Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
US CH 5 Articles of Confederation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

US CH 5 Articles of Confederation

461

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
461
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Come up with word or words that describe the terms below. Strength Weaknesses • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Power Courage Solidity Unremitting Leadership Love Determine Smart Determination Talented Hard working loyalty Stupidity Fear Vulnerable Undermine Sorrow Failure Powerless Slow Discourage Undecisive Defenseless Emotions No principles Discriminate fearful
  • 2. Two things that can make a government powerful . Two things that can make a government weak Strength Weaknesses • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Lots of money Hardworking Support Good leader Respect Experienced Education Army Smart presidents Intelligent loyalty lack of experience Laziness Careless No leader Economy Dishonesty Boycott Doesn’t spend money wisely No funds Bankruptcy Greedy Unwise decisions Unnecessary expenses
  • 3. Chapter 5 Section 1
  • 4. Objective: To examine the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. United States of America Articles of Confederation
  • 5. • Republic – Citizens rule through their elected representative
  • 6. Articles of Confederation • Alliances of independent states • Articles of Confederation, "Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every Power, Jurisdiction and right, which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled."
  • 7. Powers of the Article • • • • Declare War Make peace Raise an army Power to coin money • Sign treaties • Borrow money
  • 8. Weaknesses of the Article • No President or Chief Executive •Effect: No effective way to coordinate the work of the government "Why should I trade one tyrant 3000 miles away for 3000 tyrants one mile away? An elected legislature can trample a man's rights as easily as a King can." Figurehead: John Hanson of Maryland
  • 9. Weaknesses of the Article • Cannot tax therefore could not raise revenue – Effect: Led to- debt (unable to pay) – Effect: Congress had to beg money from states. • Cannot regulate trade • Effect: Congress had no control over trade between states
  • 10. • No National currency (each state has their own money)
  • 11. Weaknesses of the Article • No National Court. - Effect: Cannot solve disputes among states Supreme Court
  • 12. Weaknesses of the Article •Need 9 states to approve laws •Effect: Difficult to enact laws •All 13 states need approval to change the Articles
  • 13. Organizing the land • All unclaimed land was placed under the government to be organized, settled and raise revenue
  • 14. Land Ordinance of 1785 • to surveyed the land into squares 6 miles on each side. (townships) • Each town was divided into 36 smaller sections, 640 acres each. (the cost was a minimum of $1 per acre)
  • 15. Northwest Ordinance (1787) • population up to 5,000 = self governing • population of 60,000 = statehood. • Slavery was outlawed. 60,000 5,000
  • 16. John Baptist De Coigne • Kaskaskia chief, was among a group of Indians from the Northwest Territory who met with leaders of the US government in 1793. He expressed the Native American view of the westward expansion of white settlers during the previous ten years. – “Order your people to be just. They are always trying to get our lands. They come on our lands, they hunt on them; kill our game and kill us. Keep them on one side of the line, and us on the other. Listen, to what we say, and protect the nations of the Wabash and the Mississippi in their lands
  • 17. Shays’ Rebellion 1786 • Farmer’s income decreased while taxes increased. • Farmers who could not pay their debts had their farms taken away by the courts. Massachusetts farmer Daniel Shays and his supporters occupy a Massachusetts courthouse.
  • 18. • Shays led a group of farmers in an attempt to capture a federal arsenal. • The U.S., without an organized army, was powerless. Massachusetts militia was formed to stop the rebellion Men Fighting During Shays' Rebellion
  • 19. • Shays’ Rebellion convinced many people that the U.S. needed a NEW, STRONGER GOVERNMENT. • The Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced!
  • 20. Homework: Four columns • Chapter 5 Section 1 – Create Four Columns – Use Terms/ names, events, Weaknesses, Strength – Write a description, synonyms, definition – Write a complete sentence – Draw an image
  • 21. Shays’ Rebellion: 1786-7 There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders. -- George Washington
