US CH 5 Bill of Rights

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  •  1.  Who is right?  Patty and Peter?  The principal?2.  If the principal does not find anything, does this mean she violated Patty's and Peter's Fourth Amendment rights? 3.  Did the principal need a reason to search their lockers? 4.  See T.L.O. v. New Jersey.  (In this case, the U.S. Supreme Court held that if the school had probable cause to believe that a school rule had been broken, a search could be made.) 
  • 14th = equal treatment under the law
  • US CH 5 Bill of Rights

    1. 1. Quiz # 8 1. What branch makes the law 2. To reject a bill ( V ) 3. What plan propose equal vote with one house 4. To try or to accuse means ( I ) 5. For every five slaves equal 3 people became an agreement known as 6. The division of power between national and state (F ) 7. What plan propose two house representation base on population 8. What branch has the power to declare law unconstitutional ( J ) 9. What branch interprets the law 10. To prevent abuse from each branches this was established (C and B )
    2. 2. CONSTITUTION  SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND
    3. 3. Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens: Exploring the Bill of Rights For the 21st Century
    4. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Current Event Presentation TEST next week- Chapter 5 and the Constitution End of 1st Quarter- October 25 Make up work- Quizzes during lunch PowerPoint Discussion on Bill of Rights Objective: Create a Four Corners that represents at least 4 of the amendments in the Bill of Rights
    5. 5. 1. How many states are required to approve the Constitution 2. What article deals with Judicial 3. This is the supreme law of the land 4. What article deals with Legislature 5. What article talks about the relationship among the state 6. What article deals with Executive 7. To change, add or delete 8. This group elect the President 9. A state must surrender a suspect or criminal to another state 10. Name the article that ratified the Constitution .
    6. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What article deals with Executive This group elect the President To change, add or delete What article deals with Legislature What article talks about the relationship among the state A state must surrender a suspect or criminal to another state (E) 7. How many states are required to approve the Constitution 8. What article deals with Judicial 9. This is the supreme law of the land 10. What article states that federal officials must swear their loyalty to the Constitution .
    7. 7.  Framers had three goals as they wrote the Bill of Rights  1. To protect the freedom of each person  2. To prevent abuse of power by the government  3. To protect people who are accused of crimes
    8. 8. Federalists vs. Antifederalists Federalists Antifederalists • supported the Constitution • opposed the Constitution • wanted a strong national government • wanted a strong state • Alexander • wanted Bill of Rights be added (Jefferson, Patrick Hamilton, Washington, James Madison Henry, Samuel Adams)
    9. 9. • James Madison wrote the first ten amendments known as the Bill of Rights. “Father of the Constitution”
    10. 10. 1st Amendment: a. Freedom of Speech Congress shall make no laws . . . abridging the freedom of speech In 1965, 13-year old Mary Beth Tinker and her 15year old brother John wore black armbands to school in Des Moines, Iowa. They wanted to show their mourning for people killed in the Vietnam War and their support for a truce at Christmas. Mary Beth, an eighth grade student at Harding Jr. High School was promptly suspended by her principal, who said no black armbands would be allowed.
    11. 11. 1st Amendment: a. Freedom of Speech Graffiti??? Freedom of Speech?
    12. 12. 1st Amendment: a. Freedom of Speech Songs:  Cee Lo Green - "F*** You“ : Forget you  Britney Spears “If U Seek Amy”  Lil Wayne – “No worries”
    13. 13. EMINEM (SO BAD)  Yeah, you feel that, baby? Yeah, I feel it too Damn, you know, I'm so glad we could spend this time together See, I'm not as crazy as you thought I was, am I?  I'm the American dream, I'm the definition of white trash ballin' I'm right back on 'em with a I can't call it, same S***, different toilet Oh, you got a nice ass, darling Can't wait to get you into my Benz, take you for a spin Whatchu' mean we ain't f*****'? You take me for a friend? Lemme tell you the whole story, of Shady's origin You'll be sorry if you slam my Mercedes door again F*** nobody else again
    14. 14. The individual can:  Protest (without getting out of control)  Burn the flag  Say racist and hate slogans
    15. 15. The individual can not: FIRE! FIRE! FIRE!  Threaten to blow up     airplanes, schools or the president Sexual harassment Extremely crude language in a public form Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools Hate crimes
    16. 16. 1st Amendment: b. Freedom of Religion
    17. 17. Establishment clause-Government Cans Cannot  Teach about religions in school  Allow voluntary prayer in many examples  Set a state religion  Government cannot order a prayer  Teach creationism
    18. 18. Free Exercise—The person Can Cannot  Choose whatever religion  Break the law and claim it is  Ask questions about religions religious belief (ex. Polygamy)  Raise children without education  Deprave children of basic needs  Worship who ever you want
    19. 19. 1st Amendment: c. Freedom of the Press Congress shall make no law . . . abridging . . . the freedom of the press.” Of course, free expression in spoken and written word must be within reason. You cannot libel (malicious use of printed words) or slander (saying something false) another person.
    20. 20. Freedom of the press-the press Can Cannot  Print any political position  Disclose defense-security  Make fun of people, secrets  Detail how to make a certain weapons especially politicians  Expose wrongs by the government  Say things you might not agree with
    21. 21. 1st Amendment: d. Freedom of Assembly  Congress shall make no law . . . abridging . . . the people to peaceably assemble” This does not give demonstrators a right to trespass on private property!  What are some non-violent examples of organized assembly?
