1. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF COMMONWEALTH
YOUTH GAMES 2008 ON THE SPORT TOURISM IN
M. H. Tavakkoli
Ph.D Scholar (LNCPE - University of Kerala)
2. Purpose of study
Sport plays a huge role in our every day life. Sports bring people together, it allows us to
stay fit and active, meet new people and discover new things.
Attracting a considerable amount of media attention, money, participants and political
interest. Meanwhile, tourism – with well over a billion participants and billion of dollars
generated in revenue annually – remains the world`s largest industry as well as its fastest
Sports tourism is now an emerging market indeed over the past twenty years, the interest in
sport especially elite sporting events has grown at a phenomenal rate. Sports tourism events
at the international, national and regional levels have a double – bar reeled effect – the
direct effect of the attendance of the competitions and spectators and accompanying
persons, and the indirect effect of the marketing of the destination which lead to the
subsequent tourism flows.
4. Games were between 12-18 October in 2008 with the 9 disciplines;
athletics, badminton, boxing, shooting, swimming, table tennis, tennis, weight lifting, and
wrestling. Over 1300 athletes and 350 officials from 71 countries participated in the games.
The study was a case study. In this researcher had made an attempt to study the effect of
commonwealth youth games 2008 on sport tourism in terms of effect on
infrastructure, facilities and spectators in the host city Pune.
5. Tools for Data Collection
The questionnaires were prepared keeping in mind the objectives of the study. The
questionnaires covered all the areas of the sports tourism which was delimited by the
Procedure of the study
Initially a questionnaire was developed considering the objectives of the study. The
questionnaire was sent to the expert for their comments and suggestions. After
incorporating the suggestion given by the experts the final questionnaire was made. The
questionnaire was then sent to the concerned authorities for collecting data. The Collected
data was analyzed subjectively.
6. Analysis and interpretation
There was a huge development of the sports infrastructure in the city because of
commonwealth youth games 2008.
Athletic stadium that already existed was renovated, new badminton courts, swimming
pool, tennis stadium, shooting hall, boxing hall, and judo hall were constructed. In
addition to the above sports infrastructure a huge amount was spent for
constructing 2 hostels, 3 and 5 star hotels to accommodate officials and players
during the competition, sport science center and international fitness center. There
was also the resurrection of city infrastructure in the view of C.Y.G 2008. A most 200
new buses were deployed to reinforce the public transport.
7. Total expenditure
An approximate amount of 425 crores was spent on building the above infrastructure
which were paid by the government of India solely. These facilities and
infrastructure is maintained by the respective management. The annual expenditure spent
on the maintenance is 9 crores annually. 2000 crores had been sanctioned under
JNNURM funding project for various works in the city in view of the
commonwealth youth games 2008.
Utilization of sports infrastructure
After commonwealth youth games 2008 all the facilities were used by national
camp, national and international games, school colleges, regular people and various
functions are held. A good amount of revenue was generated (figures undisclosed).
8. Promotion of the sports
Pune has seen a substantial increase in the sports events conducted in the city post
C.Y.G. 2008. Many National and International competitions have been organized in the
city; details are presented in table No.1.1 respectively. A great number of officials and
participants from different part of the country and the world came to this city.
9. Table No. 1.1
Sr.No. Name of international competition No. of participated year
1. Badminton world junior competition 350 10/03/09
2. Asian junior tennis competition 90 23/05/09
3. World rail ground competition 550 09/02/09
4. Asian cadets wrestling competition 450 30/07/09
5. 15th volleyball junior competition 450 31/08/09
6. Asian carom competition 125 10/08/09
7. Asian junior basketball competition 250 30/11/09
8. C.Y.G power lifting competition 175 09/12/09
9. Athletic international veterans competition 600 22/01/10
10. Asian kick boxing competition 250 20/02/10
11. Asian grand prix competition 300 31/05/10
12. International football competition 100 04/10/10
10. The table No. 4.1 shows the list of competitions held post C.Y.G. the different
Competitions were held at Asian level are junior tennis, cadets wrestling
competition, carom, junior basketball and Grand prix. Other competitions held were
such as world badminton junior championship, world rail ground competition
volleyball junior competition, power lifting, veterans Athletic international
competition and international football competition.
It is seen by many as a sure way of shooting the host city into the limelight, resulting in
an economic windfall and at the same time giving these host cities the impetus to
improve domestic facilities and infrastructure. The nomination of a city as organizer
impacts the physical (construction project) to the intangible (local self-esteem or
international impact) gains. The impact that an event of this kind has on the urban
landscape can largely be gauged by the size of the legacy that it creates. It is important to
note here that it is not just important to create legacy, but creating a legacy which is
beneficial to the host community post games, and which justifies the costs involved.
11. Urban regeneration and the re-imaging of cities is now a central aspect of game bids.
Sports Tourism is a multi-billion dollar business, one of the fastest growing areas of the
$4.5 trillion global travel and tourism industry. It has become a vast international business
attracting media coverage, investment, political interest, traveling participants and
There was a huge development in the sport infrastructure of the city due to C.Y.G 2008
The different levels ranging from laborers to managers.
C.Y.G 2008 has played an important role in the promotion of the sports in the city and
there was an increase in the number of national and international competition shield in
the city post C.Y.G.
12. The event like C.Y.G 2008 attracted many tourists and visitors from the different
parts of the country and world.
A substantial economic growth was seen during C.Y.G 2008 due to the boost in
industries and services like hospitality, food and beverage, cultural and handy
craft and travelling services, aviation, hotels and other transportation services.
The true impact of commonwealth youth games 2008 on sport tourism could be
judged That state of India was introduced, marketed and advertised to the
sportsman, and other global visitors to the country. The C.Y.G 2008 also boosted
the Indian tourism industry as the foreign tourist who had come greatly depended
upon the travel agents for their itineraries. The state`s aviation and the hotel
industry was also benefited.
13. The games provided a great enjoyment for the tourist and the city had a new look. The new
projects that had come discovered new heritage, religious and adventurous sites. The C.Y.G
2008 boosted the city transport facilities new bridges were constructed, airports of the state
were modernized and not the least the stadiums were renovated and as well as new
stadiums were built. It has not just benefited the tourism industry but also boosted the
various job opportunities in the state. In the light of present study it is recommended that:
1. The same study should be conducted including more areas of sport tourism.
2. The same study can be conducted on commonwealth games Delhi 2010 and other sport
3. The detail information regarding the events should be made available for general