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  • 1. A Complete Repertoire "A musi for every chess ptayer," -Anatoly Karpov,
  • 2. "Chess Openings, Expiained is rich in ideas, practical andto the point. A must for every chess player." -Anatoly Karpov 1ZthWortd Champion Chess Openings for Black, A Comalete Reaertoire by Lev Aiburt, Roman Dzindzichashvili, and Eugene Perelshteyn with AI Lawrence
  • 3. Publishred b ~ :Chess Inforrnatian and Research CenterPO. Box 534, Cracie Station, New York, New York 10028Telephone: 212.794.8706!or otdt?rtIIgI~f~rfinairiDin, see page 552. pleasegliseiribution m otte Ibook traae by:W.W. Norton, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, New YorkSaaftEditing & Design OutExcel! Corporation Al Lawrence, President Email: OutExcel@aol.comCreutive Director Jami L. Anson, Jadesign Email: jadandesign@aol.comEditorial Consultants Gary Colvin Peter Kurzdorfer Daphne LawrenceTechnical Assisiant Igor YagolnitserCover Design Jarni L. Anson, JadesignIllustrations Kathleen Merz, JadesignPhoto Credits Jami L. Anson Nigel Eddis Brian Killigrew U.S. Chess FederationQ Copyright 2005 by Lev Alburt, Roman Dzindzichashviii,and Eugene Perelshteyn. AI1 rights reserved. 1 1-883323-2-8Library01 Gongress Catalog Gard Nuniber: 2005902460Printed in the United States of America.
  • 4. Note to the ReaderY ou should be able to read a chess book without squinting, without forever flipping pages back and forth to find the relevant diagram, and without trying to keep a 12-move variation in your head.With the publication of Just the Facts! in 2000, we began an award-win-ning book design that makes it fun for you to get the most out of theunique chess instniction we feel we offer. Chess Openings for Bdack,Eqlained continues to employ our well-received approach. First of all,there are a wealth of diagrams, the video-playbacks of chess. hdeed,there are more than 1,400 of them, to allow you to keep track of the posi-tions, even without a board and set. Second, we use color to emphasizeimportant points and to give your eyes some varie@ Third, wheneverpossible, we make sure that the diagrams on a page-spread relate to themoves on that spread, elirninating the need for back-and-forìh page--ing.Additionally, we employ proven instnictional techniques--sueh as fore-casting important ideas in a chapter and ending each chapter wjth brief"puzzles" to mark those ideas in your rnemory. In fact, in producingChess Openingsfor Black, Explained, we used many techniques to makefollowing along and leaming easier and more fun.Look for blue diagrams and blue boxes that call your attention to themost important positions and most interesting ideas. This highlightedinformation will be especially worth revisiting and, sometimes, evencommitting to memory.The most important, or "main"lines are clearly set off in bold type.Diagrams related to main lines are larger than analysis and side-line dia-grams, which are clearly Iabeled "AMLYS~S."Chess Openingsfor Black, Explained uses the now universal algebraicsystem of chess notation. For more on notation, see page 6. Our thanh to the US.Chess Fedemtion for the use of thephotos throughout this book. The U.S. Chess Federation is the membership organizationfor chess players of al1 levels,@m beginner to grandmastet: For information on USCF membership, please go to Thanks also to the World Chess Hall of Fame. For information OPIHall membership, glease go to wwnr
  • 5. 4 Chess Openingc for Black, ExplainedTable of ContentsChess Openings for Black, ExplainedA Complete RepertoirePart I: In troductioiz Chapter l . The Authors and thc Book Chapter 2. How to Use This Book ~ 1 ,Chapter 3: How to Study OpeningsPart II: Defending against I. e4 21 t: Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole fIistory of 1. e4 22 The Accelemted (aitd Hyper-Accelerated) Dragon 56 Chapter 5 : Introduction and Main Line 56 Chapter 6: Seventh-move Sidelines 86 , Chapter 7: Sixth-move Sidelines 96 Chapter 8. Defendirig Against 4. Qxd4 110 Chapter 9: . Third-move Sidelines 124 The Maroczy Bind Chapter 10: Introduction and 7. Be3 Chapter 11: 7. Be2 with Be3 and Qd2 Chapter 12: 7. Be2 with Bg5 and Qd2 Chapter 13: 7. Be2 with 0-0 and Qd3 (or Qe3) - Chapter 14: 7. B Chapter 15: 7. Nc2 The Anti-Sìcilians J 92 Chapter 16: The Closed Sicilian 192 Chapter 17: Grand Pris Attack 204 *- Chapter i 8: The AIapin Variation and Smith-Morra Gambit 218 Chapter 19: Wing Gambit and 2. b3 230 1: agairzst I . d4Part 1 1 Defe~zding 239 . Chapter 20: The Developnient of rhc Closed Opcnings 240 Nhtzo-irt dìan Defense Chaptcr 7 I - Introduction and 1 a3 . Chapter 32 4. Qc2
  • 6. Table of Contents 5 Chapter 23: 4. e3 and 5. Bd3 282 4+ Chapter 24: 4. e3 and 5. Ne2 298 + Chapter 25: 4. f3 306 Chapter 26: 4. g3 3 12 9 Chapter 27: 4. Bg5, the Leningrad System 320 + Chapter 28: 4. Qb3 330 O Chapter 29: 4. Bd2 334 Bogo-Indìarz 338 9 Chapter 30: Introduction and 4. Bd2 with 6. Bg2 338 9 Chapter 3 1: with 4. Bd2 and 6. Nc3 354 Q Chapter 32: with 4. Nbdi 364 I . d4 n)itlzoutan early c4 3 70 4,Chapter 33: Torre Attack, 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 e6 3. Bg5 370 9 Chapter 34: London System, 1. d4 Nf6 2. N B e6 3. Bf4 380 9 Chapter 35: Fianchetto, 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 e6 3. g3 386 Chapter 36: Colle System, 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 e6 3. e3 394 9 Chapter 37: Veresov Opening, 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nc3 d5 3. Bg5 402 O Chapter 38: The Trompowsky, 1. d4 Nf6 2. Bg5 410 O Chapter 39: Blackmar-Dieiner Gambit, 1. d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3. e4 422Part I E Defending against I. c4 and other first moves 429 O Chapter 40: English, Part I-Introduction and Symmetrical English 430 + Chapter 41: English, Part 11-White Plays e3 and d4 438 + Chapter 42: English, Part 111-White Refrains from d4 448 9 Chapter 43: Birds Opening, 1. f4 466 O Chapter 44: Sokolsky, 1. b4 474 + Chapter 45: The Rest-Knights-First and the Fianchettoes 480Part E Illustrative Games 489 9 Chapter 46: Illustrative Garnes-Ideas into Action 490Conclusion 538Table of Maiiz Liizes 539
  • 7. 6 Chess Openings for Biack, Explained hess players around the world use "notation," a universal sys-C tem for reading and writing chess. Tts easy to l e m , and once you know it, youll be able to decipher quickly any book ornewspaper article on chess. The vertical columns of squares that run up and down theboard are called fifes and are lettered. The horizontaf. rows ofsquares that run sideways are called ranks and are numbered. Theintersection of a file and rank gives a square its n m e . Lets lookat a board that gives the "address" of every square: To make writing and reading fast, each piece is assigned a sin-gle letter. In English, we use these: King = K Knight = N Queen = Q Rook- R Bishop = B Pawn = the file its on So, the move "Qe5" rneans that the queen moves to the e5-square. Captures are marked with an "x," as in "axb5," whichmeans that a pawn on a4 captures a pawn or a piece on b5. Another special convention: Although the word "exchange"means to trade, "Exchange" (with a capita1 " E ) means the tradeof knight or bishop for a rook. A player who rnanages this &ade"wins the Exchange."
  • 8. 8 Chess Openings for Biack, Explained Chapter I The Authors & the BookT his book provides you with a complete repertoire for Black, no matter what rea-sonable first move White makes.Two of your t k e e authors areinteinational grandmasters andrepeat winners of the U.S.Championship. The third andyoungest of the three of us,Eugene Perelshteyn, is already anIM and, as I mite, is playing inthe 2005 MonRoi Internationalin Montreal. This volume con-tains every secret the authors Eugeoe Perelshteynhave compiled over decades ofresearch in the recornmended you should first understand whatopenings. No theoretical novelty the book is designed to do. Part I(TN) will be withheld from you. of our five-part volume makes Such information is normally this point clear.revealed only to world champi- It helps if you understandonship contenders, who hire top who the authors are and whattheoreticians, like Roman Dzin- they bring to you thats unique.dzichashvili, for that purpose. Im a three-time U.S. ChampionBut shared TNs are only one of turned chess instructor. Mythis books unusual offerings. books, including the Compre- To derive the most benefit, hensive Chess Course: frorn
  • 9. Chapter 1 : The Authors 8 t h e Book Y games to go in a match played in Anands home turf, India, for the right to play the world champion. Rornan is extremeIy gener- ous in sharing his ideas. Perhaps thats because he knows he can always create new, equally important ones! In the 1984 U.S. Championship, Roman gave me a t001 to handle the "Anti-Benko" move order: l . d4 Nf6 2. Nf3. He suggested 2. ... e6 3. c4 a6!?. This paradoxicaI rnove (later christened the "Dzindzi-Indian") remains unrefuted, and can be very useful in the hands of devot-beginner to master, which I co- ed Benkomenoni players. It tookauthored and published, are me less than an hour to grasp theamong the best received chess ideas behind this amazing sys-instruction in the U.S. tem-and 90% of the credit goes CM Roman Dzindzi- to Romans innate abiIity to sin-chashvili ("Dzindzi" to his many gle out and emphasize essentials,fans) has been one of the prime and to convey his knowledge ofmovers and creators of modern rnoves and ideas in a logical,opening theory for the past 40 easy-to-Iearn, easy-to-rememberyears. His advice and help has and practical way.been sought, with rewarding Every chess player shouldresults, by such greats as Boris know how good it feels to go intoSpassky, Vktor Korchnoi, a game conlpletely confident inAnatoly Karpov and Gata his opening repertoire, and itsKamsky. even better when you have an In fact, Romans revolution- important novelty or ONO up yourary reassessment of the rnain line sleeve. Not surprisingly, X playedof the Scandinavian Opening very weil in this tournament. Andallowed American Gata Kmsky with 3. ... a6 (first looked uponto win a game (with Black) and as compietely ridiculous), Ithen the match against world scored Z1/2 out of 3 versus Jimcharnpionship contender Vishy Tarjan, Lany Christiansen andAnand. At that ttme, Cata was Yasser Seirawan-a11 top GMs.losing by two points with two Such a result (with Black!)
  • 10. for Black, Explainedcouldnt help but catapult me into GM opponents.clear first place-my first U.S.Championship crown. Puttlrig It ali togmther Just the Facts!, the seventh Importantly, the Dzindzi- and final book in the Comprehen-Indian wasnt a surprise novelty sive Chess Course, is one of thefor one game (or one tournament) fastest-selling endgame books ofonly. A year later, in another U.S. ali time. It was selected by theChampionship, Christiansen tried Chess Journalists of America asto smash my position with a the best book of 2000-2001.homemade, aggressive line. ButDzindzis and my analyses held. I Comprehensive Chess Coursegot an equal position (but one Executive Editor Al Lawrencethat was very sharp, and very built special features into thatfamiliar to me), eventually win- series-and now into this book.ning. Many opponents soon gave These features make these booksup trying to dea1 with Dzindzis especially easy to learn from. Alimovation and switched to other is a former teacher with advancedopenings! degrees in curriculum and instruction. Additionally, Al is a Romans teaching talents former Executive Director of thearent limited to GM chess-as U.S. Chess Federation and cur-the enonnous popularity of his rently the volunteer Executive"Romans Fonuns" and "Labs" Director of the World Chess Hallvideos attests. Dzindzis TNs, of Fame in Miami. (In his "real"ideas and, crucialfy, the convinc- job, hes in charge of devetopinging way he presents them, shouldhelp readers of this book feel asconfident as I did during the 1984 U.S. Championship. As aresult, youll win many importantgames-whether youre playing afriend at home or competing inthe U.S.Masters! Youll find in this book manygames played by Romans studentand our co-author, EugenePerelshteyn. He helped Rommwith opening research, checkedtheir co-discoveries with comput-er programs and tested some ofthem, with success, against top
  • 11. Chapter 1 : The Autl?ors & the Book Ilnew products for Excalibur ers self-reliant;Electronics, Inc.). To reveal al1 the theoretical Al is the author of 12 books secrets, oRen five to 10 yearsand scores of articles of his own before they get Into the openingon a variety of subjects. He reference books;writes on chess with great style To do al1 this with respectand unique perspective. h fact, for the other demands on &ehe was voted 2000-2001 Chess readers time.Journalist of the Yem. HOW we seiected iiThe new serles: mese oaieniingsADbrrrt"sChess The criteria we used to selectOmenllngis an opening for the repertoire are: ARer Nikolay Krogius and Icornpleted the endgame book It7scompletely sowd, evenJust the Facts!, only one part of up to the super-GM level;the gme, the operhg, remained It rewards ideas rather thanto be explained. (It wasnt w i t h rote memorkation-thus its the-the scope of the Course to tackle ory can be reduced to a relativelyopening theory i detail.) n smali and completely understand- Many of you are already able portion;familiar with Pirc Alert!: A We gave preference toComplete Defense against 1. e4, openings rich in our TNs!which I co-authored with thePircys nnumber one practitioner, Who shouid readGM Alex Chernin. In Chess tnis book3?iOpenings for Bkack, Expfained Players of al1 strengths, fromand its White companion volume, beginners to super-GMs, willRoman, Eugene and T provide profit from this book. Here areyou with a soli4 effective and some who will benefit most:interconnected repertoire for both * Anyone who already playsWhite and Black-plus reviews some of the recomended open-of al1 other openings from both ings-for you this book will besides points of view. like having the persona1 openìng Following in the tradition of notebook you a1ways wmted;Pirc Alert!, our goal was: Anyone who has to play To convey the overall against these lines;understanding of openings in Anyone who wants to devel-such a way that it makes its read- op a cornprehensive, coherent
  • 12. 12 Chess Openings far Black, Expiained cussing various replies to it, and then concentrating on our chosen line, the Hyper-Accelerated Dragon. Rornan and Eugene have contributed greatly to the theory J of this opening. Much of their C analysis has never been pub- lished previously, nor even played. We also provide you with reliable, yet in some cases little- known, systems to counter more and more frequent Anti-Sicilians. 1 Part 111 provides readers with Lev Alburt a "five-star" defense against l. d4. We offer tbe venerableand completely rnodern, compet- Nimzo-Bogo compfex, the mostitive reperioire for BIack, with- popular choice among theout gaps in his understanding; worlds elite for more than half a Anyone who wants to century. 8ut even there youlIacquire back-up openings to find numerous new and boldunderstand on a very high level; ideas! Any player who wants to Part 1V deals with I. c4 andknow what it means to master the rest of mites first rnoves.openings Iike top professionals Again, we review al1 of Blacksdo. main options. Our recomrnenda- tion: I . ... c5, foilowed by theStructure and kings bishop fianchetto. Thiseontent line shows how inter-connection In Chess Upenings for Black, works-positions we seek are theExplained,we provide you with a same Maroczy-Binds weve stud-complete repertoire for Black. ied in depth in Part 11.The companion volume does the Part V consists of carefullysame thing for White-based on chosen and instructively annotat-1. e4. ed sample games. Part 11 of this book deals Your repertoire will indeedwith defending against 1.124, dis- be coherent-and complete!
  • 13. Chapter l : The Authors & the Book 13 Some Chess Symbols n chess literature, the assessment of an entire position is frequent- I ly expressed with one of a number of symbols. &re are the most common: +- White has a decisive advantage. +: White has a clear advantage. & White has a slight advantage. = The chances are equal. 3 Black has a siight advantage. T Black has a clear advantage. -+ Black has a decisive advantage. Individua1 moves of a game can also be assessed with spbols: !! A very good move ! Agoodmove ? A weak move ?? A blunder !? An interesting or provocative move, often involving some risk ?! A dubious moveFor DVDs on playirtg better chess, go i o
  • 14. 74 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained Making the most of your timeY ou can count on this book as you are preparing for a touma- your prirnary souce of chess rnent or a specid game.) Or if opening knowledge for a you7re researching Erom Whitesvery long time. It will guide you point of view, you may want to gothrough the moves, ideas and sur- to a chapter on a specific varia-prises of a recommended network tion. Taking the materia1 out ofof related openings-defenses order shouldnt make any differ-that have never been refbted and ente in the benefits you derive, asthat offer you a rich source of cre- long as you ultimate& read theative resources. whole book, and as long as you Besides making the book rich do read each chapter itself inin chess knowledge, including sequence. The reasons willpreviously secret theoretical nov- becorne clear as you take a lookelties, we wanted to make it easy at the special features we7vebuiltto learn Erom-and to help you in to help you learn and remem-remember and apply what you ber.learned. Saecllal features Youll learn and understand arrd how to use themthe typical positions, the key On the left-hand pageideas, and the relative value of before each chapter, youll findthe pieces in each line. "Some Important Points to Look You can read and study this For." The page contains a verybook sequentially, as it is laid out. short preview of the chapter toOr you can take the chapters out put the upcorning information inof order, studying first a variation context. Then youll see a seriesthat you have reason to be inter- of briefly explained diagrams,ested in immediately. (Perhaps touchstones for the most impor-
  • 15. Chapter 2: How to Uso This Book 15tant ideas youre about to study. often making it possible to studyPreviewing the most important without a board.ideas will prepare you to better Main lines are given in boldunderstand thern when you meet and clearly separated fiom andysis.them in the context of the chap-ter-and will increase your abili- Its easy to identiQ main-V to remember them. line positions. Main-line dia-Additionally, there wilI be an grams are large throughout. Aflindex of the chapters main lines. other positions, whether pure * Throughout the book, the analysis or side-gmes, are srnall-most important positions are er and labeled c c ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~highiighted in blue. This forrnat Every chapter offers a briefnot ody caHs your special atten- s m a r y of its main ideas.tion to them, but makes the Carefully reading the summaryprocess of reviaving what youve aRer studying a chapter will helplearned much quicker and more you remember the key points.effettive. Every chapter is followed * The most important ideas by "Memory Markers," centrallyand guiding prhciples are set in important positions that chal-Sarge type within boxes, what art lenge you to lock in the conceptsdkectors refer to as "call-outs," youve learned and encouragealso highlighted in blrie, with thesame efEect. you to use these ideas in new positions, as youll want to do in hportantly, moves and the your own games.diagram they relate to are nearlyalways placed on the same page- We want this book to be yourspread! Although a painstaking complete reference for yourprocess for the page designer, this entire playing career. We intendlayout p ~ c i p l e keeps you h m to update the book whenever nec-having to flip back and forth fkom essary.mwes tu diagrams. We want to help to make your There are many diagrams opening studies as simple and asand they are in the right places, well organized as possible!
