Tigersthe tiger is a large carnivore of the cat family,( Panthera tigris), it is found in the forests of Asia, Africa . There are six subspecies of P. tigris:Amur or Siberian, Sumatran, Malayan, North Indochinese, Bengal, and South China or Amoy. The differences in subspecies are defined for the most part by their ranges. Amur tigers, commonly called Siberian, are native to the area of the Amur River in China, North Korea, and Russia. The Sumatran tiger is found only in Sumatra, the Malayan on the Malay Peninsula, the North Indochinese in parts of Indochina and S China; the South China tiger in central and E China, and the Bengal tiger in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar. Their habitats range from mountain forests to equatorial rain forests.
• Tigers are the largest species of the cat family. Male tigers are generally about 8 to 10 ft (2.4–3 m) long, including the 3-ft (1.8-m) tail. The Siberian tiger may be 13 ft (4 m) long, including the tail, and weigh 650 lb (290 kg), much larger than any lion. The coat of the tiger is orange- yellow with numerous prominent black stripes; black and albino specimens are sometimes found. The Siberian tiger tends to be the lightest in coloring. The male tiger has no mane comparable to that of a lion, although it may have a rough around the sides of the head. Tigers and lions are quite similar anatomically and can be interbred.
• Tigers are solitary animals and usually hunt at night. A male tiger will have a large range that will overlap with the ranges of several females. Females give birth to two or three cubs, which they raise and train for about two years. Tigers kill a variety of animals, including deer, antelope, wild pigs, and cattle. Tigers try to remain out of sight and hearing of their enemies, especially humans; they prefer fleeing to fighting. They can be killed by wild dogs, elephants, and water buffalos. Man-eating tigers are usually individuals who are too old or sick to capture wild animals. Tigers are good swimmers and enjoy bathing, especially in hot weather, which appears to make them quite uncomfortable. They are poor climbers, taking to trees only in emergencies.
• Three tiger subspecies, the Caspian, Japan, and Balinese tigers, are extinct; the South China tiger is very near extinction. According to 1995 population estimates, the Bengal tiger is believed to be the most numerous, with a population of 4,000. It is followed by the Indochinese tiger (1,100), the Sumatran tiger (400), and the Siberian tiger (250). Some population rebounds have been
• noted since then, however, in eastern Siberia, Nepal, and some parts of India owing to increased conservation efforts, but more recently the Bengal tiger population in India has suffered from serious poaching for the Chinese medicinal and animal skin markets, and some experts believe its population to number less than half the 1995 estimate. Captive breeding programs for tigers have met with considerable success but are plagued
• by a lack of space and the problem of maintaining genetic purity between subspecies that are defined more by range than by biological differences.
Tigers extinction• Can the tiger be saved from extinction? That’s the goal of the International Forum on Tiger Conservation, a gathering of government leaders and conservationists in St. Petersburg, Russia, this week. Organized by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin of all people, the Tiger Forum will culminate in the signing of what is being called the St. Petersburg Declaration— an affirmation by the 13 countries with tiger populations to not only preserve their
• wild tigers, but to more than double their populations by the year 2022.• Wildlife groups say that this really is a do or die moment for tigers. According to the World Wildlife Fund, tigers could be extinct in the wild by that same year of 2022 if dramatic steps are not taken immediately.
In the 1970s we came dangerously close to losing forever one of the world most magnificent creatures. Poaching, deforestation, and human expansion brought all species of tigerto the brink of extinction. Indeed, over the past century, 3 of the 8 sub- species that existed became extinct;the Caspian, Javan and Balinese tigers. Today, we are by no means out of the woods. All remaining sub-species oftiger are endangered, making the tiger species as a whole nearly extinct
What is being done• In the 1970s the Soviet Union made efforts to protect the tigers territory in far east Siberia. Eventually Russia took over, and began to cut down some of the trees in the area. Tigers are also protected by the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES). The law under CITES prohibits the trade of tigers and their
• parts between countries. There are also many organizations that people can donate to that offer help to save the tigers. One is listed below.