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NB1 & NB2: Making Comparisons

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NB1 & NB2: Making comparisons

NB1 & NB2: Making comparisons
(Courtesy of Ana Mena, EOI Cartagena)

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    NB1 & NB2: Making Comparisons NB1 & NB2: Making Comparisons Presentation Transcript

    • MAKING COMPARISONS
    • Think about adjectives to describe the following people
    •  
    • Now, let’s compare them
    • How do we make comparisons in English?
      • When we talk about two things or people, we can compare them:
      • is SMALLER THAN
      • There are two ways to form a comparative adjective in English:
      • 1.- SHORT ADJECTIVES add “-ER” + than
      • 2.- LONG ADJECTIVES use
      • “ MORE + adj. + THAN”
    • SHORT ADJECTIVES
      • One-syllable adjectives:
      • rich, strong, fat, slim,…
      • Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y:
      • happy, friendly, funny,…
      • These adjectives add -ER :
      • RICH-RICH ER HAPPY-HAPP IER
    • SPELLING CHANGES
        • If the adjective ends in “-e” , it only adds “-r”:
        • LAT E - LATE R
        • If the adjective ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, it doubles the last consonant:
        • BIG- BIG G ER
        • If the adjective ends in –y , it changes to
        • “ i” + -er if preceded by a consonant:
        • HAPPY- HAPP IER
    • LONG ADJECTIVES
      • Two-syllable adjectives not ending in –y:
      • modern, ….
      • Rest of adjectives of more than two syllables:
      • expensive, talkative, etc…
      • These adjectives use MORE + adj. + THAN:
      • more modern than
          • Some two-syllable adjectives can take either “-er” or “ more”:
          • QUIET CLEVER
          • NARROW SIMPLE
    • IRREGULAR FORMS
      • GOOD-BETTER
      • BAD-WORSE
      • FAR-FURTHER
    • ADJECTIVES vs ADVERBS
      • It’s an easy language.
      • You can learn this language easily .
      • The music is slow .
      • The pianist is playing slowly .
      • Her ideas are interesting .
      • She spoke interestingly about her ideas.
      • Joe looked hungry .
      • Joe ate hungrily .
    • What’s the difference?
      • Adjectives are connected with nouns and pronouns. They usually tell you more about people and things. They can go before nouns, or after be , seem , look , etc…
      • Adverbs are connected with verbs.They tell you how something happens/ how someone does something .
    • Choose an adjective or an adverb:
      • This is a train. It stops everywhere.
      • You’ve cooked the meat
      • I’ve got an job.
      • I sing very .
      slow beautifully easy well/badly
    • USING ADVERBS TO MAKE COMPARISONS
      • Can you speak more quietly, please?
      • Angela writes more clearly than Ellie.
      • To make the comparative of most adverbs we use “more + adv. + than”
    • Compare these two animals using adverbs:
    • Exceptions:
      • Early , late , fast , near and soon have comparatives with -er , like adjectives:
      • Earlier, faster, later, harder, nearer, sooner
      • Irregular forms:
      • well- better
      • badly- worse
      • far- further/farther
    • Use the comparative of the adverbs in the box to complete the advice:
              • Early, near, fats, hard, late
              • “ I want to earn more money”.
              • Work .
              • “ I want to eat my breakfast slowly in the morning”.
              • Get up .
              • “ I want to get more sleep”
              • Get up .
              • “ I’m afraid I’m going to miss the train”.
              • Walk .
              • “ I hate driving to work”.
              • Live your work and walk.
      harder earlier later faster nearer
    • Compare the following pairs:
    •  
    • We can also use “as…as” and “less ….than” to compare two things:
      • Antonio is as rich as Robert.
      • (they are the same)
      • “ Torrente” is less serious than “Gone with the wind”.