IntroductionMajorca is an island of the Mediterranean sea. It is the biggestin the Balearic Islands. Precisely, its name comes from thisfact, Majorca means the biggest.It has got an area of 3620 square kilometres and in 2007 thepopulation was 814275 inhabitants. The population density is214,87 inhabitant per square kilometre.
MunicipalitiesMajorca has got 53municipalities. The mostimportant is Palma, capital ofMajorca, followed byManacor, Inca, Llucmajorand Calvià. We can alsopoint out Pollença and Sóllerfor its history. The biggestare Llucmajor, Manacor,Palma and Felanitx. Thesmallest are Buger, Lloseta,Estellencs and Consell
Orography There are three different areas: the range of Tramuntana, the range of Llevant and the central depression
OrographyThe range of Tramuntana is90 km long. There we canfind the tallest mountains inMajorca: the Puig Major(1445m), the Massanella(1340m), the Ofre (1090m),the “Es Teix”(1064m), andthe Galatzó (1026m). Thecoasts of the range makebreathtaking cliffs whichin some places reach400 metres. Puig Major- the tallest mountain in Majorca
ClimateMajorca has got a mediterranean climate. This climate is mild. Its maincharacteristics are the following: dry summers, showers are concentratedin autumn and spring. The average temperature is 17ºC.
Vegetation Majorca’s vegetation is related to the following: climate (species are conditioned), the fact of being four islands (the process of evolution is different and it gives way to autoctonous species) and human being. Main vegetation is pine wood, holm, oak wood and scrubs.
Economy For many centuries the economy of the island was based on agriculture and cattle raising. Industry has developed mainly in Palma, Manacor (furniture and pearls) and the villages which form the Raiguer region (leather and glass industry). From the sixties onwards tourism has been the motor of the island and is also responsible for demography, social, economic and enviromental changes which have taken place.
Majorca: area and inhabitantsMallorca is made up of 53 municipalities. The archipielago ofCabrera belongs to the municipality of Palma.Regions:A region is made up of some municipalities which share somephysical, enviromental and economic features.
Region of “Es Pla”The Region of “Es Pla”-It is formed bymunicipalities situatedin the centre of theisland and the bay ofAlcudia.Palma is a region itselftogether with theArchipielago of Cabrera.
Region of Migjorn- LlevantThe region ofMigjorn- Llevant ismade up ofsouthern andeastern coastalmunicipalities.
Region of TramuntanaThe region ofTramuntana is madeup of municipalitiessituated in the rangeof mountains in thenorth of the island.
Region of “es RaiguerThe region of “esRaiguer” is formedby municipalitieslocated between theTramuntana rangeof mountains andthe region of “esPla”.
The migratory movementThe first migration waves to arrive in the Balearics were in lateseventies. They came from the Spanish provinces. However, at presentmigration comes from the European countries, Africa, Central and SouthAmerica.Migration is very enriching for destination countries because itcontributes to a new and different social life and traditions. Also, itmakes for the economic development.On the other hand, the destination country should provide with healthsystem, schooling and social security.
Festivals- Christmas The first Christmas celebration is midnight mass on the 24th December. The most important moment is the Sibil.la’s song, a prophetic song from the Middle Age. Christmas Day and Sant Esteve’s Day (Boxing Day) are reservated for lunch with the family.
Festivals- Sant AntoniThe festival starts on theevening of the 16th Januarywhen many bonfires are lighted.People gather around thebonfires scattered in the villageand grill “sobrassada”, othertypical sausages and porkmeat . This constitutes theirsupper together with wine.Devils dance around thebonfires and typical songs“glosses” are sung.On the 17th parades take place.The floats are mostly scenesfrom rural areas, and devils.Pets are taken to church to beblessed.
Festivals- Sant Antoni The festivity of Sant Sant Antoni Abad takes place on the 17th January. It is mostly celebrated in the villages. The most well-known festivals are those in Sa Pobla, Artà, Pollença , Muro i Manacor.
Festivals- The Moor and the ChristianOn the 2nd August, day of the “Mare de Déu dels Àngels”, the saintpatron of Pollença. We commemorate the victory of the Christian on theMoor Dragut, who on the night of 30th May 1550 attacked the village ofPollença. The legend tells that Joan Mas (Christian) invocated the “Marede Déu dels Àngels” and she helped them to beat a much better armymade up of 1500 men
Festivals- The Moor and the ChristianThe celebration starts the night before, with a big party in the streets andsquares of Pollença and lasts until the morning of day two, when at fivein the morning, the music band starts to play music along the streets.Each year the inhabitants of Pollença act out what happened during theChristian-Moor battle. The main roles documented go back to 1860 andare chosen by popular voting the first week of July.
The Moor and the Christian- Pollença
Festivals- La BeatetaThe Beata festival takes place in Santa Margalida the first weekend ofSeptember. It is the most typical parade in Majorca. Its origin stillremains unknown.The Beata festival is also celebrated in Valldemossa on the 28th July. Inthe parade there is always a Valldemossa born six year old girl and threethree year old angels followed by people singing “la Beateta” (a popularsong).