Disaster in india

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Disaster in india

  1. 1. P.S Sethu Class – IXB
  2. 2. S.NO TOPIC 1 INTRODUCTION OF EARTH QUAKE 2 GUJARAT EARTH QUAKE IN 2001 3 EFFECT 4 LOCATION OF DISASTER 5 REHABILITATION OF PLANT 6 VUNERABILITIES IMPACT
  3. 3.  An earthquake is (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that create seismic waves. The seismicity, seismism or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. Is known as earthquake
  4. 4. • The 2001 Gujarat earthquake occurred on January 26, 2001, India's 51st Republic day, at 08:46 AM local time(3:16 UTC) and lasted for over two minutes. The epicenter was about 9 km southsouthwest of the village chobari in bhachau taluka of kutch district of Gujarat , India .The earthquake reached a magnitude of between 7.6 and 7.7 on the moment magnitude scale and had a maximum felt intensity of X (Intense) on the mercali intencity scale. The earth quake killed
  5. 5.  The final death toll in kucth was 12,290. Bhui situated only 20 kilometers (12 mi) from the epicenter, was devastated. Considerable damage also occurred in Bhachau and Anjar with hundreds of villages flattened in Taluka of Anjar, Bhuj & Bhachau. Over a million structures were damaged or destroyed, including many historic buildings and tourist attractions. The quake destroyed around 40% of homes, eight schools, two hospitals and 4 km of road in Bhuj and partly destroyed the city's historic Swaminarayan temple and historic fort as well Prag Mahal and Aina Mahal.
  6. 6. • In Ahmedabad, Gujarat's commercial capital ith a population of 5.6 million, as many as 50 multistoried buildings collapsed and several hundred people were killed. Total property damage was estimated at $5.5 billion and rising. In Kutch, the quake destroyed about 60% of food and water supplies and around 258,000 houses - 90% of the district's housing stock. The biggest set back was the total demolition of the Bhuj Civil hospital. The Indian military provided emergency support which was later augmented by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Society. A temporary Red Cross hospital remained in Bhuj to provide care while a replacement hospital was built.
  7. 7.  The earthquake which struck India's western State of Gujarat at 08:46 local time on 26 January 2001 - India's Republic Day holiday - measured 6.9 on the Richter scale and lasted about 110 seconds. It was the most powerful earthquake to strike India in half a century. The effect was devastating, widespread and the impact of the quake was felt in distant locations across northern India, in Pakistan, Bangladesh and western Nepal. Displaced -1790000 Dead- 20005 Missing- Not specified Injured -166812
  8. 8. REHABILITATION OF PLANT  The scope of the Project comprises assistance for rehabilitating, reconstruction or new construction of: 1 immediate social safety nets; 2 power sector; 3 urban and rural infrastructure such as rural roads, village basic services and public buildings; 4 residential houses;5 regional, village and municipal water supply, 6 sewerage and solid waste collection and disposal; livelihoods, 7 longer term disaster management infrastructure, facilities and human resources, and 8 implementation support -project management consultants, design and supervision consultants, benefit monitoring, livelyhood specialists and other implementation support.
  9. 9.  The original scope of the Project was for $500 million of ADB loan and included $150 million for support to the Satte's urban housing program. However subsequently, the State was able to secure concessional funds from the World Bank and canceled $150 million. Once all works were awarded and commitments were finalized a further $12 million was cancelled and the current loan amount is $138 million.

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