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Us ch2 12
 

Us ch2 12

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Colonialism

Colonialism

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    Us ch2 12 Us ch2 12 Presentation Transcript

    • Table of Contents1.In what unit would you read about A New Industrial Age?2.On what page would you begin to read about Civil Rights?Index3.When was the Revolutionary War Peace Treaty signed?4.Name two (2) subentries under the Great Depression.5.When (exact date m/y) did the stock market crashed?Map6. (pg A27) What two countries are involved in disputedterritories?7.Name three land areas that belongs to Spain.8.Pg (A28) Name two countries that occupies Oregon Territory in1819.9.Most of the land southwest of US came from what country?10.What country originally owned Florida? Louisiana?
    • Chapter 1-2
    • 1. Who was the first president of the US?2. What are the three branches of the government?3. What is the supreme law of the land?4. What was the event where the colonist dumped tea into the ocean?5. When was the Declaration of Independence signed?6. What is the capital of the United States?7. Name three freedoms under the First Amendment8. Who was the 16thPresident of the US (Civil War)9. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence10. Who was the leader of Germany during WWII11. The only US president that was elected 4 times in a row12. Two Japanese cities were atomic bomb was used during WWII13. The first man to land on the moon14. Complete date of twin towers bombing in New York City.15. How many states are there?16. Name two political party in the US17. International peace keeping body today is called18. The only president to resign while in office19. How many terms does a president serve? How many years each term?20. Who is the current President of US? And who is his Vice?
    • How did the first people cross from Asia toAmerica?
    • People crossedBeringia (frozen land)from Asia to AmericaThe First Americans
    • • Hunting biganimalshelped theNativessupportthemselvesNOMAD: Person who moves fromplace to place in search of food.
    • Agriculture Develops• Native learned howto farm– Corn, pumpkins, peppers, beans,squash– People could now settle down in onearea and not live as nomads.
    • • Advancedculture with areligion, cities,government,written language,and social classesCIVILIZATION
    • 3 Early American Civilizations:1. Mayan Empire (200 AD – 900’s AD)2. Inca Empire (1200 AD – 1535 AD)3. Aztec Empire (1200 AD – 1535 AD)*These civilizations and other groups ofNative Americans developed differentand unique cultures.EMPIRE: a group of nationsor peoples ruled over by anemperor or empress.
    • North American natives• Share culturalpatterns• Trade – majorfactor thatbrought nativesinto contact withone another
    • Christopher Columbus• Opened America(New World) toEuropeans forcolonization
    • Exploring America1. Three goals:a. to find goldb. To claim landfor Spainc. To spreadChristianity
    • Columbian Exchange• widespreadexchange ofanimal, plants,culture(includingslaves),diseases, andideas betweenthe Easternand Westernhemispheres
    • Diseases• Major factor that caused most of the deathin the Native tribes
    • Treaty of Tordesillas• Spain and Portugal agreed to divide Western Hemisphere– Spain took west– Portugal took east
    • Seatwork Chapter 2 Section 11. What motivated Spain’sconquest?2. How were the Spanish ableto succeed?3. Why did Spain establishthese colonies?4. How did Spain controlthese colonies?5. Why did the Pueblos rebelagainst Spain?6. What resulted from Pope’srebellion?The Spanish Conquest of Central and North AmericaSpanish Rule of New Spain and New MexicoResistance to Spanish Rule in New MexicoDesire for gold, spread Catholic,claim landSuperior weaponry, military,disease, native alliesSpread religion, exploit region Establish encomienda, buildchurches, send priests, use militarySpanish impose culture, religion,paying tribute, forced labor,physical abuseDestroyed churches, executedpriests, drove Spanish out
    • Chapter 2Settlement of the colonies
    • Roanoke Island – “The Lost Colony”• first attempt to colonize.
    • • everyone had vanished.•Lesson learned:•Be more prepared with supplies•Need more protection
