Cultural Landscape Polish Chicago

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Cultural Landscape Polish Chicago

  1. 1. Cultural Studies: The Avondale Community and Chicago’s Polish Landscape Mr. Greg Sherwin Adlai E. Stevenson High School Lincolnshire, IL
  2. 2. Cultural LandscapeCultural Landscape ConceptsConcepts  Material and Nonmaterial Culture  Sequent Occupance  Chain Migration  Cultural Diffusion  Cultural Landscape study on AP Central Website
  3. 3. ChicagoChicago’s changing’s changing neighborhoodsneighborhoods  Chicago historian Dominic Pacyga characterizes Chicago as a snake that transforms itself every generation, shedding its old skin to emerge a new and different creature. The city’s neighborhoods reflect various social incarnations that can be read as layers in the surrounding cityscape.
  4. 4. The Avondale Community and Chicago’s Polish Landscape By Mr. Sherwinski
  5. 5. Polish Chicago HistoryPolish Chicago History
  6. 6. Largest Polish City after Warsaw?Largest Polish City after Warsaw? Well maybe many moons agoWell maybe many moons ago  There are about 9-10 million Americans of Polish descent.  Chicago bills itself as the largest Polish city outside of Poland, with approximately 185,000 Polish language speakers. Name 1900 2007 Warsaw 756,400 1,706,624 Krakow 120,300 756,583
  7. 7. Polish Organizations inPolish Organizations in ChicagoChicago  The Polish Museum of America  Polish American Association  Polish American Congress  Polish National Alliance  Polish Falcons  Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America
  8. 8. Avondale: The Polish Village of Chicago One of many Polish neighborhoods in Chicago
  9. 9. Avondale neighborhood-Avondale neighborhood- The Polish VillageThe Polish Village This area is referred to as Jackowo (pronounced Yahtskovo) and Wac awowo inł Polish based on the churches in the area. Owo has the same function as “ville” or “ton” in English.
  10. 10. Avondale:Avondale: The Polish VillageThe Polish Village  The Polish Village (Jackowo and Wac awowo), together make upł one of Chicago's largest and most vibrant Polish Patches.  The neighborhoods derive their Polish names from the two contiguous Polish Roman Catholic parishes- Saint Hyacinth's Basilica and St. Wenceslaus Church.  Milwaukee Avenue is the district's main commercial strip with dozens of sausage shops, restaurants, bakeries etc.  In English the area is usually referred to as the Polish Village - the name featured on signs hung on street lamps over the district. Pulaski Avenue, named after the Polish Revolutionary War hero, runs through the area.
  11. 11.  Casimir Pulaski Day is a holiday observed in Illinois on the first Monday of every March in memory of Casimir Pulaski, a Revolutionary War cavalry officer born in Poland.  The day is celebrated mainly in areas that have large Polish populations, such as Chicago. The focus of official commemorations of Casimir Pulaski Day in Chicago is at the Polish Museum of America where various city and state officials congregate to pay tribute to Chicago's Polish Community.  Illinois enacted a law on June 20, 1977, to celebrate the birthday of Casimir Pulaski and held the first official Pulaski Day celebrations in 1978. Casmir Pulaski
  12. 12. Avondale and the OldAvondale and the Old Polish DowntownPolish Downtown  Many Polish patches and neighborhoods in Chicago historically.  The Original Polish Downtown neighborhood was around Division, Ashland and Milwaukee  Avondale is connected to the Polish Downtown by Milwaukee Avenue  Milwaukee Avenue in Chicago is known as the Polish Corridor or Polish Broadway. Map of the Old Polish Downtown which is South and East of Avondale
  13. 13. Old Polish DowntownOld Polish Downtown  Today the area is gentrified.  Young, hip Wicker Park neighborhood  But layers of the old landscape persist Polish National Museum in Old Polish Downtown
  14. 14. 1. St. Stanislaus Kostka Church, Rectory, and Elementary School, 1351 W. Evergreen Street 2. Holy Trinity Church and Rectory, 1120 N Noble Street 3. Holy Trinity Elementary School, now Polish offices, 1135 N. Cleaver Street 6. St. Stanislaus Gymnasium, now residential, 1521 W. Haddon Avenue 7. Polish Roman Catholic Union of America and Polish Museum of America, 984 N. Milwaukee Avenue 8. Polish National Alliance, now College of Office Technology, 1520 W. Division Street 9. Chopin Theater, 1543 W. Division Street 10. Polish Welfare Association, now other businesses, 1303 N. Ashland Avenue 11. Polish Women’s Alliance, now residential, 1309 N. Ashland Avenue 14. Home Bank, now Mb Financial, 1200 N. Ashland Avenue 15. Polish Veterans Home, now art gallery, 1239 N. Wood Street 16. Falcons Hall, now other uses, 1062 N. Ashland Avenue
