General Industry Fall Protection


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Fall Protection Training - General Awareness Training some rules are site specific to our facility

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General Industry Fall Protection

  1. 1. COMPLIANCE TRAINING Fall Prevention & Protection
  2. 2. Goal <ul><li>To provide an understanding of our </li></ul><ul><li>Fall Prevention and Protection Compliance Standard. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Understand the requirements of the Fall Prevention & Protection Compliance Standard. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the requirements for fall prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the requirements for fall protection. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  4. 4. General Requirement <ul><li>Each employee or contractor on a walking/working surface four feet or more above a lower level must be prevented or protected from falling. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention can be achieved by guardrails or stair rails, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection can be achieved by a personal fall arrest system – body harness and lanyard that is attached to an appropriate anchorage point </li></ul></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  5. 5. Any Walking/Working Surface <ul><li>Must be designed, built and maintained free of recognized hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Must be designed, built and maintained to support the maximum intended load </li></ul><ul><li>Must never have its maximum intended load exceeded </li></ul><ul><li>Must have safe means of access and egress </li></ul><ul><li>Must be regularly inspected and maintained </li></ul><ul><li>Must have all hazardous conditions immediately corrected, repaired, or temporarily guarded to prevent use. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  6. 6. Open-Sided Floors & Platforms <ul><li>Must be guarded by a standard railing at four (4) or more feet above a lower level </li></ul><ul><li>Ladder way openings in platform railings must be protected by self-closing swing gates </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  7. 7. Holes <ul><li>A hole is defined as a gap or opening of one inch in its least dimension in a walking or working surface </li></ul><ul><li>Holes must be protected by standard railings with toe boards or by covers </li></ul><ul><li>Skylight covers or guards must be capable of supporting at least 200 pounds </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vertical Openings <ul><li>A vertical opening is a gap 30 inches or more high and 18 inches or more wide in a wall or partition through which an employee can fall to a lower level. </li></ul><ul><li>All openings from which there is a drop of 4 feet or more and the bottom of the opening is less than 39 inches above the walking/working surface must be protected by standard railings. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  9. 9. Stairways <ul><li>All stairs with 4 or more risers must have standard stair rails or handrails </li></ul><ul><li>The vertical height must be between 30 and 34 inches from the surface of the tread at the front of the tread </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees 30” to 34” Handrail
  10. 10. Stairways <ul><li>Fixed stairs must be provided for access from one level to another where operations necessitate regular travel between levels, such as each day or each shift </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees <ul><li>Where handrails are provided, they must be used </li></ul><ul><li>Stairways with four or more risers or more than 30 inches high must have a stair rail along each unprotected side or edge . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fixed Ladders <ul><li>All fixed ladders, where the length of climb is more than 20 feet, must have: </li></ul><ul><li>A cage, or </li></ul><ul><li>A ladder safety device </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  12. 12. Portable Ladders <ul><li>A harness and lanyard is not required when using a portable ladder for its intended purpose </li></ul><ul><li>The ladder must be properly erected, with the user facing it and maintaining a position with the belt buckle between the side rails at all times </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  13. 13. Portable Ladders <ul><li>Example: Step stool (ladder type) means a self-supporting, foldable, portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, 32 inches or less in overall size, with flat steps and without a pail shelf, designed to climbed on the ladder top cap as well as all steps. </li></ul>Workers must never stand on the top two steps of a stepladder unless it was designed for that purpose
  14. 14. General Ladder Requirements <ul><li>Use ladders only for their designed purpose </li></ul><ul><li>When using a portable ladder for access to an upper landing surface, the side rails must extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface </li></ul><ul><li>DON’T Tie ladders together to make longer sections, unless designed for such use </li></ul><ul><li>DON’T Load ladders beyond the maximum load for which they were built, nor beyond the manufacturer’s rated capacity </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  15. 15. Ladder Angle <ul><li>Non-self-supporting ladders: (which lean against a wall or other support) </li></ul><ul><li>Position at an angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is 1/4 the working length of the ladder </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  16. 16. Aerial Lifts <ul><li>A body harness and lanyard attached to the manufacturer’s designed anchorage point must be worn when working from an aerial lift </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  17. 17. Aerial Lifts <ul><li>The area under an aerial lift in use must be blocked to prevent pedestrian or vehicle traffic. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  18. 18. Personal Fall Arrest Systems <ul><li>If fall hazards of 4 feet or more cannot be controlled with standard rails or covers, or </li></ul><ul><li>If the work cannot be performed with scaffolds, lifts or ladders, then… </li></ul><ul><li>A personal fall arrest system must be used. </li></ul><ul><li>NO FALL PROTECTION CAN BE WORN </li></ul><ul><li>WHILE OPERATING BUGGIES OR FORKLIFTS </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  19. 19. Personal Fall Arrest Systems Effective Safety Committees <ul><li>A personal fall arrest system consists of: </li></ul><ul><li>Body harness </li></ul><ul><li>Lanyard with locking snap hooks, attached to an appropriate anchorage point </li></ul>
  20. 20. Effective Safety Committees
  21. 21. Body Belts <ul><li>Body belts must never be used for fall arrest. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  22. 22. Anchorage Points <ul><li>Personal fall arrest equipment must be attached to an anchorage point: </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of supporting 5,000 pounds per person attached to it, or </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by a qualified person with a safety factor of twice the maximum anticipated force generated during a fall. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  23. 23. Anchorage Points <ul><li>Employees must not tie off to: </li></ul><ul><li>Conduit </li></ul><ul><li>Sprinkler pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Standard railings </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp-edged objects, such as I-beams, unless a beam strap or other product designed to prevent cutting the lanyard is used. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  24. 24. Personal Fall Arrest System <ul><li>The fall arrest system must limit the force on a falling employee by: </li></ul><ul><li>Using a deceleration device, such as a shock absorbing or self-retracting lanyard </li></ul><ul><li>Limiting free fall to no more than 6 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowing a falling employee to contact a lower level. </li></ul><ul><li>Anchorage points must be overhead whenever possible </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  25. 25. Personal Fall Arrest Equipment <ul><li>Personal fall arrest equipment must be inspected prior to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Damaged or defective equipment must be removed from service. </li></ul><ul><li>After a fall, the personal fall arrest equipment must be removed from service, and the anchorage point must be inspected for damage. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  26. 26. Fall Protection Rescue <ul><li>Rescue protection for non-designated jobs less than 10 foot fall can be handled from a catwalk or floor level. </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue protection for non-designated jobs more than 10 foot fall will require preparation prior to job. A man lift or extension ladder will be identified in the event that rescue is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>A secondary person will be assigned to monitor any non-routine jobs that require fall protection to alert area personal in case of an emergency. </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees
  27. 27. Training <ul><li>Training must be conducted: </li></ul><ul><li>Before person is exposed to fall hazards </li></ul><ul><li>When there is a change in the workplace, fall protection systems or equipment </li></ul><ul><li>When reason to believe that previously trained person does not have the required skills or understanding </li></ul>Effective Safety Committees