Come up with word or words
that describe the terms below.
Strength

Weaknesses

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•...
Two things that can make a government powerful

.

Two things that can make a government weak
Strength

Weaknesses

•
•
•
...
Chapter 5 Section 1
Objective: To
examine the
weaknesses of the
Articles of
Confederation.
United States of America

Articles of
Confederation
• Republic
– Citizens rule through their
elected representative
Articles of Confederation
• Alliances of independent states

•

Articles of Confederation, "Each
state retains its soverei...
Powers of the Article
•
•
•
•

Declare War
Make peace
Raise an army
Power to coin
money
• Sign treaties
• Borrow money
Weaknesses of the Article
• No President or Chief
Executive
•Effect: No effective way to
coordinate the work of the
govern...
Weaknesses of the Article

• Cannot tax
therefore could not
raise revenue
– Effect: Led to- debt
(unable to pay)
– Effect:...
• No National currency (each state has their own
money)
Weaknesses of the Article
• No National Court.
- Effect: Cannot solve
disputes among states

Supreme Court
Weaknesses of the Article
•Need 9 states to
approve laws
•Effect: Difficult to
enact laws
•All 13 states need
approval to ...
Organizing the land
• All
unclaimed
land was
placed under
the
government
to be
organized,
settled and
raise
revenue
Land
Ordinance
of 1785
• to surveyed
the land into
squares 6
miles on each
side.
(townships)

• Each town was
divided into...
Northwest
Ordinance (1787)
• population up to
5,000 = self governing

• population of
60,000 = statehood.

• Slavery was o...
John Baptist De Coigne
• Kaskaskia chief, was among a group of Indians from the
Northwest Territory who met with leaders o...
Shays’ Rebellion 1786

• Farmer’s income
decreased while taxes
increased.
• Farmers who
could not pay their
debts had thei...
• Shays led a group
of farmers in an
attempt to capture a
federal arsenal.
• The U.S., without
an organized army,
was powe...
• Shays’ Rebellion convinced many people that the
U.S. needed a NEW, STRONGER
GOVERNMENT.
• The Articles of Confederation ...
Homework: Four columns
• Chapter 5 Section 1
– Create Four Columns
– Use Terms/ names, events, Weaknesses,
Strength
– Writ...
Shays’ Rebellion: 1786-7

There could be no
stronger evidence of
the want of energy in
our governments than
these disorder...
Chapter 5 Section 1
A.

1. Representation:
By population or
by State?
Pg 134

2. Supreme Power:
Can it be divided?
Pg 135 ...
Quiz # 6 (Articles )
1. Law that turn a territory into a state after 60,000
population
2. Terms for citizens rule through ...
Chapter 5 Section 2-3
The need for a Stronger
Government
• After five days of meeting, delegates gave up amending
the Articles and decided to a ...
The need for a Stronger
Government
• Led to the creation of The Constitution
The Founding Fathers
Issue # 1: Representation in
Congress
Base on population or equal votes
Issue # 1: Representation in Congress
• New Jersey Plan
– One house
(unicameral)
– equal vote (one per
state)
Issue # 1: Representation in Congress
• New Jersey Plan
– One house
(unicameral)
– equal vote (one per
state)

• Virginia ...
• New Jersey Plan
– One house
(unicameral)
– equal vote (one per
state)

• Virginia Plan
– Two house
(bicameral)
– Represe...
The Great Compromise
• Congress = two house
– Senate
• Each state = two senators

– House of
Representative
• Representati...
Issues # 2:
Slavery

Three-Fifths
Compromise

• For
every 5
slaves,
they will
be
counted as
3 votes
Issues # 3: Power of the Government

I. Popular Sovereignty
• The people hold the ultimate authority/power
II. Federalism
• The division of power between State and
National Governments
III. Separation of Powers

• Executive
branch carries out
the laws
•
•
•
•
•

The President
Chief Executive
Chief of State...
IV. Checks and Balance
• To prevent abuse of power

EXECUTIVE

Can be
impeach
(to try or
accuse)

LEGISLATIVE

President c...
Executive
Branch

Legislative
Checks
•
•
•
•
•
•

Override president’s veto
Ratify treaties
Confirm executive
appointments...
Power
(Page 143)

Which Branch Has the
Power?

