in the direction of the arrow.22
  • 23. Computer Training Guide For Beginners* The PageUp and PageDown keys: This buttons are for programmed to move the cursor one page up or down i.e. the cursor will appear at the beginning of the message on the file page means the page up. And cursor disappear to the end part of the message on the file page means the page down.* The Home key, which may be programmed to move the cursor to the left of the screen or the beginning of the document.* The End key: which may be programmed to move the cursor to the right of the screen or the end of the document.* The Esc key: which is often programmed to enable you to escape from your currently selected option or task.4. MOUSE: This can be described as a hand-held device used for perform some special task in the keyboard options. The mouse operate with three button, such as right and left button, and center scroll. However, mouse are varies in shapes, sizes and function. Some come with two button, while some come with three. • It is much easier to use than the keyboard for the following operations. • Pointing, that is, moving rapidly from one point to another in a word- processed document, file of records r table of data. • Drawing, that is, creating lines and other shapes on the screen Mouse Diagram Picture 1.3.2 23
  • 24. Computer Training Guide For Beginners5. PRINTER: This is an output device used in printing document out of the CPU memory. It can also be described as output device which is used to produce hard-copy. However, there are different types of printers which performs different function, such as printer that printer only picture and graphic designed on the system. Some printers can only handle text whereas others can handle text and graphics.6. SPEAKER: Speakers can be described as the small device plug into a computer system which is used for hearing and listening to the sounds of different types inside the computer. Speaker are mostly output devices, but few of the CPU has the built speakers.7. MODEM: A modem is a device that allows a computer to communicate with the Internet and fax machines. There are several types of modems that serve different purposes. Dial-Up Modem This is the most basic modem. It operates at up to 5 kilobytes per second and uses your phone line. You can send and receive faxes with this type of modem. DSL Modem DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) modem operates at up to 8 megabits per second. It sits between your computer and a phone line. It can be connected to a router so that other computers on your local network can access it. Cable Modem Cable modem connects to your cable providers network instead of a phone line. It has the same basic properties as a DSL modem. Modem Cards A laptop has external slots that can contain wired or wireless modems. Wireless modems may use Wi-Fi or a cell phone network Internal High-Speed Modem High-speed modems are typically external boxes, but you can find them in the internal variety for desktop computers. They usually use a PCI Express slot on the motherboard.24
  • 25. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Topic Four GETTING STARTEDHere, we will be looking at various ways and the functionality of the system. Howwe can get started with the system as a new user of the computer system. As we allknow that, computer has lots varieties of tasks and functions its plays.However, there are many programmes you need to be familiar on this topic,because in the section two, we will make use of those programmes mention in thistopic.To get started, there following rules to this level, and you need to be aware of thesethings. Start Menu Diagram 1.4.1The above diagram 1.4.1 shows the START MENU, which contains two wings; theRight Wing and Left Wing.The Right Wings contains the My Documents, My Recent Documents, My Pictures,My Music, My Computer, My Networks Place, Control Panel, Printers and Faxes,Help and Support, Search and Run. 25
  • 26. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersWhile the Left Wing contains the First partition Icon such as Internet Explorer, Email(Outlook Express) and the second partition Icon Paint, WordPad, Window MediaPlayer, MSN explorer etc. MY DOCUMENTIs a Microsoft Windows folder that stores document, program settings, and otherfiles that are used with many of the programs run on the computer. For example,when saving a file in Microsoft Word the default folder will often be My Documents.Saving all the personal files into the My Documents folder makes backing up andlocating your personal files easier. My Document Diagram 1.4.226
  • 27. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersThe below diagram 1.4.3 shows the My Document, which contains common Filesinside the folders such as the My Picture, My Music, Download, and other resourcessaved by the users of the computer system. Folders Inside My Documents 1.4.3 MY COMPUTERThis is mostly described as the drives home such as local disk, floppy disk, CD/DVDdrive and other external drive like thumb etc. My Computer contains systemfunctioning programs and helps in accessing information saved on the system 27
  • 28. Computer Training Guide For Beginnersmemory, transfer data (information) stored on the system to the various externaldrive connected to any of the available drives.Location My Computer:My Computer Icon can be located left top on the system screen called desktop, andStart Menu on the right wing. My Computer on Start Menu Diagram 1.4.4 Desktop Computer Logo Diagram 1.4.528