    • John Smith• Sent to Jamestown,Virginia• Bargained food withPowhatan• “no work, no food”rule• Forced colonists tolearn how to farm• Befriended a nativeprincess“Pocahontas”
    • John RolfeJohn Rolfe• Introducedtobacco (cashcrop)• becameJamestown’smajor export
    • • First successful colony in US– Jamestown, Virginia (1607)
    • Which of the following freedoms would you give up if youhad to choose one? Why?* Speech * Press * Religion * Trial by Jury
    • CHRISTIANITYProtestantsBaptistsPresbyteriansEpiscopaliansLutheransChurch ofEnglandPuritansSeparatists(Pilgrims)Roman CatholicChurch
    • England persecuted everyone that refused to agree with theChurch of England.
    • • In 1620, the Pilgrims set sail for America on theMayflower, to escape religious persecution• The Pilgrims namedtheir new settlementPlymouth,Massachusetts
    • • Samoset andSquanto wereNative Americanswho taught thePilgrims how tofarm and trapanimals.
    • • The Pilgrims and their Native American friends celebratedAmerica’s first Thanksgiving together.
    • Roger Williams• believed landshould not be takenforcibly fromNatives• bought land fromNatives andestablishedProvidence,Rhode Island• offered freedom ofreligion
    • English Migration: 1610-English Migration: 1610-16601660
    • Group of Quakers founded this colony with the help ofWilliam PennPennsylvania
    • Georgia• Founded by JamesOglethrope– As a haven for convicts andcriminals
    • Thirteen Colonies• New Hampshire• Massachusetts• Rhode Island• Connecticut• New York• Pennsylvania• New Jersey• Delaware• Maryland• Virginia• North Carolina• South Carolina• Georgia
    • Chapter 2 Section 21. Who were the settlers?Who were the leaders?Who were their neighbors?2. What type of colony was Jamestown at first?What did it later become?3. When was Jamestown settled?When was the “starving time”?4. Why did the settlers go to Jamestown?Why did others support them?Why didn’t the settlers get along with theirneighbors?Why did Jamestown nearly fail?5. Where was Jamestown6. How was Jamestown saved from failure?
    • Colonies Economy Slavery Founder/Leader/ReligionNew England(North)MassachusettsMiddle ColoniesSouthernColonies
    • Colonies Economy Slavery Founder/ Leader/ReligionNewEngland(North)MassachusettsNew HampshireConnecticutRhode IslandShipbuildingRumFishinglumberTreated ashouseholdservantsJohn Winthrop (PuritansRoger WilliamsMiddleColoniesNew YorkDelawareNew JerseyPennsylvaniaFoodstuffTradeShipping(Breadbasket)Duke of YorkWilliam Penn (Quakers)SouthernColoniesVirginiaMarylandN. CarolinaS. CarolinaGeorgiaTobaccoRicewheatWorks inplantation(harshtreatment)John Smith/ John RolfeLord Baltimore (Catholics)James Oglethorpe (havenfor convicts)
    • • Seatwork– Chapter 2 Section 2 (Workbook)– #1-6– Write:1. Who?Settlers: BritishLeaders: John Smith, John RolfeNeighbors: Powhatan2. What?Type of colony: pg 42 bottom page bold letterLater become: pg 47 two words bold letterFollow the same format on #2-6DO NOT FORGET QUIZ ON FRIDAY
    • 1. Who?Settlers: BritishLeaders: John Smith, JohnRolfeNeighbors: Powhatan2. What?Type of colony: joint stockcompanyLater became: royal colony3. When?Established: 1607Starving time: 16094. Why?Starting a new life, gold,adventure,colonization, freedomSupport: profit, gold andsilverGet along: settlersgrowing in numbers,taking more land,Natives killinglivestock, destroyingfarmsFail: starving time,diseases
    • Quiz #31. Who introduced tobacco as a profitable cash crop (J R)2. Name one of the three goals for exploring America3. Who opened America to the rest of the European (C C)4. What is the term for widespread exchange of animals,plants and culture between hemisphere (C E )5. What is the name of the first successful colony in US (J V)6. Where was the first attempt to colonize America but failed(R)7. He was the first to purchased land in America, who washe? ( R W)8. What city and state was first purchased by a settlers in US(P, R I)9. Name at least five colonies from the original thirteencolonies10. What colony did the Pilgrim founded? ( M )
    • CHAPTER 3
    • Cheerio, mates, how aboutworking for the VirginiaCompany in the beautifulsettlement of Jamestown!After all, only 66% of thepeople have died, so you havea 1 in 3 chance of surviving!Also, everyone that can payfor their own journey toVirginia will receive 50acres of land, free!
