Using twitter for Scholarly Purposes 2013


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Some remarks about the use of twitter to support academic communication in the socual sciences and history. Updated version of the course that took place at the EUI Library (@EUIlib) on the 31st of May 2013

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Using twitter for Scholarly Purposes 2013

  1. 1. Friday 31th of May 2013Library,European University Instituteby @sergenoiretEUI History Information Specialist13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 1Using Twitterfor Scholarly Purposes
  2. 2. Index1. Why Using Twitter in Academicenvironments ?2. Twitter, Tweets, Twitterers3. Hashtag(s) #4. Integrating Tweets and Twitter outsideTwitter5. Selected Blogography213/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  3. 3. 13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 31. Why Using Twitter in Academicenvironments ?
  4. 4. Twitteractivity in real time413/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  5. 5. Syria Uprising:Mashup of Tweets & Google Maps13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 5
  6. 6. Real Time Scientific Data’s usingTweets: 2012-2013 US Flu Epidemic“…Researchers have had to solve theproblem of differentiating between tweetsthat genuinely report cases of flu and thosethat merely comment about the virus. Theyhave accomplished this by developing atweet-screening method based on humanlanguage-processing technology, which iscapable of distinguishing between, forinstance, the sentences “I have the flu” and“I am worried about catching the flu”,producing real-time information on actualflu cases while filtering out the rest of thehype surrounding the disease. The fact thatthis data is real-time compares favourablyto the information available from the U.SCentres for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC), which goes by hospital admissionsand usually takes around two weeks topublish its statistics….”Researchers and computer scientists at JohnsHopkins University … to track cases of influenzausing the microblogging site Twitter (January 2013)613/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  7. 7. Twitter Archive at of Congress)A post from the Library‟s Director of Communications, Gayle Osterberg:"The Librarys focus now is on addressing the significant technology challenges tomaking the archive accessible to researchers in a comprehensive, useful way.“• Archive of tweets from 2006-2010 now complete & contains 170 billion tweets.• 140 million tweets in February 2011 to half a billion tweets each day as of October2012.• LC‟s focus on technology challenges to making the archive accessible to researchers• LC has received more than 400 requests from researchers to use archive• A white paper summarizes the Librarys work to date for accessing/conserving thearchive.• Now, GNIP, a private company, is the commercial interface to the archive. 713/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  8. 8. GNIP to Access TwitterPublic Archive813/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  9. 9. @EuropeanUni913/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  10. 10. So why using Twitter inAcademic Environments?• Because 50 million tweets were sent per day in 2010, as of Twitter‟s fifthanniversary in early 2011, about 140 million tweets per day and in October2012 last year, nearly half a billion tweets each day !• Because it sustains worldwide new forms of democratic participation andknowledge sharing: everybody can share information –also academicinformation- and new web 2.0 “crowd sourced” forms of people‟sjournalism arose.• Because it allows a short (140 characters) blogging activity• Because you are informed in real time and very easily using all your e-devices.• Because you can promote what you wrote and your web pages• Because Twitter signed an agreement with the Library of Congress (2009)to fully archive past (2006-) and present Tweets.• Because it is extremely useful in academic environments like we will seenow 13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 10
  11. 11. Social Scientists & TwitterGoing to the libraries, research centers, archives, universities etc., or wishing to knowabout before travelling ?See if they have a Twitter feed like at the EUI @EuropeanUni (or@Librarycongress), etc.. It‟s a good way to get updates, see highlights ofcollections, get research tips, ask questions to staff, etc..Use Hashtags #Hashtags are a combination of the pound sign and text used on Twitter to findconnected tweets. They can be very general, like #history or #archives, or#slavery or #Communism or more specific, like#publichistory #digitalhumanities #ncph #primarysources . Hashtags are also away to associate yourself with a group, like #twitterstorians, created by KatrinaGulliver or #digitalhumanities created by Dan Cohen.Participate to ongoing lectures, debates, conferencesUsing the Hashtag of the Conference allows who‟s speaking or organizing thetalk, to deal immediately with your queries both on her/his laptop or, better, on aconference‟s room screen. Ex.: #smkhistory (Social media and History, London29/1/2013)13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 11
  12. 12. Tweet (and Retweet) reflections about a ConferenceMeeting attendees use hashtags in their tweets. You can search by hashtag to hearwhat participants are saying about a meeting Ex: #DHLU @DHLuxembourg, forthe 2nd Symposium Digital Humanities Luxembourg 20-22 March 2012, Or at the EUI : @THATCampFirenze for #THATcampShare Resources and LinksDiscovering new resources by following a variety of historians and historyorganizations. They‟ll lead you to digitized documents, blogs, interesting articles,discussions, conferences, etc..Search for JobsSearch for “#jobs #highered,” “#jobs #professor,” “#jobs #museum,” or searchwith terms appropriate to the field you‟re interested in.Send remindersTwitter can be used to remind researchers, students, about homework, meetings,seminars, etc.. Using Twitter on a smartphone ensures that you will receivenotifications with the latest news. Twitter‟s SMS service can also come in handy.Promote your web pages and essaysTwitter is a powerful vehicle for knowing about your work13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 12Social Scientists & Twitter - 2
