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  • Recount text A. Reproductive Anatomy Tool Obstetrics is part of medicine devoted to learning all that concerned with the birth of his child. Within this field must understand the knowledge of the anatomical, physiological, pathological, and reproductive pathology. In addition, changes in the content of the tool that occur during pregnancy should also in comprehending. Female reproductive organs consist of organs and organs external genetalia internal genetalia. external genetalia and vaginal organ part for intercourse, while internal organs are part genetalia to ovulation, the egg fertilization, blatokis transportation, implantation, and development of the fetus. 1. External genetalia (vulva) Consisting of: a. Tundun (Mons veneris) covering the symphysis protruding portion consisting of tissue and fat, this area began unfeathered (pubic hair) at puberty. Parts are coated in fat, is located above the symphysis pubic b. Mayora Labia is a continuation of the mons veneris, oval shaped. Both lips met and formed at the bottom of the perineum. Outer labia majora tertutp hair, which is a continuation of the hair on the mons veneris. The inside of the labia majora without hair, a membrane containing sebaceous glands (fat). The size of the labia majora in adult women à long 7-8 cm, width 2-3 cm, thickness from 1 to 1.5 cm. In children and nullipara à both labia majora is very close. c. Labia Minora (small lips) which is the inner folds big lips (labia majora), without hair. Each labia minora composed of a thin tissue moist and reddish; Section on labia minora will unite to form the prepuce and frenulum clitoridis, while parts. In this small lip around the vaginal orifice underneath will unite to form fourchette d. The clitoris is an important part of external reproductive erectile. Clitoridis glans contains many blood vessels and sensory nerve fibers that are very sensitive. Analogous to the penis in men. Consisting of the glans, corpus and 2 crura, with an average length does not exceed 2 cm. e. Vestibule (foyer) is a cavity located between the small lips (labia minora). In the vestibule there are 6 holes, the external urethra orifice, vaginal introitus, 2 pieces estuary Bartholini gland, and 2 pieces estuary paraurethral glands. Bartholini gland function is to secrete mucoid fluid during sexual stimulation. Bartholini gland also prevent the entry of bacteria Neisseria gonorhoeae and pathogenic bacteria. f. Hymen (hymen) consists of collagen and elastic connective tissue. This thin layer that covers most of the hole intercourse, so that the dirt in the middle perforated periods can flow out. The shape of the hymen of each woman is different, there are shaped like a crescent moon, there is a stiff consistency and there is soft, there is a tip of the finger holes, one can pass a finger. When did the very first coitus tear can occur, usually in the posterior g. Perineum (crotch) Located between the vulva and anus, approximately 4 cm in length. Constrained by muscles muscular muscular levator ani and coccygeus. The muscles work to keep the work of the sphincter ani
  • 2. genetalia Interna a. The vagina is a musculo-membraneus channel that connects the uterus to the vulva. Her muscular tissue is a continuation of the muscular anal sphincter and levator ani muscular, therefore, can be controlled. The vagina is located between the bladder and rectum. The length of the front about 9 cm and about 11 cm behind the wall. The main function of the vagina: 1) channel to uterine mucus and menstrual blood. 2) Tool sex. 3) The road was born at the time of delivery. b. The uterus is a powerful muscle tissue, located in the minor pelvis between the bladder and rectum. The back wall and the front and top of the closed peritoneum, while the lower part of the uterus associated with bladder kemih.Vaskularisasi derived from the uterine arteries that branch from the main artery illiaka interna (internal arterihipogastrika). Walls of the uterus consists of three layers: a) peritoneum Covering the outer wall of the uterus. Covering the outside of the uterus. Is a thickening of connective tissue filled with blood and lymph vessels and nerves. The peritoneum covers the abdominal wall tubes and reach. b) the muscle layer The composition of the uterine muscle consists of three layers, namely the outer layer, middle layer and inner layer. In the middle layer of woven fibers form a thick layer of the uterine muscle. The middle layer penetrated by arteries and veins. Arch muscle fibers form a figure eight so that during contraction of blood vessels squeezed tightly, thus bleeding can be stopped. Increasingly in the direction of the cervix, uterus muscles dwindle, and increased tissue binding. Parts of the uterus located between anatomical Internum osteum uteri, which is the limit of the uterine cavity and cervical canal with the uterine osteum histologikum (where there is a change to the mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity cervical mucus) called isthmus. Isthmus uteri will be lower segment of the uterus and stretch during childbirth. c) Endometrium There is a small hole in the endometrium which is the estuary of the endometrial glands. Variations thick, thin, and phase endometrium mucus determined by hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle. At the time of conception has been changed into decidual endometrium, allowing implantation occurs (nidasi). Cervical epithelial layer cylindrical shape, and is mengeluarakan liquid continuously, so as to moisten the vagina. Position of the uterus in the pelvic muscle tone is determined by the uterus itself, supporting ligament tone, tone the muscles supporting the uterus pelvis.Ligamentum are: 1) broad ligament • broad ligament as if it depends on the fallopian tubes. 2) The ligamentum rotundum (teres uteri) • Composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue.