  • 16. 16 Chess Openings for Btack, Explained opening are really a bit of aY ou7ve decided to choose a serious opening repertoire. romance. Even a tyro in such a Your idea is first to find a relationship can rise on occasionpromising game-starting scheme, to the role of super-hero to rescueto l e m it, and to stick with it. So his rnaiden in hit the reference books. We al1 know club players who will take on a11 opponentsPemosianSs and al1 debaters on the topic ofcornplalnt their favorite starting rnoves, After hours or even days, HOW these lucky-in-love piay- dowhats your finding? See if this ers find their beloved begin-sounds familiar: "When X study nings? Most often, it takes ptaceWhite, its always equal. When l[ as it did with Al. He happeaed tostudy Black, its always worse!" see an old game with the CenterJust so you understand that we al1 Counter Defense. For no com-hit this wail, regardless of rating, pletely Iogicaf reason, the moon-the complaint is in this instance light struck the board. Al wasvoiced by none other than world smitten. The fact that the firstchampion Tigran Petrosian. dates--early victories-were fun clinehed the relationship.Oaianlng romance Even on a very top leve1 of Ils a lucky player who fulds play, these same "romtic" fac-an opening system he loves to tors can play a part. I becamerely on, loves to protect &om known for my reliance on Ale-those who would inflict harm on khines Defense. Despite the pre-it with their new, villaìnous ideas. vailulg opinion that after 1. e4, A player and his favorite the move 1. ... Nf6 is not quite
  • 17. Chapter 3: How to Study Openings 17correct, I played "my" Alekhine although demanding a significantconsistently at the highest levels, advantage is usuaily iinrealistic.with rewardhg results. C. With Black, we want an Its worth noting that both Al equal position, or if it is slightlyand I elected to take lesser ana- worse for us, we at least want alyzed openings that offered a position we know how to hold.shortcut-sidestepping much of For example, a player who emu-the normal preparation. lates attacking genius M i a i l Tal may be happy with a materia1 deficit in exchange for anSwitehing sundtome attack-even if, theoretically, it Many amateurs spend too doesnt fùlly compensate him.much time trying to memotizevarious opening moves. (Thatsai4 none of us wants to reach Opeslngs afernove 12 with such a steeply up- schEromhmnlchill battle that al1 the strategy and Dont waste your time withtactics in our head wont get us to the fantasy of the "tailor-made"the top.) Getting caught up in the repertoire vi- sometimes hearswitching syndrome-jumping about that will bring out yourfrom opening to openhg, memo- b e r , winning you with just therizing and getting discouraged, right openings. Certainly, anand never making much use of al1 experienced chess teacher can help you to improve much fasterthe time youve invested-is as and absorb important principlesimpractical as it gets. more thoroughly than you could Lets take a look at the basic on your m However, in any .points to consider when choosing major opening, you cant play in aan opening repertoire. way that will guide you only to tactical terrain while preventingSet reasonaàle goais positional games, or vice versa. Baning blunders from ow Try staying in a "solid" Caro-opponents, what should we ex- Kann against someone whopect from a satisfactory opening? wants to pry the g m e open for an attack. Even Mkhail Botvinnik A. Regardless of its theoreti- couldnt do it in 1960 against assessment, we want a posi- Or try playing the Sicilia for ation we know how to play. sharp, aitacking game against an I. With White, we want a 3 expert in Whites c3 system, andposition that is at least equal; we youll likely find yourself in aprefer to retain some advantage, positional shuggle. Some varia-
  • 18. 78 Chess Openings for Black, Explainedtions of the French are passive, Petrosian: "Why did youwhile some are dowmight coun- play such terrible moves? Eventerattacks. Some foms of the you should understand these areRuy Lopez are positional; some bad."are wild and hoary. Some Giuoco Gregorian: ""Iad to win toPianos are hardly pianissirno. quali@.Your opponent can play theQueens Gambit like the draw- Pemsian: Wake a note. Itsprone Carl Schlechter or like the much easier to play for a wincheckmate-obsessed Fra& Mar- from an equd position than frornshall. a bad position!" Openings are schizophrenic.Whatever opening you play, you Spend only 25% ofrisk getting a position that doesnt your chess tlmematch your own attitudes about studylng theaggression or passivity. Still, in openingssome extreme cases, consider the Opening study just doesntplusses and minuses of your play, deserve to be so all-consuming,indeed of your style. If you are a especially for nonprofessionals,pawn-toving Korchnoi fan, dont for two basic reasons:Play the ~ e n k Gambit! o 1. There are lots of other areas to study in chess that will make a more drarnatic differentePeuosPans Rule in your resuits-just one com- Sometimes winning is the pelling example is the study ofonly acceptable outcome. In such tactics.a situation, should you adopt ax d d opening, swinging for the 2. There have been rnanybleachers fiom the first move? grandmasters who became prominent, even world-class m e great Petrosian ofien players, using an opening systemcounseled the young and talented rouniUy condernned as at leastRussian-Amenian master Karen slightly inferior.Gregorian. Once Gregorianretumed from an important qual- As a nrle of thumb, youi w g tournament and showed should spend about 25% of yourPetrosian a last-round garne in chess study time on the openings.which the young man had playedsome dubious opening moves as Shouild you learn aBlack and lost. Petrosian cross- second openlna?examined him: You dont really have to leam
  • 19. Chapter 3:How to Study Openings 19a second opening to surprise your that an opening is evaluated byopponents. There are enough the results of a few key games,choices within most openings to and these games were won by theailow opportunities to catch your stronger player.opponent off guard. Nowadays, Long ago as a young expert, Ieven most top players unabashed- took up a certain system in thely specialize in a f m openings- Sicilian. I stuck with the variationnormally just enough to cover the as I rose through the ranks. As aopponents possibilities. A fa^, master, I contributed to the sys-like Kasparov, seem eneyclopedic tems theory, drawulg and evenin their opening choices, but aRer defeating fmous grmdmasters.all, they have tearns of re- So I kept playing it. Later, mysearchers and theoreticians. own analysis unearthed one h e Actually, the best thing about that I worried about-a series ofknowing a second opening is not moves that feft Plhite with anthat you can use it as a surprise edge fiom the opening. But noweapon, but that you team the one played it against me, orideas and themes of diEerent agahst anyone else.types of positions. But once Then in 1971, in the semifi-again, frorn the point of view of nals for the Soviet championship,rea1 people with jobs to do arid I played Black against a 20-year-lawns to cut, a second opening old grandmaster named Anatolycoverhg the same ground may Karpov, then already coached bysteal t h e from other important renowned opening-theoreticianareas of your chess development. Semyon Furman. Grpov opened with 1. e4, and I was soon in theH iiP me world mt n t f d i a r territory of rny trustychama gets an edae Sicilian. And then suddenly I wasagalnst wour in the line I had hoped I woddfavorite 1 n 3e never see in a tournament game! Vilè can hold our favorite Karpov had played the bestopenings to too high a standard, moves for White and gotten aor even blme them for defeats small edge. I defended well, butthat take place long afier the the game was adjourned withopening phase. Ridiculous as it Karpov retaining this edge.sounds, we often wind up reject- Another six-hour session saw theing a possibility because it ends game adjourned a second time, inin a loss against a top GM or even a lost position for me. I was dis-a world champion. This is a gusted, feeling that everyonecoroflary to the cynical outlook would now play the same line
  • 20. 20 Chess Openings for Biack, EXpfainedagainst me! So I gave it up. Sometimes what you find I know now that my aban- may be a tactical trick. Perhapsdoning the system altogether was with best play your find petersa very premature reaction. After out to equality (or for Black, aall, Karpov went on to dominate slightly worse position) faster than the main line. But an oppo-top-leve1 chess unti1 Kasparov nent seeing it for the fkst timearrived on the scene. The line w i U likely sfip into a bruta1 trap,Karpov played to get a small edge or he rnay panic in the face of thewould not be to everyones taste, unknown.nor within most GMs abilities tomaintain and convert to a win. The chances are extremelyTrue, I went on to a new, fnutfkl high that this book w i U give you"relationship" with Alekhines the best opening foundationDefense, but perhaps for the youve ever had. Youll under-wrong reasons. stand the ideas we present so well that youre likely to be surprised The next time you are tempt- at the innovations you come uped to switch your opening with on your own. And in thebecause the latest Informant process of trying to find bettergame shows how the world and more interesting moves, youchamp beat a tournmmt tail- will of course constantly increasegater in 40 moves-think it over. your understanding of your open-There isnt a line that wouldnt ings and of chess.look bad insuch a match-up. Andwhen you lose in the city champi- Let m e bookonship to a smartly played mating do tne restattack by the ultimate winner, Under different circum-dont msh to blame the opening. stances, Id have much more toThe reason for your loss may Iie say about how to study openings,elsewhere. how to look for TNs and for shortcuts, those effettive side-Horne anamis lines. I would explain the tech- Whatever your playing niques for cutting your job downstrength, nothing will in-iprove to size, how to gather and assessyour opening results more than material, how to organize andhome preparation-your own what to memorize. But the fact iswork in your own home over your that Complete Openings forown board. (For the serious who Btack, Explained does al1 of thishave the opportunity, persona1 for you.chess trainers can be a tremen- And Im sure youre eager todous advantage, of course.) get started!
  • 21. 22 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedIn this chapter we review Blacks choices againstWhites most popular first move, 1. e4. Symmetry, but White 1s + Scandinavian: cutting on the move and attacking. the Gordian knot. See Diagram 2. See Diagram 32.a% French: preparing ... d5. %- Caro-Kann: preparing See Diagram 43. ... d5. See Diagram 44. -$- The assymetncalV Pirc: development first. challenge in the center. center later. See Diagram 54. See Diagram 60.
  • 22. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 23 Chapter 4Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn Btacks Choices Against 1. e4 aking connections makes more encompassing motive for a us srnarter. In this chap- chess piayer to know a lot in gen- ter, youre about to con- eral, The now gratingiy unimagi-nect with severa1 centuries of native phrase (its become a cog-chess opening development. It s nitive oxymoron) "thinking outwhat we used to call "back- of the box" means to convey thatground infomation," Its tenibly creative solutions are found byunderrated by too many people- seeking breakthroughs not on thethose in a rush to learn only whatthey "need" to know. Thats an slide under our immediate,irony, because what some may microscopic concentration. Asee as unrelated knowledge is Renaissance man of both mathe-crucial to any creative process. matics and the libera1 arts wrote:The box below gives you five The creative mind isspecific reasons for knowing a mind that Zoob forsomething about everything in unexpected Zikeness.the openings. Noreover, theres a -Jacob Brono~*ski Fiue Reasons lo Know Sornething Rbout EverYthingin the Ghess 09eflings 1. You need fo huve some infonnation in arder to make meaningful choices. 2. Tmnspositions (shiftingfim one opening to another) tuke place frequently. 3. Ideas from one opening can be applied fo orher operrìngs. 4. Sornetimes you mach a position in un opening ~4th "colors twersed"-for example. when Whiteplays the Engìish (i. c4) and Black responds with i. ... e5, both players can find thernselves in a "Reversed Sicilian" 5. You can impmve your ovemllplay by pmcticing in diferent kinds of iniddlegamepositions resultingjn>mvarious openings.
  • 23. 24 Chess Openings for Black, Ekpiaimd To be creative, we need to be A human being should becapabf e of making surprising able ?o change a diapeccomections through a whole uni- plan an invusio~, Butcherverse of ideas. But weve lived a hog, con a sta@, design afor some time in an age of the buiiding, wrìte a sonnet,expert. In o m jobs and even in bafance accounts, bzliid aour hobbies, we specialize. As wali, set a bone, comfortchess players, we are "e4-play- the dyi~sg, take orders,en" or Ld4-players-yOr pexhaps give ordrrrs, cooperate, actyoure a Colle expert. Specializa- alone, solve equations,tion makes sense, of course. anabze a new pmblem,Done correctly, it can &e the pitch rnanure, pmgram amost of ow tirne, and it can computer, cook a basiyinstili us with cdxdence. meal, $&t effìcientIy, die galiantly, Specialization isIs ssecialization iust for insects. -fiober$A. Neinlein,for fnseetsl @m The Notebooks So having a wide general of Lazanis Longknowledge makes you a betterplayer, but specializing in chess Daunting expectations fromis a s h v d skiI1. Our maves on Heinlein, who learned to playthe chessboard permit us to chess at four, even before hedirect the stnrggle. The yin and could read! But we agree wlth histhe ymg of needing to know a lot general idea. A good chess play-while l e e n g to restrict the er should be able to conduct myrange of possibilities is not really phase of the game competently,a contradiction. P&ps an engi- wherever it takes him.neer-turned-sci-fi-icon said it Were not going to arguebest : against specialinng i certain n I . They are the most immediate& dangerous. 2. fiu lIface them mosf often. 3. You ll get practice making combinationr and defending against combinotzons, wwhich abound in the open games.
  • 24. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 25ckess openings. In fact, this book What time does uouris alt about recommending cer- o~ening eloseltain lines that make it possible This book teaches you how toeven for amateurs to become true dea1 with any White openingopening experts. It offers brand- scheme. But we put l. e4 first fornew ideas that will put your a reason. UsualIy, l. e4 leads toopponents at a disadvantage. "open" games. Many chess train- But you should occasionally ers continue to recomend learn-play over games fiom openings ing the "open" games beforeyou yowself dont use. And you studying "closed positions-should certainly know at least the and for most of us, it makesbasics of al1 of the major open- sense. ARer all, 1. e4 is the mostings! popular opening move among arnateurs, and one of the mostIl trnne-efficient review popular moves among masters We are conscious of yow time and grandmasters.constraints. You have other things Some openings lead moreto do and are reading this ofien to open positions. Otherbecause you expect some time- openings usually bring on closedeAFicient return. You want to play middlegames. Its helpful tochess better, understand it bet- define the basics as we go along,ter-and win more games as so lets àraw the distinctionBlack. So weve given this chap-ter very serious thought, present- between open and closed inh g you with the most potent chess: Open positions offercomections to the basic ideas of unblocked lines of contactthe I. e4 openings, fkom Blacks between the opposing armies;perspective. closed dont. Take a look at the two columns below, Open Closed Open files Blocked Wes Open diagonals Blocked diagonals Fluid or absent center p- Blockd center Tactical Positiod Attacks Strakegy Gambits Bind Combinations Regrouping Fast Stow 1. e4 1. d4, 1. c ,1.NB 4
  • 25. 26 Chess Openings far Bfack, Explained ----p- Iri the colum~i the left we list on A S ~ M M ~ ~iZlc.eti,.rg t l ~ e W: hestwords that generally apply to irs shrrlhw tc,itilopen garnes; the column on the 1. e4 e5right describes closed gaines. Prior to the eiid of tlie 19thcentury, thc advent of Steiriitztheory and positional play, open-ing a chess game with 1, e3 wascie ~.lgeln-.But evcn now, nearlyal1 top grandmasters at Ieastoccasionally play 1. e4. Thismo-e still dominates the lowerrunps of the touniament circuit. apopularity which isnt surprisingsince 1. e4 best corresponds to Diagwnr Ithc threc rules of thurnb about .!/iei- l. ... 6. 5the openins phase. (See the box I . . . . e5 is Blacks rnost natura1at the bottom of this page.) reply (see "Three Rttfes of tlie Now lcts start our re.iew in Operii~ig,"below). Still, being aearnest to gctin soci3e perspectivc tempo ahead in these opcn begiil-cin the challenge of playing riitigs is an advantage. In openagainst 1 . e l . positions, an extra ]nove can be ii~~portant. Three Rules of the O~ening -1 1. Contr-nl rhe cenfer-(jrlrc$i~~~zh(t. orcl4pving it with pari~nsj; 3. Del~elop-biing ??OLO-piece,r ,fi-cmt tlieii. siarling positiorz onto sqirumsfifi.on? rtshich rhey excfrcise ir7flrrence »n thc" action (stai-r tz*itii the kingsidc piecr.~hccnu.~e thr next r.ziig); of 3 Casrle (r,sztal-+shol-t. si~zre crttt be accomnp/islzed tnost ir quick(~. sufkb). ntid
  • 26. Chapter 4; Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 27 White can try for an edge with second moves, such as the Kings2. Nf3. Garnbit, 2. Nc3 (Vienna), 2. Bc4, 2. d4, or 2. c3. After 2. NB, theoretically best for Black is to develop with the pawn-protecting For over 100 years, this rnovehas been viewed as the only seri-ous try for an advantage. It notonly develops and prepares Diograrn 4castling, but it also attacks the After 2. ... Nc6e5-pawn. Championed by PaulMorphy, 2. NB eventually tri- Why not 2. ,.. Bd6, protectingumphed over the romantic 2. f4 a pawn while developing a king-(the Kings Gambit). side piece, a move many begin- ners make? been viewed as -3 Diagram 3 @ $3 King S Garnbit i Dont worry about side lines the i-. only serious Q; .:$now. From Blacks point of view,if you find youre comfortablewith 2 . ND,you can always goback to learn the right ways toequality against less challenging
  • 27. 28 Chess Openings for Black, Explained Diagram 5 Diagram 6 Bad defense: Black blocks Petrofs Definse his development! teern of theory from a "short cut" Because Blacks pawn is stuck to nearly the equa1 of 2. ... Nc6.on d7, it doesnt infiuence the In fact, because of its new-foundcenter, at least not for the near popularity, youll need to studyfuture. The move also bfocks the more! The more masters play anmost natura1 diagonal (c8-h3) for opening, the more ingeniousthe c8-bishop. (Fianchettoing tncks, traps and strategies theythis bishop isnt usually a good find. In other words, the more anidea in the 1. e4 e5 openings, opening is played, especially atbecause the bishop will be the top, the more "theory" pilesblocked by the well-protected e4- UP.pawn. Besides, getting the piece Dubious, or as their proponentsto b7 would take an extra move.) would say, "risky" and "enter- In the last fifteen years, as a prising" are the gambits 2. ... d5result of the attention of world and 2. ... f5. We show how tochampions Anatoly Karpov and handle them, as well as other sec-Vladimir Kramnik, and many ond moves for Black, in this vol-followers, Petroffs Defense, 2. umes counterpart, Chess... Nf6 has moved up in the es- Openings for mite, Expfained. "Aimost correct" is 2. ... d6, used by Philidor (and called the Petroffs Defense Philidor Defense). has moved up in .. . If youd like to study very little tha;eg$:gem - of .?. .?:L% ?, theory-or to have an offbeat theo.G .,,C. system in reserve for a show- down with an old foe who thinks thc:-$qnaI : .G;$. .. $3 he knows your repertoire, consid- er 2. ... Qe7.
  • 28. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 29 The top 10 reasons for hauing an offbeat surprise opening alternative to defend against 1. e 4 1. You can surprise a familiar foe who thinks he h o w s al1 about your repertoire. 2. Even though he has the White pieces and is supposed to have the initiative, you can immedi- ately put your opponent in a defensive frame of mind. 3. Many of your opponents will make mistakes under pressure to find the "right" theoretical moves. 4. Your opponent may even decide its his job to "refute" an opening thats perfectly playable- leading to his making big mistakes in the first few moves! 5. He will likely bum up valuable clock-time cal- culating unfamiliar variations-imagine using your surprise in the last round of a fast-time-con- trol tournament, with a big prize at stake! 6. If news breaks during the middle of a tourna- ment that one of your favorite lines has been punc- tured by a new move from a Bulgarian grandmas- ter, you c m fa11 back on your spare-tire opening. 7. You won7t have to use it long anyway; such opening "refutations" generally last unti1 the "refiter" plays someone rated even higher! 8. You get to act blasé if someone plays your own surprise against you, rattling off the best response and stifling a yawn-hes yours for life! 9. You c m te11 everyone its the latest break- through idea from Kasparov and that the champion computer program Thresher confirms that it wins for Black against 1. e4. 10. Then youll get to find a good surprise against 1. d4.
  • 29. 30 Chess Openings for Black, Explained This systern was used occa- Diugrani 8sionally by Russian grandrnaster ~ f f e2. ... :(i r !: :tVictor Kuprcichik, a great attack- Now thc unpretentiousing player. Black intends to "knights-first" 3. Nc3fianchetto his dark-square bish-OP. There is no way to refute thisopening. Of course, with normal,good play, White should get asmall edge, but remember hiiothiogs: this leve1 of advantage isnot sigriificant except amonginternational competitors, and,secondly, White will be in unfa-miliar territory. And if he presses isnt without poison. but only iffor inore, he may end up invest- Black ptriys the natura1 3. .. .ing a lot of clock time, and being Bc5, altowing the archetypal (invery disappointed by the result! such positions) 4. Nxe5, with an Lets return to 2. ... ilc6, edge. (AAer 4. ... Nxe5, White has thc pawn fork 5. d4. Biack could play 4. ... Bxf2+. but after 5. Kxf2 Nxc5 6. d4 Ng6 7. Bc4, M i t e has a strong center and will so011castle by hand.)
  • 30. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 31the book 23.eIdeas Behindthe ChessOpenings by theAmerican champion Reuben Fine held sway anddetermined the way we played openings. (Reuben Finewas a world-championship contender and a winnerof the 1938 AVRO super-tournament.) Here are his three tips on finding good movesin the opening. Whenever possible, make a good developing move that threatens something.d Two questions must be answered prior to making a move: 1. How it affects the center, 2. How it fits with the development of your other men. Deviate fiom "book" lines only for a reason.
