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Mmd2093 2 4
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Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
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Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
Mmd2093 2 4
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Mmd2093 2 4

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Fundamental of Web Design

Fundamental of Web Design

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  • 1. CHAPTER 2 Computer Hardware/Components required for Web use
  • 2. Macintosh vs Windows Platform <ul><li>Macintosh platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has launched by Apple in 1984 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a good built-in audio and high-quality graphics capability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes hardware and software for digitizing and editing video and produce DVD dics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes multimedia project development easier and smoother </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started supporting multimedia project developments far before Windows did </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Windows platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a collection of different vendor-neutral components that are tied together by the requirements of the Windows operating system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially focused on business computing and was not suitable for multimedia. However, its now easier to find multimedia hardware and software for windows compared to the Macintosh. </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Networking <ul><li>Networking is essential for direct communication and sharing of resources across platforms. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal area network (PAN) </li></ul><ul><li>Local area network (LAN) </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolitan area network (MAN) </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Wide area network (WAN) </li></ul><ul><li>And Internet connections provide connectivity and networking capabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>A dial-up connection to the Internet through an Internet Service Provider (ISP) also enables communication </li></ul>
  • 6. Connections <ul><li>The various connection methodologies include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Serial Bus (BUS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FireWire </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) <ul><li>SCSI can connect internal and external peripheral equipment and devices that conform to the SCSI standard. </li></ul><ul><li>SCSI cards can be installed on Macintosh and PC platforms. </li></ul><ul><li>SCSI is preferred for real-time video editing, network servers, and situations that require mirroring. </li></ul>
  • 8.  
  • 9. Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) <ul><li>IDE connections are also known as Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA). </li></ul><ul><li>They connect only internal peripherals . </li></ul><ul><li>They can connect four peripherals mounted inside the PC. </li></ul><ul><li>The circuitry for IDE is less expensive than SCSI. </li></ul>
  • 10. IDE channel
  • 11. Universal Serial Bus (USB) <ul><li>It is a standard for connecting devices to the computer using the plug and-play system. </li></ul><ul><li>USB uses a single cable to connect 127 USB peripherals to a single PC. </li></ul>
  • 12.  
  • 13. FireWire <ul><li>FireWire was introduced by Apple in the 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the industry standard and provides support for high-bandwidth serial data transfer, particularly for digital video and mass storage. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the most common method for connecting and interconnecting professional digital video equipment. </li></ul>
  • 14.  
  • 15. Memory <ul><li>Sufficient memory must be allocated for storing and archiving files. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory requirements of a multimedia project depend on the project's content and scope. </li></ul><ul><li>The two types of memory are random access memory (RAM) and read only memory (ROM). </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>RAM enables the simultaneously running of many applications. </li></ul>
  • 17. Sound Card <ul><li>A hardware interface that is either built into a computer's motherboard or inserted into one of the computer's internal expansion slots. Sound cards allow the computer to play digital audio and/or musical instrument sounds. Many sound cards also provide a MIDI Interface </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturer – Creative Lab, Realtek </li></ul>
  • 18.  
  • 19. <ul><li>Microphone - A  microphone  (colloquially called a  mic  or  mike ; both pronounced) is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker – computer speakers external to a computer, that disable the lower fidelity built-in speaker. They often have a low-power internal amplifier </li></ul>
  • 20. Communication Devices <ul><li>Modems </li></ul><ul><li>ISDN </li></ul><ul><li>Cable modems </li></ul>
  • 21. Modems <ul><li>Modems modulate and de-modulate analog signals. </li></ul><ul><li>They provide connectivity through standard phone lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Modems can be internal or external. </li></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>Modem speed is measured in baud, and the standard modem speed should be at least 56 Kbps </li></ul>
  • 23. ISDN <ul><li>ISDN stands for Integrated Services Digital Network. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used for higher transmission speeds by telephone. </li></ul><ul><li>They transfer data at the rate of 128 Kbps. </li></ul><ul><li>ISDN lines are used for networking, Internet access, and audio-video conferencing. </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>They are more expensive than the conventional analog lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Streamyx and other broadband service </li></ul>
  • 25. Cable Modems <ul><li>They provide Internet access at speeds faster than a telephone modem, over the same cable network that supplies the television signal. </li></ul><ul><li>However, due to noise in the system, sending rates may be much slower than receiving rates. </li></ul>
  • 26. MMD 2093 Fundamental of Web Design Chapter 4 Internet Activities Khairul Noor Azwa Binti Kamarudin
  • 27. PENGENALAN KEPADA INTERNET <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Satu rangkaian yang terbentuk dari gabungan rangkaian-rangkaian komputer dari seluruh dunia (inter network) </li></ul>Istilah Penting Internet Intranet Extranet
  • 28. INTERNET : Gabungan rangkaian komputer yang besar meliputi seluruh dunia INTRANET : Gabungan beberapa rangkaian kawasan setempat dalam 1 organisasi sahaja EXTRANET : Gabungan beberapa intranet yang libatkan beberapa lokasi berbeza Dari Aspek penggunaan, internet ialah sebuah rangkaian yang memberikan perkhidmatan komunikasi elektronik , capaian jauh , pemindahan fail , penyebaran maklumat , pencarian maklumat dan beberapa perkhidmatan lain.
  • 29. 7 APLIKASI ASAS INTERNET 1. WWW <ul><li>perpustakaan maya sejagat (universal virtual library) yang menyimpan pelbagai jenis maklumat </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.disney.com , http://www.utusan.com.my/ , http://www.utm.my </li></ul>2. E-MEL <ul><li>membolehkan para pengguna menghantar mesej antara satu sama lain </li></ul><ul><li>mailto:cik_akma@yahoo.com , mailto:webmaster@gmail.com </li></ul>3. IRC <ul><li>membolehkan sekumpulan pengguna berbincang secara langsung dalam bentuk teks </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mirc.co.uk , http://messenger.yahoo.com </li></ul>
  • 30. samb.. 4. FTP <ul><li>digunakan untuk menghantar atau mengambil fail (maklumat) dari sebuah komputer ke komputer yang lain </li></ul><ul><li>ftp://ftp.jaring.my/pub </li></ul>5. TELNET <ul><li>digunakan untuk memasuki dan seterusnya mengguna komputer jauh untuk mencari maklumat atau melakukan sesuatu tugas khas </li></ul><ul><li>telnet:fedworld.gov </li></ul>6. NEWSGROUP <ul><li>sebuah forum maya dimana setiap pertanyaan yang dihantar oleh warga internet dibaca dan dibalas oleh individu lain </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ittutor.net , http://kema.blogforum.us </li></ul>
  • 31. Samb… 7. SENARAI MEL <ul><li>ialah kumpulan perbincangan berasaskan e-mel di mana mel yang dihantar oleh individu akan disalin dan dihantar kepada pelanggan mel yang lain </li></ul><ul><li>Listserv, Majordomo </li></ul>
  • 32. http://www.hotbot.com http://www.jaring.my SEARCH ENGINES (Enjin Pencari)
  • 33. http://www.go.com http://catcha.com.my
  • 34. http://www.mamma.com http://www.excite.com

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