US CH7 09 Industrial Revolution


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Industrial Revolution

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US CH7 09 Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. QUIZ Ch 6 Sec 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Name of group who wanted war with Britain Battle between the Natives and Americans Name the 4th President of US Term for pride for one’s nation Name the two Native American brothers who wanted to preserve their culture 6. Term for US soldiers forced to work on Britain side 7. Name the war between Britain and US 8. He wrote the Star Spangled Banner 9. The Leader of the group who wanted to go to war with Britain 10. Term for complete halt of trade to any country
  2. 2. Chapter 7 Objective: Given the information through PowerPoint discussion Students will 1. Describe effects of Industrial Revolution 2. Explain how two different economy system develop in North and South 3. Describe and summarize the American system With 80% accuracy
  3. 3. Objective: To examine the impact of the cotton gin on American society. Do Now: Which of the following inventions has had the largest impact on American society? Pick one, and explain your choice. • Refrigerator • Train • Telephone • Car • Television • Plane • Computer • Other (fill in the blank)
  4. 4. Revolution- change Industrial Revolution
  5. 5. Industrial Revolution • Birthplace: England
  6. 6. Samuel Slater • the first who knew how to build as well as operate textile machines. • built the first successful water powered textile mill in Pawtucket in 1793
  7. 7. Textile Mill
  8. 8. In 1814, Francis Lowell opened a textile factory in Waltham, MA. • . • the first textile mill in America where all operations for converting raw cotton into finished cloth could be performed under one roof, in favor of mass production (production of goods in large quantities) • The workforce at these factories was threequarters women. Francis Lowell
  9. 9. * As a result, the U.S. no longer had to buy finished textile products from Europe! 1845 Lowell factory pamphlet
  10. 10. Irish Immigrant Girls at Lowell
  11. 11. Factory Workers • Women were paid half as much as men. • Working hours were long, and wages were low. Ex.) 12-15 hour work days Earnings: men - $5 per week women - $2 per week children - $ 1 per week • Cities developed as farmers and immigrants took available factory jobs.
  12. 12. New England Textile Centers: 1830s
  13. 13. New England Dominance in Textiles
  14. 14. Differences in Economy NORTH  Industrial and farming (various small crops) SOUTH  Agriculture (cotton – one crop & Slavery) WEST The Nation’s “Breadbasket”
  15. 15. Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, 1791
  16. 16. Cotton Gin · It was difficult to make a profit from cotton because cottonseeds were removed by hand. Ex.) It took one person an entire day to clean one pound of cotton. Cotton Ball, picked 1915 Georgia
  17. 17. • Therefore, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793. Eli Whitney’s cotton gin.
  18. 18. Positive impact: increase production Negative impact of cotton gin: Increase slavery
  19. 19. Henry Clay (The Great Compromiser) American System • A plan to strengthen and unify the nation, – Support for a high tariff (tax on import) to protect American industries – Preserve the Bank to stabilize the currency – Develop internal improvements (such as roads and canals) to link the nation together To end dependence on Britain
  20. 20. Cumberland (National Road), 1811
  21. 21. Cumberland (National Road), 1811
  22. 22. Erie Canal- first canal Begun in 1817; completed in 1825
  23. 23. Erie Canal- first canal
  24. 24. Erie Canal- first canal
  25. 25. Quiz Ch 7 Sec 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What caused US to turn from rural to urban economy? Who invented the Cotton gin? Name one positive impact of the cotton gin Who was known as the great compromiser? Who was the first to build power textile machines in the US? 6. Name the 1st canal 7. Name one negative impact of the cotton gin 8. What does tariff mean? 9. Who was the 1st person to convert all textile mill under one roof? 10.Name the 1st national road 11.System that will link and unite the country together.
  26. 26. • Objectives: Given information through PowerPoint presentation regarding the rise of the national feeling in the US, the students will – Describe the effects of five measures and policies and how they promoted nationalism with 75% accuracy. • Anticipatory Set: – Ask students to think about how members of a group make decisions • Who should have the final authority? • How is the relationship between the group and its members like that between the federal and state government
  27. 27. James Monroe • 5TH President • “Era of Good Feeling”
  28. 28. Gibbons obtain license from federal Gibbons v. Ogden NEW JERSEY NEW YORK Ogden monopoly (obtain license from NY) In 1815, Aaron Ogden obtained a right under the monopoly and began to run a steamboat between New Jersey and New York City. • In 1818 Thomas Gibbons, one of Ogden’s former partners, began a competing operation between Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and New York City, which operated under a federal license. • Ogden sued Gibbons for violation of his monopoly. MONOPOLY- company controls an industry or is the only provider of a product:
  29. 29. Does congress’ power extend to commerce within the States? • Commerce among the States must, of necessity, be commerce with the States • if a foreign voyage may commence or terminate at a port within a State, then the power of Congress may be exercised within a State.