  • 31. 32 Chess Openings for Were still only at move 3, andfor a while, White can contro1 theoptions. Lets look at 3. d4. Diagram I I 4Jrer 3. Bc4 The move 3. Bc4 was Mor- Diug~urnI O phys favorite and brought him Smtch Opening many exciting victories, as it then This move was felt to be ana- did nwnerous a~cionados the ofiyzed and played to death (mean- to a draw) by the early twen- On the Olympus of super-tieth century. Theoreticians grandmaster play, 3. Bc4 contin-thought that White played his ues to be regarded, as it has beenimportant centra1 thrust too early, for most of the twentieth century,dissipating his fatent energy. But as being "exhausted" and draw-in the 1 9 9 0 ~ ~ Kasparovs victo- ish. But not arnong the mortals,ries with the Scotch put it back where it continues to be popular.into play. (See Fines advice on Still, you can more or less rely onthe previous page.) theory to provide you with the Other than the Scotch, two antidote to 3. Bc4. It c m be 3. ...most promising moves for White Bc5,in the main line ( 1 . e4 e5 2. Nf3Nc6-see Diagram 8) are 3. Bc4and 3. Bb5. The first choiceattacks the f7 square, Blacksmost vulnerable point before hehas castled. Diagrum l 2 Giuoco Piano questionably caIled Giuoco Piano (ftalian for the "Quiet GameN-sornetirnes the opening is called the Italian Game),
  • 32. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 33unless White attacks with theEvans Gmbit, 3. b4. Bagran? 13 Diagram l 5 Evans Gambit Riq?Lopez Or Black can play 3. . .. Nf6, Whites third move attacks theappropriately called the Two knight, which defends the e5-Knights Defense. pawn. The rea1 problem is that there is a terabyte of theory in this time-honored opening. Espec- ially over the long-term, when you are rising higher and higher in the ranks of chess players, you7d need to remernber a lot to play against the Ruy. Even an Diagvam l 4 Two Kntghts Refinse historical review takes a bit of time. So settle back. Its weH- The most popular choice for * ,h your knowing.White is the positional 3. Bb5,initiating the famous Ruy Lopez ARer 3. ... a6,opening. Diagam 16 Ruy Lopez, Morphy S Definse
  • 33. 34 Chess Openings for Biack, Explainedthe "main line" for almost a hun-drcd years, you should be readyfor Bobby Fischers favorite, 4.Bxc6. (No, it doesnt win a pawn:after 4. .., dxca!, 5. Nxe5 cantbe recomrnended because of 5.... Qd4.) Diugrum I8 Afrer 4. Ba4 Other third moves for Black are viewed as somewhat inferior, but provide you a choice of short- Diagram 17 After 5. ... Qd4 cuts. Where are you, for exarn- ple, on the "greed" continuum? You need also to be ready for (See the graph below.)the more c o m o n 4. Ba4. RESPECT FOR MATERIAL, A CONTINUUM Bispuier .Uburt Bronne Karpov PetrosianiSerhnietdino Korchnoi 1 Shirari Healthy disresprcl Heaft. respeet C far materia1 for materia1 Take a look at the chart drop-dead combinations. Talabove. Since "conservatives" ground out some ingeniousare most often talked about as endgarnes. The table offersbeing "on the right," well fol- oniy generalizations, andlow that tradition. Please keep infomed opinions rnay mind that most great play- Where do you think youers can do al1 things well. would fall? Youll undoubtedlyPetrosian detonated some profit from playing over the
  • 34. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History o Pushing the Kings Pawn f 35games of the great players Xncidentally, only 9. Nxe5 isnear your spot on the spec- correct here. An attempt to bothtrum. Pay attention t o the grab a pawn and exchangeopenings and sub-variations queens backfires: 9. Qxe5? Bg4!,they choose. See how you like and now every super-K wwil pre-thern. fer Black! After the exchange of If you fa11 sornewhere in the queens, Black enjoys bettervicinity of Tal and Morphy, development and threatens tothen consider playing the ruin Whites kingside pawn struc-Schliernann, 3. ... f5. ture. Back to Blacks third rnove. If, like Savielly Tartakover, you pre- fer to sacnfice your opponents pawns, you stili have short-cuts to cboose fiom: 3. ... Nge7 (planning to fianchetto); the immediate fianchetto 3. ... g6; and the clas- Diagrum 19 sic (and somewhat passive) 3. ... Ruy Lopez, Schliema~znVarìation d6, which c o m i t s Black to giv- Even if Kasparov, Karpov and ing up the center after 4. d4 exd4Korchnoi, fiom their places on 5. Nxd4.our "Respect for Materia1Continuum," think othenvise,clearly the initiative will matterfor you more than the loss of apawn in a position similar to theone after 4. Nc3 &e4 5. Nxe4Nf6 6. Nxf6+ Qxf6 7. Qe2 Be7 8.Bxc6 dxc6. Siegbert Tarrasch showed that White has some slight but per- sistent edge here, but he was, after ail, Tarrasch! Black can even get away with Diagran 20 moving the same piece twice Afer 8. ... d c x6 with 3. ... Nd4, Birds Defense.
  • 35. 36 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained If youve decided to pfay "the best" 3. ... a6 (see Diagram 16) then, as weve mentioned, besides studying 4. Bxc6, you should prepare a system against the classic 4. Ba4. There are some attrattive short-cuts to the main lines of theory (but cven the Diagrarn 22 short-cuts on a significant jour- Ruy Lopa, Bird S Defewe ney can be long!), such as the Perhaps youll put new life in "Open Variation"(Fine called itthe old system, as h d did the "Counter Attack Defense").with the Berlin Variation, proving After n o m d moves, 4. Ba4 Nf6i11 his 2000 World Champion- 5.0-0,ship match versus Kasparov thatthe endgame after 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3Ne6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. 0-0 Nxe4 5.d4 Lliagram 25 Afier 5. 0-0 Diagram 23 Black captures a pawn. AJier 5. d45. ... Nd6 6. 3xc6 dxc6 7. dxe5Nf5 8. Qxd8+ a d 8 is okay forBlack. Lliagram 26 Ruy Lopez, Opcn Yariatìon Diagram 24 Rzcy Lopez, BerEin Defitse Or aft-er alteady l e d n g so
  • 36. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 37much, maybe you want to study Afier the "classical" 7. ... d6,the "Charnpions Defense?" the the play continues:Chigorin Variation, tvhich grand- 8. e3 0-0 9. h3 Na5masters had in mind when theysaid, in the last part of the twenti- Were skipping some twists,eth century, that nobody can S U C ~aS f3re~ers ~aradoxicall~becorne a great player without good 9+ + - 7playing great Ruys. (And most 10. Bc2 e5 11. d4 Qc7world champions and chaIlengersdid play them, ofien from bothsides.) Let7s follow fromDiagram 25: This is the blueprint beginning of many great Ruys! (Chess glay- ers sometimes cal2 these classic theoretical starting places "tabi- as.") Diagram 27 After 7 Bb3 . Weke already connected to a 7. ... d6 lot of important history. Now lets rnove to the non-symmetri- Or 7. ... 0-0, if you want to lure cal answers to 1. e4.your opponent into the MarshallGambit after 8. c3 d5. Diugrarn 28 R1y Lopez, Marshall s Gambit
  • 37. 38 Chess Openiffgs for Black, ExplajnedSummarizing 1.- e5 I3 The light-suuarestrategy: Inzmediately challenging Whites Beginners may choose 1. ... centere5 because its natura1 and 1. e4 d5easy to understand (thereforemaking it easy to fuld reason-able follow-up moves). Theclassica1 main line after 1. e4e5 is the Ruy Lopez, and thestronger player you are, themore fiequently youll facethe Ruy. Still, some howl-edge against sharp systems,such as 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4, is required, in order to Diagram 32avoid panicking after 3. ... The Center Counter (Scutzdinavian)Nf6 4. Ng5. A basic tenet of fighting l. e4 is that if Black can play ... d5 without a drawback, he has equalized. So why not play 1. ... d5 right away? This attempt to cut through the Gordian knot of main lines was traditionally viewed by theory as weak. But the move was always underrated. Moreover, recently Diagram 30 After 4. Ng5 its been given new life. AAer the best response, 2. exd5, Black And to avoid a waste of time somewhat surprisingly has twolike 3. ... h6?. good rnoves: to recapture with the queen 2. ... QxdS, Diagmm 31 After 3. ... hb?
  • 38. Chapter 4: Gonnecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 39 But just how hportant is the loss of a tempo here? Diagram 33 Ajier 2. ... Qxd5or to play 2. ...Nf6. Diagram 35 Afrer 5. iLj7 And n o w Black brings out his light-square bishop before mov- ing his e-pawn. He can choose from 5. . .. Bg4, 5. ... Bf5, or even a preliminary 5. ... c6 (a useful move, sec~iringa retreat line for the queen). Far example: 5. ... c6 6. Bc4 Bg4. The legendary weakness of2. ... Qxd5, according to tradi-tional theory, was mites win ofa tempo with 3. Nc3. The verdictwas that Black exposed his queento early harassment, allowingm i t e to develop while BlackSmost powerful piece dodged bul-lets. Diagram 36 After 6. ... Bg4 In all these lines, Whites only hope for an edge lies in driving Blacks bishop back:
  • 39. 40 Chess Openings for Eés, oli the GM leve1 this choice winds up, again, plus- Hcse theory conttnues xvith owr-equa1 because Ilihite has thelines that in ~ h e end are razor- bishop pair. But among ania-sharp journcys through a tactical tcurs, knights arc oAen as good,tvoliderland. cfost non-special- if not better, than bishops.ists wouldnt dare enter, uneasy Blacks positioa is solid. Hc hasabout the i cakenirig" g 7 - 9 . no weaknesses and no bad A i ~ dwhere. with proper play, pieces-and no long lines todo eixn thrse best tnes end? rcniernber!"Plus-over-cqual"-.lhe smallest Lets Iook at Rlacks otheradsantage LVl~ite can havc. an choice in the Center Counteredge truly in~portant only on the aRer 3. esd5.highest Ievels of chess, ivheretechnique is near-perfect. Buteven there, cuch an edge is notdefinitive. hnd if your opponcnts do piayboth h3 and g4. and keep gettingan edge. corisider rhe siniple 7.. .. Bxl3. 39 Dit[gr,.lrrii~ ,ifiel-2.... Jrrstification for 2. . .. Nf6 lies in the line 3. c4 cf; 4. dxc6 (bct-
  • 40. Chaptef 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 41ter is modest 4. d4, transferringinto the Panov-Botvhik line ofthe Caro-Kann) 4. ... Nxc6. Diagrarn 41 Afier 5. ci4 Or White can play the norma1 Diagrarn 40 3. d4. After 4. ...Nrc6 And Bhck stands better de-spite a missing pawn. Still, in Diagram 39s position,White can fight for an edge with3. Bb5+ Bd7 4. Be2! Nxd5 5. d4. Diagram 42 A r 3. d4. &C The lighit-square strategy:Preparing ... d7-d.5 As we saw on previous pages, capturing on d5 with a piece givesWhite some advantage in the center, and the sornewhat better game. Twornajor openings, the Caro-Kann and the French, solve this problem bypreparing ... d7-d5 with a neighboring pawn move, in order to be ableto recapture on d5 with a pawn. Diagram 43 French
  • 41. 42 Chess Openiffgs for Black, Expianeci Lets look what will happen afier the natura1 2. d4 d5 in each case. Diagmm 45 Diagmm 46 French Caro-Kann Blacks ... e7-e6 opens a diagonal for his dark-square bishop and thusalso facilibtes early castling. The negative: the light-square bishop isrestricted by the e6-pawn and often winds up a bad "French" bishop,hemmed in by its own pawns. In the Caro-Km, the light-square bishopis free and will soon rnove to f5 or (after Whites Nf3) to g4. On the otherhand, ... c7-c6 doesnt forward Blacks deveiopment (except for open-ing the diagonal for his queen, which is less important than developingthe minor pieces), doesnt prepare for castiing short, and in somecases-where ... c6-c5 will be called for-loses a tempo. Still, as prac-tice shows, the Caro-Kam is at least as good as the French. Alreadyweve seen its singte but strong plus, keeping the light-square bishop"good." This benefit offsets the minuses. When playing the French, you must be ready to defend against Whitestwo main continuations, 3. Ne3 and 3. Nd2. Blacks position is solid. He has no weaknesses and no bad piece
  • 42. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 43 Diagram 48 French, White uvoids rhe p i ~ t A "busyrnans" solution to leaming two lines above can bc found inPirc Alert!-o complete defttse against 1. e4, co-authorcd by LevAlburt and by the Pircs nurnber one practitioncr, CM Alex Chemin: ...3. dxe4 (the Rubinstein French) 4. Nxe4 Bd7. Diugram 49 Diagranz 50 Affrr 4. ... BJ7 Afipr 8. Ng3 The game usuafly continues 5. 8. ... BxB!, achieving a positionNf3 Bc6 6 . Bd3 Nd7 7.0-0 Ngf6 quite similar to Diagrarn 388. Ng3 (fiom the 2. .. . Qxd5 line of the Scandinavian). For a player with more time to study and more arnbition, lines of thc Frcnch gcneraliy offer sharp, unbalanced positions, an explo- sive mixture of stratcgics and tac- tics.
  • 43. The Caro-Kann main line goes: Blacks planned 5. ... Ngf6??,1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Ne3 &e4 allowing 6. Nd6, "smothered"4. Nxe4. checkmate! D Cmming m the ceniers: m The Pirc, IModer~tand Alekhiae 1. e4 d6 Dzagram 51 After 4. Nxe4 This is a very solid, mostlypositional opening, pexfectly fit-ted to those sharing Petrosians Diagmrn 53 Pirc Defnsephilosophy: with Black, seeksafety first. Usually the game continues ... Both 4. BfS and 4. ...Nd7 2. d4 Nf6 (inviting the white(preparing 5. ... Ngf6) serve this knight to occupy a square ul fiontgoal. But be aware of neglecting of his pawn, as 3. Nd2, whiletactics even h such seemhgly possible, has the drawback ofsafe positions-for instanee, by blocking the bishop).playing (afker 4. ... Nd7 5. Qe2) Diagrorn 54 After 3. ...g6
  • 44. Chapter 4: Conneding to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 45 Black is ready to fimchetto his 3. c4 Nb6 4. c5.bishop and th& to castle. HeHfight for the center later, a mod-ernist &ade OR. For more onchoosing the Pirc, see P r Alert!. ic The Modern Defense, 1. e4 g6, Black will, bowever, recoup some of these tempos soon by attacking Whites extended (sometimes wen over-extended) pawn center. Despite a life-long eRort by Lev Alburt, the theory Diagram 55 still (correctly) favors %%te, but %e Modern Defense only i the modern line: nis a flexible, less forma1 cousin 2. e5 Nd5 3. d4 66 4. ND.(in some cases even a twin) of thePirc. Aiekhines Defense, 1. e4 Nf6, Diagmm 58 Afler 4. NfJ Diagmm 56 Al1 three major replies, Levs After I. ... N6 f 4. ... Bg4 and 4. ... g6, and GM Bagirovs 4. ... c6, seem io pro-is a true trimph of hyper-mod-ernism-Black provokes White mise White a small push (with tempo!) his centra1 The good news is that Whitepawns-as in the line 2. e5 Nd5 needs to know al1 &ree systems,
  • 45. 46 Chess Openings for Bfack, Explainedand Black only one. And "or- faux-pas openers result in a plus-mal," or simply "good" moves over-minus (a clear advantage foroften arent enough in sharp, White). Blacks opening goal isunbalanced Alekhine positions to equality.take White to safety, let alone to The minor openings: 1. ... a6,an advantage. 1. .., b6, 1. ,.. g5 are minor because they arent good, and thus cant be recommended except in an occasiona1 blitz game far surprise effect. (But we must admit that Tony Miles piayed 1. ... a6 in a toumament garne against then world champi- on h t o l y Karpov-and won!) Now we come to the defense we recommend against 1. e4, the This Nirnzovich Defense is apoor cousin of the Alekhine ... Sicilian Defense, 1. e5.Defense. Afkr 2. Nf3, Blacksbest move is definitely 2. ... e5.So, if you dont mind transposingkto the classic 1. e4 e5 lines, orif you on occasion want to con-fuse an opponent who is a KingsGambit aficionado, 1. ... Nc6 isa good choice. But youll have tostudy the fine 2. d4 e5 or 2. d4d5, where White should play firstaccmtely, then inventively, toassure just a very small edge insome unclear, "atypical" posi-tions. The Siciiian is currently Blacks most popular defense The graphic on page 48 plots, against 1. e4. In fact, its playedon the unsound-to-sofid continu- more often on al1 Ievels, fiom them, Blacks first-move responses club players to super-granhas-to 1. e4. You c m see that Blacks ters, than al1 other replies to I. e4
  • 46. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whote History of Pushing the Kirigs Pawn 47combined! Not surprisingly, itspopularity corresponds with verygood results for Black. A searchof more than 100,000 garnesreveals that the Sicilian yieldsBlack the following statisticsversus the classic 1 , ... e5 and 1.... e6:Black won: 28.8% 25.4% 30.3%Black drew: 31.7% 35.9O/0 34.9%Black lost: 39.6% 38.6% 34.9% So the Sicilian won the mostgarnes and lost the least! How This induces Whites nexxtcan l. ... c5 compete with 1. ... move, as other moves allowe6 and l. ... e5, the logical, clas- Black to equalize easily-forsical choices? Afier all, I. ... c5 example, 5. Bd3 Nc6. Moves likedoesnt put a pawn in the center; 4. ... e6 will allow 5. c4, thedoesnt develop or help to devel- Maroczy Bind, not to be overlyop a piece (except for the queen, feared, as we will show, but a dif-which normally isnt supposed to ferent game than Black brought out eariy in the open-ing); and doesnt make castling 5. Ne3easier. The explanation is that to tfyfor an advantage, White has topiay d2-d4. Otherwise Black willmaintain at least an equa1 footingin the center. Diagrarn 62 ABer 5. Ne3 White is better developed and has more space. Black, however, has exchanged his bishops pawn
  • 47. 48 Chess Openings for Bla- Expiained
  • 48. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 49for the m i t e queens pawn, andcenter pawns are usually worthmore. Besides, Black has poten-tially good play along the semi-open C-file. Therefore Whites rnost prorn-ising plan in the Sicilian is a11attack, while "Sicilian end-garnes" are known to favorBlack. Diagran8 64 Black has numerous choices in Sicilian Scheveningenthe Sicilian after 5. Nc3. Onepopular choice is 5. ... a6, the Yet another choice for BLackNajdorf. after 5, Nc3 is 5. ... Nc6. Di~~wunr 65 Diugram 63 Sicilian Najdof A f i e ~ ... jVc6 3. The idea of this move is to take But these three popular linescontro1 of b5-useful if Black require a defender to absorb a lotdecides to piay . ..e7-e5. of detailed information, and to rnaster a great nurnber of tactical Another move that Black oftenchooses is 5. ... e6, the and strategie ideas.Scheveningen ... Sirnpler to leam is the Sicilian
  • 49. 50 Chess Openings for Black, ExpiainedFour Knights: slightly better for White. Those who Iike it would most likely 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. d4 cxd4 lack Karpovs nearIy unerring4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Ne6 touch. Back to Blacks fourth move. After 1. e4 c5 2. NE3 e 3. d4 6 cxd4 4. Nxd4, Dtagram 66 @er 5 . Ncd This cail lead to a srnall advan-tage for White (i%) 6. Ndb5 after Diagrclnr 68Bb4 7. a3 Bxc3+ 8. Nxc3 d5 Afier 4. Nxd49. exd5 exd5 10. Bd3 d4 11. Ne20-0 12. 0-0 Qd5 13. Nf4! Black can delay 4. ... Nf6 and pIay 4. ... a6, the flexible Kan, or < ... 4. Nc6, the Taimanov. In the Sveshnikov, Black first develops his queens knight: 1. e4 c5 2. NE3 Ne6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4. Co-author Alburt once hied todefend Blacks side versus then20-year-old Anatoly Karpov.Failing, Lev abandoned theSicifian. That was a mistake.Very few players like to playemerging endgames, this time 4. ... Nf6 (although Grand-
  • 50. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History o Pushing the Kings Pawn f 51master Sveshnikov himselfnowadays prefers the immediate4. ... e5) 5. Nc3 e5!? Diagram 71, Afier 5- ... g6 The variation is called the Diagram 70 Dragon because Blacks pawn Sicilian Sveshnikov fonnation reminded some of the mysterious beast. Viewed as anti-positional at itscreation 35 years ago, today its Now White can choose some-very much the rage. what subdued lines, in which hell castle short. Well have a And of course, some players look at those in Chapter the supersharp Dragon: More dangerous for Black are 1 e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 . lines in which m i t e castles long4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Ne3 g6 and then launches an attack with h2-h4-h5, sacrificing that pawn for an open path to the enemy klng . One such opening tabia arises afier 6. Be3 Bg7 7. f3 0-0 8. Qd2 Nc6.
  • 51. 52 Chess Openings for Black, ENained doubt that Blacks castled posi- tion is coming under fire first. But imagine that, in the posi- tion in Diagram 72, Blacks d- pawn is still on d7-and it is Blacks turn to move (since he saved that tempo). In that case, Black would have an excellent game after 8. ... d5. This-an option to play ... d5 in one Diagmm 72 move-is the very reason for Afler 8. ...Ne6 choosing the Accelerated Dra- And now White follows up gon3 ourrecOmmendatiOn.with either 9.0-0-0 (where one ofthe main replies is 9. ... d5, nowjudged 1 or 9. Bc4. Black has )counter play, but there is no Summary: Blackk 1. ... e5 is the most logica1 response to 1. e#, and the easiest to grasp. The move 2. ... d5 can provide a time-saving "short-cut." Other assymetrical openings usually lead to com- plex, challengingplay.Among those, our choice is BlackL most successful reply: I . ... c5, the Sicilian.
  • 52. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 53Some PraeticalAdvice If one of your lines has been refuted, or youre simply not too happy with it, dont despair. Search for a substitute. h d if youre quite happy with your "old" opening-say, the Pirc or Alekhine- dont abandon it. Go straight to Part 111, and study the Nimo. Dont worry too much about matters such as a "complete, inter-connected reper- toire." Yes, skipping parts of this book may create some problems later, but you will be well equipped to dea1 with those problems. For instance, playing the Symmetrical English requires in this book knowledge of the Maroczy Bind, described in severa1 Part I1 chapters. If you dont like the Bind, look for another line within the Symrnetrical English. Or choose another first move, another systern-say, 1. c4 Nf6 2. Nc3 e6 and if 3. Nf3, then 3. ... Bb4, Nirnzo-style. There are plenty of choices, and oppor- tmities, in the opening. We hope this book will help you make choices right for you.
  • 53. 54 Chess Openings for Black, Explainedfionnectingto the Whole HIstorY ofPushing the Rings Pawn
  • 54. Chapter 4: Connecting to the Whole History of Pushing the Kings Pawn 55 Connectingto the Whole History of Pushingthe Kings PawnNo. 1 3. ..d6 4. Nf3 Nxe4 (not 3. ... Nxe4? 4. Qe2). See Diagram 6 . .No. 2 4. ...Nxe4, and Black is at least equal. See note after Diagram 9.No. 3 The right answer here and in similar positions is to take away ... from the center: 5. dxc6! 6. Ne5 Qd4!, and Black is better. See Diagrarn 19.Aro. 4 ... Black achieves a better game with 2. c5. Also good is 2. ...Bf5, taking the bishop out before playing ... e6, but 2. ... c5, planning to pin the white knight with ...Bg4 (after NB), is even stronger. See page 38 and compare with the French.No. 5 7. h3. Why not 7. Bxfii-? Because after 7. ...Kxf7 8. Ne5+ Qxe5+, BIack has a piece for a pawn. See Diagrarn 36.No. 6 ... 7. Ng4! Thus it is better for White to secure the e3-bishop with 7. i .See page 52. 3
  • 55. 56 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedChapter 5: The iiccelerated Dragon-lntro and Main LineThe Sicilian is Blacks most successful defense.Our recommended move order makes Whitesmost aggressive line against it risky after ... d5t. 8. ... o5!-one key ro BlackS Black no. pl-s 13. ... Nd7. successful p l q in this chapter. He isnt afraid to cxchangc dark- See Diagram 87. square bisliops. Scc Diagrani 104.: 9. ... d5-a typical brcuk- After 15. ... Bh6. Black prescrvcs tlirough. Sce Diagrarn 110. the bisliop pair. See Diagram 154. Outline o Variations f1 e4 e5 2 Hf3 06 3.64 cxd4ft Nid4 Hc6 5. Ne3 897 6. Be3 Hf6 7. Bc4 0-08 Bb3 a5 (56)IB351 . . .