  • 29. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Using My ComputerOnce My Computer is open youll see all available drives on your computer. Formost users, youll only be concerned with the Local Disc (C:) drive, which is the harddrive and what stores all your files. Double-click this drive icon to open it and viewof its contents.Tip: If youre looking for a document such as a word processor file youve created,music file, picture, or other personal file its likely that its contained in yourdocuments folder. This folder is displayed in My computer as a folder and usuallycontains your name. For example, if your username was John, this folder would benamed Johns Documents.Finding files in My ComputerIf youre having trouble finding where one of your files is stored, use the Windowsfind feature to find the file. To do this from within My Computer either click on Fileand then Search or right-click on the C: drive or other folder you wish to search andclick Search.In the Search window, type the name or part of the name of the file youre trying tofind.Adjust system settings with your computerIf you wish to manage your computer or view other settings and information aboutyour computer instead of double-clicking the My Computer icon to open it, right-click on the My Computer icon and click Properties. Performing these steps will openyour System Properties (the same window accessible through the Control PanelThe Control Panel is a feature of the Windows operating system that allows the userto modify system settings and controls. It includes several small applications, orcontrol panels, that can be used to view and change hardware or software settings.Some examples of hardware control panels are Display, Keyboard, and Mousesettings. Software control panels include Date and Time, Power Options, Fonts, andAdministrative Tools. MY NETWORK PLACESMy Network Places displays shortcuts to shared computers, printers, and otherresources on the network. The shortcuts are created automatically in My NetworkPlaces whenever you open a shared network resource, such as a printer or sharedfolder. 29
  • 30. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersThe My Network Places folder also contains hyperlinks to tasks and locations onyour computer. These links can help you view your network connections, addshortcuts to network places, and view computers in your network domain or in yourworkgroup.Click the Add a network place task to start the Add Network Place Wizard. Thiswizard helps you to create new shortcuts to shared folders and resources on yournetwork, Web, and FTP servers. If you dont have folders on a Web server already,the Add Network Place Wizard will help you create a new folder for storing yourfiles online.You can view, manage, move, copy, save, and rename the files and folders youhave stored on a Web server just as you would files and folders stored on yourcomputer. When you view the contents of a folder that is stored on the Web, thefolders Internet address is displayed in the Address bar.Open My Network PlacesNote • To open My Network Places, click Start, and then click My Computer. Under Other Places, click My Network Places. • The View workgroup computers task is displayed in My Network Places when your computer is in a workgroup and not in a domain. Double-click this icon to narrow your search to only those computers, printers, and resources that share a workgroup with your computer. • If your computer is connected to a workgroup that has less than 32 computers, Windows will automatically create shortcuts in My Network Places to the shared resources in your workgroup.WHAT IS ASERVER:Server is a computer designed to process requests and deliver data to other (client)computers over a local network or the Internet.Servers typically are configured with additional processing, memory and storagecapacity to handle the load of servicing clients. Common types of network serversinclude: • Web servers • Proxy servers • FTP servers • Online game servers30
  • 31. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Server Diagram 1.4.6 CONCEPTS ON NETWORKINGLocal Area Network (LAN)LAN is a communications network serving multiple users within a confinedgeographical area (as in the same building or group of adjacent buildings). Itusually refers to the interconnection of personal computers (usually calledworkstations). Shared data is stored in a high performance PC called a file server,which serves as a remote disk drive to all network users. Users may also shareprinters, modems and other peripheral devices. All these computers and devices areconnected to a network backbone. Local Area Network (LAN) Diagram 1.4.7 31
  • 32. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Wide Area Network (WAN)Several LANs can be linked together so that computers in one LAN can exchangedata with computers in another LAN. Such inter-network is usually called WideArea Network (WAN). An example of a WAN can be an education group wishingto connect all its schools over a wide area by one network. To do so, each schoolsLAN are interconnected via dedicated lines offered by the telecommunicationcompany Wide Area Network (WAN) Diagram 1.4.832
  • 33. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Topic Five ALL PROGRAMSAt this point, the student is required to pay more attention to details on this topic,here is the place users are mostly get started with all programs of the computersystem. Any application, such as Notepad, Wordpad, Paint etc looking for, areinsides the All Programs.However, we will be looking at these following applications: Notepad; Wordpad;Paint in details, and the usage of each.Meaning of NotepadNotepad is a basic text editor that is embedded in Microsoft Windows. A notepadis a number of sheets of paper that are glued or stapled together on one edge. Theyare used for writing letters or the interim recording of information. Notepad Diagram 1.5.1 33
