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Eyes Over Puget Sound, July 6, 2011
 

Eyes Over Puget Sound, July 6, 2011

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The latest from Ecology's Eyes Over Puget Sound, July 6, 2011.

The latest from Ecology's Eyes Over Puget Sound, July 6, 2011.

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    Eyes Over Puget Sound, July 6, 2011 Eyes Over Puget Sound, July 6, 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Eyes Over Puget Sound Surface Conditions Report July, 6th 2011Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca
    • Meet us in the field: Content: •Personal flight impression p. 4-5 Find out what it’s like to be in the field. •Aerial photography p. 6-29 Find out what you see at the surface. •Ferry and satellite p. 30-38. Find out what we measure at the surface every day •In-situ mooring data p. 39-41 Find out what we measure below the surface every day
    • Get your data from Ecology’s Environmental Assessment Program Long – Term Real – TimeMonitoring Network Sensor Network Ecology’s long-term marine monitoring stations Aerial survey: Ferry and satellite : ftp://www.ecy.wa.gov/eap brandon.sackmann@ecy.w /Flight_Blog/ a.gov Ferry track Morning flight Evening flight Access core Access mooring monitoring data: Freshwater Report: ftp://ecy.wa.gov/Hallock/Freshwa data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/a http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pr terReport/Ambient_Monitoring- pps/eap/marinewq/mwda ograms/eap/mar_wat/mo Monthly_Summary.html taset.asp orings.html
    • Northwesterners have many different gauges to assess when summer really starts. As a flyer I gauge it based on how many recreational boaters Isee out and about. So using that logic during the July 6th South Sound flight, I am happy to report summer is here! It was a beautiful day, withlots of folks out enjoying it. One interesting highlight was the Puyallup River discharge into Commencement Bay. I thought it was interesting tosee the perspective from above and then from on the water. On the water, you really can’t tell there is anything going on, except for the brownwater color. We noticed debris islands throughout South Sound, possibly a result of the recent high neap tides. (see next page) Looking north in Commencement Bay At Commencement Bay station - sampling East shoreline of Commencement Bay on tide line.Totten Inlet - CTD in middle of jellyfish swarm & Lion’s mane jellyfish A debris island in Carr Inlet the reflection of floatplane’s belly.
    • Marine Flight 4 (South) 2011 Marine Flight 4 – South SoundWe saw jellyfish, distinct water masses converging, and debris islands. It was a successful 6. CRR001 5. CMB003 Commencement Bay flight with 100% station 7. CSE001 Case Inlet Carr Inlet 47 16.5891 47 17.4226 122 27.0074attainment. We saw very green 8. OAK004 47 15.8724 122 50.6583 122 42.5745 water, with prominent Oakland Bay 47 12.8056 phytoplankton growth. 123 04.659 2. DNA001 Dana Passage 47 09.689 4. GOR001 9. TOT001 122 52.3083 Gordon Point Totten Inlet 47 10.9891 47 09.8557 122 38.0743 3. NSQ002 122 57.8753 Devil’s Head 47 10.039 10. ELD001 122 47.2914 Eld Inlet 47 06.3724 1. BUD005 122 56.9919 Budd Inlet 47 05.5224 122 55.0918
    • Comment: Extensive and diverse phytoplankton blooms in Central and South Sound, large patches and strands of macroalgae in South Sound/southern Central Sound. Floating algal mats in South Sound Mixing and Fronts: Dana Passage, Nisqually Reach, Commencement Front Bay, Dalco Passage, Quartermaster Harbor, east & north of Blake Island, Shilshole Bay . Suspended sediment: Nisqually Reach, Commencement Bay, Plume Quartermaster Harbor, along various shores of Central Sound. Visible blooms: .. Brown-red: Budd Inlet, Oro Bay (Anderson Island). Bloom Green: Budd, Case & Carr Inlets, Quartermaster Harbor, Horsehead Bay (Carr Inlet). Turquoise : Budd & Case Inlet. Debris (mainly macroalgae): Debris Extensive filaments and multiple patches in South Sound - Budd , Case & Carr Inlets, Nisqually Reach, Colvos Passage, around Vashon Island.Foaming water and bloom in Central Basin
    • Flight conditions between Olympia and Seattle on 7-06-2011Find and download all aerial images at ftp://www.ecy.wa.gov/eap/Flight_Blog/ Flight Details: Flier - Christopher Krembs Morning 7:30 AM: Seattle via Main Basin, Colvos Passage, Carr Inlet, Case Inlet, Dana Passage, Budd Inlet into Olympia Evening 3:05 PM: Olympia via Dana Passage, Anderson Island, Nisqually, Gordon Point, Commencement Bay, Quartermaster Harbor, Central Basin, Westpoint/Seattle Conditions: AM: Low clouds from Bellingham to Vashon Island PM: Good visibility, altitude 2500 ft, sunny, no clouds.
