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Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
Video Editing and Encoding
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Video Editing and Encoding

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  • 1. By Serena Carpenter http://serenacarpenter.com
  • 2. Nonlinear Editing <ul><li>Linear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit sequentially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.scottsimmons.tv/blog/2007/10/01/editing-video-in-the-past/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonlinear, nondestructive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit shots in different orders, while underlying media is untouched (changes never affect the media) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciding what elements to retain, delete, or combine in a logical manner </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Adobe Premiere Pro $699 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adobe Premiere Elements $99 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final Cut Pro/Studio $999/$1299 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Cut Express $249 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avid NewsCutter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avid Xpress $495 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sony Vegas Pro $585 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegas Movie Studio $80 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pinnacle Ultimate $130 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinnacle Studio 11 $50 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows Movie Maker (Free) </li></ul><ul><li>iMovie (Free) </li></ul>
  • 4. vs. <ul><li>$249 vs. $999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No batch capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyframe motions, not filters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timecode will not be displayed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No three-way color corrector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No audio/video settings </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Video Editing Basics <ul><li>Never use the same shot twice </li></ul><ul><li>Cut on breath </li></ul><ul><li>Watch out for frames of black </li></ul><ul><li>Audio must coincide with video </li></ul><ul><li>Stick to cuts </li></ul><ul><li>Shots should be related (sequences, cutaways) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WS of room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MS of person’s body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CU of face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CU of paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shots about :04-:05 with the exception of action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let action complete </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Lay down audio first! <ul><li>Assembling each shot together or trimming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shot 1, Shot 2, Shot 3, Interview </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Show interview first and then cover with video </li></ul>
  • 7. You must save video <ul><li>Delete video in camera before shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Save entire Sony AVCHD folder from Sony Handicam to external hard drive </li></ul>
  • 8. Getting to know FCP <ul><li>Double-click FCP icon on dock to open </li></ul><ul><li>Must SAVE video: </li></ul><ul><li>When editing, set “scratch disks” (4) to save your project to external hard drive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top and bottom 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to System Settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to later access Scratch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Save all of your footage from project, .mov, flash export </li></ul>
  • 9. Bring video into FCP <ul><li>Through camera, connect camera and open FCP > File > Log and Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Via external hard drive, go to log and transfer > select plus sign, select AVC_HD folder </li></ul>
  • 10. User Interface <ul><li>Browser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize the Media Project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viewer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preview and adjust clips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canvas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected to the timeline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio Meters </li></ul><ul><li>Tool Palette </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline </li></ul>
  • 11. Active Window affects your options
  • 12. Bin <ul><li>Folder that contains your clips and sequences </li></ul><ul><li>File -> New Bin, </li></ul><ul><li>Drag Clips into Bin </li></ul><ul><li>Renaming Clips/Bins </li></ul><ul><li>Changing colors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control -> Labels </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Viewer <ul><li>Double-click clip to view it in Viewer </li></ul><ul><li>Move yellow Arrow (playhead) </li></ul><ul><li>In = I, Out = O, Space Bar = Play </li></ul>
  • 14. Canvas and Timeline <ul><li>Canvas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same as Viewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JKL - Play backward, stop, play forward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space bar - play </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timeline (Sequence) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space bar to play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mute and Solo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Clip Overlay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track Height Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settings Track </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Bring clip to timeline <ul><li>In the Viewer, Select In (I) and Out (O) points </li></ul><ul><li>Drag the edited clip from the canvas to the timeline, edit it more precisely on timeline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drag clip to edit or use razor blade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To delete a clip, highlight with mouse, select delete </li></ul>
  • 16. Editing <ul><li>Insert </li></ul><ul><li>Overwrite </li></ul><ul><li>Fit to Fill </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in Gap </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ehow.com/video_4442344_overwriting-inserting-clips-final-cut.html </li></ul>
  • 17. Snapping Tool – Key “N” <ul><li>Here is vid that explains it: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ehow.com/video_4442326_assembling-clips-snapping-final-cut.html </li></ul>
  • 18. Add different audio or video to clips <ul><li>Highlight clip </li></ul><ul><li>Unlink clip </li></ul><ul><li>Deselect clip </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight and delete unwanted video or audio </li></ul><ul><li>Drag clip and unlink that clip </li></ul><ul><li>Shift, re-highlight and re-link </li></ul>
  • 19. Make a mistake <ul><li>Undo Default (10), can change to 99 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User Preferences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Save a copy </li></ul>
  • 20. Editing audio in FCP <ul><li>Be careful of over-modulated audio </li></ul><ul><li>Put nats for a few seconds at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Fade nats under sound bites </li></ul><ul><li>-12dB for narration and interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also for primary nats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-42dB for secondary nats </li></ul><ul><li>Select clip overlay tool or mountain </li></ul><ul><li>Raise pink line to lower or raise audio </li></ul><ul><li>Use pen tool to fade audio or tweak loud points </li></ul>
  • 21. Titles <ul><li>Use Title Safe </li></ul><ul><li>No smaller than 25 pt </li></ul><ul><li>Sans Serif (Arial) </li></ul><ul><li>Pop-up Menu </li></ul><ul><li>Control Tab </li></ul>