  13. 13. Tips for using Twitter• Youtube Video with interesting suggestions The Foundling Museums(London, UK) use of Twitter• Use Twitter to find people doing the same as what you are doing and lookat who they follow• Regularly send Tweets, even only one a day• Tweet information but also personal comments1313/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  14. 14. 2. Twitter, Tweets, Twitterers13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 14
  15. 15. Twitter Help Page @Support1513/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  16. 16. Twitter through the Browsers• Downloading thesoftware ? No !«Sign Up» tocreating an account• Setting the accountwith an «avatar», abackground imageand … .13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 16
  17. 17. Example: Twitter@EuropeanUni13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 17
  18. 18. @sergenoiret1813/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  19. 19. Benedictus PP. XVI @Pontifex1913/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  20. 20. @Pontifex following 8different «Benedictus PP.XVI»2013/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  21. 21. @twitter: HOME13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 21
  22. 22. How To post a Tweet ?Web Browser: Enter your 140 characters in the status barMobile Device: Tap the compose Tweet icon (looks like afeather quill)at the top right of the Home Timeline screen.Compose your 140-character message and tap Tweet.When composing a Tweet, you have also the options to:• @reply/mention• add a #hashtag• take or add a photo• add your location13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 22
  23. 23. DM or Direct Messages• Definition:“A Direct message is a personal message sent via Twitter to one of your followers. DMs aredifferent than mentions and @replies. In turn, people you follow can send you a directmessage. You cannot send a direct message to a user who is not following you.”• How to send a Direct message via the web:Log in to your Twitter account. Click on the person icon and select Direct messages from thedrop down menu. Youll see a pop up showing your Direct message history. Click theNew message button, highlighted below. In the address box, type the name or usernameof the person you wish to send a message to. Enter your message and click Sendmessage.• How To send a DM directly from your phone ?In addition to sending Direct messages from the web, you can also send Direct messagesfrom: official Twitter apps like Twitter for iPhone, Twitter for Android, or Tweetdeck(Click the name of the app you use to learn more. If you use a third-party app, learnmore here.) or your phone via SMS13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 23
  24. 24. @Connect: interactions13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 24
  25. 25. @Connect: mentions13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 25
  26. 26. • It is about finding interesting Tweets «tailored for you»• Knowing about the activity of your «friends» and who/what you follow• Being suggested who to follow• Searching for friends: names, institutions, etc., all kind of Twitter accounts• Browsing for categories and keywords like «Digital History»13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 26What is #Discover ?
  27. 27. Searching for Tweets byCategories/Keywords• Select topics you areinterested in.• Follow people youwant to hear fromusing full names or@username• Enter subjectkeywords like“digital history”13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 27
  28. 28. • First search forsomething…then use theicon:• Boolean search with acombination of differentkeywords and features• Possibility to limit topeople, places emoticons,etc..• Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 28Twitter Advanced Searching
  29. 29. • Useful forsharing infobetween agroup ofpeople• Useful forSeminarpurposes• Etc.29Creating Lists of@usernames13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  30. 30. Twitter Added Resources13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 30
  31. 31. Widgets displaying Twitter Feeds13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 31
  32. 32. Twitter Blog13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 32FollowingTwitter newsand updateswith Blogger
  33. 33. Integrated photo-sharing servicePhotos from your portable devicesTo attach a photo to your Tweet:• Tap the camera icon when you are composing a Tweet.• A menu will appear below asking you to choose an image fromyour phone‟s library or to take a photo or video.• Once the upload is complete, the camera icon will turn blue, theimage will appear below the Tweet composer, and the charactercount will be adjusted by 22 characters to account for the linkTwitter uses to share the image.• Photos are automatically uploaded through Twitter image hostingservice,• Videos will be posted through the 3rd party app of your choice. Youcan change your media settings and preferences by going to Settings> Advanced > Image Service (or Video Service) and selectingyour desired media hosting app.13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 33
  34. 34. • You maywish todownloadall youractivitywithTwitter• UseSettings13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 34Archiving your Tweets
  35. 35. 3. Hashtag #13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 35