  • 56. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 57 Chapter 5 The Accelerated Dragon Xntroduction and Main Line Every chess player must have has a number of adequatea confident answer to Whites answers, but the Sicilian Defensemost popular and pressing open- is the fighting choice that yieldser, 1. e4. Whites aggressive first Black the most victories.move stakes out the center and A search of more thanopens diagonals for both his 100,000 games from internation-kings bishop and queen. As al play shows that the Sicilianweve seen in Chapter 4, Black yields Black a 30.3% chance of THESICILLAN BLACK GIVES IMPRESSIVE RESULTS- EVEN AGAINST HIGH-LEVEL COMPETITORS VVHO KNOVV HOW TO MAKE THE MOST OF THEIR INITLATIVE!
  • 57. 58 Chess Openings for Black, Explained winning a fiill point and, in addi- tion, a 34.9% of drawing. Impressive results for the sec- ond-to-move-especially against 1. From the very first move,Bfack creates an unbalanced high-leve1 competitors who knowgame. Classical symmetry is out how to rnake the most of theirthe window. The Sicifian makes opening uiitiative!mistakes both more likely and 1. e4 c5more tetling! 2. To try for an advantage, As weve seen, althoughmost White players feel forced to Black doesnt occupy the centerplay d4 tu break open the d-file. with this first move, he chal-Black plays ... cxd4, exchanging lenges a key square, d4, exertinga flank pawn for a center pawn. contro1 over it. So, although heThe prolific chess writer Fred temporarily keeps his center-Reinfeld made the point that, pawns at home, he does heedexcept for some late endgames, Steinitz theory.pawns dirninish in value as theyapproach the edges of the board. 2. Nf3He assigned center pawns avalue of one dollar and bishop Well look at Whites alterna-pawns a value of 90 cents. So in 2. tive~, Nc3 and 2. c3, in latermost Sicitians, Black invests a cbapters. For now, well followbishop pawn for a center pawn the rnain lin-the most oftenand "keeps the change." On a played sequence.targer scale of metaphor, wecompare it to swapping a 2. ... g6Mustang for a Maserati, Yradingup," 3. After ... cxd4, Black getsan irnportant semi-open file onwhich to pface a rook and putpressure on Whites position. 4. Blacks superior pawnstructure will favor him in theendgame. Look at it this way:White is under pressure. Everyrnove brings hirn closer to anending that favors his challeng-ing opponent!
  • 58. Cnapter 5: The Accelerateci Dragon-lntro and Main Line 59 We i-ecotiiinend ihis 111o-e The stniidarcl iiioilr-t21e ccn-orcler (catled t l ~ eI-i>.pcr-S.cceler- tcr break in n;hich Ilitc -1osi.sated Dragotl) aver tlie usual 2. . .. moncy" iil tlie pa+11 trade. Yeai-l-.S c 6 to gei ris to the va]-iation n7e al1 pIa5-ers cif 11-liitc feel iòrcccl toxvailt, vhile ax~oiding t l ~ e play it to scek an acivaritnge. B ~ i tKossoliino (1. c4 e5 2 . Sfi S e 6 thc i i ~ u ~ eharrily a = is (~iiara~~tit.3. BbS), :i con~plex systcm al1 its Indecd its u tcstamcnt to tlieobvn. Tts true rhat thc Rossolirito Sicilia11 thai n-orlci chaiiipionsliipis hardty a rcfutatiotl o f the canciidate GM Bcnt L;irsen, thcSiciiian, but tIij. takc tinlc to Cjreat Danc of cliess. tcl-nleti t l ~ clcarm a scrious distraction ;11ei1 LI~IC~LII~CIUS clioicc "a positionnl).ou can sidcstcp it to gtt a posi- inistake."ticlii yourc prepared Tor? And After 3. c4 Nc6 3. d4 cxd-lItow likely is ir tliat !oulI ha-e ro 5 . S x d 4 Xf6 6. Xc3 d6. 11.e tr:ìlih-fiice the Rossolimo ii you play pose to ihc Liar.ocz)r Bind ai~oth-rlie "orl~cr" serurid mo-e? ..tboul er nlain bsaizch of otir s y s t ~ i n .23%,! co,cred in Chaprci-s 10- i 5. As Lisual. choiccs o11 theclicssbotird arc a tracie-off. !Te Ve shon- 4011 hov to mcctasoid thc tricky Kosculimo. but i7Iiites 1il~ic11 fess frcqiicnimiist he ready fbr 3. c.3. 3. Bc4, choice. 4. Qxd4, in Cliaprer S.:ì11d even 3. d3 cxd4 4. <).rcf.l.Tlieyrc less played thari ttieRossolimo. and it.cll As vcll see in a laicr chaplersiave thcse sidcliries foi- latrr. o 1 lile 4Iaroczy. rhis is i-noi-e 1 3. d4 acctirate than 4. ... Bg?.
  • 59. 60 Chess Openings for c4, White blocks Blacks themat- ic Sicilian play along the C-file and takes f h contro1 of d5; hence the "bind.") The Maroczy is not as immi- nently dangerous as the Yugoslav, because the game usually devel- ops along slow, positional routes, where both sides castle kingside. Moreover, although i for- n mer h e s entering the Maroczy was off-putting for players of Weve reached the basic Black who wanted the counterac-position of the Accelerated tion offered by normai SicilianDragon. The main stnictural dif- lines, well see in Chapters 10-15ferente between it and the regu- that we have the antidotes tolar Dragon, where Black plays 2. Whites plans in the Maroczy.. . d6 (discussed in Chapter 4), is Bind-along with lots of newthat Black keeps his pawn on d7, tactical ideas for Black. Theg i h g h the option of playing "Bind"has lost its dreaded grip!... d5! in one thrust. This significant tempo gainsidesteps al1 the dangerous lines Or 5. Be3 Nf6 6, Nc3-ain which White castles queenside simple tramposition. Not danger-and begins a powerful ous for Black is 5. Nxc6 bxc6 6."Yugoslav" attack by launching a Qd4 Nf6 7. e5 Nd5 8. e6 f6, aspawn storm with h 4 - m White fdls behind in develop-approach by m i t e that has ment.claimed many victims over theyears. (hhis My 60 M e m o r d eGames, Fischer sums up his own Black fianchettoes his dark-success with the system by wrÌt- square bishop. This placement,ing, v] had it d o m to a science and the pressure it brings to bear on the long diagonal fiom h8 to... sac, sac, mate!") al is a key to his game plan. In the spisit of the usuai giveand take, howwer, our recom-mmded move order allaws White This logica1 develop-and-to play 5.04 (or 3. c4)and get the defend approach is by far mostMaroczy Bind. (By playing c2- popular. Chapter 7 xecornmends
  • 60. Chapter 5:The Accelerated Dragon-tntro and Main Line 61approaches for Black after theless-played, knight-retreatingaltematives for White: 6. Nde2and 6. Nb3. Nahtrally, Black develops hisknight to this tirne-tested square,preparing to castle, swinging hisking into a safer spot and bring-ing his rook into pfay. Retreating his bishop fiom the center is m i t e s strongest move. The natura1 8. 0-0 allows Black a "petite" equalizing com- bination a la Capablanca: 8. ... Nxe4! 9. Nxe4 (or 9. Bxf7+ Rxf7 10. Nxe4 Qa5, when, with strong centra1 pawns and the bishop pair, Black is better) This is the main line. W~ite has three other, lesspopular and less promising sev-enth-rnove choices, exarnined inChapter 6. 7. ... 0-0 8. Bb3
  • 61. 62 Chess Openings for Btack, Expiainedwith an equa1 position. Back to 8. Bb3. Anothex eighth move forWhite, 8. f3?, is sirnply bad. 8. ...a5Black plays 8. ... Qb6!, Black threatens ... Nxe4 and Blacks idea is to play ... d5... Qxb2. White docsnt have an in one movc, and ... a5 helps himadequate defense-for example:9, Bb3 Nxd! 10. Nxe4 Bxd4, to achieve this by undenniningand Black wins a pawn. the m i t e guardians of the d5- WHIT~% DOESNT HAVE AN ADEQUATE DEmN
  • 62. Chapter 5: The Accelerateci Dragon-lntro and Main Line 63 Herc White has three main bxc3 Rxd8, BIack is better.rnoves: 9. a4, 9. 0-0, and 9. f . 3 10. ...Nxd4 Now Black is ready to take on b3 at the most cornfortable moment for hh-and, thanks to 9. 84, White will have to recap- ture away from the center! %l. Qh4 White keeps his queen on the kingside, hoping to create an atiack. Diugram 88 11. ... d6 12. Nd5 Re8 13. A8er 9. a4 Rdl Nxb3 This move invites ... Ng4,which gives Black a cornfortablegame. 9. .,.Ng4 10. Qxg4 Black devalues Whites queenside pawns. Aper 10. Qxg4 Black defends against the After 10. N X C Nxe3 1 1. ~ threat of Nc7.Nxd8 Nxdl 12. Rxdl Bxc3-t 13.
  • 63. 64 Chess Openings for Black, Ekplained Diagmm 91 Diagmrn 93 Afier i 6. ... Qd8 A$er 18. Bxg7 Black gets out of the way of 18. ...Kxg7 19. Nf4his light-&pare bishop. ~ e sdoing fine. Diagmm 92 ... Re5 Afier 21. This position is about equat(Svidler-Topalov, 1999).
  • 64. Chapter 5: The Accelerateci Dragon-lntro and Main Line 65With the idea of .., Bfi, (See 61 10. f 3Aitnazi-Krmik, in Part V)B 9.0-0 Diagram 98 Afer IO. fJ This is a safe but passive approach. Blacks plan is the same as in the 10. h3 line (182) Diagram 96 below. rtfter P. ... d6 Black is threatening ... Ng4.(If 9. ... a4, then 10. Nxa4 Nxe4 Threatening 12. ... a4.11. Nb5, with the initiative.) After 9. ... d6, White has two Here White has tried themain choices: 10. f and 10. h3. 3 immediate Nd5 as well as &e If 10. NdbS!?, avoiding the prophylactic Khl .exchange of knights and occup-ing the weak b5-square, Blackachieves a good garne: 10. ...b6, Diagram 99 Diagrani P7 Afier 12. ... Bc6 Afer 10. .... b611. ... Ba6, and then ... Nd7-c5.
  • 65. 66 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained Diagram 103 Afier 18. ...N Uiagmrn 100 with equa1 chances (Zulfùgari After 15. ... Bxd4+ -Wojtkiewicz, 2002). Now if 16. cxd4 BxdS Bilb 13. ~ h i17. exd5 (17. dxc5? Bc4) Nd7. Affer 17. ... Nd7 Diagram 104With a good game far Black. And Afier 13. Khfif16.Qxd4, l6.... e5!. ... 13. Nd7 14. Bxg? Kxg7 15. Qd4+ Kg8 Diagram l02 AJier I6. ... e5!Black gets a favorable pawnstrutture after 17. Qd2 Bxd5 18.exd5 (18. QxdS Qb6!) 18. ... fS,
  • 66. .- Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line L, Black is doing fine. He fol- Instead, Black shouldlows up with ... Qb6 and ... Nc5. respond to 12. Nd5 with 12. ... Nxd5 13. exd5 Bxd4 14. Qxd4 Qc7 15. Rfel Rfe8, when his bishop is better than Mites pas- sive counterpart. Dzagmrn 106 Afer 10. h3 10. ... Nxd4 11. Bxd4 Bd7 Black intends ... a4 and.., Bc6. This is the key position of the variation. Whites plan is to play in the center using the outpost on d5, and to play on the kingside with f4 and possibly f5 or e5. Blacks plan is to exchange dark-square bishops by piaying ... Nd7, then to put his knight on the strong c5-outpost and to pIay on the dark squares. As usual in the Sicilian, Blacks strutture is better in the endgame. So he welcomes the exchange of queens. After 12, Nd5, Black shoufd White can attack with 13. f4not play 12. ... Nxe4?, as aRer 13. or 13. Qd3.BbS Qe8 (13. ... Qb8 14. Nxe7+and White is much better), 14.Nc7 wins the Exchange.
  • 67. 68 Chess Openings f r Black, Explained o played in the game Anand-Malakhov, 2002. After 16. Nd5 Bxd5 17. Bxd5 Qc7 (with the idea of ... Qc5), the super-GMs got to this position. Diaawam 109 Afer 13.f4 Diagram I11 White gains space on the Afer 17. ... Qc7kingside and prepares e5 or f5. Play continued 18. Kh1 Rab8 19. Bc4 Qb6 20. Radl Qxd4 21. Bfack cant play 13. ... Nxe4? Rxd4 Nc5 22. b3 Rfc8, whenbecause of 14. Bxg7 Kxg7 15. Black had achieved a solid posi-Nxe4 Bxe4 16. Qd4+ and Qxe4. tion. 14. Bxg7 Kxg7 Our main line, 15. ... f6, is an important novelty found by Bfack has exchanged dark- our youngest co-author in thesquare bishops and is ready to game Friedel-Perelshteyn, ... Nc5. Here Black is not afraid of the weakness on e6 because Whites knight cant get to it. Black wants to exchange queens with ... Qb6. 16. Nd5 Nc5 1 . f 7 5 Dingram 110 Afer 15. ...l6 Also okay is 15. ... Kg8, as
  • 68. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 69 before the queens come off, White leaves himself with an even worse endgarne!) So m i t e trìes to create an attack. 20. Rael Rf7 Black defends the pawn and prepares a strong defensive setup on the kingside. 21. Re3 gxf5! 22. Rxf5 Kh8 Diagram 112 Afer l 7.j3Black prevents Nf4. Diagram 114 ... Ajer 22. Kh8 Now Blacks king is quite safe and Black c m himself take contro1 of the g-file. Diagram I I3 Afer 19. ... Rc8 White is correct to exchange a pair of rooks-Blacks threat of h interesting position! If ... Qd7, followed by doublingBlack manages t0 exchange rooks on the g-file, is too danger-queens, he will be much better in ous.the endgame (again, the Sicilianendgame theme), because m i t e 23. ...Rg7 24. Kf2has too many weaknesses. The position is about even.(Sometimes in pressing to win IF BLACK -47s. MA@AGES?TOEXCIUNGE QUEENS, ,**,, HE WILL BE MUCH BETTER INTHE ENDGAME.
  • 69. 70 Chess Openings for Black, ExpfainedB2b 13. Q& 19. Qd2 Qc5 20. Khl Nf6 13. ... Nd7 14. Bxg7 Kxg7 21. Rfel Rada! 22. Bc4 e6!15. Radl Nc5 Now Black controls d5. 23. Qd4 Qxd4 24. Rxd4 Rd7 25. Redl Rfd8 26. f3 Kf8 Black has reached the posi- Diagmm 118tion he wanted and has a solid AJler 26. ... Kf8game. The game Movsesian- 27. Kgl.Fedorov, 2003, continued: Here ihe players agreed to a draw.After 27. ... Ke7, Blacks Also possible is 16. ... f6!?. position is very solid. Black, as usuaf, encouragesthe exchange of queeris, lookingfotward to an endgame.
  • 70. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 71 comrnon response to Whites "Yugoslav Attack" intentions. Indeed, one of the great advan- tages of the Accelerated Dragon is that Black refrains from play- ing ... d6 for precisely this con- tlngency. Now White has to pIay very accurately in order to avoid get- ting a worse position! White has three ways to capture the pawn: Diagrarn f 19 10. exd5, 10. Bxd5, and 10. Affer 9.$ 5 NxdS? !. M i t e intends to castle longa h r Qd2 and 0-04. His ninthmove bolsters his e4-pam, pre-vents ... Ng4, and Ieverages thepawn-charge g4. These plussesexplain why it s a popular move! Diagrarn I21 After I I . ... a4! This follow-up is the whole idea of 8. ... a5. Now Black wins the d-pawn and develops a strong initiative, whether White recap- Diagrarn i 20 Wes with 12. Bxa4 or 12. Nxa4. A@ 9. ... d5 C18 12. Bxa4 Nfxd5 13. Bf2 Black sacrifices his pawn toget dynamic piece play. The 13. Bd4? loses afier 13. ...move is a good example of the Bxd4 14. Nxd4 (14. Qxd4 Rxa4dictum to counter an attack on 15. Nxa4 Nxc2+) 14. ... Ne3! 15.the wing with a counterpunch in Qd2 Qxd4! 16. Qxd4 Nexc".the center, Blacks ... d5 is a
  • 71. 72 Chess Opornings for Black, Expfained D i u p r n 124 Afier 12. ... Nfxd5 15. Kxdl Rd8+ 16. Ke2 13. BfZ Black can simply win hispawn back with 16. ... Bxc3 17. Whites other thirteenth-bxc3 Rxa4 18. cxb4 Rxb4, with move options are not equa1 position, or he can even After 13. Bd4 Bxd4 14. Qxd4play to win with 16. .. . Bf5!?. (14. Nxd4? Ne3 15. Qd2 Qxd4! 16. Qxd4 Nexc2e) 14. ... Bf5 Diagrarn 125 After 14. ... 3f3 White is pressed to ddefend c2. 15. Nac3 Here if White tries 15. Q&?, BIack plays ... Bxc2!. There could follow 16. Bxc2 (relatively betteris 16. B x d S R x a 4 ~ ) ... 16. Ne3!.
  • 72. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 73 Diugram 126 Diagram 128 IIfter 16. ... Ne3! Afier 16. ... Rd8The Black horsemen rnark the 17. cxb4!. Relatively best-venapocalypse. Whites Judgrnent worse is 17. Qb3 Nd3-t 18. KfiDay is just and harsh: hes lost. Qa7 19. Nd4 Bxd4 20. cxd4Back to 15. Nac3: 15. ... Nxc2-i- Qxd4 21. Qc2 Nxb2 22. Bb316. Bxc2 Nxc3 17. Qxd8 Rfxd818. Bxf5 Nxe2 19. Kxe2 gxf5 Diagram 129 AJer 22. Bb3 The game is drawish Finally, 13. Bd2(Petnishin-Khasin, 1976). If 13. Bc5 Rxa4! 14. Bxa4Qa5 15. Bxb4 Nxb4 16. c3 Rd8 13. ... b5! (The classical 13. ... Bf5 is also good.) 14. Nac3 Be6.
  • 73. Black prepaxes to exchangeWhites bishop on b3. 15. Nxb5 m g m m f 33 M e r 15. a3 Nxc3 16. Bxc3 A @ 14.... Nxc2-l-Bxc3+ 17. bxc3 Bxb3, Black has Black trades down to anM co.pensation for a pawn. f equd endganne. 15. ... Qb6 16. a3 15. Bxe2 QaS+ 16. b4 Even worse is 16. Nbc3 16. Nac3? Nxc3 17. Nxc3Nxc3 17. bxc3 Bxb3. Bxc3+, whing. Back to our main luie aflerWhites best, 13. Bf2. 13. BfS... L)uIgm 134 After 17, ...Bm3+ 16. ... Nxb4 17. axb4 Qxb4+ 18. Qd2 Qxd2I 19. Kxd2 Bxal20. &al Ltkgmam 132 After 13. ... Bf5 Now Whìte h a pfayed 14. a3
  • 74. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-tntro and Main Line 7 5 20. ... Bxc2 Black attacks with his one Or 20. ... Rfd8+!?. surviving queenside foot soldier. 21. K d b5 22. Nec3 bxa4 x 15, Nac3 Nxc3 16. IVxe323. Rxa4 h a 4 24. Nxa4 =. Qxdl 17. Rfxdl Bxc2 18. Bxc2 Nxc2 29. Racl BxQ 20. k e 2 L)iagmm 138 Afier 20. ... B 6 f Whitc abandons his C-pawn BIack has equality (Shirov-to complete his development. Lautier, 1997). 14. ...b5!