  • 34. Computer Training Guide For BeginnersMeaning of WordpadIs a basic word processor that is included with almost all versions of MicrosoftWindows from Windows 95 onwards. It is more advanced than Notepad butsimpler than Microsoft Works Word Processor and Microsoft Word. It replacedMicrosoft Write.FeaturesWordPad can format and print text, but lacks intermediate features such as a spellchecker, thesaurus, and support for tables. As such, it is suitable for writing letters orshort pieces, but underpowered for work that relies heavily on graphics ortypesetting.WordPad natively supports the Rich Text Format, though it does not support all thefeatures defined in the RTF/Word 2007 specification. Previous versions of WordPadalso supported the "Word for Windows 6.0" format, which is forward compatiblewith the Microsoft Word format Wordpad Diagram 1.5.2Meaning of PaintPaint is a simple picture-editing program which usually comes with Windows. Itdoes not have any advanced features but it is probably all you will need. Picturesthat are drawn or edited by Paint are called bitmaps. This means they are stored as34
  • 35. Computer Training Guide For Beginnersa grid of small dots, called pixels. Most pictures contain tens of thousands of pixels,and Paint needs to store the colour of all of them. Paint Diagram 1.5.3 Paint Tools Diagram 1.5.4 1. Paint toolsThe paint tool looks like a paintbrush, and is the fourth icon on the right. Click on itand you will see a variety of shapes appear underneath the tools. Choose one ofthem and a colour from the palette at the bottom. Now click and drag on the mainwhite area.A few other tools work in a similar way. Next to the paintbrush there is a pencil, andyou use this to draw a thin line instead of a thick one. 35
  • 36. Computer Training Guide For Beginners 2. Text toolThis allows you to write on your picture. Click on the text tool (the "A") and drag outa large area on the picture. Type some writing. You can of course change the font,size and attributes of the writing using the new window that has appeared. If nonew window appears, right click on the text area and click on "Text toolbar". 3. Selection toolsThese are the two buttons at the top, one being star shaped and the otherrectangular. These allow you to select areas of the picture.Click on one of the two tools and drag out an area, over some of the existingdrawing. You will see that a dotted rectangle appears. This rectangle represents theselected area of the picture. Try pressing delete - it will disappear. If you like, youcan undo this using "Edit", "Undo". You can do the following things to a selectedarea of picture: • Cut or copy it to the clipboard, using the Edit menu. • Move it around. Simply click in the middle somewhere and drag. • Stretch it. Use the small blocks on the sides of the rectangle for this. • Stretch, skew, rotate, or invert the colours. This can be done using the "Image" menu. If no area of the picture is selected, the commands apply to the whole picture. 4. Fill toolThis is the paint can under the rectangular select tool. Use this to fill an area ofcolour a different colour. Be careful - if you draw an outline of a shape and try to fillit, any gap in the outline will cause the fill to "leak" and cover the entire picture.Also, if an area has text on, the holes in the text (e.g. in the "O") will not be filled.You have to fill them all individually. 5. Pipette toolThis has the simple purpose of choosing a colour from an image. Click on this tooland then click somewhere on the picture. The tool will change to the tool you wereusing last, and the colour will change to the one you were pointing to.36
  • 37. Computer Training Guide For Beginners 6.Changing picture sizeClick on "Image", then on "Stretch/Skew..." and a new window will appear, intowhich you can type the new width and height, as a percentage of the current size.You can also skew the image using this window.If you want to start a new picture which is a different size to the current one, click on"Image" then on "Attributes...". You can change the width and height here, and donot have to work it out as a percentage. 37
  • 38. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Topic Six APPLICATION, FOLDER, FILES Picture 1.6.1 Picture 1.6.2The Diagram 1.6.1, this contain Folders and Files/application and other relatedprograms inside the folders.The Diagram 1.6.2, are applications used on the internet. Get the full information onour next edition (Session) Enroll for this session get the details.38
  • 39. Computer Training Guide For Beginners Topic Seven SHUT DOWNTo shut down the computer when you have finished, do the following:1. Click Start2. Click Turn Off Computer or Shut Down3. Choose Turn Off from the three optionsThe box will switch itself off automatically but you should also remember to turn offthe power to the monitor, the speakers and any other device, such as the modem,attached to the computer. 39
  • 40. Computer Training Guide For Beginners SECTION TWO Objectives: On the completion this section, you will be able to: 1. How to make you of Wordpad, Notepad, and Paint 2. Understand the Different types of Microsoft Office Package a. Microsoft Word b. Microsoft Excel c. Microsoft Power Point Topics: 1. Getting Started with word press ………………………………….…….. 2. Meaning of Microsoft Word …............................ 4. How to create, use and save word 5. Creation of Folder/Document 6. Types of storage facilities 7. Retrieve and Print Document/Files 8. Getting Started with Excel spreadsheets 9. Meaning of Microsoft Excel 10. How to create, use and save Excel 11. Getting Started with Power Point 12. Meaning of Microsoft Power Point 13. Usage of Power Point 14. How to create Power Point40