  36. 36. What are Hashtags, the "#"Symbols ?• Definition: The # symbol, called a hashtag, is used to mark keywords ortopics in a Tweet. It was created organically by Twitter users as a way tocategorize messages.• People use the hashtag symbol # before relevant keywords in their Tweet tocategorize those Tweets to show more easily in Twitter Search• Clicking on a hashtagged word in any message shows you all other Tweetsin that category• Hashtags can occur anywhere in the Tweet• If you Tweet with a hashtag on a public account, anyone who does a searchfor that hashtag may find your Tweet• Dont #spam #with #hashtags. Dont over-tag a single Tweet: no more than3 hashtags per Tweet.• Use hashtags only on Tweets relevant to the topic13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 36
  37. 37. How to know about alreadyused Hashtags # ?• :This service is thedefacto standard forhashtag information.Any user can categorizeor follow topics with theHashtags service:• Ex: #primarysource13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 37
  38. 38. #EUIAtelierDH : Hashtag forthe Atelier Multimédia Courses• Once signed in with your Twitter accountsearch for: #EUIAtelierDH• When using Tweetdeck, you have to create aspecific column to harvest all tweets with theHashtag #EUIAtelierDH.• Test: look at how your tweets containing#EUIAtelierDH are appearing in theClassroom wider screen• Now you can interact with others in the room13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 38
  39. 39. Ex: #AHA2012, AHA meeting,Chicago January 201213/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 39
  40. 40. 4. Integrating Tweets andTwitter outside Twitter13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 40
  41. 41. 13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 41Integrating Twitter to WebPages
  42. 42. Adding Twitter Feeds to a Blog4213/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes
  43. 43. URL shortener in Tweets• All links posted to Twitter use now a t.cowrapper to shorten the Tweets automatically• TinyURL and are not anymore used asthird parties by Twitter and Tweetdeck• shorten URL (with HootSuite)13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 43
  44. 44. Twitter Mobile : @twittermobileThis is whenyou have todownloadTwitter as asoftware13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 44
  45. 45. Tweets via SMSin Twitter Settings13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 45
  46. 46. TweetDeck: organisingtweets in tables13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 46
  47. 47. The Tweeted TimesReal Time Personalized News Ex.:!/sergenoiret13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 47
  48. 48. Creating Information’s Feedwith Tweeted Times• “The Tweeted Times aggregates news in your Twitter streamand ranks them by popularity among your friends.”• “The Tweeted Times rebuilds your newspaper hourly, and isalways up-to-date”• “You can create a newspaper for any topic of your interest.Topical newspapers are based on streams produced by TwitterLists or Twitter search”. Ex.: “#primarysources”• Available for Ipad• Why not thinking about a @EuropeanUni Info Feed usingTweeted Times ?13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 48
  49. 49. Martin Hawsey (JISC):TAGSExplorerExample:Twitter Cloud for the 2Digital HumanitiesSymposium inLuxembourg, 20-21March 2012:13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 49
  50. 50. TAGSExplorer 3.0 withGoogle Spreadsheets• TAGSExplorer is an interface to TAGS based Google Spreadsheets V.3.0 of archived tweets:the conversations between people are extracted and appear as connections.• Hovering over a node gives you a summary of the data recorded in the archive. This includes:• the number of tweets they made;• the number of @replies they received; and• the number of @mentions.• Clicking on a node lets you see the summary of tweets, @replies and @mentions that personmade. The displayed tweets are integrated into the Twitter service allowing you to Favour,Retweet and Reply to individual messages.• From the summary window you can „Replay Tweets‟ which lets you see the conversations thatperson had condensed into 30 seconds. Connections between people are separately identified asRetweets (dashed blue line), @reply (solid black line) and @mention (dashed black line). Theconversation playback also indicates peaks in a persons Twitter activity.• During the playback you can filter conversations by clicking on a node. This will display onlythe tweets that @replies, @mentions or retweets.13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 50
  51. 51. Generating Word Cloudsfrom Twitter• Wordle generates “wordclouds” from text that youprovide.• The clouds give greaterprominence to words thatappear more frequently inthe source text.• Voyeur Tools: See Through YourTexts (Stefan Sinclair)• Voyant is a web-based textanalysis environment.• You can use texts in a variety offormats including plain text,HTML, XML, PDF, RTF and MSWord• use texts from different locations,including URLs and uploadedfiles• perform lexical analysis includingthe study of frequency anddistribution data13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 51
  52. 52. TwInbox for Microsoft OutlookTwinbox Software Plug-in Twinbox as it shows in Outlook13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 52
  53. 53. Google + to Twitter13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 53
  54. 54. Twitter for Smartphones:Echofon - previously TwitterFon & TwitterFox13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 54• Echofon for TwitterNever Read a Tweet Twice. Echofonautomatically keeps unread tweets insync between apps on differentdevices.• Media Made EasyOur apps make viewing and sharingphotos, videos, locations, and links andmore super simple!• Notifications when NeededEchofon apps notify you of mentionsand messages. Avoid duplicate alertsand set a sleep period.
