Supranationalism
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  • 1. Love will keep us together or Breaking up is hard to do? What makes states stay together or break up QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 2. So... What keeps relationships together or conversely, what breaks them apart? What do you think?
  • 3. The 3 “R’s” 1. Common Rules 2.Agreed-upon Roles 3. Rituals
  • 4. Other Having time for each other Being together
  • 5. Thanks, but how does this apply to Political Geography?
  • 6. The forces of Political Relationships There are two forces that Political geographers use to describe what keeps countries together and what breaks them apart... Centripetal: proceeding or acting in a direction toward a center or axis (Binding) Centrifugal: proceeding or acting in a direction away from a center or axis (Breaking away)
  • 7. Centripetal forces Forces that promote unity and national stability... “keep states together” What are they? See if you can make Sherwin’s top 5 list... It’s Partner up time...
  • 8. 1) promoting Nationalism Same Language and Same Religion (unified) (Holidays, Heroes, Olympics, Monuments, Flags, Songs) “I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America.” Do intermarriages/relationships face challenges?
  • 9. 2) Unifying institutions Schools: teach values Television/media: esp if “state” controlled...less if there is freedom of the press (4th branch of govt) Religion Do you go to temple or church? Do you read or watch sports?
  • 10. 3) Common Enemy/Threat Sept. 11th; Pearl Harbor Government: declaring war (Vietnam or Iraq)... creating us vs them tension (Cold War)... Angry Mother-in-law Wag the Dog
  • 11. Just interesting... Wag the Dog is a 1997 film about a Washington spin doctor who distracts the people from a U.S. presidential scandal by hiring a Hollywood producer, played by Dustin Hoffman, to construct a fake war with Albania. The scheme enlists the musician Willie Nelson (who creates a theme song for the 'war') in this film
  • 12. 4) Transportation and communication Where roads are or aren’t (Can you get to me now?) Only 8 RRs cross the boundary between the US and Canada- promotes national growth Do relationships work if you don’t have time for each other?
  • 13. 5) Geo friendly Land No Islands No Mts. Nothing that isolates part from another part Hawaii and Alaska in the US (DeBlij) Again, do long distance relationships work?
  • 14. Centrifugal forces The challenges to state authority
  • 15. Centrifugal forces Opposite of Centripetal Bi/Multinational promotion Bi/Multinational institutions Poor trans/communication Poor physical geo (separation)
  • 16. Centrifugal forces can cause states to break-up... It can happen right away or over time
  • 17. devolution (Trial separation?) Types of devolution... Ethnocultural, Economic, Spatial Devolution: The transfer of some powers, and the delegation of some functions, from a central sovereign government to local government.
  • 18. Definitions of devolutionary forces Ethnocultural: sub-group (nation) that has identity (lang./relgion) and wants to have some control sometimes called Subnationalism or Regionalism Economic: a different region might have different economic goals; rich regions have more say Spatial: Mts., islands, fragments might get more control because of distance
  • 19. Ethnocultural Spatial Economic
  • 20. Ethnocultural Devolutionary Movements Eastern Europe devolutionary forces since the fall of communism The Balkans are a _______ region
  • 21. Ethnocultural Devolutionary Movements Scotland rise in independence movement is coupled with: - European Union - ScotlandÕs oil resources Independence (poorer) vs. Dependence (richer)
  • 22. Economic Devolutionary Movements Catalonia, Spain Barcelona is the center of banking and commerce in Spain and the region is much wealthier than the rest of Spain.
  • 23. Economic Devolutionary Movements Catalonia, Spain Barcelona is the center of banking and commerce in Spain and the region is much wealthier than the rest of Spain. Same for Pandania (Northern Italy) Which leads me to think...
  • 24. The PoValley is in Pandania Shouldn’t it be the RichValley?
  • 25. Spatial Devolutionary Movements Honolulu, HawaiÕi A history apart from the United States, and a desire to live apart in order to keep traditions alive.
  • 26. Review What are centripetal forces? What are centrifugal forces? What is devolution? Types of devolution?