NB2 - Present Perfect (introduction)

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A powerpoint presentation for NB2 students at the EOI Torre-Pacheco or EOI Cartagena

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NB2 - Present Perfect (introduction)

  1. 1. His shoes are dirty He’s cleaning his shoes He has cleaned his shoes They are at home They are going out They have gone out
  2. 2. He has cleaned his shoes They have gone out We use the present perfect for an action in the past with a result now I have lost my passport (I can’t find my passport now) We have bought a new car (We have a new car now)
  3. 3. Present perfect (have + past participle ) I We You They Have(‘ve) Have not (haven’t) Cleaned Finished Started Lost Done Been gone He She It Has (‘s) Has not (hasn’t)
  4. 4. Questions have I We You They Cleaned ? Finished ? Started ? Lost ? Done ? Been ? Gone ? has He She it
  5. 5. Base form Past simple Past Participle Be Was/were Been Become Became Become Begin Began Begun Break Broke Broken Bring Brought Brought Build Built Built Buy Bought Bought Catch Caught Caught Choose Chose Chosen come came come
  6. 6. The past participle <ul><li>For Regular verbs The past participle is -ed (the same as the past simple): </li></ul><ul><li>clean —» I have cleaned </li></ul><ul><li>finish —* we have finished </li></ul><ul><li>start —* she has started </li></ul><ul><li>For Irregular verbs The past participle is not -ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the past simple and past participle are the same: </li></ul><ul><li>buy —» I bought / I have bought </li></ul><ul><li>have —* he had / he has had </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the past simple and past participle are different: </li></ul><ul><li>break -* 1 broke / 1 have broken </li></ul><ul><li>see -» you saw / you have seen </li></ul><ul><li>fall —* it fell / it has fallen </li></ul><ul><li>go —* they went / they have gone </li></ul>
  7. 7. What has happened? <ul><li>Clean shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Close the door </li></ul><ul><li>Go to bed </li></ul><ul><li>Stop raining </li></ul><ul><li>Have a shower </li></ul><ul><li>Fall down </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Mr Smith is a tourist </li></ul><ul><li>He has travelled all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>He has visited many countries </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Has he been to London? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, he has. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been to London </li></ul><ul><li>What has he seen in London? </li></ul><ul><li>He has seen the Big Ben </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Has he been to Paris? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes he has. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been to Paris </li></ul><ul><li>What has he visited in Paris? </li></ul><ul><li>He has visited the Eiffel Tower </li></ul>
  11. 11. Has he been to New York? Yes, he has. He has been to New York. Has he taken a picture of the Statue of Liberty? Yes, he has. He has taken a picture of the Statue of Liberty
  12. 12. Has he been to Italy? Yes, he has. He has been to Italy What has he seen in Italy? He has seen the Pissa Tower
  13. 13. Has he been to Australia? No, he hasn’t He hasn’t been to Australia Has he seen a kangaroo? No, he hasn’t . He hasn’t seen a kangaroo
  14. 14. Has he been to Africa? No, he hasn’t He hasn’t been to Africa Has he seen a giraffe? No. He hasn’t seen a giraffe
  15. 15. What about you? Have you ever been to any of these countries? Have you ever been to Holland? Have you seen a windmill? Have you ever been to India? Have you visited the Taj Mahal? Have you ever been to Egypt? Have you taken a picture of the pyramids?
  16. 16. <ul><li>Mr Smith has been to London. </li></ul><ul><li>He has taken a picture of the Big Ben </li></ul><ul><li>When was that? </li></ul><ul><li>He went to London last year. </li></ul><ul><li>He took this picture in August </li></ul><ul><li>Did he like the city? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, he did. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Mr Smith has been to Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>He has visited the Eiffel tower </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>He was in Paris two months ago. </li></ul><ul><li>He took this picture in November </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mr Smith has been to Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>He went there last week end. </li></ul><ul><li>He enjoyed visiting the Pissa Tower very much. </li></ul><ul><li>He visited many other interesting places in Italy. </li></ul>

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