NB1 & NB2: Making Comparisons

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NB1 & NB2: Making comparisons …

NB1 & NB2: Making comparisons
(Courtesy of Ana Mena, EOI Cartagena)

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  • 1. MAKING COMPARISONS
  • 2. Think about adjectives to describe the following people
  • 3.  
  • 4. Now, let’s compare them
  • 5. How do we make comparisons in English?
    • When we talk about two things or people, we can compare them:
    • is SMALLER THAN
    • There are two ways to form a comparative adjective in English:
    • 1.- SHORT ADJECTIVES add “-ER” + than
    • 2.- LONG ADJECTIVES use
    • “ MORE + adj. + THAN”
  • 6. SHORT ADJECTIVES
    • One-syllable adjectives:
    • rich, strong, fat, slim,…
    • Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y:
    • happy, friendly, funny,…
    • These adjectives add -ER :
    • RICH-RICH ER HAPPY-HAPP IER
  • 7. SPELLING CHANGES
      • If the adjective ends in “-e” , it only adds “-r”:
      • LAT E - LATE R
      • If the adjective ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, it doubles the last consonant:
      • BIG- BIG G ER
      • If the adjective ends in –y , it changes to
      • “ i” + -er if preceded by a consonant:
      • HAPPY- HAPP IER
  • 8. LONG ADJECTIVES
    • Two-syllable adjectives not ending in –y:
    • modern, ….
    • Rest of adjectives of more than two syllables:
    • expensive, talkative, etc…
    • These adjectives use MORE + adj. + THAN:
    • more modern than
  • 9.
        • Some two-syllable adjectives can take either “-er” or “ more”:
        • QUIET CLEVER
        • NARROW SIMPLE
  • 10. IRREGULAR FORMS
    • GOOD-BETTER
    • BAD-WORSE
    • FAR-FURTHER
  • 11. ADJECTIVES vs ADVERBS
    • It’s an easy language.
    • You can learn this language easily .
    • The music is slow .
    • The pianist is playing slowly .
    • Her ideas are interesting .
    • She spoke interestingly about her ideas.
    • Joe looked hungry .
    • Joe ate hungrily .
  • 12. What’s the difference?
    • Adjectives are connected with nouns and pronouns. They usually tell you more about people and things. They can go before nouns, or after be , seem , look , etc…
    • Adverbs are connected with verbs.They tell you how something happens/ how someone does something .
  • 13. Choose an adjective or an adverb:
    • This is a train. It stops everywhere.
    • You’ve cooked the meat
    • I’ve got an job.
    • I sing very .
    slow beautifully easy well/badly
  • 14. USING ADVERBS TO MAKE COMPARISONS
    • Can you speak more quietly, please?
    • Angela writes more clearly than Ellie.
    • To make the comparative of most adverbs we use “more + adv. + than”
  • 15. Compare these two animals using adverbs:
  • 16. Exceptions:
    • Early , late , fast , near and soon have comparatives with -er , like adjectives:
    • Earlier, faster, later, harder, nearer, sooner
    • Irregular forms:
    • well- better
    • badly- worse
    • far- further/farther
  • 17. Use the comparative of the adverbs in the box to complete the advice:
            • Early, near, fats, hard, late
            • “ I want to earn more money”.
            • Work .
            • “ I want to eat my breakfast slowly in the morning”.
            • Get up .
            • “ I want to get more sleep”
            • Get up .
            • “ I’m afraid I’m going to miss the train”.
            • Walk .
            • “ I hate driving to work”.
            • Live your work and walk.
    harder earlier later faster nearer
  • 18. Compare the following pairs:
  • 19.  
  • 20. We can also use “as…as” and “less ….than” to compare two things:
    • Antonio is as rich as Robert.
    • (they are the same)
    • “ Torrente” is less serious than “Gone with the wind”.