  • 22. Chapter 5 Section 1 A. 1. Representation: By population or by State? Pg 134 2. Supreme Power: Can it be divided? Pg 135 first paragraph (top) 3. Western Lands: Who gets them? B. 1. What was the new nation’s major financial problem? Page 136 2. Why was the national government unable to solve its financial problems? 3. Why didn’t congress amend the Articles so it could impose a tariff? 4. Why do you suppose the central government under the Articles were given limited powers?
  • 23. Quiz # 6 (Articles ) 1. Law that turn a territory into a state after 60,000 population 2. Terms for citizens rule through their elected representative 3. Alliances of independent states 4. The event where the farmers revolt due to increase of taxes 5. Law that surveyed into 6 miles turning them into township 6-7 Name two weaknesses of the Articles 8-9 Name two powers of the Articles 10. To whom does all the unclaimed land goes to?
  • 24. Chapter 5 Section 2-3
  • 25. The need for a Stronger Government • After five days of meeting, delegates gave up amending the Articles and decided to a form a new government The Constitutional Convention
  • 26. The need for a Stronger Government • Led to the creation of The Constitution The Founding Fathers
  • 27. Issue # 1: Representation in Congress Base on population or equal votes
  • 28. Issue # 1: Representation in Congress • New Jersey Plan – One house (unicameral) – equal vote (one per state)
  • 29. Issue # 1: Representation in Congress • New Jersey Plan – One house (unicameral) – equal vote (one per state) • Virginia Plan – Two house (bicameral) – Representation base on population
  • 30. • New Jersey Plan – One house (unicameral) – equal vote (one per state) • Virginia Plan – Two house (bicameral) – Representation base on population
  • 31. The Great Compromise • Congress = two house – Senate • Each state = two senators – House of Representative • Representative base on population
  • 32. Issues # 2: Slavery Three-Fifths Compromise • For every 5 slaves, they will be counted as 3 votes
  • 33. Issues # 3: Power of the Government I. Popular Sovereignty • The people hold the ultimate authority/power
  • 34. II. Federalism • The division of power between State and National Governments
  • 35. III. Separation of Powers • Executive branch carries out the laws • • • • • The President Chief Executive Chief of State Chief Legislator Commander in Chief Judicial branch interprets the laws • Legislative branch makes the laws • • • • • Senate and House of Representatives Appropriate Money Establish Post Offices and Roads Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation Declare War • • Supreme Court and other Courts Preserve and protect the rights of people
  • 36. IV. Checks and Balance • To prevent abuse of power EXECUTIVE Can be impeach (to try or accuse) LEGISLATIVE President can veto ( to reject) laws Page 143 in textbook JUDICIAL Declare laws unconstitutional
  • 37. Executive Branch Legislative Checks • • • • • • Override president’s veto Ratify treaties Confirm executive appointments Impeach federal officers and judges Create and dissolve lower federal courts Confirm appropriation of money Judicial Checks • • • • • • • • • • Propose laws to Congress Veto laws made by Congress Negotiate foreign treaties Appoint federal judges Grant pardons to federal offenders Appropriate money Declare executive acts unconstitutional Declare laws unconstitutional Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional The Supreme Court holds the final check
  • 38. Power (Page 143) Which Branch Has the Power? How is the Power being checked? (Could be more than one) 1. Pass bills. 2. Veto bills. 3. Sign treaties 4. Can pardon people 5. Impeachment of federal officials 6. Confirm the appointment of presidential appointments 7. Declare laws unconstitutional 8. Override Presidential Vetoes 9. Appoint judges 10. Appropriate money LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Judicial declare law unconstitutional/Executive can veto
  • 39. Power Which Branch Has the Power? How is the Power being checked? (Could be more than one) 1. Pass bills. 2. Veto bills. 3. RATIFY TREATIES Approves funding for presidential programs 4. Appoint Federal judges 5. Impeachment of federal officials 6. Confirm the appointment of presidential appointments 7. Declare laws unconstitutional 8. Override Presidential Vetoes 9. Judges are appointed for life 10. CONTROL APPROPRIATION OF MONEY Can pardon people LEGISLATIVE BRANCH EXECUTIVE BRANCH LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE Judicial declare law unconstitutional/Executive can veto Congress can override veto Check on executive –s ign treaties Legislative confirms appointment LEGISLATIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL/ EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE Impeachment by legislature/ confirmation by legislature

×