    • It sounds tempting, butwe have a good life inEngland. Why shouldwe give up the goodlife?And if wego, I willhave towork!Yuck!Sounds great! Sign me up! After I receive myheadright, I’ll finally have land of my own!Umm…I only have one problem. I’m brokeand can’t pay for my own journey. Too bad,you say? Darn!!
    • indentured servants – aperson who worked withoutwages for a number ofyears (4 -7) in exchange forlodging, food andpassage to the colonies.• Africans were first broughtas indentured servants• will eventually leavethe plantation
    • Labor ForceNatives:• easily escape,languagebarrierAfrican:• betterinvestment inthe long run• Unable toescape easily(new land area)– saw dark skinas inferior
    • Triangular Trade• Trade ofgoods andslavebetween 3continents(N. America,Africa,Europe
    • Middle Passage• Horrificjourney ofslavesbetweencontinents
    • The slave ship Brookes with 482 people packed onto the decks. Thedrawing of the slave ship Brookes was distributed by the AbolitionistSociety in England as part of their campaign against the slave trade,and dates from 1789.
    • • Africans were crowded and chained cruelly aboardslave ships.
    • Mercantilism –economic system• self-sufficient•by increasing wealth•import raw materialsto colonies•Export finishedgoods to coloniesMother Country-owns all 13coloniesChildren
    • cottonironlumberfurnituretoolstextilesI’mbloodyfilthy rich!Navigation Acts (1660s)Ex.) sugar, tobacco, indigo1) Most products could be sold only to England.
    • 2) All products had to first go through England to be taxed.spicesteaspicestea• Colonists became angry whenEngland began to enforce theNavigation Acts.
    • • There was an increase insmuggling in the colonies.Effects of theNavigation Acts
    • Salem, MassachusettsWitch Trials1692
    • • Contributingfactors:– Strict limitationof women’s role– Social tension– Strained relationwith Natives– Religiousfanaticism
    • • Betty Paris, Abigail Williams,Ann Putnam, and ElizabethHubbard throw fits believedto be demonically inspired• Sarah Good, Sarah Osborneand a slave named Titubawere accused of witchcraft• Dozens more arrested basedon forced acquisitions
    • • Girls startedaccusing well-to do,independentwomen• Many accuserswere poor
    • Most of the men andwomen who wereaccused were wealthyand over the age ofsixty
    • • A total of 141 people were accused• 19 were hung at Gallows hill• One died due to being crushed to death• 7 others died in prison
    • Chapter 2 Section 3Cause of the Conflict Results of the Conflict1. Puritans vs. TheChurch of EnglandDifferences in belief.Puritans want to purify theChurchPuritans moved toAmerica2.Puritan leaders vs.Roger Williams (pg 52)Differences in belief.Roger believed landshould be purchased fromthe NativesHe moved southward toestablish new colonycalled Rhode Island3. Puritans leaders vs.Anne HutchinsonDifferences in belief. Shebelieved neither ministeror church are needed tointerpret the bibleShe was banished4. The Peqout War Native viewed land as ashared commodityNear destruction ofvillages, colonial death,colonist won5. King Philip’s War Native resentment towardPuritans laws and policiesDestruction, death,colonist won
    • Learning Cube• Declaration of Independence• Divide the poster paper into 6 equal squares that, whencut and glued, will form a cube. The division of the posterpaper should resemble the following drawing:• Draw or write in each square one fact about theDeclaration of Independence. Include dates, time frame,location, key individuals, key events, key contributions,and other information.• Cut along the dotted lines indicate din the drawing andfold along lines to create a cube. Tape the cubetogether.
    • • 2. an English settlement or colony, the VirginiaCompany, a joint-stock company, a businessventure;– later, a royal colony, Virginia• 3. Settled in 1607;– starving time in the winter of 1609• 4. to get gold, start a new life, adventure– adventure; farm; force to go,– financial gain, profit, more silver and gold for them– Colonists were taking more land, growing settlers,natives killing livestock, destroying farms– Nearly failed due to disease, starving time duringwinter, famine
    • • 5. in North America, in Virginia, on a smallpeninsula on the James River• 6. John Smith took over and forced thecolonists to work;– John Rolfe introduced tobacco that providedthe colonists with the money they need tobuild the colony– Highly profitable tobacco crops