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NB2 - Halloween

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NB2 Halloween Presentation - by Esther Barbero & Laura García, EOI Torre-Pacheco 2010-11

NB2 Halloween Presentation - by Esther Barbero & Laura García, EOI Torre-Pacheco 2010-11

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  • 1. - 31 October -
  • 2.
    • The first people who celebrated Halloween were the Celtic. They lived in Great Britain. They celebrated the festivity of Samhain, their goddess of the dead. That night, the druids (Celtic priests) contacted spirits.
    • Samhain celebrated the end of the harvest* (orange colour) and the “New Year”, and then the new year began with winter and long nights (black colour).
    • The Celtic believed that spirits returned to the Earth. They invited good spirits but moved away evil spirits and witches.
    * harvest
  • 3.
    • Celtic  Samhain (Goddess of the dead)
    • Colours of Halloween:
      • Orange
      • (represents the end of the harvest)
      • Black
      • (represents the beginning of the New Year)
  • 4.
    • A legend said that people lighted a candle for each deceased* relative. They put the candles on the window of their homes. That night, when the spirits visited their relatives’ homes, they saw the candles.
    * Deceased people is a formal way of referring to dead people.
  • 5.
    • But if a spirit didn’t find a candle, the spirit did bad things and the spirit’s relatives couldn’t sleep well and they had nightmares*.
    * A nightmare is a bad dream.
  • 6.
    • When the Romans invaded Great Britain, they liked that festivity. The Romans honoured Pomona (their goddess of fruit trees) on the 1st of November. And soon, the apples became a symbol for both festivities.
  • 7.
    • In 1840, Halloween arrived in the United States. The Irish immigrants brought the “Jack-o-lantern” tradition (a pumpkin with a candle in it). This tradition was inspired by “The mean Jack” legend.
    • And then, the festivity became very popular in 1921. That year, the first Halloween parade was celebrated in Minnesota.
    • But Halloween became most popular in 1978, because the film “The Halloween Night” premiered* in the USA and around the world.
    • * Premiere: The first public performance of a film, play, etc.
  • 8.
    • 1840: Halloween arrived in the USA
    •  Irish immigrants (Jack-o-lantern)
    • 1921: First Halloween parade (Minnesota)
    • 1978: “The Halloween Night” (Director John Carpenter)
  • 9.
    • Myths:
      • 1.- “Jack-o-lantern” pumpkin
      • 2.- “Bobbing for apples” game.
      • 3.- Black cats
      • 4.- Witches Night
      • 5.- Why do people wear costumes?
      • 6.- “Trick or treat”
  • 10. 1.- “Jack-o-lantern” pumpkin
    • When the Irish arrived in the USA, and they brought the Witches´ Night tradition, they used the most famous symbol of Halloween night: The Jack-o-lantern.
    • Jack was a very bad man. When Jack died, he couldn´t get in heaven or hell. And then, he was sentenced and he wandered* looking for the entrance to one of the two worlds. His only help was a light in a turnip*. But the Americans changed this tradition because didn´t have turnips, for that reason they used pumpkins.
    • *Wander: to move or travel without any definite purpose or destination.
  • 11. 2.- “Bobbing for apples” game
    • Children played a game called “bobbing for apples”.
    • People put water and apples in a big bowl. The apples float on top of the water.
    • Children take an apple out of the water using their teeth, but they can´t use their hands. Many people get very wet!
  • 12.
    • 3.- BLACK CATS
    • People say that Black cats is a costume* that witches used to walk peacefully in the city.
    * A black cat costume
  • 13.
    • The legend says that the old witches met twice a year: 30th of April and 31st October. Satan was summoned and they rode their brooms* to share witchcrafts and black wisdom.
    • Today, Halloween night is recognized as a day before new year for witchery. For many people, it is the night when the power of witches is in its top level, to the extent that Halloween is known as “The night of witches”.
    * broom
  • 14.
    • The tradition of wearing costumes in Halloween was born in France in the 14 th and 15 th centuries.
    • Children and adults wore terrible and ugly costumes* (skeletons, aliens, monsters or vampires) to frighten ghosts, witches and evil spirits.
    * Traditional Halloween costumes
  • 15.
    • Another tradition is “Trick or treat” (sweet or prank). On this night children wear scary costumes (e.g. monster, witches or vampires), and knock at their neighbours’ doors asking the question: “Trick or treat?”.
    • This tradition originated in the pursuit* of the protestant against the catholics in England during the 16 th and 17 th centuries.
    • * Pursuit: To persecute.
  • 17.
    • THE END
    Powerpoint presentation created by: Esther Barbero & Laura García Nivel Básico 2 EOI Torre-Pacheco