How is the Power being
checked?
(Could be more than one)

1. Pass bills.

2...
Power

Which Branch Has the
Power?

How is the Power being
checked?
(Could be more than one)

1. Pass bills.
2. Veto bills...
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US CH 5 Articles of Confederation

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US CH 5 Articles of Confederation

  1. 1. Come up with word or words that describe the terms below. Strength Weaknesses • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Power Courage Solidity Unremitting Leadership Love Determine Smart Determination Talented Hard working loyalty Stupidity Fear Vulnerable Undermine Sorrow Failure Powerless Slow Discourage Undecisive Defenseless Emotions No principles Discriminate fearful
  2. 2. Two things that can make a government powerful . Two things that can make a government weak Strength Weaknesses • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Lots of money Hardworking Support Good leader Respect Experienced Education Army Smart presidents Intelligent loyalty lack of experience Laziness Careless No leader Economy Dishonesty Boycott Doesn’t spend money wisely No funds Bankruptcy Greedy Unwise decisions Unnecessary expenses
  3. 3. Chapter 5 Section 1
  4. 4. Objective: To examine the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. United States of America Articles of Confederation
  5. 5. • Republic – Citizens rule through their elected representative
  6. 6. Articles of Confederation • Alliances of independent states • Articles of Confederation, "Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every Power, Jurisdiction and right, which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled."
  7. 7. Powers of the Article • • • • Declare War Make peace Raise an army Power to coin money • Sign treaties • Borrow money
  8. 8. Weaknesses of the Article • No President or Chief Executive •Effect: No effective way to coordinate the work of the government "Why should I trade one tyrant 3000 miles away for 3000 tyrants one mile away? An elected legislature can trample a man's rights as easily as a King can." Figurehead: John Hanson of Maryland
  9. 9. Weaknesses of the Article • Cannot tax therefore could not raise revenue – Effect: Led to- debt (unable to pay) – Effect: Congress had to beg money from states. • Cannot regulate trade • Effect: Congress had no control over trade between states
  10. 10. • No National currency (each state has their own money)
  11. 11. Weaknesses of the Article • No National Court. - Effect: Cannot solve disputes among states Supreme Court
  12. 12. Weaknesses of the Article •Need 9 states to approve laws •Effect: Difficult to enact laws •All 13 states need approval to change the Articles
  13. 13. Organizing the land • All unclaimed land was placed under the government to be organized, settled and raise revenue
  14. 14. Land Ordinance of 1785 • to surveyed the land into squares 6 miles on each side. (townships) • Each town was divided into 36 smaller sections, 640 acres each. (the cost was a minimum of $1 per acre)
  15. 15. Northwest Ordinance (1787) • population up to 5,000 = self governing • population of 60,000 = statehood. • Slavery was outlawed. 60,000 5,000
  16. 16. John Baptist De Coigne • Kaskaskia chief, was among a group of Indians from the Northwest Territory who met with leaders of the US government in 1793. He expressed the Native American view of the westward expansion of white settlers during the previous ten years. – “Order your people to be just. They are always trying to get our lands. They come on our lands, they hunt on them; kill our game and kill us. Keep them on one side of the line, and us on the other. Listen, to what we say, and protect the nations of the Wabash and the Mississippi in their lands
  17. 17. Shays’ Rebellion 1786 • Farmer’s income decreased while taxes increased. • Farmers who could not pay their debts had their farms taken away by the courts. Massachusetts farmer Daniel Shays and his supporters occupy a Massachusetts courthouse.
  18. 18. • Shays led a group of farmers in an attempt to capture a federal arsenal. • The U.S., without an organized army, was powerless. Massachusetts militia was formed to stop the rebellion Men Fighting During Shays' Rebellion
  19. 19. • Shays’ Rebellion convinced many people that the U.S. needed a NEW, STRONGER GOVERNMENT. • The Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced!
  20. 20. Homework: Four columns • Chapter 5 Section 1 – Create Four Columns – Use Terms/ names, events, Weaknesses, Strength – Write a description, synonyms, definition – Write a complete sentence – Draw an image
  21. 21. Shays’ Rebellion: 1786-7 There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders. -- George Washington