  15. 15. Images from Avondale-Images from Avondale- The Polish VillageThe Polish Village
  16. 16. Images from Avondale-Images from Avondale- The Polish VillageThe Polish Village
  17. 17. MORE PHOTOSMORE PHOTOS
  18. 18. More PhotosMore Photos We speak Polish!
  19. 19. More PhotosMore Photos
  20. 20. A holdover from another era when neighborhood taverns on side streets in Chicago were almost as common as corporate chain drugstores are today. The ethnic character of this establishment’s proprietors is well established by the name, along with the words advertising Zimne Piwo (cold beer) below the Old Style logo.
  21. 21. An ad on the side of Pasieka Bakery at the corner of Lawndale and Milwaukee charms passersby by declaring it has “the best” baked goods in town.
  22. 22. Religious Landscape:Religious Landscape: Two Polish Catholic ChurchesTwo Polish Catholic Churches St. Hyacinth (1894) St. Wenceslaus (1912) It is a prime example of the so- called "Polish Cathedral style" of churches in both its opulence and grand scale. Built as the Polish population swelled in the area.
  23. 23. Side BarSide Bar
  24. 24. These churches are on the North and South edges of Avondale
  25. 25. Inside St. HyacinthInside St. Hyacinth BasilicaBasilica Catholic Churches tend to be ornate
  26. 26. Statue of Pope John Paul II outside of St. Hyacinth
  27. 27. Pope John Paul II inPope John Paul II in Chicago (1979)Chicago (1979)
  28. 28. Karol Wojtyla (voy-te-wa)Karol Wojtyla (voy-te-wa) Chicago 1976Chicago 1976
  29. 29. After Plane crash thatAfter Plane crash that killed Polish President…killed Polish President…
  30. 30. Non-Polish elements on the landscape of Avondale
  31. 31. Chicago Housing and building in Avondale The Chicago Cultural Landscape
  32. 32. At Milwaukee and Ridgeway, this “Sullivanesque” building serves as the Polish Medical Center.
  33. 33. Avondale is in theAvondale is in the Bungalow BeltBungalow Belt Gray indicates area where many bungalows were built in the 1920s
  34. 34. Glocalization and the Bungalow Once Pop. Culture- now somewhat unique to Chicago-tax credits to fix up and modernize your Bungalow website
  35. 35. Bungalows in AvaondaleBungalows in Avaondale
  36. 36. Two Flats also dominate the AvondaleTwo Flats also dominate the Avondale working class landscapeworking class landscape
  37. 37. Blue collar landscapeBlue collar landscape
  38. 38. One can’t appreciate the built environment of Avondale without grasping its prominent industrial character. From Florsheim Shoes to Olson Rug, factories here produced goods that were shipped across the country, alongside a host of smaller scale, and often family-owned, industrial operations. This vintage shot from 1970s of Dad’s Root Beer factory.
  39. 39. Polish outmigration from Avondale
  40. 40. As one immigrant group movesAs one immigrant group moves out, the next moves inout, the next moves in  Sequent Occupance: The succeeding stages of human inhabitation over time on one site. Each stage is seen as being established by its predecessor, although the sequence will almost certainly be interrupted by outside forces.
  41. 41. Sign with 3 languagesSign with 3 languages
  42. 42. Two Cultures At right is a prominent sign on the Polish Village’s commercial strip along Milwaukee Avenue, along with a Latino vendor selling paletas (Latin American ice pops) beneath it, an indication of the increased Hispanic presence in the area.
  43. 43. Mexican landscapeMexican landscape
  44. 44. A look at the Red AppleA look at the Red Apple againagain
  45. 45. Final thoughts: Avondale’s Polish influence on the landscape is evident, but the landscape is changing
  46. 46. ChicagoChicago’s changing’s changing neighborhoodsneighborhoods  Chicago historian Dominic Pacyga characterizes Chicago as a snake that transforms itself every generation, shedding its old skin to emerge a new and different creature. The city’s neighborhoods reflect various social incarnations that can be read as layers in the surrounding cityscape.

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