    • Legend to map annotations
    • Central Sound 7:30-8:35 AM 1 Numbers on map refer topicture numbers for spatial reference
    • South Sound: 7:30-8:35 AM Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference 4 5 2 3 6 7 8 9
    • 1 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris BloomNorthern Colvos Passage (near Vashon Island) with drifting macro algae patches, 7: 45 AM
    • Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <2500 ft altitude2 3 Debris Debris Bloom Bloom Bloom Marine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Lay Inlet and Horse Head Inlet in Carr Inlet with strong green blooms, 7: 50 AM
    • 4 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Macro algae Bloom Turquoise bands (algae blooms ?) and floating macro algae in Carr Inlet, 7:55 AM
    • 5 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Macro algae Carr Inlet with large patches of macroalgae, 8:00 AM
    • 6 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <2000 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Bloom Case Inlet near Herron Island with macro algae and phytoplankton bloom, 8:10 AM
    • 7 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <1000 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Bloom Front Bloom Complex surface currents and algae blooms mixing near Boston Harbor, South Sound , 8:20 AM
    • 8 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <1000 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Bloom Bloom Red-brown bloom (not apparent in photo) and turquoise bloom in Budd Inlet, 8: 23 AM
    • 9 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <1000 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Abundant debris and algae bloom near Swantown Marina in southern Budd Inlet, 8: 25 AM
    • Evening, South Sound 3:05-3:40 PM Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference 2 5 3 4 1
    • Evening 9 Central Sound 83:05-3:40 PM 7Numbers on map refer 6to picture numbers for spatial reference
    • 1 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Front Bloom Turquoise algae bloom in water mass advecting out of Budd Inlet & debris near Boston Harbor, 3:10 PM
    • 2 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Bloom Debris Front Red-brown algae bloom in Squaxin Passage mixing near Boston Harbor, 3:10 PM
    • 3 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Front Bloom Dana Passage with front and debris, 3:12 PM
    • 4 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitude BloomMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Strong red-brown bloom in Oro Bay (Anderson Island) South Sound, 3:18 PM
    • 5 Morning flight from Seattle to Olympia at <1000 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Bloom Bloom Complex surface water masses meet near Anderson Island (South Sound) , 3: 20 PM
    • 6 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Plume Debris Quartermaster Harbor with floating debris and river water (Puyallup River, Tacoma) , 3: 28 PM
    • 7 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Front Quartermaster Harbor with floating debris and front (Puyallup River) , 3:30 PM
    • 8 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Debris Bloom Bloom Front Three surface water masses converge in Central Basin (West Seattle in back), 3:35 PM
    • 9 Evening flight from Olympia to Seattle at 2500 ft altitudeMarine Monitoring Unit, Environmental Assessment Program, Washington State Department of Ecology Bloom Bloom foam Long foam lines persist after ships have passed - Elliott Bay to Admiralty Reach , 3:38 PM
    • Daily Ferry and Satellite observations inMain Basin, July 6, 2011 Contact: brandon.sackmann@ecy.wa.gov 6 July 6 July Current Conditions: Widespread algae bloom in Main Basin continues; surface water temperatures have warmed to ~14-15 °C. --- Daily ‘Quick-Look’ Products Available ---Landsat True Color image (http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/clipper.html)showing Victoria Clipper IVleaving Victoria Harbor on July 5, 2011.
    • Victoria Clipper Widespread algae bloom in Main Basin continues…Temperatures have warmed to~14-15 °C.Brief clearing (red box) ofMain Basin waters in mid-June(i.e., reduced fluorescence andturbidity); associated withcooler surface temperaturesand higher winds generatingmore mixing in the near-surface waters.Two intense blooms observedacross Strait of Juan de Fuca(red circles).