  • 75. 76 Chess Openin~s Black, Exp!ained fof still in boot camp can be temi- nai.) C2a1 12. €3 fxe4 13. fxe4 Or 13. Nxc6 bxc6 14. Nb6 Rb8 15. Qxd8 Rxd8 16. &e4 Ba6, with the idea of ... Bd3. Black is better. 13. ...ed 14. Nf4 14. Nxc6 Qh4+ 15. g3 Qxe4 14. ... Nxd4 15. cxd4 Bxd4 Diagram 139 16. Qrd4 Qxd4 17. Bxd4 Rxf4 After 10. BxdS 18.0-4-0 Bd7! 10. ... NxdS Now White can choosebetween 1l. Nxd5 and 11. exd5.C 2 8 11, NxdS f5 Diagrum 141 Afier 18. ... Bd71 White has no advantage. C282 12. Nxc6 Diagmm I40 This move leads to the After Il. ...p endgame. Wiìl Blacks initiative Black a temporary earry over to the fina1 phase?advantage in development (hehas castled, while Whites king is 12. ...bsc6still in the center), so he decidesto open up the position. (Inclosed positions, one side canoften afford a lag in develop-ment, but in open positions,being caught with your troops
  • 76. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 77 Diagram l44 After 19. ... Be5 Diagrarn 142 Black threatens ... Rb8 and Afer 12. ... bxc6 ... Rb2. 13. Nb6 Rb8 14. Qxd8 20. Rbl Bxh;? 21. a4 Bc7Rxd8 15. Rd1 Rxdl+ 16. a d 1 Black is fine (Ivanchuk-S. Diagram 143 AJier 16. Xxdl This is the critica1 position.Black has tried 16. ... Bxb2 and16. ... fke4. We reconxnend cap- Diagram l45turing with the f-pawn. AJer 19. .. a4 . 16. ...fxe4 17. Nxc8 Black wants to exchange his 17. fxe4 Bxb2 18. Nxc8 weak pawn, and thus achieveRxc8 19. Ke2 Be5 equality. However, even simpler and stronger is the centralization of the king. 19. ... Kf7 20. Ke2 Be5 21. a4 Ke6 22.3b6 Ra8 23. Kd3 Bd6
  • 77. 78 Checc Openings for Black, Explained .. ...: : .. .: ! ., >.> :: . , e.. ..: . a :.Q *... .C:< : ,+ ..,! . . I ..: ; i: . . .. ..... : L- : . . ., 2, . L , : < . :* ; .O t Diagram 146 Diagram 148 Afrer 23. ... Bd6 Afier 13. ..b5 . Black prepares to play .,. After 12. ... e6!, White hasRf8. He has a comfortable game. three moves: 13. dxe6, 13. a3,We have been following Zhan and 13. Qd2.Pengxiang-Ni Hua, 200 1, whichended in a draw. Diagram f 49 Afer 13. &e6 Diagram 147 White can instead play 13. a3 After 12. Nde2 or 13. Qd2 (discussed below), 12, ...e6! aiming at giving Black an isolat- Black opens the e-file and ed pawn. Bad is 13. d6, as thisgives his bishop on c8 a pathway Pawn will be VerY vulnerable, farinto the game. Another option is exam~le after 13- Ra6. - - m12. ... Bf5 13. Rcl b5. 13. ...Bxe6 14. a3
  • 78. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-fntro and Main Line 79 White is being greedy! But Now White has to give up hisafter 14. 0-0 Qxdl 15. Raxdl queen for the rook and bishop orNxd, sacrifice an Exchange. 18. M)?Kxg7 With good w e g chances for Black; VJhites king has no shelter.Black has regained his pawn andstands better due to his activebishop pair.
  • 79. 80 Chess Openiffgsfor Bfack, Explained Black avoids the exchange ofbishops because it would weaken Now if 14. a3?, Black has ...his dark squares and allow d4, with a betier game. White hasWhites knight to occupy the d4- three reasonable moves-he cansquare. (When you have an iso- play 14. Bd4, 14.0-0 or 14.0-0-0.lated center pawn, your opponentis well served to blockade it with 1i2b3Cll 14. Bd4 Bxd4his knight.) 15. Nxd4 Qh4+ (Too risky is 16. h4-forexarnple, 16. . .. Re8 17. h5 Ra6!.Black is ready to meet hxg6 with... Rxg6 .) The position is balanced:Blacks isolated d-pawn is oflsetby his pair of bishops. (See sarn-ple garne Bauer-Malakhov,
  • 80. Chapter 5 The Accelerated Dragon-lntro : and Main Line 81 Diagram 157 Diagram I59 After 17. Ncb5 A f t r 17. ... Nxc2 17. ...Bd7 Black is equal. Black has an equal ganie. CZb311111 14.43-0-0 Bf5 Diugram 158 A$er 14. ... d4! 15. Nd4 Bxd4 16. Bxd4 Nxc2 17. Be5 d4! 15. Radl Bf5 16. Nxd4Bxd4 17. Bxd4 Nxc2
  • 81. 82 Chess Openings f r Black, Expjained o C3 10. Nxd5 The weakest recapture. Diagram 161 After 17. ..d4! . Diagram 163 After IO. Nxd5 10, ...Nxd5 I l . exd5 11. BxdS? Nxd4 12. Bxd4 Bxd4 13. Qxd4 e6, winning. Diagram 162 After 20. ...Ne3 Diagram I64 Black is fully compensated After 13. ...e6for the Exchange. 11. ...Nb4 12. e4 a4
  • 82. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 83 13. Bc2 (13. Bxart? Qa5)13. ... e5! 14. Ne2 Qh4+ 15. Bf2 Black is much better.$isrrirri9n= In ciur main line, Whitek overaggressiveness often leavesBZack with a superior endgame. But even in the middlegame,Bkckk sound andflexible position i resilient tu attack WhEte shQs many chances to go wrong. Tke mmes 8. ... a5 and, in caseo 9.$ , 9. ...d5, are the keys to BlackSr counterplay. f 3
  • 83. 84 Chesc Openings for Black, ExpainedChamer 5: nie Aecelerated Dragon-intro and Mafn Line Diagmm 167 Diagmm 168 Afer l I . Qdi After 18. ... e6 Diagmm l69 Diaguam I70 After 16. Radi After 16. g3
  • 84. Chapter 5: The Accelerated Dragon-lntro and Main Line 85 Chapter 5: The Bccelerated Dragon-lntro and Main LineAro I 11. ..Nxb3, forcing White to capture with the C-pawn. . See page 63.No. 2 19. Qc3+ followed by 20. Nc7, winning the Exchange. See page 64.Aro. 3 ... 16. Qb6, going into a favorable endgame. See page 68.230. 4 ... 16. Qxd4, winning a piece. See page 80.
  • 85. 86 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedChapter 6: The Accelerated Dragon-Seuenth-moue Sidelines3, j ~ . JjJ];$.QY~~J]] ;a, a , 2 tJJjj-15 u.J $ 9 . ~Of the three sidetines, the aggressive 7. Nxc6 leads to asharp game, 7. Be2 is safe but harmless, and 7. f3leaves White behind in development..s Aiìcr 8. ... NgS. Black attacks the 8 Thc Black knight is tvell plnccd e5-pawn. See Diagram 174. on f5. Ser Diagran1 179.+ Aftcr l l. ... Bxd4. the * Black is ready to play ... d7-d5. endgame fasors Black. Seé Diagrarn 188. Sse Diagram 186. Outline of Variations1 e4 E5 2. Nf3 96 3.64 Gxd4 4 Niid4 N66 5. N63 Bg7 6 Be3 N6 (86) . . f A 7. Nxc6 bxc6 8. e5 NgS! (87) IB31] A l 9. Bd4 f6 10. f4 Qa5 11. Qe2 &e5 12. Bxe5 Nf6 13. 0-0-0 0-0 (88) A 2 9. f4 Nh6 10. Qd2 0-0 I I . 0-0-0 d6! 12.exd6 exd6 13. h3 Nf5 (89) 6 7. Be2 0-0 8. 0-0 d6 9. f4 Qb6 1 .Qd3 Ng4! l I. Bxg4 Bxd4 (90) IB731 0 e 7.i 0-O! 8. Qd2 d5 (92) IB34 3 C1 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Nxc6 bxc6 1 1 . Bd4 Bxd4 12. Qxd4 e5! 13. Qc5 Qb6 (93) C2 9.Nxc6 bxc6 10. e5 Nd7 11. f4 eh 12. Na4? NxeS! 13. fxe5 Qh4+ (93)
  • 86. Chapter 6: The Accelerated Dragon-Seventh-move Sidelines 87 Chapter 6 Seventh-move Sidelines In our main line, after Blacks Lets start with the rnost ambi-6 . ... Nf6, we reach this position: tious move. To avoid the main continuationon move seven (7. Bc4, Chapter Dia- 172 * A 7. Nxc6S), White has time options: 7.Nxc6, 7. Be2, and 7. f3. Black W t e wants to play 8. e5 toc m dea1 very effectively with al1 challenge Blacks whole scheme.three,
  • 87. 88 Chess Openings for Black, Explained Diugram 173 Diagram 174 .43rr 8. e5 Afkr K ... hk8! Whites idea is to give Black Here White has two moves:the apparent Hobsons choice of 9. Bd4 and 9. f4.wasting a tempo by retreating theattacked knight to g8 or sacrific-ing a pawn with 8. ... Nd5!?. A l 9, Bd4 f6 We recommend playing 8. ... Black provokes White intoNg8!, and like Brer Rabbit enjoy- piaying f4 and then fùrther pres-ing the intended punishment of sures e5, as exf6 yields Black athe "Briar Patch," Black will strong center.maneuver confidently. His 10. f4 Qa5 11. Qe2 fxe5important knight can head to h6and f5. Black then follows upwith ... d6, undermining Whitescenter.
  • 88. Chapter 6: The Accelerated Dragon-Seventh-move Sidelines 89 Tf White tries 12. fxeti?, Blackhas the star move 12. ... Rb8!, 10. Qd2 0-0 11.0-0-0 d6!and then if 13. b3?, Black plays13. ... c5, Diugrarn 178 Afler I l . ... d6! Diugram I76 Black undermines Whites cen- Afier 13. ... 0-0 ter. Black has good play-and 12. exd6 exd6 13. h3owns the position thats morefun! White will need time to The pawn on d6 is untouch-uncork his nomally dominant able: 13. Qxd6 Qxd6 14. Rxd6light-square bishop. Later, Black Nf5 15. Rd3 Ba6, while 13.can make threats down the semi- 3c5?! Bg4 gives Black danger-open b-file. ous counterplay. 13. ... Nf5 14. L Ì f t
  • 89. 90 Chess Openiffgsfor Black, Explained Diagram 181 .4@er 20. ... Qn5! Diagmm 179 White is hopeiessly pin-plag- Ajer 14. BfZ ued. He has no defense against ... h a 2 and . .. Ra3. Here, Blacks contro1 over the 6 7. Be2long diagonal, together with thehalf-open b-file, allows hirn to Quietly devefoping with 7. Be2 transposes to the Classica1unleash a iremendous attack! Variation, a line that holds no ter- 14. ... Qa5! 15. g4 Rb8! 16. ror for Black.gxf5 Rxb2! Diagmm 130 Afier 16. ... Rxbl! M i t e loses, for exarnple: 17. f6 (17. Kxb2 Qb4+ 18. KclBxc3-+). 17. ... Qa3 (with thethreat of rnate in one) 18. Qe3Bxf6 19. Kd.2 Bf5 20. Rc 1 Qa5!.
  • 90. Chapter 6: The Accelerated Dragon-Seventh-move Sidelines 97 Or l l. Nd5 Bxd4! (Black trades his queen for three minor pieces, usually a good swap, especialIy when both his bishops remain on the board) 12. Nxb6 Bxe3+ 13. Khl Bxb6 14. Bxg4 Bxg4. Diagrum 183 Afier 8. ... d6 Black transposes into the nor-mal Dragon, where Whites clas-sical setup with Be2 and 0-0 israther harmless. Diagmm l84 Afier 14. ... Bxg4 9. f4 Biack enjoys an advantage- For 9. Nb3, see 6. Nb3 in for exarnple, if 15. f5 (with theChapter 7; if 9. h3, then 9. ... Bd7 threat of trapping Blacks bishopfollowed by .., Nxd4 and ... Bc6. with h3 and g4), then 15. ... BhS! 9. ...Qb6 16. h3 gxf5 17. exf5 f6 18. Rael Ne5 19. Q62 Be8!. Black takes advantage of thefact that Whites bishop is unpro-tected and sets up a powerful pin. 10. Qd3 10, QdZ? loses to 10. ... Nxe411. Nxe4 Bxd4; afier 10. Na4,Black can simply play 10, ,..Qa5, after which White has nobetter move than to retreat with Diagrrrrn I85I l . Nc3. A$er 19. ... Be8! Black will play ... Bc6, fol- lowed by ... Kh8 and ... Rg8.
  • 91. 92 Chess Openings for Bfack, Explained C 7 f3 . Taking time to bolster e4 with 7. f leaves White behind in 3 development. 7 . ...O-O! Diagram 186 Affer I l . ... Bxd4 12. Bxd4 Qxd4+ 13. Qxd4Nxd4 14. BxcS RfxcS Diagram 188 After 7. ...0-O! Whites seventh move was too passive. Now Black threatens ... Qb6 or ... d5, and White lacks an adequate response. If 8. Bc4 Qb6!, winning a pawn. (See Chapter 5, Main line: Diagram 187 7. Bc4, page 62.) Afer 14. ... Rfxc8 The Sicilian endgame! Black is 8. ...d5at least equal. Now White has two choices: he can capture on d5 or exchange hights and play e5. WHITESSEVENTH MOVE WAS T 0 0 PASSIVE. NOW BLACK THREATENS Q B OR ~ ~ 5 ,... ... AND WHITE LACKS AN ADEQUATE DEFENSE.
  • 92. Chapter 6: The Accelerateci Dragon-Seventh-move Sidelines 93 Black is once again better in the upcoming endgame. Diugrum 189 Afrer 9. ... Nxd5 10. Nxc6 Or 10. Nxd5 Qxd5 I l . Nxc6Qxc6 12. 0-0-0 Bf5, and Blacksattack is overpowering. Diugmm 191 ... 10. bxc6 11. Bd4 Bxd4 12. Ajer I l . ... e6Qxd4 e5! 13. Qe5 Qb6 Blacks idea is to play ... 4 5 2. His centra1 pawns are very strong. Whites attempt to blockade them fails. 12. Na4? Nxe5! 13. fxe5 Qh4-t BLack follows up with ... Qxa4. Diagram 190 Afier 13. ... Qb6 Surmmaw:i WhiteS three seventh-move tries to avoid our main line (7. Nxc6, 7. Be2, and 7. f3) al1 Eead to rziee games for Black. Against 7. Nxc6, Black gets positions that are promising and f ì io pEuy: The classical 7. BeS is harmless, while the slow 7.f3 allows Black to play ... d7-d5 in one move, and thus get a dangerous lead in dmeiopment.
  • 93. 94 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedChapter 6: The Iccelerated Dragon-Seventh-Move Sidelines Diagram l92 Diagrarn l93 After 8. Qd2 After 9. Bf4 Diagram 194 Diugram 195 Ajter 8. ... d5 After I I . Na4
  • 94. Chapter 6: The Accelerated Dragon-Seventh-move Sidelines 95 Chamer 6: llie Aecelerated Dragon- Seuenth-rnoue SìdelìnesNo. 1 8. ...d5!. See page 92.No. 2 ... 9. f6 is fine here, but the preliminary 9. ...Qb6, attacking the bZpawn, is even stronger. See page 88.No. 3 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Nxd5 Qxd5 11. Bf3, with an advantage. Thus in Diagram 183, BIack played the "modest" 8. ... d6. See page 91.No. 4 11. ,..Nxe5!. See page 93.
  • 95. 96 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedChariter 7: The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-mowe Sidelinesr.3 3,- a!j ] a -jJ]:jJ ~ :j iJyja]~,jyiJ]lj-]:Iz i1.g:l:gliJ!A gla!]Whites sixth-move sidelines, 6. Nde2 and 6. Nb3, areeasy for a prepared Black to handle. Black may even havemore than one good plan at his disposal..:r- Black espands on the quetnside. 10. ... Qc8 serves three purposes. Sce Dissrain 197. See Diagram 205. After 13. ... e5! Black starts ceritral -. Centralizatiori. actions. Sce Ditigrani 20s. Sec Diagram 277. Outline of Uariationst e4 c5 2 Nf3 g6 t d4 cxd4 Blxd4 Nc6 5. Ne3 B07 (96) IB341 A 6 . Nde2 Nf6 7. g3 b5 8. a3 Rb8 9. Bg2 a5 (97) B 6 . Nb3 Nf6 7. Be2 0-0 8. 0-0 d6 (98) 61 9. Be3 Be6 10. f4 Qc8 (99) 62 9. Bg5 Be6 (102) B 2 a io. f4 b5 (102) B21110. Khl Rc8 11. f4Na5 12. f5 Bc4 (103) B 3 9. Re1 Be6 10. Bfl a5 1 1. a4 Bxb3 12. cxb3 e6 13. Bg5 h6 (104) B 3 a 14. Bh4 Qb6 (1 05) B 3 b 14. Be3 Nb4 (106) 64 9. f4 Be6 (107)
  • 96. Chapter 7:The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-move Sidelines Q7 Chapter 7 Sixth-rnove Sidelines This chaptcr shows you how to i 6. Nde2 %play the ~ccelerate-dDrapon N,t surpnsingly, givenagainst less-chosen sixth moves. of this retreat, BlackARer 1 e4 e5 2. NE3 g6 3. d4 . gets a goodad4 4. Nxd4 Nc6 5. Nc3, letsfook back to Chapter 5, after: ... 6. Nf6 7. g3 b5 8. a3 Rb8 9. Bg2 a5 5. ...Bg7 Diagmrn 197 Dagrarn 196 Afier 9. .,.a5 After 5 ... Bg7 10.0-0 0-0 11. h3 Now, rather than the main-line6. k 3 , examined in Cbapters 5 White m&es this move ind 6, White can choose 6. ~ d e 2 0rdfl t0 be able t0 P ~ Be3. ~ Yor 6. Nb3. 11. ... b4 12. axb4 axb4 13. Nd5
  • 97. 98 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained Also not dangerous for Black Diagram 198 is the subtler 16. Bf4-for exam- Ajier 13. i ( 5 Vf ple: 16. ... Bb7 17. Rei d6. 13. ... NxdS 14. exd5 Ne5 The knight has his eye on c4. $% @ ( A . ..,y ,+&A $gg&/d >j$$g,y,,j&,~ A ?& @#A@ i@ ( A$& @fi#g B y,,.b,,,AZ, e.... f @ /s,, & 4.,, ,h /. . ; ..,,5 a,....z &fi@ g@>y&s& ; &&& , .,,......, & :; And now if 18. Bg5, then 18. .. . RfeS, preparing ,.. e6. The game is approximateIyeven. Note that, as Black, youshould not touch your d-pawn yetbecause it docs you yeornan serv-ice standing on its home square.It controls c6 and enables you, insome lines after dxe6, to respondwith ... dxe6!-for exarnple: 16.Re1 Nc4 17. c3 bxc3 18. bxc3e5! 19. dxe6 (e.p.), dxe6.
  • 98. Chapter 7: The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-move Sidelines 99 Aftcr tl-iis n101 e. ve may trat1.s- B1 9. Be3 Be6 10. f4 Qc8pose to the Ciassrcal Dra,w n . avariution Black can critcr xiithconfidente. 6, ... Nf6 7. Be2 0-0 8.0-0 d6 1 j i fi 4 & .._ li <, , .L,;/d /A AP, *., -2,. , i / ; L - . . " - -- - "C ,. . - - .i L i l 1 This move has sci cral ideas: Diagran2 203 l . It prevents f5: .4fter 8. ... ti6 2. It threateris .. . Ng4, Black can also play 8. . .. b6 if 3. It prepares play in the centerhe wants to avoid che usual Lincs. 1% ith . . . Rd8 and . . . d5.CM Skenibris gites: 9. Bg5 Bb7 11. m1 Iiihite prepares a retreat square for his bishop after . Sg4. Or 1 1 . h2 Rd8. ~vith play simi- lar to l l . K h l . 11. ...Rd8 Diugrui>~ 204 .ffrer 9. ... Rh?10. Qd2 Rc8 11. f3 b5. ivilen theposition i s unclear and ivorthy ofhon-ie analysis. Nornially. t t ~ eplayer more farniliar with a ditfi-cukt position gets the point! After 8. .. . d6, Whitc has fourmaiil moves: 9. Be3, 9. Bg3, 9.Re I , aild 9. f4.
  • 99. 100 Chess Openings for Black, Ekplained f4 Eooks out of place, his center has coliapsed, and Black stands better. 12. ....Bc4 13. Rf2 e5! Black prepares ... d5. This stops ... d5, but allows... Bc4 and ... e5. White can try 12, Bgl, when Unexpectedly, Black startsBIack makes the advance he operations in the center with aplmcd: 12. ... ci5 13. e5 Ne4 very unusual move for the14. Nxe4 dxe4 15. Qel f6!. Dragon setup! With ... eS, Black is threatening ... d5 and prepar- ing ... exf4 and ... Ne5, gaining a donhant outpost for his hight on e5. Were, after only l5 logica1 moves, Black completely domi- nates the game w t his powerful ih knight on e5 and other active pieces. White is virtualfy forcedEly now a very famiiiar maneu- to accept the pawn sacrifice.ver. Bfack opens up his bishop After 16. BxeS dxe5, Black has aand at that same time rids the pronounced advantage, thanks tocenter of Whites linchpin e5- his dashing bishop pair andpawn. After t 6. exf6 exf6, fol- mites bad bishop, bIocked iniawed by ... f ,mites pawn on 5 by his own pawn.