  • • Functions antefleksi hold the uterus in position. 3) ligament infundibulopelvikum • Hanging wall of the uterus to the pelvic wall. 4) ligament kardinale Machenrod • Blocking uteruske movement side to side. • The inclusion of the bloodstream and into the uterus. 5) ligament sacro-uterinum • It is a thickening of the ligament kardinale Machenrod towards os.sacrum. 6) The ligamentum vesico-uterinum • It is a little loose connective tissue so that it can follow the development of the uterus during pregnancy and childbirth. c. Fallopian tubes are tubulo-muscular, with a length of 12 cm and a diameter of 3 to 8 mm. tubae very important function, yaiu to capture that in the release ovum during ovulation, the ovum and the sperm duct of the products of conception, the place of conception, and the growth and development of the products of conception until it reaches the blastula forms ready for implantation. d. The ovary is a walnut-shaped gland located at the left and right of the uterus and uterine tubes tied at the back of the broad ligament of the uterus. Each month a developing follicle and an ovum is released at about the middle (day 14) of the menstrual cycle. Ovulation is the maturation of the follicle de Graaf and pulled ova. When born, she had a backup as many as 100,000 pieces ovum in the ovaries, when finished menopause. The ovaries are called ovarian, has three functions: a. producing ova b. Producing hormone estrogen c. produce progesterone Entering puberty at around the age of 13-16 years start primordial ovarian follicle growth that secrete the hormone estrogen. Estrogen is an important hormone in women. Spending is growing hormone secondary sex signs such as breast enlargement in women, the growth of pubic hair, underarm hair growth, and eventually spending the first menstrual blood is called menarche. Early-onset menstruation is often irregular because Graaf follicle releases an ovum has not called ovulation. This happens because it provides a chance on estrogen to grow a secondary sexual signs. At the age of 17-18 years with regular menstrual period is 28-30 days intervals lasting approximately 2-3 days accompanied by ovulation, as the maturity of the female reproductive organs.
  • LECTURER : DIAH OKTAVIAH, S.Pd. TASK :4 RECOUNT TEXT “FERTILIZATION, NIDASI AND PLACENTATION” COMPILED BY GROUP 2 1. CHERLY SHALLINY 2. DEWI SINTA PRIATI ODE 3. SURNIA IDRUS AKADEMI KEBIDANAN YAYASAN KESEHATAN NASIONAL BAU-BAU KELAS KERJASAMA KABUPATEN MUNA 2012
  • LECTURER : DIAH OKTAVIAH, S.Pd. TASK :4 RECOUNT TEXT “ANATOMY OF REPRODUCTIVE EQUIPMENT” COMPILED BY GROUP 1 1. SRI RAHAYU POU 2. AGUSTINA 3. ASMA AKADEMI KEBIDANAN YAYASAN KESEHATAN NASIONAL BAU-BAU KELAS KERJASAMA KABUPATEN MUNA 2012