    • Victoria Clipper + MERIS Satellite Ocean Color Bloom observed in Strait of Juan de Fuca (24 – 29 June 2011) 24 June 25 June 24 June 26 June 27 June 28 June 29 June
    • What a Difference a Year Makes! Puget Sound water quality in 2011 compared to 2010 (23 May – 6 July) This year: • temperatures were 1-2 °C colder throughout MB and the SJdF in May and June. • fluorescence levels were higher in MB in May and early June. • stronger blooms observed in SJdF. MB: Main Basin (47.6 – 48 °N) , SJdF: Strait of Juan de Fuca (48 – 48.4 °N) Temperature Algae Abundance20102011
    • What a Difference a Year Makes! Puget Sound water quality in 2011 compared to 2010 (23 May – 6 July)This year: • Snohomish river discharge rates were higher in June and July. • no pulse of high CDOM water in MB (associated with rise in river discharge in 2010). CDOM: Colored Dissolved Organic Matter River Discharge CDOM Fluorescence 2010 2011
    • 5 July 20 miles Landsat (30m True Color)Fraser River plumeentering Strait ofGeorgia north of SanJuan Islands.
    • 5 July Grays Harbor Landsat (30m True Color)Columbia River turbidplume moving onto the Willapa Baycontinental shelf (18.5miles). Columbia River 18.5 miles
    • 5 July Landsat(120m Thermal Band)Temperatures:Main Basin ~14 °CSouth Sound ~17-18 °CHood Canal ~18-20 °CMany of thefreshwater dischargesinto Hood Canal areassociated withcooler temperatures Grayscale Darker/Lighter = Cooler/Warmer
    • MODIS Satellite Ocean Color – True Color & Turbidity Refining high resolution products for Puget Sound 5 July 5 July 5 July Quasi-250 m True Color 500 m Chlorophyll 250 m Turbidity ProxyTwo MODIS Ocean Color satellites provide daily imagery of Puget Sound: • High resolution bands (250 and 500 m) can be used to develop true color, chlorophyll and turbidity products. • MODIS + MERIS imagery = 3+ scenes per day, weather permitting!
    • Mooring observation from June 23- July 6, 2011 http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/moorings.htmlSummary: Localized dissolved oxygen trends, with high variability at two of three stations.Mukilteo, Whidbey Basin near EverettMUK01BR (14 m): DO values dropped 0.5 mg/L from previous two weeks - 9.0 mg/L to 8.5 mg/L. DO values highlyvariable last week with values ranging from 7.6 mg/L to 10.0 mg/L (observed on 7/5). Salinity mean value was 28.7PSU. Temperature increased by 0.1 °C with mean daily values rising from 10.3 ° C to 10.4 ° C.MUK01SR (0 m): Mean daily salinity values were approximately 25.0 PSU (3.7 PSU less than MUK01BR). Thetemperature mean value was 12.0 °C, an increase of 0.1 °C from previous month.Manchester, Main BasinMCH01BR (11m): DO values increased 1.6 mg/L with mean daily values increasing from 8.3 mg/L to 9.2 mg/L; meanvalue was 8.8 mg/L. Salinity mean value was 28.6 PSU. Temperature increased by 0.8 °C with mean daily valuesrising from 10.8 °C to 11.5 °C.MCH01SR: Salinity mean value was 28.6 PSU. Temperature mean value was 11.8 °CSquaxin Passage (South Sound) near OlympiaSQX01CR: Dissolved oxygen mean value observed was 10 mg/L. Mean daily DO values peaked at 10.5 mg/L on 6/26and decreased to 9.8 mg/L by 7/6. Salinity increased by 0.3 PSU with mean daily values rising from 27.8 to 28.1PSU. Temperature increased by 0.4 °C with mean daily values rising from 13.4 °C to 13.9 °C.
    • Mooring data, Mukilteo (Whidbey Basin) and Manchester Park (Main Basin) from 6-23-2011 to 7-6-2011
    • Water Masses and DO from our Moorings: 6/23/11-7/6/11 -0.5 mg DO/L +1.6 mg DO/L -0.7 mg DO/LLeft Panel: Probability of finding a specific densityover the past two-week period. High probabilityshown in warm colors.Right Panel: Dissolved oxygen concentration inrelation to salinity. High probability shown in Comment: Mooring temporary shifted to 1.5m depthwarm colors.
    • You may subscribe or unsubscribe to the Eyes Over Puget Sound email listserv by going to this link: http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-EYES-OVER-PUGET-SOUND We are looking for feedback to improve our products. Dr. Christopher Krembs ckre461@ecy.wa.gov Marine Monitoring Unit Environmental Assessment Program Department of Ecology Many thanks to our business partners, Clipper Navigation, Swantown Marina and Kenmore Air.