  55. 55. Twibes for creatinggroups of Twitterers13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 55
  56. 56. Twitterfall13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 56
  57. 57. Brizzly: Twitter & FB• Browsers + IPhone • Brizzly Picnics: «put youin control of who seeswhat you say and where.Its group chat, but itsmuch more than that. Youcan do what youve beendoing on other socialnetworks – sharing links,posting photos & videos,making jokes, havingconversations – but withspecific groups of people.13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 57
  58. 58. TweetBot for Ipod & Ipad• See Video Tutorial• TweetBot is useful whenyou follow too manypeople.• “Maybe you only want toread tweets from co-workers while at work.Use your Twitter lists asfully functional timelines.Create lists for co-workers, lets you switchbetween them as separateTimelines13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 58
  59. 59. AddThis for Firefox13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 59
  60. 60. TwapperKeeper:Analysing Twitterers activity:#TCCHTwapperKeeper stopped to be accessible because of…Twitter (here)Obtaining Statistics from the usage of Tweetsis now available from can Create an Analytic Report usingHootSuite Archives13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 60
  61. 61. Visualizing your Social Mediawith HootSuite Pro & FreeAnalytics Report for Tweets Social Networks Management13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 61
  62. 62. 13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 62HootSuite dashboard for allyour social media
  63. 63. Recipe to capture Tweets inDropbox13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 63
  64. 64. 5. Selected Blogography13/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 64
  65. 65. Selected Blography on Twitter• Benoit Majerus: Using Twitter during a lecture – how to evaluate the experience?, December 10, 2011 and UsingTwitter during a lecture – some technical remarks, December 16, 2011• Greg Ferenstein: How Twitter in the Classroom is Boosting Student Engagement, March 01, 2010,• Susan Orlean: Hash, Posted June 29, 2010, the New Yorker,• Elisabeth Grant: Five Ways for Historians to Use Twitter, August 16, 2011• Katrina Gulliver: Twitterstorians keep the faith, August 14, 2011,• Nancy Messieh: How to use Twitter in the classroom, 23rd June 2011• Sarah Perez: 10 Ways to Archive Your Tweets, August 11, 2009• Shane Atkins: The history of the Twitter Timeline, February 10, 2012• Matt Raymond: The Library and Twitter: An FAQ, April 28th, 2010• Graeme McMillan Tweet Eternal: Pros and Cons of the Library of Congress Twitter Archive, December 8, 2011• Twitter, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and List of Twitter API‟s here• Kelly Truong: Scholars Compile Academic Book From Twitter and Blogs, June 2, 2010• Silvio Gulizia Twitter: un anno di hashtag. Alcuni utenti italiani hanno ricostruito la storia di un anno raccontataattraverso il social media, 20 dicembre 2011• Monica Rankin: Some general comments on the “Twitter Experiment” at the UT Dallas• Michelle Higgins: Practical Traveler. Twitter Comes to the Rescue, in NYT, July 1, 2009• Christopher Beam: #Posterity: How future historians will use the Twitter archives, Tuesday, April 20, 2010,• Sara Yin: Twitter Cracks Down on Another Third-Party App, TwapperKeeper, February 23, 2011• Blogs et réseaux sociaux en, histoire, pour quoi ? Conférence de lEHESS pour les étudiants de Master : OutilsInformatiques pour lHistorien (2011)• Yves Gonzalez-Quijano Trois remarques à propos du “Web 2.0 arabe”, 22 mars 2011.• Martin Hawksey: Twitter: How to archive event hashtags and create an interactive visualization of the conversation,7 November 2011• Serge Noiret: Using Twitter for Scholarly Purposes , 9 may 2012.• Martin Hawksey: Twitter Archiving Google Spreadsheet TAGS v3, January 2012• Frédéric Clavert: Retour sur une expérience de collecte de tweets, May 201313/06/2013S.Noiret: Using Twitter for ScholarlyPurposes 65