The deforestation in the Horn of Africa is increasing an alarming rate. Somalis used/use charcoal for cooking. Since the government of Somalia collapsed in 1991, the deforestation increased more than five fold. The reason of this increase is the demand (charcoal) from the Arab Countries, particularly the oil rich Gulf Countries. These countries ignore international environmental laws and continue to buy the charcoal from all territories Somali inhabitants. This is the worse environmental disaster that Somalis ever faced and it will make their country "desert" and barren land. The Somali Environmental Protection Alliance (SEPA) is taking a strong position to defend the environment and the livelihood of the Somali people.
Charcoal packaging for Export.
Thousands of trees are burned every day for export and local consumption.
In the year 2000, total charcoal production was estimated to be 112,000 metric tons
In 2005, the charcoal production (estimate) increase to 150,000 metric tons.
Saudi Arabia (receives 80% of charcoal exports)
Merchants and shipping operators
Somali business community
Traditional clan leaders
Approximately 80% of this charcoal is destined for stoves in the Gulf States, while only 20% is for domestic consumption.
For more details please visit: http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/somalia-coal.htm