  • 100. Chapter 7: The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-move Sidelines 101 Black has a strong attack. Diagram 21 1 After 24. Rxg2 24. ... Re8 25. Bd4 a6, and Black is doing fine. Not much better is 20. Rgl Diagram 209 Ajier 18. ... Qh3 Bh6 21. Nd2 Nxg3+ 22. Rxg3 Qh4. Afier the more cautious 19.Nd2 Nh5 20. Be5, B 2 P k4 m 6", Diagram 212 Ajier 22. ... Qh4 Black can now meet 23. Nxc4? Diagram 21 0 with ... Bf4. After 20. Be5there follows 20. ...Bh6 2 1. Rg l 20. ...BB!(21aNxc4?Bf4!, winning)21. ...Bxd2 22. Qxd2 QxfJ+ 23. Qg2Qxg2-t 24. Rxg2
  • 101. 102 Chess Openings for Black, Explained White has two main choices: 10. f4 and 1 O. Khl. B2a 10. f4 b5! Diagram 213 Ajier 20. ...Bf8! 21. Qe5 f 22. Qc7 Rc8 6 Fina1 deflection. White is lost. 62 9. Bg5 Diagram 215 Or 11. Nxb5? Qb6+ 12. Khl Nxe4, and Black is better. If 11. Bxb5, then 11. ... Qb6+ 12. Khl Nxe4 13. Bxc6 Qxc6 Diagram 214 After 9. Bg5 White develops his dark-square bishop on a square thatestablishes a once-removed pin Diagram 216of the key Black defensive Ajier 13. ... Qxc6knight*At the Sane time, White 14. Na5 (14. Nxe4 Qxe4 15.prepares the pawn-push f4-f5. Bxe7 Mc8) 14. ... Nxc3. The simplest. Black is at least equal.
  • 102. Chapter 7:The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-move Sidelines 10311. ...b4 12. Nd5 Bxd5 13. exd5 B2b IO. Khl Rc8Na5 Blacks idea is to play .. . Na5, preparing counter-play on the queenside. I l . f4 Na5 12. f5 Bc414. Nxa5 Qxa5 15. Re1 Qc7 16.K h l Rfc8 17. Re2 Qb7 With equa1 chances-the game Khalifman-Leko, 2000, contin- ued: 13. Bd3 b5!? 14. Qf3 (14. Nxb5 Bxb5 15. BxbS Nxe4 is good for Black) 14. ... b4 15. Nd5 Bxd5 16. exdj Nc4 (with the idea of ... Ne5) 17. Bxc4 f i c 4 18. Qd3 Qc7 19. Naj!? Black is in good shape. He wilffollow up by doubling his rookson the c-file (Zubarev-Kachei-shvili, 2000).
  • 103. 704 Chess Openings for 13iack. Expiained Whites idea is to play Bfl and create pressure on Blacks e7- pawn after Bg5 and Nd5. ... 9. Be6 10. Bfi a5 With the threat of ...a4, so that after the knight on b3 retreats, Black again pushes his kamikaze foot soldier to a3, creating weak- nesses in Whites queenside cap.19. ... Rxc2, and Black plans tosacrifice an Exchange for twopawns aRer 20. Ne6 Rc5! 21. White stops Blacks pawn-Bxfb Bxf6 22. Rael Rxc6 23. push; but ailows Black to capturedxc6 Qxc6 24. Rcl Qa4, with a on b3 and foul Whites pawngood game for Black. stmcture. Black now has an extra pawn in the center and he plans for a timely ... d5. 13. Bg5 Afier 13. Nb5?! d5!, Black successfiilly takes over the cen- ter-for exarnple, 14. exd5 Nxd5, when Whites queenside pawn stmcture is mined, and
  • 104. Chapter 7: The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-move Sidelines 105Blacks bishop and knights dom-inate the garne. Here M i t e has two retreats:14. Bh4 and 14. Be3. Diagram 226 After 19. ... M ~ d 5 Blacks knights dominate the center (Zagrebelny-Yakovich, 1997). ... 15. Rfd8 16. Rcl Nd4 Diagram 224 After f 4. ... Qb6 Diagranr 227 Ajer 16. ... Nd4 Black takes over key squares, leaving M i t e no other option than to exchange the now-cen- tralized knight. Diagram 225 After 17. ... Nh5with the idea of playing ... g5, Now Black initiates a smallBlack is better. combination to exchange his d- pawn for Whites e-pawn. Afier 15. Nb5, there follows ...15. Wd8 16. Qf3 Ne5 17. Qe2Rd7 (17. ... d5!) 18. Khl d5! 19.exd5 Nxd5.
  • 105. 106 Chess Openingc for Black, Ekplained Diagmm 228 Dìagram 230 After 22. ... Rac8 After 18. ...Nfid5 Black is better (Varavin-Zav- Black is fine. Arutunian-Ma-gorodniy, 2002). lakhov, 2000, continued: 19. B3n1 14. Be3 Nb4 Nxd5 Qxd5 20. Rxc8 Rxc8 21. Bc4. Now afier the correct 2 1. ... Qxd2 (21. ...Q e5?! was played in the game) 22. Rxd2 Nd5!, Dìagmm 229 Diagmm 231 AJer 14. ..Nb4 . A f t e ~ ... Nd5! 22. With the idea of ... d5. Black stands at least equal. White 15. Rcl Rc8 16. Qd2 Kh7 1 . 7 cant take on d5 because ... RclRedl d5! 18. exd5 Nfxd5 delivers a back-rank mate.
  • 106. Chapter 7: The Accelerated Dragon-Sixth-move Sidelines 107 64 9 f4 Be6 . Blacks pieces are active and well-coordinated, while Mites attacking formation of e- and f- pawns is no longer dangerous and c m become a weakness in the endgame. Now on 10. f5, Black can playeither the more cornpficated 10.... Bd7, or the simpler 10. ..,Bxb3 l l. axb3 Qb6-t 12. KhlQd4. Sumrn8~~: Fhite 5 skth-move sidelines, 6. N e and 6. Nb3, are d2 easyfor a prepared Black fo handie. Against the passive 6. Nde2, Biack gets a great game by castling kìngside and advancing his qrueenside pawns. I f WAite tries 6. Nb3, Black can confidently enter the Classica1 Dragon. Or he ean ìnsfeadplay a double-fianchetto system that leads to unclear complications.
  • 107. 108 Chess Opnings for Bfack, Explained Diagmm 234 -fter 18. bxc3 ?i 3 9 %% 33 2 3 z 8 m z 3- 3 B Diagmm 236 Diagrani 237 Afte. 18. @e2 After 21. Bc4
  • 108. Chapter 7: The Accelerated DragokSii-move Sidelines 709No. 1 8 ... 1. &; (if 19. dxe6, dxe6!).See page 98.No.2 13.... dS,takuigavorthecenU=r.Seepagel04.No. 3 18. ..,g!5! 19. Bg3 Nxd!, with a better game. See page 105.Nn. 4 21 . Qxd2 22.lUd2 Nd5, with a better mding. See page 106. ,
  • 109. 110 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedGhapter 8: Defending agalnst 4 Qxd4~ U J dB ~ l l $ L l ~? & i~ ~ 1 1 ~ s l - 3l.l~ z ~ ~d ~~ 9 ~ L k JWhites 4. Qxd4-meant to punish Blackfor his eariy 2. ... g6, leads to a variety of sharp,"un-Sicilian-like" positions. This chapter shows howBfack can successfully counter various White assaults.+ Black stans quccnsidc counter-play K,%ite Iias a choice of threc moves. See Diagram 212. See Diagran] 25 1. C jp.*&,g&;& ,/ ;g; , , ?LP). . , , ,, ,- ,*p/ : , ..? . - L ,, &$ : 3& e:%.. .&!@ &, KZ& &p , )/. .-;& A p$:.2. ;g4 22 ..", T - , W,: > ., ,2: y.24.62Y,,, , 4 *./L , .. h $L: ,@ m,-. .: . ,, , ,5 , * . -7 &A<M,:%yQ,2$ v,.,, 9.4, . ,;a?;&& : Q & g25J . 5. .e Black now plays 8 ... b4. Vhy? * .And hcre comes an improvemcnt ... Sec Diagram 258. Scc Diarani 276. Outllne of Yariationst tr4 c5 2 Ni3 66 3. d4 cxd4 4 Qxd4 lf6 (I Io) 1~271 A 5. e5 Nc6 6. Qa4 Nd5 7. Qe4 Nc7 8. Nc3 Bg7 9. Bc4 b5 ( I I I ) A l 10. Nxb5 Nxb5 l I . Qd5 0-0 12. Bxb5 Bb7 (112) A2 10. Bb3 Bb7 11. Qe2 a5 12. a4b4 (113) 6 5. Bb5 a6 6. e5 axb5 7. exf6 Nc6 (114) 61 8. Qh4 Ra4 9. %e7 Bxe7 10. Qh6 Re4+ 11. K f ì b4 (1 15) 62 8 . Qe3 b4 9.0-0 e6 10. c4 Qxf6 11. Nbd2 Bg7 12. Ne4 Qe7 13. Rdl d5 (116) 63 8. %e7 Qxe7+ 9. Qe3 b4 10.0-0 Qxe3 11. Bxe3 Bg7 12. Re1 0-0 (117) C 5. Nc3 Nc6 6. Qa4 d6 (1 18)
  • 110. Chapter 8: Defending against 4. Qxd4 7 11 Chapter 8 Defending against 4. Qxd4 When White chooses to recap- A 5. e5 Nc6 6. Qa4 Nd5 7. Qe4ture on d4 with his queen, ratherthan his knight, he atternpts toget an advantage in the centexand to dismpt Biacks norma1development. Black, however,can be completeiy confident. Diagrani 239 After 7. Qe4 Here we recommend 7. ... Nc7, because the c o m o n l y played 7. ... Ndb4, with its idea of follow- ing up with ... d5 and ... Bf5, runs into problems: 8. Bb5 Qa5 9. Nc3 d5. And although it may seem as if Black is much better due to the threat of ... Bf5 and ... Nxc2, there follows 10. exd6! White has three main rnoves: 5. Bf5 11. Bxc6+ bxc6 (1 l . ...Nxc6e5, 5. Bb5, and 5. Nc3. is better) 12. d7+ Kd8 13. Qc4!.
  • 111. 112 Chess Openhgs for Black, Explained .. . 19. Nb8! +-, with the idea Qa4 mate. Diagram 240 Afrer 13. Qc4! And White gets a strongattack-for example:13. ... Nxc2+ 14. Ke2 Nxal 15.Nd4! Qe5+ 16. Be3 Qf6 17.Nxc6+ Kxd7 18. Rd l + Ke8 Diagram 242 Afrer 9. ..b5!? . Black starts his queenside counter-play forcefully. Now White can play 10. Nxb5 or 10. Bb3. Diagram 241 Ajfer 18.....Ke8 A* lo. Nxb5 Nxb5 11. Qd5 l l. BxbS? Qa5+ 11. ...0-0 12. B ~ b Bb7 5 Diagram 243 Afrer 12. ... Bb7
  • 112. Chapter 8: Defending against 4. Qxd4 113 Black has compensation for the 1. 2 ...b4Dawn. Diagmm 246 AJier 12. ... b4 Diugram 247 Aper 14. ... Qxc7 Diagmm 245 A@er 15. ... a3 BIack is slightly better. The game Brynell-Ward, 1998, con-Black gets shong play the hued: 15. Bf4 Nd8 (harder topawn. play ... Ne6) 16. 0-0-0 Ne6 17. Bg3 BLACK GETS STRONG PLAY FOR PAWÌY.
  • 113. 114 Chess Openings forBiack, Expiained17. ... BxB (or 17. ... Nc5!? 18.Bxf7+ Rxfl 19. e6 Rf4, and thecompfications favor Black; 17, ... Diagram 250Rac8 also gives Biack good play) @er S. B ~ S18. QxB Bxe5 19. Bxe5 Qxe5 5. ... a6 6. e520. Rxd7 Rad8 21. Bxe6 Qxe6 After 6. Ba4 b5 7. Bb3 Nc6,22. Rxd8 Rxd8 Black devetops comfortably, winning a tempo. Diagram 249 Ajler 22.... Rxd823. Rdl , with an endgame thatsabout equal.
  • 114. Chapter 8: Defending against 4. Qxd4 115 Diagram 254 4fter 14. ... Qb6 This leads to a sharp and unbal- anced position, where Blacks Diugram 252 chances arent worse. ilfter 8.... Ra4! ... 11. b4 Black finds a waY with complex play-for exam-his rook with a tempo! ple: Diugram 253 Diagram 155 Afer 10. ... Re4-t Afier 12. Bgj 11. Kfl 12. ...Qa5 13. Bxe7 Qb5+ 14. II.Be3Nd412.Nxd4Rh413. KglNd4!0-0 &h6 14. Bxh6 Qb6 BUCK IFINDS A WAY T 0 ACTTVATE ~ s ROOK WTH A TEMPO!
  • 115. l6 7 Chess Qpenings #or Black, Erpiained Qc3 (with &e threat of ... Qxc2) 19. Q& QxdZ 20. NxdZ &e7. The endgame somewhat favors Black because his bishop is stronger than Wites knight. B2 8. Qe3Z 15. Nxd4?, then 15. ... Re1 is fcheckmate. Diagmm 258 After 8. Qe3 8. ...b4 Black prevents Nc3. 9.0-0 e6 10. e4 Now White has to be careful tohold-for example: 18. h3 (18. Diagmm 259 After 10. c4Qg7? 19. Qxa2) 18. ... Qxd4 19.Ba3 Re2 20. Kh2 QeSt- 21. f4 White sacrifices his f6-pawn toRxg2+, with perpetua1 check. get a lead in development. If Blitck wants tu try for more, ... 10. Qxf6 11. Nbd2 Bg7 12.he can play 17. .., Qe5 18. Nf3 Ne4 Qe7 13. Rdl
  • 116. Chapter 8: Defending-against4. Qxd4 117 Diugram 260 Afier 13. Rdl Diugram 262 13. ...d5! After 8.fie 7 After 13. ... 0-0 14. Nd6, the 8. ... Qxe7+ 9. Qe3 b4!knight on d6 is very unpleasant. Black stops Nc3 and gains 14. cxd5 Nd6+ more space on the queenside.16. Nxc8 Qxe3 17. fxe3 Rxc8 18.RxdS 10.0-0 Qxe3 Diagratn 261 A$er 18. R~d5 Play is about equal. 9. ! ..., BLACK~S ~ 4 STOPS Ne3 Olu THE QUEENSIDE.
  • 117. 7 78 Chess Openings for Biack, Expiained 14. Bc5! could lead to a drawby three-fold repetition afier 14. 5. ...Nc6 6. Qa4... Rd8 15. Bb6. Afer 6. Qa4 Dingrarn 265 Afier 14. ... Bf5 White hopes that the queen on a4 will cause Black some prob- Black easily finishes his devel- Iems with his developrnent.opment, while White is havingtrouble activating his queensìdepieces. Black is slightly better. BLACKEASILY FWSHES HIS DEVELOPMENT, WHILE WHITE H A m G TROUBLE IS ACTWATING HIS Ql.JEENSII)E: PIEGES.
  • 118. Chapter 8: Defending against 4. Qxd4 119 6. ...d6 7. e5 Ng4!? Riugr-um 265 F I Black is not interested in com- plications after 8. ... Qb6 9.NdS! Qxf2-t- 10. Kdl . t , . , , * g $,&j&g&gg $@j ,Yj,,,/, 30 l 9,, +A<$? /":" A h$, ;Q::+;;A,, ,. , d , ,, ,,. / ? ,5 . ,,,.., - ; A >A ,%4;Aj?& $g;q5x &L +&$, Y @::&p; ,, ,: . v,,,, " ,. , . ,. ,, ,, $ , :.:& ?;:j &p,,: , .i$- .W; & ,.,:p$ <;.& , 4 ,r+.&l;:; , . ; - ; !W q Diagj-crnr 370 .4fier- I li. K d l ,,, ,, , 8 , , ./ i :; n&; @er 7. ... h@.? 9. h3 Black begins active piece playin the center and on the kingsidewhile Whitcs quecn is no longerprotcctilig his rnajcsty. Thc sim-pler 7. . .. dxeS 8. NxeS Bd7 isalso good. After 9. dxe7 Qxe7+ l O. Be2 0-0,
  • 119. 120 Chess Openingc for Black, Expfained Black puts strong pressure on the C-file to compensate for his missing pawn, Skripchenko- Calzetta, 2002. After 1l. Bh6?!, Blacks best plan is to take on c3, doubling Whites pawns. Diagram 272 After 10. ... 0-0 White has problems castling. Diagram 275 Afler 12. ... Qxd6 Black stands better. Paschall- Diagram 273 Perelshteyn, 2003, continued: 13. Ajier IO. ... Bxe5 Bb5 Qe5+ 14. Kfl Qxc3 15. Rdl White could play better: l l.dxe7 Qxe7 12. Be3 Be6 13. Be20-0 14.0-0 M c ~ . Diagram 276 Afrer 15. Ed1 Diagram 274 Afier 14. ... Rfc8
  • 120. 122 Chess Openings for Bfack, Expiained Diupum 278 Diagmm 279 AJier IO. ... NxbS A@ I I . -ff
  • 121. Chapter 8: Defending against 4. Qxd4 123N.Io 11. Qd5. The o * nove, as 11. Bxb5 loses a piece. See page 112.No. 2 11. ...M!,denying W s kni& the c3-squwe. See page 115.No, 3 18. ...QxaZ!, w h k g . See page l 16.No. 4 Il. ...3xc3+, destboying Whites queenside. See page 120.
  • 122. 124 Chess Openings for Black, ExpainedGhaater 9: The tfurter-AcceleratedDragon-~hird-moue]a ].jj]iuu;yJa:jj<l ?u]j~J,s !l:uu:i ;$IU:] JgThis chapter deafs with two of Whites third-movesidelines-the center-building 3. c3, and the developing3. Bc4. Black is in no danger if he plays accurately. Black is ready to mert 4. c3 with a Challengiiig Nhites ccntcr- 1 ... c6, prcparing ... d5; othenvisc exactly at the right time. hell play 4. ... Nc6. taking contro1 See Diagram 288. of da. See Diagram 283. Black pieces arc ve11 placed. This section (B2) is about Sce Diagram 292. comparisons. See Diagram 299. Outline of Variationsl c5 2. m3 ~6 (124) 1 ~ 2 7 1 e4 A 3. Bc4 Bg7 4. c3 e6 5. d4 cxd4 6. cxd4 d5 7. exd5 exd5 8. Bb5+ Bd7 9 Bxd7+ (126) . 9. ... Nxd7 (126) 9, ...Qxd7 (127) B 3. c3 Bg7 4. d4 cxd4 5. cxd4 d5 (127) Bl 6. e5 Bg4 (127) B l a 7. Nc3 Nc6 8. Be2 BxB 9. BxB e6 10.0-0Nge7 11. Be3 0-0(128) Blb 7. Nbd2 Nc6 8. h3 Bf5 9. BeZ f6 10.exf6 exf6 (129) B I G 7. Qb3 Qd7 8. Nc3 Nc6 9. Be3 BxB 10.gxf3 e6 f l. Na4 Bf8 (130) B2 6. exd5 Nf6 7. Bb5+ Nbd7 8. d6 exd6 9. Qe2+ Qe7 IO. Bfl Qxe2+ 11. Bxe2 Ke7 (130)
  • 123. Chapter 9: The Hyper-Accelerated Dragar+-Third-move Sidelines 125 Chapter 9 Third-move Sidelines The previous chapters gave you 2, ...g6the main lines of the AcceleratedDragon when W t e does notenter the Maroczy Bind. Thesechapters skipped over some less-frequently played choiees forWhite because it was importantto concentrate on the main ideash t you will see most frequently,mther hto bog down in dis-tsactions. But of c o m e you waat toknow what to do when forcibly"distracted" by White. Some ofyour opponents will take the Besides 3. d4, our main line ofchance of playing a second-rate the Accelerated Dragon, Whitemove to catch you unprepared. can try: 3. Bc4 or 3, c3.So lets take a look. As well see later in 6 in thEs Lets pick up after Blacks sec- chapter, Black defends againstond move: the center-building 3. c3 with a h e l y ... d5, whde 3. Bc4 tries to prevent this countelplay.
  • 124. 7 26 Chess Openings for Black, Explained m. .A H A ;gl A A, ;;t &$, 8 . 5 ,;h; ", i I F :,,, 7 , ... . . .. , . ; ?+;A-#& ., $. .;.;x ,: I *. ,& 29: .; ; &i.> , ; , ., 6,, ,: ,.;.h , , , Q ,;i5. ;i;?: : ;4 - ,. i , : , :./;; .... <. ; *,- , :.: . .,.<a,,2 ;;A A , ,, , ; , & = , ,, t= :a . ..,, ,q;;:$?~;, , .%, = = ,. . :q!! ,?>W L.3 ,;C->* .. . -. . " * e Now both 9. ... f6 and the more "strategie" 9. . .. Ne7 (with Ctiagmiti 783 the idea, after ... 0-0, of playing A@I- 3. ... Bg7 .. . Nc6 and ,.. Qb6) are fine f r o 4. €23 Black. On 4. 0-0, BIack should not 7. .... exd5 8. BbS+ Bd7play 4. .. . e6 because of 5. d4 9. ~ ~ d 7 +cxd4 6. Nxd4, when he suffersfrom a weak d6-square. Instead,he should play 4. ... Nc6, con-trolling the d4-square. T m i t e fplays 5. c3 or 5. Rel, only thenBlack plays 5. ... e6. 4. ... e6 5. d4 cxd4 6. cxd4 d57. exd5 Or 7. Bb5+ Bd7, and Black isfine. For example, 8. Bxd7+Nxd7 (8. ... Qxd7 is pjayable aswell) 9. e5 9. ... Nxd7 This is Blacks most popular mvve in the position. It leads to equality. For exainple, 10. 0-0 Ne7 or I O. Qb3 Nb6.
