1Sessão 106 de março, 2013Amadora, PortugalPedagogiaempreendedora
Creating an EntrepreneurialSchool : Developing thecompetencies graduates willneed to succeed in work andlife in the 21st CenturyPresentation to Escola Secundária Seomara da Costa Primo27 February 2013by Joshua Muskin, Ph.D.Sr. Programme Officer, Education, Aga Khan Foundation
The PortugueseEconomic CrisisRapidlygrowingunemploy-ment...With a greatlyshrinking economy-5.3... especiallyfor youth... And the Prime Minister is tellingyouth to seek employment abroad.
AffectivelyIt is no longer sufficient toeducate our students just to pass tests.We must instead equip them to enter an uncertainemployment & social context, with a view beyondnational borders, to be able to find productive,satisfying work and lives, and to thrive there.Employers are seeking persons who are competent...Academically Technically&
Relevance – Local & BroaderRest upon:Content Pedagogy OutcomesCompetencies Integration: work & societyDefined by:“21st Century” Skills“21stCentury”Teaching & Learning
So what do we mean byAffectivelyAcademically Technically&competent ?
Intellectuallystrong & supple;adept at learningAdept in scien-tific methodsFully literate in thenational language(s)To Pass theExamination!...Broadly numerateKnowledgeableof countryAble in other languagesAcademically Competent... andmore!
Adept with practicaltechniques & processes...Technically CompetentKnows underlyingconcepts &theoriesIs financially &entrepreneuriallyliterateKnows associatedtools, equipment,materialsKnows how &where to learnnew aspectsUnderstandsthebroadereconomicsetting
What is Escola SecundáriaSeomara da Costa Primodoing now to equip itsstudents to findsatisfactory employment inthe current economiccontext of Portugal?
What is the School doing to be sure that bothgeneral & technical graduates are not justacademically & technically equipped but also ...Are financially &entrepreneurially literateKnow how & where tolearn new aspectsUnderstandthebroadereconomicsettingAre personally competent
What is the School doing to be sure thatboth general and technical graduates...Are financially &entrepreneuriallyliterate?
What is the School doing to be sure thatboth general and technical graduates...Understand thebroadereconomicsetting, foremploymentand home life ?
What is the School doing to be sure thatboth general and technical graduates...Know how & where tolearn new aspects of aprofession or trade?
What is the School doing to be sure thatboth general and technical graduates...Are personallycompetent?
ExtracurricularStudies• Classroom• Workshop• HomeWorkSchool•Governance•Management•Academic /Technical• Social• CommunityAffectiveAcademic TechnicalEmploymentSectorCommunity&HomeWhat opportunities are there at schoolto foster the 3 areas of competence?• Cultural
Studies• in the Classroom• in the Workshop• with Homework?AffectiveAcademic TechnicalHow can the school (that is, thefaculty, staff, students & “friends”)cultivate students’ competencies inthe 3 key domains...
School• School Governance• School Management?AffectiveAcademic TechnicalHow can the school cultivatestudents’ competencies in the 3 keydomains by engaging them in...
Extracurricular?AffectiveAcademic Technical• Academic/TechnicalStudies• School SocialLife• School CommunityHow can the schoolcultivate students’competencies in the 3key domains byengaging them inactivities related to...• Life outside theSchool
An Entrepreneurial SchoolConcrete Ideas forConsideration1.An Entrepreneurial Spirit / Financial Literacy Coursefor ALL students, at every level2.Integrate personal skills development into lessonplanning and classroom instruction, in both thegeneral and the technical studies streams3.Consolidate and expand the school’s ExtracurricularProgrammes and Activities4.Strengthen real interactions between the school andthe community, local and beyond5.Foster school-wide participation in SocialEntrepreneurship activities (joining all the ideas)
An Entrepreneurial School1.An Entrepreneurial Spirit / Financial Literacy Course forALL students, at every levelElements (evolve for each higher grade level)●Introduce, cultivate & practice personal skills &behaviours: communication, problem-solving, trust,risk, independent learning, management, empathy,teamwork, confidence,...●Plan & conduct group projects: social & financial; inand out of the school●Explore the world of work and of society – career,exposure, orientation and guidance●Personal path planning – professional, social, homeOrganization: Weekly sessions by faculty, upper gradestudents & volunteers, during or after school day
An Entrepreneurial School1.Integrate personal skills development into lessonplanning and classroom instruction, in both thegeneral and the technical studies streams●Group problem-solving, in class●Individual and group projects, long-term●Oral presentations & other active involvement●Address school and community issues through thetechnical “lens” of the class●Interactions with professionals (including civilsociety) – in the classroom & contact outside●Inter-disciplinary learning and projects●Assessment looking at learning and application●Operate an entrepreneurial activityetc.
An Entrepreneurial School3. Consolidate and expand the school’s ExtracurricularProgrammes and Activities●Proliferate School Clubs, around faculty, student andvolunteers’ interests (linked to studies, social,productive, cultural,...) – student-led, with mentors, &approved by the student government●Engage students actively in School Governance andSchool Management (operations)●Promote & conduct Social & FinancialEntrepreneurship activities, led by students, withfaculty & volunteers; in and out of schooletc.
An Entrepreneurial School1.Strengthen real interactions between the school andthe community, local and beyond●Lessons link to exploration of professions & civilsociety: activities, knowledge base, pathways,...●Professionals advise in lesson planning & delivery●Outside volunteers participate in development andoperation of entrepreneurial course & clubs●Student clubs and classes participate in communitysocial and cultural programmes●Students conduct programmes and activities toserve the community – social, cultural,entrepreneurial,...etc.
An Entrepreneurial School1.Foster school-wide participation in SocialEntrepreneurship activities (joining all the ideas)●Consider an extracurricular participationrequirement, school sanctioned, maybe with“bronze,” “silver” & “gold” levels tied to the numberof total hours spent●Link together classroom learning, entrepreneurshipefforts & extracurricular●Establish joint, cross-curricular learning objectivestied to personal competencies and coordinate intheir attainment●Establish criteria, methods and reporting standardsto assess personal competenciesetc.
NEXT STEPSSelect the aspects of the programme with whichto beginAssign teams (faculty, students, others) todevelop, plan and initiate each aspectMonitor against concrete criteria and standards;revise to strengthenDocumentGrow and continue to improveShare with officials, other schools and potentialpartners.... and please, let me know how it goes.