  30. 30. What portion of the ferry trip between NY and NJ does congress have power to regulate?
  31. 31. Can it regulate the intra-state portion? Wholly intra-state?
  32. 32. Gibbons v. Ogden
  33. 33. Federal Laws are Supreme Thomas Gibbons John Marshall • Marshall stated that a law enacted by a state must yield to any conflicting federal law, regardless of the authority of the state to adopt the law. • Ruling: federal government controls interstate commerce Aaron Ogden
  34. 34. 3. James W. McCulloch, the cashier of the Baltimore branch of the bank, refused to pay the tax. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) 2. In 1818, the state of Maryland passed legislation to impose taxes on the bank. TAX National Bank • James McCulloch 1. In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United States.
  35. 35. John Marshall v . • Can Maryland impose a tax on the Bank of the United States? Ruling: state cannot overturn laws passed by Congress (State cannot tax Federal institution)
  36. 36. FLETCHER V PECK • John Peck acquired land then sold the land to Robert Fletcher three years later, claiming that past sales of the land had been legitimate LAND GRANT YAZOO LAND In 1795, the Georgia state legislature passed a land grant awarding territory to four companies. The following year, however, the Georgia legislature voided the land grants it awarded to companies and declared all rights invalid Fletcher argued sale of the land had been declared invalid, Peck had no legal right to sell the land and thus committed a breach of contract.
  37. 37. Question: • Could the contract between Fletcher and Peck be invalidated by an act of the Georgia legislature? • Conclusion: • In a unanimous opinion, the Court held that since the estate had been legally "passed into the hands of a purchaser for a valuable consideration," the Georgia legislature could not take away the land or invalidate the contract., the Court held that laws annulling contracts or grants made by previous legislative acts were constitutionally impermissible. Ruling: legalize contract and made them binding
  38. 38. Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy • Secretary of State John Quincy Adams -Spain cedes Florida to U.S. in Adams-Onís Treaty
  39. 39. The Monroe Doctrine (1823) - Napoleon defeated by Spain and Portugal - Spain, Portugal claim old colonies; - Russia has trading posts in CA - US wants more land (northern Mexico, Cuba) • warns Europe not to interfere in Americas
  40. 40. Missouri Compromise Expansion to the West • Most settlers go west for land, economic opportunity US has : 11 Free State 11 Slave State South accused North of ending slavery North accused South of extending slavery • Compromise— preserves balance between slave, free states • Maine admitted as free state, • Missouri as slave state • divides Louisiana Territory at 36°30’ line: slavery legal in south
  41. 41. TEXTBOOK Questions and Answers Pg 213 Main Idea Letter A and B Pg 215 Main Idea letter C and D Pg 216 Skillbuilder 1 and 2 (Answers only) Pg 217 Main idea letter E Pg 221 Skillbuilder 1 and 2 (Answers only) Pg 223 Skillbuilder 1 and 2 (answers only)
  42. 42. Quiz 16 period 2 1. 2. 3. 4. What country owned Florida Case that violated state from taxing any federal institution Document that warns European not to come to America The compromise that preserved the balance between slave and free state 5. Term for a company that is the only provider of a product 6. Who was the secretary of state during Monroe’s presidency 7. Who was the 5th president 8. Name the case that gave power to the federal to handle interstate commerce 9. Case that made contracts legal and binding 10. Agreement that ceded Florida to US
  43. 43. QUIZ 12 PERIOD 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Who was the cashier of the National Bank The case that invalidate state taxing federal institution A company that is the only provider of a product Document that warns Europe not to come to US Who was the secretary of state during Monroe’s presidency 6. The case that legalize contract and made them binding 7. Agreement that ceded Florida to US 8. Who was the 5th president 9. Event that preserve the balance between slave and free state 10. What state was admitted as a free state to preserve the balance
  44. 44. QUIZ 16 PERIOD 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What was the dispute between Gibbons v. Ogden Who was the secretary of state Term for ‘becoming a part of” Who was the 5th president Name the case that made contract legal and binding What line was the boundary that divides the free and slave states 7. What treaty purchased Florida from Spain 8. Who won between McCulloch v. Maryland 9. What event did the US warn Europe to stay away form our land 10. Term fro company with complete control or the only provider of a product
  45. 45. Quiz 15 Period 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What case made all contract legal and binding What was the new state created under the compromise How many state were slaves state What is the only provider of a product Who was the 5th president What document warned Europe not to interfere in America 7. What case stated that the states can not tax federal institution 8. How many states were free state 9. Who is the secretary of state 10. Which case state that the federal government control interstate commerce