  • 125. Chapter 9: The Hyper-Accelerated Dragon-Third-rnove Sidelines 127 BIack also has a sharper and 3. ... Bg7 1. di2 cxdl 5. csdJri~kieroption: 9. Qui7 10. d5Ne5 BxeS 1 l fxe5 f6!? ttith aliitnbalanccd position. & $;x :AA AAAA A A Z n& 9 A&, , D&& - -- Drrrgtttlu 7 c j f t -- " . A ,%C p &j 7B 3. c3 4Aci 11 fr5" lr1 ie Biiigi<rni 788 i[ BlacL iiad to challenrre T httes classic center. He does it just in time. White iio: hai; rwo very differ- cnt plans: 1 . Close off Blacks bishop xvs-irh 6. e5: 2. Try to opcn up thc position afrer 6. esd5. White plans tu take oier theceriter with d4. the same mainidea as in the Alapin 1Crriatioi.i(see Chapter 18).
  • 126. 128 Chess Openings for Bia&, Expiained Here White has three ways todevelop: 7. Nc3,7. Nbd2, and the Black meets 10. Nb5 with 10.aggressive 7. Qb3. ...Qa5-t. Also possible is 7. BbS+ Nd7! io. ...Ngecl 11. Be3 0-9 1 . 28. 0-0 a6, and if 9. Bxd7-f-Qxd7 Qd2 Nf510. Nbd2. then 10. ...Nh6. with agood game for Black. Diagmm 292 ABer 12. ... Nf5 Biack has achieved a solid Diagmm 290 position. His plan is to play After 8. BeZ against Whitesd4-pawn and, in 8. ...BHf3 particular, to prepare a timely ... fi!, breaking up Whites center Black h= ... e6 md ... Nge7 dm and actimuig Blacksin mind. OP.
  • 127. Chapter 9: The Hyper-Accelerateci Dragon-Third-move Sidelines 129B1Q 7. Nbd2 Black stands well. By the way, hes threatening ... NxeS, using the "comeback" tactic that can so often be overlooked by ama- teurs-if Bxd7+, then ... Nxd7. 9. ...f6 Whites idea is to play h3 and,after ... BxB, to recapture withthe knight. Diugram 295 After 9. ...f6 Black is not afraid to lose atempo with this repositioning U n d e M n g Whites center isbecause Whites knight on d2 is a thematic idea in this line.poorly placed. 10. exf6 exf6!? 11. 0-0 Nge7 12. Nb3 Qd6 13. Be3 0-0
  • 128. 130 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained With equal chances (Schneid- 82 6. exd5 Nf6er-Perelshteyn, 2000). Diagram 297 This is a position that can be Ajier 7. Q63 reached from the Caro-Kann, 7. ... Qd7 8. Nc3 Nc6! 9. Be3 Panov-Botvinnik Attack (as well as from the Alapin variation ofBxfJ 10. gxf3 e6 l l. Na4 BB! the Sicilian): l. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. ex& exd5 4. c4 Nf6 5. I (one of three main lines) 6 Diagram 298 Ajier I I. ... BR! Black has an equa1 game. His I our case, however, M i t e nplan is to play ... Nh6-f5, ... has devetoped his kings knightBe7, and then bring his king to instead of his queens knight.g7 via f . 8 Because a knight on f doesnt 3 support his d5-paw, this differ- ente favors Black.
  • 129. Chapter 9: The Hyper-Accelerateci Dragon-Third-move Sideiines 731 Diagram 303 Afier 9. Qe2+ Diagrarn 301 Afier 7. Bb5+ Contrast this position with 7. Nc3 Nxd5 8. Bc4 (8.Bb5+ Diagram 541 on page 223Bd7!) 8. ... Nb6 9. Bb3 0--0 is (Chapter 18: Alapin), afier 9.covered in Chapter 18, 2. e3 Qe2+ (below).(Alapin). White prefers to lose his pawnon d6, changing the pawn-struc-ture in his favor, rather than ond5. After 8. Ne3 0-0 9.0-0 Nb6, Diagrarn 3 1 14 After 9. Qe2+ The differente: In the AIapin, White fiist brings out his queens knight, while in our text here, White has developed his kings knight. So now Black can play 9. Diagrarn 302 Afer 9. ... Nb6 ... Qe7 (rather than 9. ... KB), because the resulting endgamefollowed by ... Nfxd5, Black afier a queen trade would be okayregains the pawn and stands bet- for Black. (If Black plays 9. ...ter because of Whites isolated d- Qe7 in the Alapin position, W t epawn. gets contro1 of d5 with 12. BB.) 9. ... Qe7 10. Bf4 Qxe2+ 11. Bxe2 Ke7
  • 130. 132 Chess Openings for Black, Explained Diagram 305 After I l . ...Ke7 Diagmm 306 This endgame is about even. After 13. ... h6Blackfs contro1 over the d5-out- Black wants to follow up withpost in fiont of Whites isolani ... Be6. Sadvakasov-Bellongives him good counter-play. Lopez, 2000, continued: Diagrarn 307 Afier 16. Bg3 And here Black could have played Bellon Lopez instead played it safe with 16. ... Be6. That move also led to a good position for Black afier 17. Bf3 Rac8 18.
  • 131. Chapter 9: The Hyper-Accelerated Dragon-Third-move Sidelines 133Me1 Kd7 19. Ne4 Bf8 20. RaclBe7 21. Ne3 Nxc3 22. bxc3 22. ... Rc7=. BIack has a slightly better posi- 17. Nc4 Bc5 18. Radl Be6 19. tion-Bf3 Surnrnary: WhiteS third-move sidelines are nothing to &al: Against 3. Bc4, Black can play for a safe equality with 9. ... Nxd 7 or use Dzindzi S sharper 9. ... Qxd7.Against 3. c3, Bhcks 5. ... d5 chaltenges Whites classical center jttst in time. The lines that follow give Black promising play.
  • 132. 134 Chess Openings for Black, Expainedniinl-muue Sidelines Lliugrarn 31 1 Diagmrn 312 Ajer 6. Nc3 Ajer 13. Bg4 Dìagrum 313 Ajer 7. ... Md7
  • 133. N.I o 6.- àxe4 7, N p r Nh6 (with the idea ...NB) is the simplest. u rl See page 127.Nu.2 .... 13.,Nxe3~toequaiityovAlsogoodis13 f6,Seepa@128.No.3 8,d6!.Seepage131.
  • 134. 136 . Chess Openingc for Black, ExplainedChauter 10: The Maroem Bind-lntrodraction and 7. Be3~ : I J I ~ ] I I~ J ~ ] ~ ~12,gli]~ls J LI~ ~3 ~ , I J X 1 ~ LIJ LIThis chapter discusses the genera1 principles of theMaroczy Bind and then shows that 7. Be3(with the idea of recapturing on d4 with the bishop)doesnt work because of 7. ... Ng4.ò The key starting position. + Black is fine. See Diagram 3 15. See Diagram 3 16.4 Stunning response. 4 How should White play? See Diagram 3 18. See Diagram 32 1. Outline of Uariations
  • 135. Chapter 10: Maroczy Bind-lntroduction and 7. Be3 137 Chapter 10 Introduction and 7 . Be3 The Maroczy Bind setup choosing c2-c4, White closes theagainst our Accelerated Dragon door on other anractive particufarly important to us. But as Black, we must know howSimilar or even identica1 posi- to fire back. In this section, wetions can be reached from a num- have some interesting, newber of openings in our recom- amrnunition for you!rnended repertoire, including thesymmetrical English. m i t e begins his "bind withc2-c4. The pawn joins its e-pawncolleague to double-team d5,making it difficult for Black toplay the typically freeing ... d7-d5 pawn push. Whats more,Whites pawn on c4 blocks thesemi-open file, nonnally one ofthe avenues along which Blackorganizes his counter-pIay. Whitehas time to push his C-pawnbecause Black hasnt played ... Diagram 3 14Nf6, which in other Sicilian tines Afier 5. e4forces White to defend his e- For rnany years, this continua-pawn by bringing out his knight tion was considered best againstto c3, blocking the C-pawn.So we the Accelerated Dragon, yieldingcan see that the thematic ideas White a small but stable advan-are different from other lines. tage. Whites plan is straightfor- Should we panic in the face of ward: consolidate, take contro1 ofthese differences? Absolutely the center, and use the powerfulnot! B ~ i is chess, after ali, and in s d5-outpost for his knight-and
  • 136. 138 Chess Openings for Black, Explained sfowly grind Black down. 3. Nc3 g6 4. d4 cxd4 5. Nd4 Nc6 However, in recent years, it has 6. e4 d6.been shown that Blacks position Now White has a choiceis quite promising. The powerfki between four setups:bishop on g7, along with the 7. Be3,7. Be2,7. f3, and 7. Nc2.... a6 and ... b5 pawn-storm,provides BIack, who is better The first move is really a side-developed, with plenty of count- line that can be quickly dis-er-play on the dark squares and pensed w t in this chapter. The ihon the queenside. second is the serious main line, h addition, the typical end- which is divided between thegames arisuig from the Be3- and next three chapters, dependingQd2-setup, or a Bg5- and Qd2- on Whites follow-up piece-forrnation {discussed in the next placement. To end the sectionchapters), show that Black gets a covexing the Maroczy Bind, wegood game fas in ~ ~ l l ~ , give each of the last two moves a ~ ~ d -akhov), and he may even secure chapter 0f Own-good winning chances (see 7. Be3 Ng4!Rowson-Malakhov). This move thwarts Whites ... 5. Nf6 6, Ne3 plan. Another good choice is 8. bxc6, 9. Nxd8 Nxdl10. Rxdl Kxd8 This is the key starting posi- arise fmmtion, which c m a l ~ 0 Diagmrn 316different move orders-for After IO. ... KXd8exarnple, 1. Nf3 Nf6 2. e4 c5 Black does fine in the resulting
  • 137. Chapter 10: Maroczy Bind-lntroduction and 7.Be3 139endgame-for example, lets 18. Kdl Bxe2+ 19. Rxe2 Rxe2lookat 11. e5 and 11. c5. 20. Kxe2 Kxd6 T43 l i . e5 Bg7 12. exd6 Bxc3+ 16. ...Kc7 17. Rd2 bxc513. bxc3 exd6 The position is equa]. Diugrurn 31 7 4fier 13. ... exdoWhite here tries 14. c5 and14. Rxd6+. Diagnam 319 Afer 15. ... Re8-kA1 14. c5 Re8-t 15. Be2 Here Black has a stunning Equal. Black is down a mean-repfy ! ingless pawn-mites queen- side pawn stnicture is ruined. 15. ...b6! Dìagmm 320 After il. ... Be6
  • 138. 140 Chess Openingc for Black, ENajned Summary: WhiieS Maroczy Bind setup with some annoying threats. is particularly important because it can crop up in our repertoirefrom a ntsmber of move-orders. Playing an early c4, White tries to suppress Black b natura1play in the Sicilian by blocking the semi-open C-jZeand over-protecting d5. m i t e has a nurnber of piece-place- ments, which we will examine in the nextfive chapters. His 7. Be3, discussed in this chapter, is nulltjìed as an attempt to get any advantqqe by 7. ... &I!.
  • 139. Chapter f O: Maroczy Bind--lntroduchion and 7.863 t41No. 1 7....Q a S . See page 138.No, 2 17. ...Rac8 and 18. ...Kb8, targetingWhites weak quecmide pawns. See page 139.
  • 140. 142 Chess Openings far Black, ExplainedChapter 1 :Mamcry Bind-7. Be2, wlth Be3 and Qd2 1in the main line of the Maroczy Bind, Black attacksthe Bind with ali his pieces, and sometirnes even pawns(... a6 and ... b5)-and gets equality.C- Black preparcs. Sce Diagram 327. The cndgame is everi Scc Diagram 333.." Black ha$ his drcam position. -1 Whiteh:is t m options. See Diagrarn 361. See Diagram 370. OutIine of Yariratlonst~~S&i&#J68d4~&~wC6!À~ B2a 13. Rfcl Bxc4 (150)R166.Wd67.LiifIoiiIiU8.gU#I#.BMH B2B 13. b4 Qd8 (151)#lmlkba(I42) iB3SJ 6ZC 13. b3 Ng4! (151) A 11. Rcl Qa5 12. B Rfc8 13. b3 a6 (144) 6 2 ~ 1 Bd4 Bxd4 (152) 14. 14. a4 Nd7 15. Nd5 Qxd2+ 6 2 ~ 14.Nd5 Qxd2 (153) 2 16. Kxd2 BxdS 17. ex& (145) 13 i2. Rfcl Wc8 13. b3 Ng4 (153) 8 A 2 14. Nd.5 Qx&+ 15. Kxd2 Nxd5 64 12. Racl Rfc8 13. b3 a (154) 6 16. cxd5 (146) B4ki 14. f3 b5! (1.54) 13 14. N& Qxd2+ 15. Kxd2 Nd7 84al 15. cxb5 axb5 16. g4 (147) 16. Bxb5 (155) A3& 16. ... 6 17. e x 6 (148) B4a2 i 5. Nd5 Qxdl A3b 16. ... Re6 17. h3 (148) 16. Ex& Nxd5 (155) 6 l i . O-OQa5 (149) B4b 14. f4 b5! 15. n! Bd7 (156) 12. B Rfc8 t3. Rfcl (149) B 4 b l i 6. b4 Qxb4 (156) 82 1 .Rabl Rfc8 (150) 2 B4b2 i6. fxg6 bxg6 (157)
  • 141. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 143 Chapter I I 7 . Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 In this chapter. youll learn As a rulc. trading pieces ishow to turn the tables on the most fa~orablefor the side virh lessoften-played line of the Maroczy space. This position is no excep-Bind. After the moves 1. e4 c5 2. tion. Additionally. Black will winNf3 g6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nc6 a tempo after Whites queenS. c4 Sf6 6. Nc3 d6 retreats from d4. Here White has se~eral setups: 9. Be3 folloned by Qd2 (this chapter), 9. Bg5 follolved by Qd2 or Qe3 (Chapter 12), 9. 0-0 fol- lowed by Qd3 or Qe3 (Chapter 13). Diugrun~371 A-fier 7 Bc? White develops his bishop.takes contro1 of the g4 square (toallow the upcoming Be3), andgets ready to castle. 7, ...Nxd4!
  • 142. 144 Chess Openings for Black, Explained 11. Rcl and 11. 0-0. (11. f Qa5 3 12. Rcl ! transposes into A.) A 11. Rcl Diagram 325 Afer 9. Be3 Whites plan is to meet 9. ...O-0with Qd2, possibly followed by Diagram 326Rcl, b3, and f3 to maintain a Afer 1 l . Rclpowerful, restrictive bind in thecenter. White delays castling in favor of creating a strong bind after f3 9. ...0-0 and b3. His plan is to meet Black threatens ... Ng4. ... Qa5 with Na4 or Nd5, usually transposing into an endgame 10. Qd2 Be6 after ... Qxd2. Black is first to complete hisdevelopment. The bishop is bestplaced on e6, where it attacks the Why this rook?c4-pawn and leaves d7 open togive the knight a route to transfer + First, to be able to attack the knight with ... KfB (in lines suchto the queenside. as 13. b3 a6 14. 0-0 b5 15. Nd5 Blacks plan is to play first ... Qxd2 16. Nxe7+?);Qa5 and ... Rfc8, and then to stir 9 Second, both rooks are need-up queenside action with ... a6and ... b5. ed on the queenside, where deci- sive action will be taking place. White has two main moves:
  • 143. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 145 After 17. cxd5 KfB 18. Rxc8-k Rxc8 19. Rcl Rxcl 20. Kxcl I(;&, With the idea of ... bS!. Diagrum 329 Now White has severa1 contin- A@ 20. ... Ke8uations: 14. a4, 14. Nd5, and 14.Na4. Al1 of them lead t0 some the endgame about Thesort of endgame. (14. 0-0 trans- plan for Black is shown in theposes to B4a) sample game Vallejo--Malakhov, 2003.A1 14. a4 17. ...a5! m i t e stops ... b5, but weak-ens his b3-pawn as well as c5 andb4 squares. BIacks move secures the out- posts on c5 and b4. Diagram 328 18. Bd3 Re8! Afkr 14. ... Nd7 Black prepares ... e6. Blacks knight has his eye on 19. Ree1 Ne5 20. Bc2 e6c5. 2 1. dxe6 Rxe6
  • 144. t46 Chess Openings for Bìack, Expiained Diagram 331 Diagram 333 Afier 21. ... &e6 Afier 15. ... Nxd5 The position is balanced, as in 16. cxd5the game Korneev-Vokarev, ARer 16. exd5 Bd7 17. a4 (to2000, which continued: 22. Bft stop ... b5) 17. ... ~ b z !Be5 23. g3 Rae8 24. f4 Bb2 25.Rxe6 Rxe6 26. Re1 Rxel 27.Kxel fS. Diagram 334 Afer 17. ... BbZ! (the bishop is going to c5 via Diagram 332 Afier 27. ...j3 18. Rc2 Ba3 19. Ral Bb4+ Kdl a5 21. Bd3 Bc5 22. Re2 The position is equal.A 2 14. Nd5 After this move, the resuliingendgame is again equal. 14. ...Qsd2+ 15. Kxd2 Nxd5 Dìagmm 335 Afier 22. Re2
  • 145. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 147 dia gran^ 336 Diagrarn 338 Afer 24. ... K f i Afer 23. ... iyxfiiBlack is at least equa1 (Godoy- 24. dxe6 fxe6, with equality.Calfucura, 1997). A 3 14. Na4 Qxd2+ 15. h d 2 ... 16. Bd7 17. Rxc8+ Rxc8 18. Nd7R c l Rxcl 19. Kxcl This is another key endgame inMaroczy Bind. Here, Black hassevera1 ways io play, bui the planwith ... e6 is the easiest way toget comfortable piay. The gameXie Jun-Kamsky, 1996, contin-ued: 19. ... KfB 20. Kd2 e6 21.Bc4 Ke7 22. Bg5-i- Bf6 23.Bxf6. Kxf6
  • 146. 148 Chess Openings for Biack, Explained Diagram 339 Ajrer 15. ... Nd7 One of the most important The game is equal.endgarnes in the Maroczy Bind.Whites plan could be to gainspace on the kingside with g4, 21. Nxc5 dxc5-t 22. Kel Bd4h3, and f4; or to place his knight 23, Kf2, and the pfayers agreedon d5. to a draw in Motylev-Tiviakov, 2003. But Blacks position is verysolid and withour any weakness-es. Black follows up with ... e5, Now Black has two good with an equal position (Nijboer-responses, 16. ... f5, with count- Tiviakov, 2003).er-play on the kingside, and 16. A 3 b 16. ... Rc6...Rc6, followed by ... Nc5, withthe idea of exchanging Whitesknight on a4. Diagram 341 Afrer 16. ... Rc6
  • 147. Chapter 11 : Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 149 White prepares f4-f5. 12.Racl. 17. ...Rac8 18. f4 Nc5! B1 Black forces the exchange of 12. f3 Rfc8 13. Rfclknights. 19. Nxc5 19. Nc3? Bxc3+ 20. Kxc3Nxe4+. 19. ...dxc5 20. e5 f6! Diagram 344 Afer 13. Rfcl White temporarily sacrifices a pawn. Or Black can even play 13. ... Diagram 342 After 20. ...f6! Bxc4 right away. The position is about equal. 14. Rabl Bxc4 15. Nd5 Qxd2 16. Nxe7+ Kf8 17. Bxd2 Kxe7B 11.0-0 Qa5 18. Bxc4 Diagram 343 Diagram 345 Afer I l . ... Qa5 Afer 18. Bxc4 Here White has four moves: This endgame is equal, as12- 12. Rabl, 12. Rfcl and 3 Blacks powerful bishop and ceri-
  • 148. 150 Chess Openings for Biack, Expiainedtralized h n g make up for his d- rook-move is airned, as you willpawn, whicfi is somewhat weak. see shortly, at countering the playWhite cant create any serious Black hopes to get with ... b5.threats to that pawn because it iseasily guarded. 12. ...RfcS Now m i t e has the choice of O*b5 19. Bb3 Nd7 20 tbree moves: 13. Mc1, 13. b4,Bg5-t Bf6 21. Bxf6+ Nxf6 and 13. b3. B2ai 13. Rfcl Once again, were following the path to an equal endgame: ... 13. Bxc4 14. Nd5 Qxd2 15. Nxe7+ Kf8 Diagram 346 ... Nxf6 A$er 21. With an equal game (Nik-cevic-Bakre, 200 l.12 12. Rabl11 Diagram 348 Afer 15, ... Kfl 16. Bxd2 &e7 17. Rnc4 Rrc4 18. Bxc4 Re8 18. ... Nxe4? 19. Re1 19. Bd3 Nd7 Diagram 34 7 Afber 12. Rabl This rnove is currently Nhitelsfavorite choice anlong top grand-masters. The seerningIy harmless
  • 149. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind--7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 751 Diagmm 349 Diagmm 351 Afer 19. ... Nd7 ABer 13. 63 The game is even (Kveinys- 13. ...Ng4!Tiviakov, 2002). m i t e s idea becomes clearB2b 13. b4 after $3. ... b5?! 14. b4! Diagrum 352 Afer 14. b4! Diagmm 350 Afer 13. b4 13. ...Qd8 e.. r And now the c4-pawn becomes i*, .ia target. P * C h y4B 2 c 13, b3 I f .a, eF f. i< 1: " 5 and Black is lefl wlth a terrible
  • 150. 152 Chess Openings for Ma&, Expiainedpawn structwe. But since White Blacks plan i to play s ... a5,hasnt played Q-f3, ...Ng4 is . ... Bd7, and ..Bc6.playable. ... 17. a5 18. f4 Bd7 19. a4 Bc6 After 13. ... Ng4, W t e has 20. Nd5 R&!?two moves: 14. Bd4 and 14. Nd5.BZC114, Bd4 20. ... Bxd5 was another choice. ... 14. Bxd4 15. Qxd4 Qc5 16.Qfl Or 21. Nxf6-t d i 5 and Whites 16. Qxc5 dxc5 17. Bxg4 Bxg4 e-pawn becomes a target.18. Nd5 IKfS, and the game isequal. The position offers equal chances (Korneev-Tiviakov, 1998). Whites idea is to piay f4;
  • 151. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 153 Diugram 359 After 16. ... Br& Diagram 357 Affer 14. Nd5 ... 14. Qxd2 15. Bxd2 Kf8 16. Both 17. cxd5 Nf6 18. Bd3Bg5 Rc3, and 17. Bxg4 Be6 yield even positions. Or 16. Bxg4 Bxg4 17. Bg5 f618. BdZ Be6 19. a4 f5 20. Bg5 17. ...Nf6Bxd5 21. exd5 Bc3 22. Be3,draw (Berkvens-Van der Weide,2000). Diugram 360 ;?fier17. ... f Y6 Weve reached another critica1 endgame in the Maroczy. (See sample game Rowson-Mala- Miov, 2003.) B3 12. R ~ C I
  • 152. 154 Che= Openings for Black, Explained Diagrarn 363 Affer 12. Raci Whites plan is to play on the kingside with f4-M,so he f h t Black executes a iypical plan to secwes the queenside.simplie the position by tradingpieces. 12. ...Rfc8 13. b3 a6 Black is g e i h g ready to count- er-attack on the queenside with Lets consider 14. f and the 3 more arnbitious 1 .f. 4 4 84a $4. n bs! Black plays the comter-attack- ing move anyway. The players agreed to a draw inSockocidanski, 2000.B4 12. Racl
  • 153. Chapter 17 : Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with Be3 and Qd2 155 Black has achieved the dream in the endgame. -position in the Maroczy Bind. 16. ...Rxc3! 17. Qxc3 Qxb5White did setup the bind-but sowhat? His queenside, againstwhich nearly every Black piece isdirected, is now under seriouspressure. White must now sim-plifL into an endgame to avoidbeing worse in the middlegarne.8481 15. cxb5 axb5 BIack threatens ... Nxe4 and ... Rxa2. Blacks two pieces are much sh-onger than the rook and pawn. 84a2 15. Nd5 Qxd2 16. Bxd2 NxdS Whites cant win a pawn. Diugram 368 Afier 16. ... NxdS Biugrum 366 AjÌrr 18. Bxd218. . .. Rxa2, and Black is bener
  • 154. 156 Chess Openings for Black, Explained 17. exd5 solid defenses, wkile Black is ready to take over the initiative Or 17. cxd5 Bd4+ 18. Kh l rhe queenside.Bd7, with equality. Notv White has ttvo options: 17. ...Bd4-t- 18. Khl Bd7 16. b4 and 16. fxg6. Now afier 19. Bc3 Bxc3 20. ~ q b q b4 16.Rxc3 b421.Re3Kf822. Kgl a523. a l Ixihite fires out another pawl, going afl out to get to Blacks king. i2nalysis shows, however, that Black is the shooter still standing after the srnoke clears. Diagrarn 369 A$er 23. (i423. ... Rc5 (23. ... bxa3 24. Ral)24. f4 Re8 25. Rdl, the playersagreed to a draw in Uribe-Perel-shteyn, 1998.B4b 14. f4 b5! 15. f5! Bd7
  • 155. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with B e 3 and Qd2 757 Diagram 372 Afler 21. Qrh6 Re3 0-1. 21. ... Bxc4! B4b2 16. fxg6 hxg6 Strong and sirnple. Whitesattack was more heart than head. 22. Qg5+ KhS 23. Rxf6 The last try at making theattack amount to something. Here White has tried c5 and e5 to break through BIacktsdefense. In both cases, BIack obtains good play. Well make 17. e5 our main Diagram 3 73 Afer 23. Rxf6 line. But first lets take a look at how Black comes out on top if 23. ...RgS! inibite plays 17. c5. Now Black is winning. 24. Qxe5 exf6 25. Qxf6-t Rg7 Ivanchuk-Anand, 1994, con-tinued: 26. Qd4 Rc8 27. Ne4 Qe728. Bxc4 Qa7 29. Qxa7 Rxa7
  • 156. i58 Chess Openings for Black, Explained White has the "redundant" rook. 1 .e5 b4! 7 Diagram 376 Afier i8. ... Ng4 Diagmm 3 79 After f 7. ... b4! A crucial resource! After 1 8. Na4 Ne4 19. Qd4 Diagram 377 After 20. ... Re8!2 1, Nc7 Bxe5 22. Bxg4 Bxg4 23.Nxa8 Bd4-k 24. Khl Rxa8 Diagram 378 Aer 24. ... Rra8Black is better because be has thebishop pair and two pawns forthe Exchange. Whats more,
  • 157. Chapter I t: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2,with Be3 and Qd2 159 Diagram 381 Afrer 22. ... Kh7Blacks king is safe, while White Riagram 383is faced with problerns on the e- After 23. ... &5!file. 24. Qxf3 Re8 18. ...bxc3 19. LCwc3 Bxf6 Now Black gets a sligbtly bet- ter endgarne. Mites idea is to create anattack on the dark squares afierplaying Bd4 and Qf4. But even Spassb-Panno, 1969.afier his best scenario: 20. Bd4Bxd4+ 21. Qxd4 Qc5 22. Qxc5Rxc5, Black is at least equal!