  22. 22. Chapter 5 Section 1 A. 1. Representation: By population or by State? Pg 134 2. Supreme Power: Can it be divided? Pg 135 first paragraph (top) 3. Western Lands: Who gets them? B. 1. What was the new nation’s major financial problem? Page 136 2. Why was the national government unable to solve its financial problems? 3. Why didn’t congress amend the Articles so it could impose a tariff? 4. Why do you suppose the central government under the Articles were given limited powers?
  23. 23. Quiz # 6 (Articles ) 1. Law that turn a territory into a state after 60,000 population 2. Terms for citizens rule through their elected representative 3. Alliances of independent states 4. The event where the farmers revolt due to increase of taxes 5. Law that surveyed into 6 miles turning them into township 6-7 Name two weaknesses of the Articles 8-9 Name two powers of the Articles 10. To whom does all the unclaimed land goes to?
  24. 24. Chapter 5 Section 2-3
  25. 25. The need for a Stronger Government • After five days of meeting, delegates gave up amending the Articles and decided to a form a new government The Constitutional Convention
  26. 26. The need for a Stronger Government • Led to the creation of The Constitution The Founding Fathers
  27. 27. Issue # 1: Representation in Congress Base on population or equal votes
  28. 28. Issue # 1: Representation in Congress • New Jersey Plan – One house (unicameral) – equal vote (one per state)
  29. 29. Issue # 1: Representation in Congress • New Jersey Plan – One house (unicameral) – equal vote (one per state) • Virginia Plan – Two house (bicameral) – Representation base on population
  30. 30. • New Jersey Plan – One house (unicameral) – equal vote (one per state) • Virginia Plan – Two house (bicameral) – Representation base on population
  31. 31. The Great Compromise • Congress = two house – Senate • Each state = two senators – House of Representative • Representative base on population
  32. 32. Issues # 2: Slavery Three-Fifths Compromise • For every 5 slaves, they will be counted as 3 votes
  33. 33. Issues # 3: Power of the Government I. Popular Sovereignty • The people hold the ultimate authority/power
  34. 34. II. Federalism • The division of power between State and National Governments
  35. 35. III. Separation of Powers • Executive branch carries out the laws • • • • • The President Chief Executive Chief of State Chief Legislator Commander in Chief Judicial branch interprets the laws • Legislative branch makes the laws • • • • • Senate and House of Representatives Appropriate Money Establish Post Offices and Roads Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation Declare War • • Supreme Court and other Courts Preserve and protect the rights of people
  36. 36. IV. Checks and Balance • To prevent abuse of power EXECUTIVE Can be impeach (to try or accuse) LEGISLATIVE President can veto ( to reject) laws Page 143 in textbook JUDICIAL Declare laws unconstitutional
  37. 37. Executive Branch Legislative Checks • • • • • • Override president’s veto Ratify treaties Confirm executive appointments Impeach federal officers and judges Create and dissolve lower federal courts Confirm appropriation of money Judicial Checks • • • • • • • • • • Propose laws to Congress Veto laws made by Congress Negotiate foreign treaties Appoint federal judges Grant pardons to federal offenders Appropriate money Declare executive acts unconstitutional Declare laws unconstitutional Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional The Supreme Court holds the final check
  38. 38. Power (Page 143) Which Branch Has the Power? How is the Power being checked? (Could be more than one) 1. Pass bills. 2. Veto bills. 3. Sign treaties 4. Can pardon people 5. Impeachment of federal officials 6. Confirm the appointment of presidential appointments 7. Declare laws unconstitutional 8. Override Presidential Vetoes 9. Appoint judges 10. Appropriate money LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Judicial declare law unconstitutional/Executive can veto
  39. 39. Power Which Branch Has the Power? How is the Power being checked? (Could be more than one) 1. Pass bills. 2. Veto bills. 3. RATIFY TREATIES Approves funding for presidential programs 4. Appoint Federal judges 5. Impeachment of federal officials 6. Confirm the appointment of presidential appointments 7. Declare laws unconstitutional 8. Override Presidential Vetoes 9. Judges are appointed for life 10. CONTROL APPROPRIATION OF MONEY Can pardon people LEGISLATIVE BRANCH EXECUTIVE BRANCH LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE Judicial declare law unconstitutional/Executive can veto Congress can override veto Check on executive –s ign treaties Legislative confirms appointment LEGISLATIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL/ EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE Impeachment by legislature/ confirmation by legislature

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