  • 22. Freeze Frame <ul><li>Creates a image from your video </li></ul><ul><li>Place playhead on the timeline to place where you want the video to become a picture </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Modify > Make Freeze Frame and the freeze frame will appear in the Viewer window </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.howcast.com/videos/16505-How-To-Create-a-Freeze-Frame-in-Final-Cut-Pro </li></ul>
  • 23. Trouble-shooting - “I don’t see my video!” <ul><li>The most common problem is when you see “ No Communication ” when trying to capture your vid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First, you should “Log and Transfer,” not “Log and Capture,” log and capture is for tapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, try restarting your computer and shutting off your camera > turn on the computer and then turn on the camera > open FCP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third, try a different computer </li></ul></ul>
  • 24. “ I see red lines through my clips.” <ul><li>Reconnect Media </li></ul><ul><li>This means that FCP cannot find your video and you may have not saved appropriately & vid may be lost unless edited on your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Try finding it by right-clicking clip and looking for it </li></ul>
  • 25. “ I can only see part of my video and the rest is black.” <ul><li>Some clips may need rendering </li></ul><ul><li>You need proper RAM to see video in real time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually done with effects such as transition or change clip values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rendering is adding more info to clips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually see a red line above your clip in a sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight clips with red line </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Sequence > Render selection > Both </li></ul>
  • 26. “ My video is still not playing.” <ul><li>File > New Sequence (your timeline) </li></ul><ul><li>Double-click new sequence in bin </li></ul><ul><li>Go to your other non-playing sequence tab > select all > copy </li></ul><ul><li>Go to your new sequence > paste </li></ul><ul><li>Then try it </li></ul>
  • 27. <ul><li>Preparing Video for the Web </li></ul>
  • 28. Video Search Engine Optimization <ul><li>Raise search rank by adding to text to video and help people find your videos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>climate_matters_video.wmv vs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>climatetalksvideo.com or videofile.wmv </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video hosting sites (e.g., YouTube, Vimeo) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add good, descriptive tags to your videos </li></ul></ul>
  • 29. Exporting from FCP <ul><li>Export > Using QuickTime Conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Rename clip to reflect content </li></ul><ul><li>Save as “QuickTime Movie” and “Broadband – High” </li></ul><ul><li>.mov should appear on desktop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-click to view it or double-click </li></ul></ul>
  • 30. Players <ul><li>Flash player - Professional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>98% of the population has a Flash plug-in installed on their computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>59% have a Windows Media Player </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>62% have a QuickTime player </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copy and paste players, but advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vimeo </li></ul></ul>
  • 31. Creating a Flash Player <ul><li>In Flash Encoder: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Adobe Flash CS3 Video Encoder </li></ul><ul><li>Drag .mov to Encoder window > Settings > Flash High Quality > Select Size > Crop and Resize (write down the size) > Start Queue </li></ul><ul><li>In Flash: </li></ul><ul><li>File > New Document </li></ul><ul><li>Import video > Continue > Progressive download from a web server > Continue > Select skin and color > Finish </li></ul><ul><li>Control > Test Movie > Produces a .swf </li></ul>
  • 32. vs. <ul><li>Compared to YouTube , Vimeo is much better in resolution quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Geared toward people who want to post personal videos on their site, not material from tv or dvd. </li></ul><ul><li>Vimeo allows a 500mb upload limit per week, YouTube limits 100mb per video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, you are limited to 1 HD video upload per week unless you upgrade for $60 per year. It accepts .mov, .avi, and .mpgs </li></ul></ul>
  • 33. Vimeo <ul><li>Upload a Video > Choose a file to upload </li></ul><ul><li>Add a title, description sentences and tags > </li></ul><ul><li>You can use tabs on the side to add more elements > </li></ul><ul><li>Click Go to Video > When uploaded, click Embed > </li></ul><ul><li>Click customize at the bottom to chg size, color, and on-screen info </li></ul>
  • 34. YouTube <ul><li>Select Upload </li></ul><ul><li>Add a description in sentences, tags, category </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Go to my videos” and select image when upload is complete </li></ul><ul><li>To view your account, you can always click on the “You Tube logo” at the top of the page, then click on My Videos under your user name </li></ul>
  • 35. <ul><li>OTHER TIPS NOT DISCUSSED IN CLASS </li></ul>
  • 36. Creating a Transition in FCP <ul><li>Stick to CUTS, rather than dissolves </li></ul><ul><li>Control click on transition point (between clips) or go to Effects to add video transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Drag transition to change length (Cross Dissolve, Fade In and Fade Out) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio (add transition) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Fade (+3dB) Volume constant through out fade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Fade (0dB) Fades first clip out while simultaneously fading in </li></ul></ul>
  • 37. Stereo Pair vs Mono Audio <ul><li>Left and right ear locate subtle differences </li></ul><ul><li>For stereo, need to use two microphones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two different mics placed at two different locations to mimic ears </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 channels does not mean you recorded in stereo. If you use only one microphone to record, it is not stereo. It is mono. </li></ul><ul><li>Mono audio takes less space </li></ul>
  • 38. More Editing Video Tutorials <ul><li>Check out this series if you run into questions </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ehow.com/video_4442321_adding-clips-timeline-final-cut.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ehow.com/video_4442331_basic-editing-final-cut-pro.html </li></ul>
  • 39. Resources <ul><li>Final Cut Pro Tutorials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.kenstone.net/fcp_homepage/fcp_homepage_index.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BBC Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bbctraining.com/onlineCourses.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Berkeley Multimedia Reporting and Convergence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://journalism.berkeley.edu/multimedia/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyndy Green’s VideoJournalism Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://cyndygreen.wordpress.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MultiMedia Shooter Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.multimediashooter.com/wp/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Angela Grant’s News Videographer Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://newsvideographer.com/?page_id=2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edit Foundry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blogs.nppa.org/editfoundry/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OR GOOGLE YOUR QUESTION!!! </li></ul>

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