  • 158. 160 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained Summam: The usual pian for Black is: ... Qa5, ... Be6, ... Rfc8, ... a6 (with fhe idea of ... b5), and operi ... Ng4 or ... Nd7. Important: Endgames are o h y for Black! (Sometimes, of course, accuracy will be required.) Many @anspositionsare possible, but even gyou don t recugnize one, your understanding of the ideas should show you the right way. Chauter fl:Mamw Bind-7. Be2, wid~ anà Qd2 Be3 jJ~~~~IJ$TJ AJajXd$$J ) Diagram 385 Diagmrn 386 After 8. ... Nxd4 Afer 13. ... a6 Diagram 387 After 17. Bxg4
  • 159. Chapter 11: Maroczy Bind-7. Bs2, with Be3 and Qd2 161 Chamer li: H- a B i n H . 882, wtU~ antl Qd2 Be3No,1 9. Bxd4!. See page 143.No.2 14. NdS! (if 14 ... Qxd2,15. Nxe7+). See page 144.No. 3 17. ...Be6 =. See page 153.No. 4 18. ..,M! ... hxg6 19. Rxf6). See page 157. (18.
  • 160. 162 Chess Openings for Black, ExpiainedChamer 14:Marom Bin*7. Be2 with Bg5 and ad23a1113l m - J J g J l ~2 2 ~ ~ .1J.I13~;i ~ ~ l J L j ~ 2L.I.iMany ideas in this chaptei are similar to those studiedin Chapter 11. While the bishop can be more activeon g5 than on e3, it is also more vulnerable.i: Thr h-pavn is irrrprcssible. * Its a Zu.ischcnzug-btittle! Sec Diasrarn 390. Sze Diagrain 394. Blnek rccruits a brave rook. . $ Transposing to equaliry. Sre Diagrarn 396. Sse Dirtgram -10 1. Outline of Varratiaflstoataf mbsalrlaalla~o~~~WcS~c4m&Wcam7.Be21Mclilm57i w S w l a (162)~ ~ fB36j A l l. 0-0 QaS $2. Racl Rfc8 13. b3 a6 14. f4 Rc5! (164) B 1 1 . Rcl Qa5 12. t3 RfcS 13. b3 a6 14. Na4 Qxà2-t 15. KXd2 (165) 15.... Nd716.g4f6 17.Be3f5(166) B2 15. ... Rc6 16. Nc3 KB 17. Nd5 BxdS 18. cxd5 Rcc8 (166)
  • 161. Chapter 12: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2 with Bg5 and Qd2 7 63 Chapter 12 7 . Be2 with Bg5 and Qd2 X this vasiation of the Bitid n Chapter 13: 10. ... BeS I l . 0-0Wliite eiects to d e ~ e l o p dark- his Qbt;! 12. Qxb6 axb6 13. Rac lsquare bishop to a more acti.i.c RfcS 14. b3 b51.position Azain. the b-pan-n is irrepress- ible! 15. cxb5 ( 15. Nxb5 Rsa3) 15. ... b c 3 ! . BIack sacrifices the Exchange to win Whites centra1 pawn. 16. Rxc3 Nxe4 Dictgrum 389 ..lfier V. Hg5 his IVhite dc~clops bishop andprepares lo retreat his qrieen tod2 or e3. 9. ... 0-0 IO. Qd2 10. Qe3 is another possibilityfor Vthire. Blacks main idea hereis sirnilar to his plan against the9. 0-0 and Qe3 line studied in
  • 162. 164 Chess Qpenings for Bfack, Expiained 11, ... Qa5 12. Rael Not dangerous here is the dis- covered attack after 12, Nd5, because after 12. ... Qxd2, Whites e-pawn is unprotected. 12. Radl leads to the following interesting endgame: 12. ... Rfc8 f 3. b3 a6 14. Bxf6 Bxf6 15. Nd5. Whites idea is to double up Whites shattered pawns give Blacks pawn after theBlack sufficient compensation. Zwischenzug Nxf6: 15. .., Qxd2 16. Nxf6-t Kg7!. Here White has two mainmoves: 11.0-0 and 11. Rcl.A 11.0-4 Diugranz 394 Afer 16. ... Kg7! Thats the whole point! Black chooses to take the knight on h5 with ... gxh5, which is better than ... exf6. 17. Nh5+ gxh5 18. Rxd2 Rc5 19. f4 f6
  • 163. Chapter 12: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2 with Bg5 and Qd2 I65 Here we recommend a quiet move that guards the pawn on e7. 16. ...Re$! Diagrum 395 After 19. ...f6 White cant take advantage ofBlacks weak h5 pawn becauseits easily defended. Black, on theother band, is ready to start hisplay on the queenside with ...b5!. 12. ...Rfc8 13. b3 a6 14. f4 With a promising position for Whites idea is to play f5, cre- Black. If 17. Bf2 (a computer-ating a dangerous attack (14. f 3 suggested move), then simply met by 14. ... b5!). ... Rcc8. The move 16, .. . Re8 is 14. ...RcS! an improvement over the game Kobalija-Khasin, 1999, where Black played 16. ... g5, and after 17, Bel gxf4 18. Qxf4 Qa3 19. Rc2 Re5 20. Nd5!, faced serious problems because his king was too weak. Diagranz 396 Afier 14. ... RcS! Blacks brave rook stopsWhites attack! 15. Qe3 h6 16. Bh4 E 11. Rcl
  • 164. 166 Chess Openings for Black, Expiained 18. Rxcl d5! 16. ...f6 17. Be3 f5 Lliagram 399 Afer I l . Rcl Diagrunz 401 Afer 1 7. ... .f5 Weve transposed to the bal- anced position as in the Be3, Qd2 line (see Diagram 339 and line A3a). 82 15. Rc6 16. Nc3 .., Mites idea is to play Nd5, and afier .., Bxd5, gain the bish- op pair. Black iniproves his kings posi- Diugrrrnt 400 tion in preparation for the com- Afer 14. .Wu4 ing endgarne. This move leads to an endgamesimilar to that in the Be3, Qd2line. 14. ...Qxd2+ 15. Kxd2 Here Black has two good waysof playing: 15. ... Nd7 with the ,idea of ... f5 and 15. ... Rc6. ,~B1 15. ...Nd7 16. g4 re, position. . 1 .. I..+i ..... i* - , . - . * .. .::.*.< . . .,<,t $.,V?. ,-.>t 16. Bxe7? Bh6+ 17. Kc2 BxcX . . ............... < , ; .. .,.. ...
  • 165. Chapter 12: Maroczy Bind-7. Se2 with 395 and Qd2 767 This position occurred in the g m e Vallejo-Malakhov, 2003, where BIack demonstrated the correct way to mainbin equality. (See &e complete game annotat- ed in Part K)r Simmarw: Mmy ideus in this ckapter are similar 6io those already ap1ained in Chapter I I . Black successfilly empkoys tacaes to M h& own h the vanous emerging endgumes.
  • 166. 168 Chess Openings for Btack, Expiained Diagram 404 Afer 14. j3 Diagram 406 Ajier 18. R w l
  • 167. Chapter 12: Maraczy Bind--7 . Be2 with Bg5 and Qd2 169 Ghamr 12: Marow Blnd-7. 882 wfth Bg5 and ad2 BuQrnornB ~ ~ o u o wNo.I ....b5!. See pstge 163. 14No.2 14....bS!.See page I65.No.3 17....Ree& wi-th eqdiiy. See page 165.No.4 18....d5.See page 166.
  • 168. 170 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedChapter 13: Maroezy Binb-7. Be2,with 0-0 Qd3 tot Qe31 and!<yJ-m31 ~ . ~ ] ~ j j $ $33 ~ luy-g>Avoiding the main line is not promising for White.On e3, the queen blocks her bishop; on d3, sheis vulnerable to the knights attack. A surprise! + Already farniliar. See Diagrarn 110. See Diagram 413.9. Into the crossfire. + Black dominatcs thc dark squarcs. See Diagram 4 1 S. See Diagram 476. Outline of Uariations1d4c5~llf3g6i).i14cw8dllbld4Hc65.E4WfS~Hc3U67~Be2Ld4RQxd4B~79. 0-0 (170) [B36] A IO. Qe3 Be6 (1 72) A l i l . Rbl Qb6! 12. Qd3 Nd7 (172) 11. Bd2 Qb6! 12. Qxb6 axb6 (173) m a 13. a4 Nd7 14. Ra3 Nc5 (173) m 13. D Rfc8 14. b3 Nd7 (174) b 10. Qd3 Be6 1 1 . Be3Nd7 12. Qd2Nc5 13. D a5 (175)
  • 169. Chapter 13: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with 0-0and Qd3 (or Qe3) 171 Chapter 13 Maroczy Bind 7. Be2, with 0-0 and Qd3 (or Qe3) In this chapter, we again see queen wont be comfortable forWhite setting up the Maroczy long on d4.Bind, but this tirne finding a dif-ferent placernent for his queen 7. ...Nxd4 8. Qxd4 Bg7 9.0-0 0-0than d2, He thereby avoids thepin in the Qd2 vs. Qa5 positionsexpiained in Chapters 1 1 and 12.But, as usual, there are trade-offs-by avoiding one problem,White creates other opportunitiesfor Black. Diagrarn 408 * A 9. ... 0-0 Mites two rnain moves are: 10. Qe3 (but that bfocks the bish- op) and 10. Qd3 (but that allows Black to transfer his knight to c5 with tempo). Diagrarn 407 Afer 7. Be2 By taking on d4 now, Blackgains a tempo because Whites
  • 170. 172 Chess Openings #orBiack, Expiained Diagram 409 Afier I O. Qe3 Whites idea is to develop his i3iag~am411bishop on d.2; fiom there he can A$er 16. Bg5contro1 the a.5-square. His queencan help to enforce the f4 and e5 16. ... Ne4! 17, Se3 Bd4 18. Qh4 Bxe3 19. Qxe4 Bd4pushes. Well see, however, that~ l a c k enough counter-play! has M i t e has two main moves: 11.Rbl and 11. Bd2.A l 11. Rbl Qb6! - Diagram 412 Afier 19. ... Bd4 If 20. Qxe7? Re8, with a wk- ning position. Diagram 410 20. ... Bf6 21. R f ~ Qd4 22. l Afier I l . ... Qb6! Qxd4 12. Qd3 White enters an absolutely Or 12. Qxb6 axb6 13. Be3 d r a w ending.
  • 171. Chapter 33: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with 0-0 and Qd3 (or Qe3) 173 22. .. . Bxd4 23. Re2 b6 24. Now White can play 13. a4 orRdl Be.5 25. g3 a5 26. f4 Bf627. 13.13,b5 Kg7, draw (Puijboer-Ti~iakoy g2a 113,a42000). Again Bfack offers to exchange h in the game hitoroze- squeens, volu~ltarilybreak~ngup vich-Topaloì, 200 1.his own pawn structurc. Keli seewlly shortly. White sacrifices a pawn. After 12. b3 Qxe3 13, Bxc3Ng4 14. Bd2 Be5 15. Bxg4the position is cqual.
  • 172. t74 Chess Openings far Black, Explained Diagrarn 416 Dìagrarn 418 Afrer 18. ... B x c ~ ! Afer 15. .. h5 The tactics are in Blacks favor: A truly arnazing move! Black19. Rxe4 Bxe2 20. Bc3 (20.Rxel? Rxa4! and White loses) throws his pawn into a three-way20. ... Bb5 21. Rxe7 Bxa4 crossfire-and it turns out that22. Rxb7 Bc6 23. Rba7 Rxa7 a11 captures on b5 are in Blacks24. Rxa7 Ra8, even though favor!Blacks extra pawn is not enoughto win due to the opposite-color 16. axb5bishops. 16. Nxb5 Bxal; 16. cxb5?A 2 0 13. f3 Bxc3 16. ...Nc5! 17. Rxa8 Rxa8 Diagmrn 41 7 Afer 13.f3 13. ...Rfc8 14. b3 Nd7 15. a4 Diagram 419 After 17. ... Rxa8b5! 18. Rbl Or 18. b4?! Nb3 19. Bel Ncl!.
  • 173. Chapter 13: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with 0-0 and Qd3 (or Qe3) 7 75 There is no defense against ... Diagram 422Nxe2 and ... Bxc4. ABer 10. Qd3 Also unsatisfactory for White 10. ... Be6 11. Be3 Nd7is 18. Bdl Bd4+! 19. Khl Ral The knight is heading t c5. .with the idea ... Nxb3. LXagram 423 Diagram 421 Afer 13. ... a5 ABer 18. ... Ru3 Black secures his knight. His Now the b3-pawn falls. plan is to play ... Qb6, ... Rfc8 T 19. Bdl, then 19. ... Bxc4 20. f and ... Qd8, with these ideas:bxc4 Bxc3-and Black is much The rook on c8 will put pres-better. sure on the C-pawn; 10. Qd3 The queen can rnove to f8 both to support ... f5 and to help guard the dark squares around the king. 14. b3 Qb6 15. Rabl Rfc8 16. Nd5 Qd8
  • 174. 176 Chess Openingc for BIack, Explained 21. ...Qf8 22. Bdl Qg7 Diagram 424 Afrer 16. ... Qd8 Diag~unz426 Black temporarily delays cap- ilfrer 22. ... Qg7ture on d5. The game LAmi- Black dominates the darkKrivoshey, 2001, continued: squares. He may start active play 17. Khl Rab8 18. Bg5 Bxd5 in the center (with ... e7-e6) after19. exd5 Bf6! first placing his rooks on e8 and d8, with the better game. Summarw: Neither 10. Qe3 nor 10. Qd3 gives Wlzite any chance for an advantage. The exchange of dark-square The former i chaflenged sbishops is favorable for Blackbecause his knight is better than by ... Qb6 (the exchangeWhites bishop. on b6 is okay for Black, who gets extra injzrence over the a-file), the latter Now the knight on c5 is even by a tempo-winningmore powerful. But other plans, ... Nd7-c5.such as preparing b3-b4, arentpromising either.
  • 175. Chapter 13: Maroczy Bind-7. Be2, with 0-0 and Qd3 (or Qe3) 7 77Chapter 13: Marocry Blnd-7. Be2, wilth 0-0 and Qd3 [er Qe31 Afer I j a4 After f 3 fJChapter 13: Maroczy Bintt-7. Be2, with 0-0 aid Qd3 [or Qe31.-o. 1 14. ... b5!. See page 172.So. 2 19. ...Bd4. ff 20. Qxe7?, then 20. ... Re8, wiming. See page172.:Yv. 3 15, ...b5!. See page 174. f,h 13. ... a5, securing the c5-knight. See page 175.
  • 176. 178 Chess Openings for Black, ExplainedChapter 14: Maroezy Bind-7. f3 SystemSiJJ-J-ja~ l J ~ - y J 3 J J JJ~A i 3 13 1iJlJZi ] 2l j JiJjBlack achieves a good garne by expanding on the queens-side with ... a5. then ... a4 and even ... a3. Black stakes out the queenside. Endgames here usually hvor Blnck. Sre Diaprarn 432. Scc Diagram 433. Blacks knight on cS will be 1.e.