    22. 22. 1st Amendment: d. Freedom of Assembly  Freedom of Assembly  The right to attend meetings, rallies, protests, pa rades, celebrations, etc.  Implies freedom of association. What? Section 1
    23. 23. Freedom of Assembly--Individual Can Cannot  Protest  Parade (with a permit)  Parade chanting hate slogans  Gang members can congregate in public  Protest by throwing rocks and breaking windows  Hang out on private land against owners will— loitering  Teen curfew
    24. 24. 1st Amendment: e. Freedom to Petition the government  Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . the people. . . to petition the government for a redress of grievances”
    25. 25. Petition the government  You may sue the government for wrongs  You cannot be punished for exposing wrongs by the government
    26. 26. 2nd Amendment- right to bear arms A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to bear arms shall not be infringed.
    27. 27. 2nd Amendment- right to bear arms
    28. 28. 2nd Amendment- right to bear arms
    29. 29. 3rd Amendment- no Quartering (kept) troops in private homes No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war. . . .
    30. 30. 4th Amendment- protection from unreasonable searches and seizures Probable Cause: reasonable suspicion of a crime
    31. 31.  It's My Locker  Ms. Jones: Peter and Patty, please open your lockers. It has      been reported to the office that you brought pagers to school. You know it is against the rules to have a pager at school. Peter: I do not have a pager in my locker. I will not open this locker without you getting a search warrant. Patty: I also do not have pagers in my locker. Unless you have a search warrant, you have no right to search my locker. Ms. Jones: I have here the combinations to both of your lockers. If you will not open the lockers for me, I will open them on my own. Peter: If you find anything, you cannot use it against me to punish me. Patty: Don't you know anything about the Fourth Amendment? You can't just search anywhere that you want. This is my private locker.
    32. 32. 4th Amendment- protection from unreasonable searches and seizures
    33. 33. 5th Amendmenta. protection from self- incrimination (testify against self)
    34. 34. b. Protection from double jeopardy (can not be tried twice for the same crime)
    35. 35. c. protection from uncompensated Eminent Domain (private property taken for public use)
    36. 36. d. Must be indicted by a Grand Jury
    37. 37. e. Nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law
    38. 38. 6th Amendment- right to a speedy trial and a lawyer In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy:  the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial (neutral) jury  to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation  to be confronted with the witnesses against him  to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense (a lawyer)
    39. 39. 7th Amendment- trial by jury in civil cases  In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars,
    40. 40. 8th Amendment  No excessive bail  No cruel and unusual punishment Bail: amount of money required to give as a guarantee the accused will appear in court
    41. 41. 9th Amendment- rights of the people • Simple stated: “Just because we didn’t put it in the Bill of Rights doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist!” This means rights not listed are still rights of the people!  Example – Right to privacy  Impossible to create a list everything you are entitled (especially since time changes)
    42. 42. 10th Amendment- Power of States and People • People and states have all the powers that the Constitution does not specifically give to the national government
    43. 43. Ratification- official approval  Require 9 out of 13 states to approve September 17, 1787 Constitution was ratified
    44. 44. Artwork #2 Artwork #1
    45. 45. Artwork #3 Artwork #4
    46. 46. Artwork #6 Artwork #5 Artist Van Gogh The Prison Courtyard
    47. 47. Equality Before the Law
    48. 48. “No state shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law.”
    49. 49. Discrimination: making a distinction in favor of or against a person or “thing Racism: hatred or intolerance of another race or other races Key Concepts Prejudice: an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought or reason Segregation: the practice of separating people of different races, classes, or ethnic groups
    50. 50. Plessy v. Ferguson • Established the “separate but equal” clause • Declared that separation laws did not violate the 14th Amendment Jim Crow Laws • Laws in South that segregated public facilities • Facilities provided to blacks always far inferior to those provided to whites
    51. 51. Brown v. Board of Education • Chief Justice Earl Warren • Argument: Segregated schools hurt the equality of education • Outcome: To separate children solely based on race violated the equal protection clause of 14th Amendment
    52. 52. • “To separate African American children from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely to ever be undone…We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal”
    53. 53. De Facto Segregation De Jure Segregation Segregation that exists by practice and custom Segregation by law Example: Segregation that existed in North Example: Jim Crow laws Difficult to eliminate because it requires changing people’s beliefs and values
    54. 54. Affirmative Action • Making special efforts to hire or enroll groups that have suffered from discrimination in the past • “Reverse discrimination?”
    55. 55.  As we continue through the 21st century, segregation by law is gone, but economic disparities and continuing patterns of segregated housing, in the North and South, show that the battle for equality has not yet been fully won.  Sean Price, New York Times, Upfront Personal Thoughts?
    56. 56.  Magruder’s American Government Textbook (2010).  Exploring the Bill of Rights for the 21st Century. University of Virginia Center for Politics, retrieved from http://www.youthleadership.net

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