View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
The first people who celebrated Halloween were the Celtic. They lived in Great Britain. They celebrated the festivity of Samhain, their goddess of the dead. That night, the druids (Celtic priests) contacted spirits.
Samhain celebrated the end of the harvest* (orange colour) and the “New Year”, and then the new year began with winter and long nights (black colour).
The Celtic believed that spirits returned to the Earth. They invited good spirits but moved away evil spirits and witches.
A legend said that people lighted a candle for each deceased* relative. They put the candles on the window of their homes. That night, when the spirits visited their relatives’ homes, they saw the candles.
* Deceased people is a formal way of referring to dead people.
When the Romans invaded Great Britain, they liked that festivity. The Romans honoured Pomona (their goddess of fruit trees) on the 1st of November. And soon, the apples became a symbol for both festivities.
When the Irish arrived in the USA, and they brought the Witches´ Night tradition, they used the most famous symbol of Halloween night: The Jack-o-lantern.
Jack was a very bad man. When Jack died, he couldn´t get in heaven or hell. And then, he was sentenced and he wandered* looking for the entrance to one of the two worlds. His only help was a light in a turnip*. But the Americans changed this tradition because didn´t have turnips, for that reason they used pumpkins.
*Wander: to move or travel without any definite purpose or destination.
The legend says that the old witches met twice a year: 30th of April and 31st October. Satan was summoned and they rode their brooms* to share witchcrafts and black wisdom.
Today, Halloween night is recognized as a day before new year for witchery. For many people, it is the night when the power of witches is in its top level, to the extent that Halloween is known as “The night of witches”.
Another tradition is “Trick or treat” (sweet or prank). On this night children wear scary costumes (e.g. monster, witches or vampires), and knock at their neighbours’ doors asking the question: “Trick or treat?”.
This tradition originated in the pursuit* of the protestant against the catholics in England during the 16 th and 17 th centuries.