Love will keep us together or
Breaking up is hard to do?
What makes states stay together or break up
QuickTime™ and a
deco...
So...
What keeps
relationships together
or conversely, what
breaks them apart?
What do you think?
The 3 “R’s”
1. Common Rules
2.Agreed-upon Roles
3. Rituals
Other
Having time for each other
Being together
Thanks, but how does this apply
to Political Geography?
The forces of Political
Relationships
There are two forces that Political geographers use
to describe what keeps countries...
Centripetal forces
Forces that promote unity and national stability...
“keep states together”
What are they?
See if you ca...
1) promoting Nationalism
Same Language and Same Religion (unified)
(Holidays, Heroes, Olympics, Monuments, Flags,
Songs)
“...
2) Unifying institutions
Schools: teach values
Television/media: esp if “state” controlled...less if
there is freedom of t...
3) Common Enemy/Threat
Sept. 11th; Pearl Harbor
Government: declaring war (Vietnam or Iraq)...
creating us vs them tension...
Just interesting...
Wag the Dog is a 1997 film
about a Washington spin doctor
who distracts the people from a
U.S. preside...
4) Transportation and
communication
Where roads are or
aren’t (Can you get to
me now?)
Only 8 RRs cross the
boundary betwe...
5) Geo friendly Land
No Islands
No Mts.
Nothing that isolates part from another part
Hawaii and Alaska in the US (DeBlij)
...
Centrifugal forces
The challenges to state authority
Centrifugal forces
Opposite of Centripetal
Bi/Multinational promotion
Bi/Multinational institutions
Poor trans/communicati...
Centrifugal forces can cause states to break-up...
It can happen right away or over time
devolution (Trial separation?)
Types of devolution...
Ethnocultural, Economic, Spatial
Devolution:
The transfer of some po...
Definitions of devolutionary
forces
Ethnocultural: sub-group (nation) that has identity
(lang./relgion) and wants to have ...
Ethnocultural
Spatial
Economic
Ethnocultural Devolutionary
Movements
Eastern Europe
devolutionary forces
since the fall of
communism
The Balkans are a
__...
Ethnocultural Devolutionary
Movements
Scotland
rise in independence
movement is coupled with:
- European Union
- ScotlandÕ...
Economic
Devolutionary
Movements
Catalonia, Spain
Barcelona is the center of
banking and commerce in
Spain and the region ...
Economic
Devolutionary
Movements
Catalonia, Spain
Barcelona is the center of
banking and commerce in
Spain and the region ...
The PoValley is in Pandania
Shouldn’t it be the RichValley?
Spatial
Devolutionary
Movements
Honolulu, HawaiÕi
A history apart from the
United States, and a
desire to live apart in or...
Review
What are centripetal forces?
What are centrifugal forces?
What is devolution?
Types of devolution?
Supranationalism
Supranationalism
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Supranationalism

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Supranationalism

  1. 1. Love will keep us together or Breaking up is hard to do? What makes states stay together or break up QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  2. 2. So... What keeps relationships together or conversely, what breaks them apart? What do you think?
  3. 3. The 3 “R’s” 1. Common Rules 2.Agreed-upon Roles 3. Rituals
  4. 4. Other Having time for each other Being together
  5. 5. Thanks, but how does this apply to Political Geography?
  6. 6. The forces of Political Relationships There are two forces that Political geographers use to describe what keeps countries together and what breaks them apart... Centripetal: proceeding or acting in a direction toward a center or axis (Binding) Centrifugal: proceeding or acting in a direction away from a center or axis (Breaking away)
  7. 7. Centripetal forces Forces that promote unity and national stability... “keep states together” What are they? See if you can make Sherwin’s top 5 list... It’s Partner up time...
  8. 8. 1) promoting Nationalism Same Language and Same Religion (unified) (Holidays, Heroes, Olympics, Monuments, Flags, Songs) “I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America.” Do intermarriages/relationships face challenges?
  9. 9. 2) Unifying institutions Schools: teach values Television/media: esp if “state” controlled...less if there is freedom of the press (4th branch of govt) Religion Do you go to temple or church? Do you read or watch sports?
  10. 10. 3) Common Enemy/Threat Sept. 11th; Pearl Harbor Government: declaring war (Vietnam or Iraq)... creating us vs them tension (Cold War)... Angry Mother-in-law Wag the Dog
  11. 11. Just interesting... Wag the Dog is a 1997 film about a Washington spin doctor who distracts the people from a U.S. presidential scandal by hiring a Hollywood producer, played by Dustin Hoffman, to construct a fake war with Albania. The scheme enlists the musician Willie Nelson (who creates a theme song for the 'war') in this film
  12. 12. 4) Transportation and communication Where roads are or aren’t (Can you get to me now?) Only 8 RRs cross the boundary between the US and Canada- promotes national growth Do relationships work if you don’t have time for each other?
  13. 13. 5) Geo friendly Land No Islands No Mts. Nothing that isolates part from another part Hawaii and Alaska in the US (DeBlij) Again, do long distance relationships work?
  14. 14. Centrifugal forces The challenges to state authority
  15. 15. Centrifugal forces Opposite of Centripetal Bi/Multinational promotion Bi/Multinational institutions Poor trans/communication Poor physical geo (separation)
  16. 16. Centrifugal forces can cause states to break-up... It can happen right away or over time
  17. 17. devolution (Trial separation?) Types of devolution... Ethnocultural, Economic, Spatial Devolution: The transfer of some powers, and the delegation of some functions, from a central sovereign government to local government.
  18. 18. Definitions of devolutionary forces Ethnocultural: sub-group (nation) that has identity (lang./relgion) and wants to have some control sometimes called Subnationalism or Regionalism Economic: a different region might have different economic goals; rich regions have more say Spatial: Mts., islands, fragments might get more control because of distance
  19. 19. Ethnocultural Spatial Economic
  20. 20. Ethnocultural Devolutionary Movements Eastern Europe devolutionary forces since the fall of communism The Balkans are a _______ region
  21. 21. Ethnocultural Devolutionary Movements Scotland rise in independence movement is coupled with: - European Union - ScotlandÕs oil resources Independence (poorer) vs. Dependence (richer)
  22. 22. Economic Devolutionary Movements Catalonia, Spain Barcelona is the center of banking and commerce in Spain and the region is much wealthier than the rest of Spain.
  23. 23. Economic Devolutionary Movements Catalonia, Spain Barcelona is the center of banking and commerce in Spain and the region is much wealthier than the rest of Spain. Same for Pandania (Northern Italy) Which leads me to think...
  24. 24. The PoValley is in Pandania Shouldn’t it be the RichValley?
  25. 25. Spatial Devolutionary Movements Honolulu, HawaiÕi A history apart from the United States, and a desire to live apart in order to keep traditions alive.
  26. 26. Review What are centripetal forces? What are centrifugal forces? What is devolution? Types of devolution?
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