Definition<br />"Cyberbullying" is when a child, preteen or teen is <br />tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed <br />or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using <br />the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile <br />phones. It has to have a minor on both sides, or at least have <br />been instigated by a minor against another minor. Once <br />adults become involved, it is plain and simple cyber-<br />harassment or cyber-stalking. Adult cyber-harassment or <br />cyber-stalking is NEVER called cyberbullying (Parry).<br />
How it Works<br />There are two kinds of cyberbullying, direct attacks<br />(messages sent to your kids directly) and cyberbullying by <br />proxy (using others to help cyberbully the victim, either with <br />or without the accomplice's knowledge). Because <br />cyberbullying by proxy often gets adults involved in the <br />harassment, it is much more dangerous (Parry).<br />
Direct Attack Examples<br />Instant Messaging/Text Messaging<br />Stealing Passwords<br />Blogs<br />Websites<br />Sending Pictures through E-mail and Cell Phones<br />Internet Polling<br />Interactive Gaming<br />Sending Malicious Code<br />Sending Porn and Other Junk E-mail<br />Impersonation<br />(Parry).<br />
Cyberbullying by Proxy<br />Cyberbullying by proxy is when a cyberbully gets someone<br />else to do their dirty work. Most of the time they are<br />unwitting accomplices and don't know that they are being <br />used by the cyberbully. Cyberbullying by proxy is the most <br />dangerous kind of cyberbullying because it often gets adults <br />involved in the harassment and people who don't know they<br />are dealing with a kid or someone they know (Parry).<br />
Cyberbullying by Proxy Examples<br />"Warning" or "Notify Wars" are an example of cyberbullying<br />by proxy. Kids click on the warning or notify buttons on their <br />IM screen or e-mail or chat screens, and alert the ISP or <br />service provider that the victim has done something that <br />violates their rules. If the victim receives enough warnings or <br />notifications, they can lose their account. The service <br />providers are aware of this abuse, and often check and see if <br />the warning were justified. But all the cyberbully has to do is <br />make the victim angry enough to say something rude or <br />hateful back. Then, BINGO! they warn them, making it look <br />like the victim had started it. In this case, the ISP or service <br />provider is the innocent accomplice of the cyberbully <br />(Parry).<br />
Cyberbullying<br />It is so important to protect and educate young people on <br />using the Internet and to provide all users with a safe <br />experience. How do you address “cyber-bullying”? Do you <br />look at how individuals function in their family, school and <br />work communities, how people deal with drama or politics, <br />or how they treat others and present themselves? Or do you <br />look at the parenting and teaching skills being presented in <br />these individual lives (Cyberbullying Research Center, 2010)?<br />
Prevention<br />To begin a successful decline in cyber-bullying education and <br />interventions need to focus on building empathy, identifying <br />escalation and techniques for stopping the cycle of abuse. <br />Environments at home and school need to be one where <br />people don’t get validated for negative attention and where <br />they don’t see relationship drama as part of normal life<br />(Collier, 2011).<br />
Prevention<br />The Internet is not the problem here, as much as people <br />think it is, it is just a tool in an ongoing battle for attention, <br />validation, and status. Unless teachers and parents find <br />effective ways of getting to the root of this problem, at home <br />and in the classroom, the Internet will just continue to be <br />used to reinforce what is pervasive offline. Cyber-bullying <br />didn't come from out of nowhere, it is not new, and it is <br />something school counselors, teachers, parents and risk-<br />prevention practitioners among us do understand (Collier, <br />2011).<br />
Prevention<br />When it comes to cyber-bullying we need to take the focus <br />off of technology and put it on the social and environmental <br />conditions that give rise to social cruelty offline as well as <br />online. To defeat cyber-bullying, we need to create home and <br />school cultures that encourage critical thinking about the <br />right and wrong kinds of attention, validation, and status-<br />seeking; teach perspective-taking; and cultivate self-worth, <br />resilience, and a sense of belonging (Collier, 2011).<br />
References<br />Collier, Anne. (2011). Understanding cyber-bullying from the inside out. Retrieved from http://www.connectsafely.org/Safety-Advice-Articles/understanding-cyberbullying-from-the-inside-out.html<br />Parry. Stop cyberbullying. Retrieved from http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/what_is_cyberbullying_exactly.html<br />(**this website was really hard to site because they did not list the author or the copyright)<br />(2010). Cyberbullying research center.Retrieved from http://www.cyberbullying.us/<br />Twyman, Kimberly. (2010). Comparing Children and Adolescents Engaged in Cyberbullying to Matched Peers. Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.jvlapps.nsuok.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&hid=5&sid=0d08118f-b15b-4eb8-84f3-7dc3f47a4b71%40sessionmgr14<br />
Test Questions<br />What is Direct Attack Cyberbullying?<br />What is Cyberbullying by Proxy?<br /> True or False: The Internet is not the problem, it is just a tool in an ongoing battle for attention, validation, and status. <br />
Answers<br />Direct Attack Cyberbullying is when threats or harassment is sent directly to the child through text messages, E-mail, websites or impersonation.<br />Cyberbullying by proxy is when a cyberbully gets someone else to do their dirty work. Cyberbullying by Proxy is the most dangerous type of cyberbullying.<br />TRUE.<br />
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